Silka Plenary PPSR2012


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Presentation Title: The Many Benefits of Public Participation in Scientific Research
Presenter: Linda Silka, Director, Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center and Professor, School of Economics, University of Maine

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  • Linda Silka UMass Lowell PPSR 2012 Portland, OR
  • Linda Silka UMass Lowell PPSR 2012 Portland, OR
  • Silka Plenary PPSR2012

    1. 1. Community-Based ParticipatoryResearch: A Rigorous Approach to Science Linda Silka Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center School of Economics University of Maine August 2012 PPSR 2012
    2. 2. Two Parallel Forms of PPSR: Citizen Science and CBPR• Both Rapidly Growing• Relatively Little Cross Fertilization: Different Journals, Different Conferences, Different Research Topics• What Can We Learn From CBPR About: • Strengthening Scientific Outcomes and Advancing Knowledge • Adding Rigor to Participatory Data Collection • Ensuring Groups Participate in Ways that Enhance Use of Research Findings PPSR 2012
    3. 3. A Brief Primer on CBPR• Features of CBPR• Attending to the Bus Metaphor• Attending the Loading Dock Problem PPSR 2012
    4. 4. CBPRLiving and Working Together PPSR 2012
    5. 5. UMaine researcher Darren Ranco joins forces with Maine tribal members and basketmakers to address new invasive species threatMade from native brown ash trees, Maine Indian baskets arefunctional art forms that have been passed down throughgenerations of the region’s tribal communities. But the future ofthe art is being threatened by an invasive beetle species — theemerald ash borer — that already has devastated the ashpopulations in other states. PPSR 2012
    6. 6. Maine Coastal PartnershipsCBPR PPSR 2012
    7. 7. CBPR Growth in Journals, Grants, Training, Cross Disciplinary ActivitiesOrganization: Community-Campus Partnerships for HealthJournal: Progress in Community ResearchOrganization: Community-Based Research Canada (Recherchepartenariale du Canada)Organization: Global Alliance for Community Engaged ResearchGrants: NIH Translational Research Centers PPSR 2012
    8. 8. Adding Rigor to Participatory Data Collection: CBPR SuccessesMore Complete Vector Models: Nuclear Contaminationon Tribal LandsBetter Understanding of Fish PopulationsBetter Understanding of Latino Workplace Injuries PPSR 2012
    9. 9. Strengthening Scientific Outcomes and Advancing KnowledgeCambodian Nutritional StudiesEnvironmental Air Quality Household Health StudiesEmerald Ash Borer Studies PPSR 2012
    10. 10. Linking Knowledge to Action: Ensuring Groups Participate in Ways that Enhance Implementation of Research FindingsMaine: Sustainability Solutions InitiativesMassachusetts: Asthma StudiesMinnesota: CBPR as a Tool for Achieving EnvironmentalHealth Goals PPSR 2012
    11. 11. Federal Research Agencies and FoundationsNIH, NIEHS, CDC revising review procedures,support for collaborative processW.K. Kellogg Foundation revising reviewprocedures PPSR 2012
    12. 12. The Centrality of Partnership Partnership is Central to CBPR Approach Tools can help us think about how to strengthen partnerships at every stage of research (for ex: who selects focus and hypotheses) PPSR 2012
    13. 13. Tool: The Research Cycle Model    Capturing Issues That Emerge at Each Stage PPSR 2012
    14. 14. CBPR Tools & Resources atReports and PresentationsExamples of Funded ProposalsPeer-Reviewed Journal ArticlesSyllabi and Course MaterialsOnline CurriculumElectronic Discussion GroupsPrinciples and PoliciesMOUs/MOAs PPSR 2012
    15. 15. But Maine Municipal AssociationFindings Raises Additional Questions Municipal officials prefer collaborative community-university partnerships but 70% of municipal officials indicated that they prefer a partnership structure in which municipal officials and university researchers collaboratively identify the problem, but university researchers conduct the research and municipal officials implement the solutions. PPSR 2012
    16. 16. QuestionsWhat Transferable Lessons Can We Learn from CBPR?Under What Conditions Will the CBPR Model for PPSR Be Applicable?Will CBPR Work for Non Face-to-Face, Scaled Up Partnerships?What Kinds of Training Will Scientists Need?What Kinds of Training Will Citizens Need?How We Will Need to Change the Ways We Engage in Science? PPSR 2012
    17. 17. Contact Information Linda Silka Silka@ PPSR 2012