Cisco UCS: An Optimal Platform forWindows Server 2012Chakri Avala               © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All ri...
Cisco UCS Is the Optimal Platform for Microsoft ApplicationsGreater Agility, Better Performance, Lower Cost     Manageabil...
Key Technology Focus Areas• Hyper-V provides one of the best machine virtualization solutions available as a key technolog...
Cisco and Windows Server 2012A Certified, Integrated and Validated Platform• Windows Server 2012 and Cisco’s UCS with Inte...
Scalability for Any Workload• Organizations think virtual first today for servers and even desktops as “bring your own dev...
Network Challenges Introduced with Virtualization• Virtualization introduces three primary challenges to organizations  1....
UCS Unified Fabric and the Converged Network Adapter• UCS provides a unique Converged Network Adapter providing a single 4...
Nexus 1000V and Hyper-V• Windows Server 2012 features an extensible switch that is used by Cisco  Nexus 1000V• Cisco Nexus...
UCS Virtual Machine Fabric Extender (VM-FEX)• VM-FEX extends the CNA technology to enable Single Root I/O Virtualization (...
UCS Manager• UCS Manager provides full management of all Cisco technologies• Provides more than just network management• E...
Unified Management with UCS• Microsoft’s enterprise management solution is System Center 2012 which provides a single  pan...
Go Do• Discover the efficiencies, manageability, and scalability of Cisco’s  datacenter solutions  www.cisco.com/go/dc• Un...
Cisco UCS - An Optimal Platform for Windows Server 2012 - Session from Tuesday - 7
Cisco UCS - An Optimal Platform for Windows Server 2012 - Session from Tuesday - 7
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Cisco UCS - An Optimal Platform for Windows Server 2012 - Session from Tuesday - 7

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  • Slide: Cisco UCS is the Optimal Platform for Microsoft ApplicationsNotes: Use this slide, and the next to help frame the discussion.Our focus is Windows Server 2012…But let the audience know, by stating the premise that UCS provides an optimal platform for Windows Server 2012 and their Microsoft applications. Cisco UCS brings radically simplified manageability, reliability, scalability, security, performance, and excellent ROI and TCO to all Microsoft application environmentsWe support Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 and all the key workloads such as: SQL Server, Exchange, SharePoint and VDI.
  • Slide: Windows Server 2012: Key Technology Focus AreasNotes: This slide provides an overview of the key new technology’s in Windows Server 2012…Our presentation focuses on areas that we (Cisco) have invested in for WS2012:NetworkingVirtualizationManagementAnd to a degree storage via our NetApp and EMC offerings (FlexPod and VSPEX).Note also that networking, virtualization, and management are key ‘scenarios’ that Microsoft is highlighting for Windows Server 2012. See the following links for details:Virtualization: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/server-cloud/datacenter/virtualization.aspxNetworking: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/server-cloud/networking/default.aspxStorage: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/server-cloud/storage/default.aspxManagement System Center 2012: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/server-cloud/system-center/default.aspx
  • Slide: An Integrated, Validated PlatformNotes: This slide kicks off the presentation into a focus on Windows Server 2012…We repeat our premise that Cisco UCS provides an optimal platform for Windows Server 2012 environments.We display the MSFT Tech Ed Best of Tech Ed awards we have won to help provide credibility. Cisco UCS B series in 2011 and Cisco UCS Manager in 2012 as well as show that UCS is logo certified for WS2012From our strategic partners NetApp and EMC we also bring to market solutions for Windows Server – FlexPod with Microsoft Private Cloud (NetApp) and VSPEX (EMC). These solutions are validated by MSFT in their Fast Track program.We feel we provide an optimal platform because of:Cisco UCS architecture – service profiles, virtualization capabilities, improved deployment and configuration speed, etc. Technology investments in Nexus 1000V integration with Windows Server 2012UCS Manager integration with System CenterOur PowerTool solution which leverages MSFT’s PowerShell.
