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Vignette study

A vignette experiment on the effects of input legitimacy on pbblic officials' willingness to use public participation.

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Vignette study

  1. 1. When will public officials listen? A vignette experiment on the effects of input legitimacy on public officials’ willingness to use public participation Koen Migchelbrink PGI Lunch Seminar – May 8th, 2018
  2. 2. Public Governance Institute Contents • Doctoral Research o CITADEL o Public Officials’ Willingness to Use citizen inputs • Vignette study o Input legitimacy o Survey experiments with vignettes o Fielding o Main results
  3. 3. Public Governance Institute Doctorate – Funding Empowering Citizens to TrAnsform European PubLic Administrations • Project Number: 726755 • Total budget: 3,6 million • 11 project partners from 4 EU member states www.citadel-h2020.eu
  4. 4. Public Governance Institute Doctoral research – Willingness • Public administration and citizen inputs • Public officials are key • Are public officials willing to use citizen inputs? o Sub-optimal policy making? o Costs? o Loss of control? o Representative?
  5. 5. Public Governance Institute Doctoral Research I - Representativeness Descriptive representativeness - Participatory elite - Same handful of already known citizens Turnout - Typically below 10% - Sometimes only 1 or 2
  6. 6. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - RQ What is the effect of the democratic input factors of public participation on the willingness of public officials to use public participation in administrative decision-making? H1: Higher input legitimacy = more willing public officials H2: Higher input legitimacy = higher anticipated quality of policy outcomes. H3: Higher input legitimacy = higher perceived target audience support.
  7. 7. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - Theory Democratic Legitimacy approach o Legitimacy = Compliance? o Input legitimacy o Output legitimacy
  8. 8. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - Operationalization • Dependent variables o Willingness to use public inputs o Perceived quality of policy outcomes o Target audience support for the policy outcomes • Independent Variables (manipulations) o Turnout (more/less than expected) o Participant representativeness (representative group/usual suspects)
  9. 9. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - Method • Survey experiment o Vignettes (N = 10) o Full-factorial (2 𝑘) o Within-subjects design o Online (Qualtrics) Bur/Dem Attitudes Vignettes Parti/Cit Attitudes Background Turn. Repr. High Vig1 Vig2 Low Vig3 Vig4 Control Vig 5
  10. 10. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - Method
  11. 11. Public Governance Institute Vignette study - Sampling • Population o Grade A & B • Sample (RR = 41,8%) o Total population sampling o Data cleaning • Insufficient progress • Manipulation checks • Speeders o Attrition?
  12. 12. Public Governance Institute Vignette study – Randomization • Replication of overall sample characteristics in vignette samples • Parameters: o Chi2 Test of Independence • Gender • Administrative level • Policy domains o Wilcoxon signed rank test • Age
  13. 13. Public Governance Institute Vignette study – Method of analysis o OLS o cluster-robust standard errors o Dummy-coded o control-centered y1 = β0vig1 + β1vig2 + β2vig3 + β4vig5 y2 = β0vig6 + β1vig7 + β2vig8 + β3vig9 + β4vig10
  14. 14. Public Governance Institute Vignette study – Results
  15. 15. Public Governance Institute Vignette study – Results
  16. 16. Public Governance Institute Thank you for your attention! Questions?

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