Mathew - Frith- Peabody Well Being


Published on

Mathew - Frith- Peabody Well Being

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The results of research that provided the background for the Urban Green Spaces Taskforce (2002-3) and the work of CABE Space (2003-10). However, there was no social housing rep on the UGST, and didn’t feature in CABE Space’s work until c2006-07.
  • The results of research that provided the background for the Urban Green Spaces Taskforce (2002-3) and the work of CABE Space (2003-10). However, there was no social housing rep on the UGST, and didn’t feature in CABE Space’s work until c2006-07.
  • Mathew - Frith- Peabody Well Being

    1. 1. decent spaces, greener placesthe impact of green spaces on well-being
    2. 2. • relationship between lack of greenspace and stresslevels, which rise as greenspace diminishes;• greenspace enhances psychological health and mentalwell-being;and therefore;• all health, social care and criminal justice institutions should berequired to ensure access to green space;• designing for mental well-being should be recognised as goodpractice for [landscape design], architecture andplanning ;green space and well-beinggreen space and well-being
    3. 3. spaces thatpeople avoid ifpossible…but for many,they can’t
    4. 4. • 17% households, 8.2 million people in England• 1 in 10 people in London• over 1400 Registered Providers, and over 150 localauthority housing landlords• 1.8 million local authority dwellings, trend for transferenceto RPs• radical reforms and austerity in trainthe context…the context…
    5. 5. • green space has a proven track record in reducing theimpact of deprivation, delivering better health and well-being, and creating a stronger community;• simple presence of green space is related to a reduced riskof serious problems, like depression and lung disease;• living close to a green space reduces mortality, which canhelp reduce the significant gap in life expectancy betweenrich and poor;the premise…the premise…
    6. 6. inequalitiesinequalitiesPeople in deprived areas, wherever they live,receive a far worse provision of parks and greenspaces than their affluent neighbours.The most affluent 20% of wards have 5Xmore public green space (excluding gardens)per person than the most deprived 10% ofwards.Wards that have almost no BME residents (<2%of ward population) have 6X as many parks aswards where more than 40% of the populationare from BME groups. They have 11X morepublic green space – significant disparity?
    7. 7. resident focusedresident focused
    8. 8. quality homesquality homes
    9. 9. landscape?landscape?
    10. 10. but all too invisiblebut all too invisibleon the doorstepon the doorstep
    11. 11. • significant legacy of poorly-designed and under-managedspaces• accumulative disinvestment over many decades• high fragmentation (‘bitty’ compared to parks)• significant contrasts in scale/layout• ambiguous ownership for users• increasing complexity of tenure• isolation and ghetto-isation• development pressure (blight)psychogeographypsychogeography
    12. 12. fragmentationfragmentation
    13. 13. public? private?public? private?
    14. 14. leaseholderleaseholdergeneral needsgeneral needs general needsgeneral needsgeneral needsshort-lifekey workerkey workermarket rentshelteredmarket rentshelteredshort-lifegeneral needsshelteredtenure mixtenure mix
    15. 15. territoriesterritories
    16. 16. hidden cornershidden corners
    17. 17. • tensions between private and communal needs• competition for use (e.g. car-parking)• competition for resources• complex resourcing models• lack of qualitative standards• spaces viewed as liabilities rather than assets• low aspirations in terms of design and use• and• a lack of recognition of landscapes’ power and potentialpsychogeographypsychogeography
    18. 18. room for manoeuvre?room for manoeuvre?
    19. 19. mugger shrubsmugger shrubs
    20. 20. it’s a right messit’s a right mess
    21. 21. landscape improvementslandscape improvements
    22. 22. works well?works well?perspicacityperspicacity
    23. 23. get what we pay for?get what we pay for?
    24. 24. the great unknown…the great unknown…• scale of social housinglandscapes at nationaland regional levelunknown• quantitative andqualitative surveysrequired to better identifysocial landlords’ role andresponsibilities asgreenspace providers
    25. 25. almost blank canvasalmost blank canvas
    26. 26. Peabody and Notting Hill Housing, 2003…•raise awareness within social landlordsof the importance of green spaces•research practices, the level of skillsand status•provide training and guidance for keystaff and trustees•advocate for policy changes withinhousing and Government agencies•secure resources for the futureNeighbourhoods GreenNeighbourhoods Green
    27. 27. • Commit to quality landscapes - at the highest level possible within theorganisation• Know the bigger picture – take a strategic approach to the planning andmanagement of spaces• Maintain high standards - ensure the long-term care of landscapes istreated as an essential service• Make neighbourhoods greener – deliver higher quality standards ofdesign• Involve residents of all ages - to play an active role in deciding what theirlandscapes look like, how they’re used and looked after10 principles10 principles
    28. 28. • Enhance skills and confidence - motivate staff and residents throughopen space training• Improve character and design of places to change user behaviour andimprove personal safety• Encourage people to be more active to secure individual well-being andcommunity ownership of spaces• Prepare for climate change - provide increased protection for residentsthrough green infrastructure• Make the best use of resources - secure and co-ordinate differentsources of funding by making most of partnerships10 principles10 principles
    29. 29. • Photo simulation in a high rise setting: addition of trees and grassincreased residents’ preferences (Kuo, Bacaicoa and Sullivan, 1998);• Residents more likely to be satisfied with neighbourhood environmentswhen containing large connected tree patches with a high degree ofcomplexity in shape and variable sizes (Lee et al., 2008);• Some preference for more formal settings with well maintainedvegetation over woodland setting (Talbot and Kaplan, 1984);• Increased neighbourhood satisfaction when looking out onto morenatural, rather than built up environment (Kaplan, 1983; Talbot andKaplan, 1991);resident satisfactionresident satisfaction
    30. 30. • Some preference for more formal settings with wellmaintained vegetation over woodland setting (Talbot andKaplan, 1984);• Increased neighbourhood satisfaction when looking outonto more natural, rather than built up environment(Kaplan, 1983; Talbot and Kaplan, 1991);resident satisfactionresident satisfaction
    31. 31. Residents with more green space within 1 kilometre oftheir home had:•better self perceived health with those than less green space•fewer health complaints in previous 14 day•lower self-related propensity for psychiatric morbidity (Maas et al., 2009);Use of green space in 3 km radius of home decreased therelationship between a stressful life event in the past 3months and a person’s number of health complaints andperceived mental and general health (den Berg et al.,2010).healthhealth
    32. 32. • Three times as many residentsobserved in spaces with trees thanthose without trees (Coley, et al.1997);• Density of trees linked to the strengthof social ties within the neighbourhood(Kuo, Sullivan et al., 1998);social interactionsocial interaction
    33. 33. • view from a window to green space contributes toresident satisfaction;• green space needs to be visibly managed;• importance of green space proximity to home or ‘nearbynature’ – 5/10/15 minute walk;• clear network of footpaths;• poor quality of outdoor space leads to negative attitudesand behaviours . . .research conclusionsresearch conclusions
    34. 34. art of the possible?art of the possible?
    35. 35. future resilience?future resilience?
    36. 36. austerity?austerity?
    37. 37. Neighbourhoods GreenNeighbourhoods Green• A Cool Pace to Live; the use of green infrastructureto aid climate change adaptation;• Green Flag Award being rolled out over 2013• food-growing guidance;• clients guide for social landlords wishing landscapemanagement and landscape design services•