Techno-politics. Hacking for positive social change

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Presentation used for a seminar at the Jagiellonian University of Cracow (PL).
It provided an introduction to the field of Technopolitics and eParticipation as a research domain.
Presentation included several videos and a lot of animations. It is therefore recommended to download it.

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Techno-politics. Hacking for positive social change

  1. 1. Hacking for positive social change Techno-Politics Wydział Fizyki, Astronomii i Informatyki Stosowanej, 2013.11.12
  2. 2. Seminar Objectives “Techno-Politics: hacking for positive social change” 1.- How can we use informatics to improve our cities and our democratic systems? 2.- Why it is interesting for the Jagiellonian University to get involved in this area?
  3. 3. Outline 1. The context for Techno-Politics 2. Techno-Politics as a Research Domain 3. Why do Techno-Politics? 4. Discussion
  4. 4. Researcher profile Kraków (PL) Education: 93-98 Universidad Complutense MSc. Computer Science Sololá (GT) Alcalá / Madrid Tübingen (DE) Barcelona 96-00: Universidad de Alcalá Bach. Business Admin. (Hons) 00-02: Univ. Autónoma de Madrid ~ 1st Degree Bach. Philosophy 02-04: Univ. Oberta de Catalunya Master Sociology of Information Society 07-12: Universidad de Alcalá PhD. Computer Science (e-Democracy) Foreign stays: Fortaleza (BR) Work experience: 00-06: Hewlett-Packard (DE) Technical Lead – Develop. Team 02-03: Universität Tübingen (DE) 05: Universidade Estadual do Ceará (BR) 05: Prefeitura Fortaleza (BR) 07: Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst (DE) 06-12: Asoc. KyoPol (ES) 11: Uniwersytet Jagielloński (PL) 09-10: Mun. Sololá (GT) 08-10: NGO Lagun Artean
  5. 5. Outline 1. The context for Techno-Politics 2. Techno-Politics as a Research Domain 3. Why do Techno-Politics? 4. Discussion
  6. 6. Troubled Democracies 527.443 56.125 47.929 Real Democracy NOW!
  7. 7. Troubled Democracies 46,14% + 22,03% 2001-2011 Parl. elections Average (valid votes / voting age population (valid votes / voting age population)
  8. 8. What is democracy? President Lincoln 1863 - “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people” Democracy is the government of the people, by (some) people and for the (benefit of some) people Douglas North Extractive Institutions & Democratic development Institutional Change GOVERNING ELITES GOVERNING ELITESβ GOVERNING ELITESβ SOCIETY SOCIETY SOCIETY Acemoglu & Robinson
  9. 9. Democratic Rhetoric & Reality Claims of democracy Ideal of influence in liberal democracies Reality of influence in liberal democracies
  10. 10. The reality of Civic engagement Dave Meslin, TED Toronto, 2010.10 The antidote to apathy
  11. 11. The reality of Civic engagement Incompatibilities - Political - Legal - Cultural - Socioeconomic - Organizational Intrinsic Problems Complex Expensive Non-representative Non-inclusive Less informed Conflict prone Non-deliberative Difficult to scale ... Vicious Cycle of Participation Extrinsic Problems Motivation = f (effort, usefulness) Arbitrary Manipulability Risk of capture Irrelevant subjects Non-effective Not self-sustainable Inefficient Civic exhaustion ... Administrative Monopoly of participation
  12. 12. Can we improve democracy? Vicious Cycle of Participation Virtuous Circle of Techno-participation “Long Tail” ? models Peer-to-peer recognition Cognitive Surplus Reduction in power and knowledge assimetries Motivation = f (effort, usefulness) Reduction cost of collective action Change in expectations
  13. 13. Can we improve democracy? Ashwin Mahesh, São Paulo, 2013.06 Urban Development Challenges and University
  14. 14. Outline 1. The context for Techno-Politics 2. Techno-Politics as a Research Domain 3. Why do Techno-Politics? 4. Discussion
  15. 15. What is techno-politics? “The tactical and strategic practice of designing and/or using technological devices to constitute, embody, or enact political goals, especially by means of organizing, communicating and producing collective actions” (Hecht 1998, Arnau, 2013)
