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Participation Schemas
A tool to characterize
Collaborative Participation
Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín
Computer Science Dept., U...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
1
• nth revision of Arnstein ladder of citizen
participation
• Identify the most important dimens...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
1. WHAT – Intensity of Collaboration
6. Delegated Control
5. Delegated Power
4. Collaboration
3. ...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
2005: My year in the ‘Land of Light’
3
• Applied research on how
to use ICT to improve local
part...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
4
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative
5
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
6
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingmanipulative
- Conceptual
negligence
- Execution
negligen...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
8
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
PARTICIPATO
RYBUDGETING
?
9(Karsten 2011, Brodie et al. 2009, Cornwall 2008)
Participation models...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
XXI Century Social Sciences?
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Who?
How?
Where?
Why?
What?
What
for?
When?
Much research and academics
In whose
interest?
XXI Ce...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
None
Low
Medium
High
1. WHAT?
Others
[20,15, 7]
None
Low
Medium
High
Participate
[0, 0, 0]Self-Se...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
None
Low
Medium
High
1. WHAT?
Others
[20,15, 7]
None
Low
Medium
High
Participate
[0, 0, 0]Self-Se...
Thank you!!
Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín
Computer Science Dept, Universidad de Alcalá (ES)
Founder of CitYsens
9-11 July 2014
C...
Participation Schemas
A tool to characterize
Collaborative Participation
Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín
Computer Science Dept., U...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Participation =
1/5 of Deliberation +
1/4 of Manipulation +
plenty of Politics as usual
(ie: a co...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
17
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Clientelism
Paternalism
Patrimonialism
Nepotism
Burocratism
Obscurantism
Autoritarism
Coronelismo...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Violence
Analphabetism
Racism
Disaffection
Inequality
Geographic
dispersion
Exclusion
SOCIAL CONT...
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
20
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
21
Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetinginstrumental
Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH
Preparative Regional
and Social Segments
Assemblies
Decision-Making
Regional Assemblies
(“Deliber...
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Participation Schemas: A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation

Presentation used at the PDD2014 Conference on "Contemporary difficulties and future prospects for participatory and deliberative democracy". Newcastle upon Tyne, 9-11 July 2014

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Participation Schemas: A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation

  1. 1. Participation Schemas A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín Computer Science Dept., Universidad de Alcalá Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne Get the paper at: http://bit.ly/participation-schemas Other stuff: http://bit.ly/prieto-martin
  2. 2. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 1 • nth revision of Arnstein ladder of citizen participation • Identify the most important dimensions of a participatory initiative, standardizing their graphic representation • Framework for the analysis, design and comparison of participatory cases and methods. • Pragmatic compromise between complexity, utility and versatility • Support the critical and comparative evaluation of participatory projects and initiatives by raising awareness about their strengths and weakneses What are Participatory Schemas βeta
  3. 3. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 1. WHAT – Intensity of Collaboration 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advisement 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Collaborative Participation 3. WHERE – Institutionalization level: 1. Low: "Sporadic“, "Episodic“ 2. Medium: "Periodic“, "Continuous" 3. High: “Functional Inst.” and “Organic Inst.” Non- Participation Consultative Participation - - Conflict Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemas 2. WHEN – Phases (ex. Policy Cycle): 1. Agenda Setting 2. Policy Formulation 3. Decision Making 4. Policy Implementation 5. Monitoring and evaluation 4. WHO – Actors involvement: 1. Type: Political, Corporate, Civil Society, Others 2. Stakes & Special Roles: - Affected, Interested, Participant, Influencer - Decision maker, Promoter, Facilitator 3. Selection methods: - Inclusiveness, Representativeness, Self-selection, Others 5. HOW – Deliberativeness & Transparency: 1. None 1. None 2. Low 2. Low 3. Medium 3. Medium 4. High 4. High βeta
  4. 4. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 2005: My year in the ‘Land of Light’ 3 • Applied research on how to use ICT to improve local participation • Got involved in the introduction of… Participatory Budgeting!!!
  5. 5. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 4 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  6. 6. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative 5
  7. 7. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 6 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative
  8. 8. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetingmanipulative - Conceptual negligence - Execution negligence - Design negligence - Dificulties 7
  9. 9. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting 8
  10. 10. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH PARTICIPATO RYBUDGETING ? 9(Karsten 2011, Brodie et al. 2009, Cornwall 2008) Participation models’ maze
  11. 11. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH XXI Century Social Sciences?
  12. 12. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Who? How? Where? Why? What? What for? When? Much research and academics In whose interest? XXI Century Social Sciences?
  13. 13. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH None Low Medium High 1. WHAT? Others [20,15, 7] None Low Medium High Participate [0, 0, 0]Self-Selection Representative Sel. Mech. Inclusive Sel. Mech. Selected by Elections Arbitrary Selection Decision Makers Sponsors Facilitators - - Collaborative Participation Non-Participation Consultative Participation Conflict Periodic Continuous Functional Inst. Organic Inst. 5. WHO? Affected and involved Actors 2. WHEN? eg: Phase within Policy Cycle 3. WHERE? Institutionalization Level Sporadic Episodic POLICY IMPLEMENTATIONMONITORING & EVALUATION POLICY FORMULATION AGENDA SETTING DECISION MAKING Political Actors [15, 13, 11] Corporate Actors [10, 2, 1] Civil Soc. & Citizenry Influence Affected Transparency 4. HOW? Deliberativeness 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advice 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Intensity of Collaboration Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemasβeta
  14. 14. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH None Low Medium High 1. WHAT? Others [20,15, 7] None Low Medium High Participate [0, 0, 0]Self-Selection Representative Sel. Mech. Inclusive Sel. Mech. Selected by Elections Arbitrary Selection Decision Makers Sponsors Facilitators - - Collaborative Participation Non-Participation Consultative Participation Conflict Periodic Continuous Functional Inst. Organic Inst. 5. WHO? Affected and involved Actors 2. WHEN? eg: Phase within Policy Cycle 3. WHERE? Institutionalization Level Sporadic Episodic POLICY IMPLEMENTATIONMONITORING & EVALUATION POLICY FORMULATION AGENDA SETTING DECISION MAKING Political Actors [15, 13, 11] Corporate Actors [10, 2, 1] Civil Soc. & Citizenry Influence Affected Transparency 4. HOW? Deliberativeness 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advice 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Intensity of Collaboration Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemasβeta
  15. 15. Thank you!! Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín Computer Science Dept, Universidad de Alcalá (ES) Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne pedro.prieto-martin@kyopol.net Get the paper at: http://bit.ly/participation-schemas Other stuff: http://bit.ly/prieto-martin
  16. 16. Participation Schemas A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation Dr. Pedro Prieto Martín Computer Science Dept., Universidad de Alcalá Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne Back-up Slides
  17. 17. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Participation = 1/5 of Deliberation + 1/4 of Manipulation + plenty of Politics as usual (ie: a continuous struggle for power and (un)accountability) Knowledge vs Reality
  18. 18. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 17 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  19. 19. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Clientelism Paternalism Patrimonialism Nepotism Burocratism Obscurantism Autoritarism Coronelismo Cronyism (Gérson’s Law) PARTICIPATOR YBUDGETING POLITICAL CULTURE 18 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  20. 20. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Violence Analphabetism Racism Disaffection Inequality Geographic dispersion Exclusion SOCIAL CONTEXT Shortage Social disintegration PRESUPUESTO PARTICIPATIV O 19 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  21. 21. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 20 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  22. 22. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH 21 Fortaleza’s 2005 Participatory Budgetinginstrumental
  23. 23. Pedro Prieto-Martín, UAH Preparative Regional and Social Segments Assemblies Decision-Making Regional Assemblies (“Deliberativas”) Mayor’s Office (MO) Municipal Budget Investment Plan Regional Delegates Forums Council of the Participatory Budgeting (COP) PB Actions Plan Participatory Budgeting Office Municipal Organisms & Departments Regional Executive Offices Executive Power Legislative Power PB – “People’s Power” Popular Councils Unions Neighbour Assoc. other Social Movements Public Workers in all Public Agencies Administrative Power Citizenry - Electorate Municipal Leg. Chamber Big Companies (private or semi-public) Economic Power Elections Negotiation Decisions Citizens KEY Mayor 22 ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ MO Strong Influence

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  • JesusPrieto5

    Aug. 2, 2014
  • patriciamcgann1

    Jul. 31, 2015

Presentation used at the PDD2014 Conference on "Contemporary difficulties and future prospects for participatory and deliberative democracy". Newcastle upon Tyne, 9-11 July 2014

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