  16. 16. What is techno-politics? 1.- Analytical approach
  17. 17. What is techno-politics? 2.- Creative approach Objective: Devise methodologies for the collaborative design, construction and operation of techno-participation systems which are adapted to the interests, needs and skills of social and political actors involved in (local) governance. Provisional conclusions • What for? Requires a trans-disciplinary, holistic and critical perspective. • Projects’ designs and their evaluation Why? What? Who? strategies need to be closely linked with How? their context of application. • Techno-participation systems need to be created using Agile, participatory, iterative and user-centric development models. Where? When?
  18. 18. Understanding Techno-Participation Democratic Institutions Citizens Technology
  19. 19. What a messy research domain! Informatics Issues: • Silos & Interdisciplinary failures Political Science Development Studies … Public Policy Social Movements Techno-Participation Participation Web Science Community Informatics CSCW … Social Machines Participatory Design … Software Development Models Software Engineering HCI
  20. 20. What a messy research domain! Academia Issues: Practitioners • Silos & Interdisciplinary failures • Trans-disciplinary failures • Focus: • Power: Context
  21. 21. Software engineering a. Development models, techniques, tools: (Boehm 1986, Dennis et al. 2005)  Objectives  Prototypes  Validation  Iterative process
  22. 22. Software engineering b. Empirical methods for software engineering research: (Myers & Avison 2002; Easterbrook et al. 2007; Cruz Neto 2008) • Controlled experiments • Case studies • Ethnographies • Action research • Grounded Theory Technoparticipation • Survey research c. People-Centered Design: (Sanders et al. 2010)
  23. 23. Community Informatics • From User-centric to Communitycentric design • Communities as lead users • Digital habitats • Tools for communities • Methods for Software development (Wenger et al. 2009, De Cindio et al. 2007, 2012, Brandtzæg et al. 2010, People 2012)
  24. 24. Social Machines More machines cyberinfrastructure Semantic Grid Big Data Big Compute Social The Future! Machines Conventional Computation Social Networking More people Online R&D Science 2.0
  25. 25. Social Machines
  26. 26. Social Machines Sir Berners-Lee, 2013.10
  27. 27. Outline 1. The context for Techno-Politics 2. Techno-Politics as a Research Domain 3. Why do Techno-Politics? 4. Discussion
  28. 28. Why do Techno-Politics? 1. Intrinsic motivation - Contributing to positive social change - Fulfilling special role of universities
  29. 29. Failures, failures, failures… I. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION +C (an) - W (ant) - k (now) IV. HACKERS & BUSINESS +w -k+k -c II. ACADEMIA +c -k -w III. CIVIL SOC. +W +k-s -c
  30. 30. Why do Techno-Politics? 1. Intrinsic motivation - Contributing to positive social change - Fulfilling special role of universities 2. Meaningful for students - They could be involved in useful projects (eg: Code for America) 3. There will be funding - eGovernance - Social Machines/CAPs - Smart Cities  Smart Citizens - Open Government
  31. 31. Open Government & Open Data 2009.01.21: Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government … Government should be TRANSPARENT Government should be PARTICIPATORY Government should be COLLABORATIVE Collaboration Participation Transparency
  32. 32. Open Government & Open Data
  33. 33. Open Government & Open Data
  34. 34. Why do Techno-Politics? 1. Intrinsic motivation - Contributing to positive social change - Fulfilling special role of universities 2. Meaningful for students - They could be involved in useful projects (eg: Code for America) 3. There will be funding - eGovernance, Social Machines/CAPs, Open Government, Smart Cities  Smart Citizens 4. Synergies with current areas - Game technologies  Gamification, Smart Cities, Web Development
  35. 35. Outline 1. The context for Techno-Politics 2. Techno-Politics as a Research Domain 3. Why do Techno-Politics? 4. Discussion Dziękuje bardzo!!

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