  • Slide: Scalability for Any WorkloadNotes: Scalability and PerformanceVirtualization is no longer seen as a technology for tier-2 and tier-3 applications only. Organizations now strive to virtualize all applications in the data center, including tier-1 applications, which traditionally may require very large numbers of processors and network resources and very large amounts of memory and disk space. Microsoft Windows Server 2012 provides support for the largest x86-based servers, including servers with 320 processor cores and 4 terabytes (TB) of memory. The support for very large environments is also reflected in the following new capabilities for virtual machine configurations:• 64 virtual CPUs (vCPUs) per virtual machine• Full support for nonuniform memory access (NUMA), with NUMA topology exposed to virtual machines, allowing NUMA-aware applications in a virtual machine to run fully optimized based on knowledge of the physical processor and memory topology• 1 TB of memory per virtual machine• New 64-TB extended virtual hard disk (VHDX) format, which removes the prior 2-TB VHD limit and the need to use pass-through storage for scenarios in which very large volumes are required• Failover clusters with 64 nodes and support for 4000 virtual machines per cluster
  • Slide: Network Challenges Introduced with VirtualizationNotes: NetworkingWith virtualization now standard in the data center, all aspects of the infrastructure must be evaluated and the implementation verified to help ensure that it offers the best capabilities possible. One of the most important aspects of the data center that has largely been neglected during the virtualization evolution and adoption is the network infrastructure, also known as the network fabric. Virtualization has virtualized and abstracted the computing resources such as CPU and memory in addition to virtualizing storage through virtual hard disks. The network used in virtual environments has not benefited from virtualization and has been tied to the topology of the physical network fabric, with virtual environments being tied to the configuration of the underlying network and with management of the virtual network switches performed in tools specific to Microsoft Hyper-V. This tight coupling between virtual machine networks and the physical network fabric introduces many complexities when an enterprise is trying to host multiple organizations on a single infrastructure, with some organizations potentially wanting overlapping IP configurations or requiring complete segregation, and it also is problematic if the capability to move virtual machines between data centers and potentially to the public cloud without requiring changes in the virtual machine network configuration is required.Network VirtualizationMicrosoft Windows Server 2012 and Cisco technologies bring network capabilities to organizations where they need them today. Microsoft Windows Server 2012 introduces network virtualization, which allows virtual networks to be defined that are completely abstracted from the underlying physical network fabric. An organization could create, for example, a red network and a blue network that, while physically traveling on the same physical network fabric, uses overlapping IP configurations and spans multiple physical locations, including a mix of on-premises and off-premises servers. Each virtual network is invisible to other virtual networks, providing completely segregated network communication for different tenants of an infrastructure. Network virtualization can be enabled through a software IP address rewrite mechanism that converts the IP address used on the virtual network to one routable on the physical network, which is then converted back after the traffic reaches the Microsoft Hyper-V host that is hosting the target virtual machine. A hardware-supported method is also used through Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE), which is fully supported by Cisco UCS and provides the best Microsoft Hyper-V network virtualization performance and experience; however, users of Cisco solutions have additional choices.Most data centers consist of three layers of network hardware, which are managed by the network operators:• The access switch providing connectivity for all the hosts in a rack• The aggregation switch that connects multiple access switches• The core switch that connects the aggregation switches and provides the network backbone connectivityNetwork operators have experience in the management of these three layers of network hardware and use a consistent management methodology. The introduction of virtualization into a data center also introduces three problems for network operators:• Virtualization allows movement of virtual machines between hosts. After network policies such as security and balancing are defined, it is important to help ensure that policy is maintained and applied no matter where the virtual machine moves.• Network operators have no visibility into virtual traffic, which often never reaches the physical switch and is routed internally in the virtual switch. This lack of visibility makes it difficult to troubleshoot networking problems between virtual machines.• Typical virtualization management tools put too much pressure on the virtualization administrator and force the administrator to learn and define network policies, security policies, and load-balancing polices that normally are managed by network and security administrators.
  • Slide: UCS Unified Fabric and the Converges Network AdapterNotes: Virtualization TechnologyThe use of virtualization for server deployments and even desktop services through virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) and session virtualization has become standard for most organizations with a "virtual first, physical by exception" focus. With the emphasis on virtualization, the virtual platform must offer the virtual environment a complete solution, allowing the services and applications on the virtual machines to access the full capabilities and scalability of the underlying computing resources without compromise. Microsoft Windows Server 2012 delivers an operating system and virtualization platform that provides industry-leading performance and feature sets.Scalability and PerformanceVirtualization is no longer seen as a technology for tier-2 and tier-3 applications only. Organizations now strive to virtualize all applications in the data center, including tier-1 applications, which traditionally may require very large numbers of processors and network resources and very large amounts of memory and disk space. Microsoft Windows Server 2012 provides support for the largest x86-based servers, including servers with 320 processor cores and 4 terabytes (TB) of memory. The support for very large environments is also reflected in the following new capabilities for virtual machine configurations:• 64 virtual CPUs (vCPUs) per virtual machine• Full support for nonuniform memory access (NUMA), with NUMA topology exposed to virtual machines, allowing NUMA-aware applications in a virtual machine to run fully optimized based on knowledge of the physical processor and memory topology• 1 TB of memory per virtual machine• New 64-TB extended virtual hard disk (VHDX) format, which removes the prior 2-TB VHD limit and the need to use pass-through storage for scenarios in which very large volumes are required• Failover clusters with 64 nodes and support for 4000 virtual machines per clusterThe new scalability metrics for virtual machines provide the capability for almost any workload to be virtualized on Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V. As shown in Figure 1, the Cisco UCS server platform does provide a blade-based solution (in addition to its chassis-based offerings) that offers the latest x86-based server environment, which can push Microsoft Hyper-V to its full scalability limits, and also features converged network adapter (CNA) that connects to a unified fabric, which in turn provides a single 40-GB network connection for each blade. This single connection can be divided into up to 256 virtual adapters using the Cisco UCS management framework, and each virtual adapter is seen by the operating system running on the Cisco UCS blade as either a physical network or Fibre Channel host bus adapter (HBA) device.The capability to create this number of network and HBA devices separates the Cisco UCS platform from other blade-based solutions, which typically are very limited in terms of adapter connections because of the limited number of physical slots. Many Microsoft best practices require numerous separate network and storage connections, especially when using virtualization. The CNA helps ensure that your platform investment meets today's Microsoft best practices as well as guidelines for tomorrow's best practices. In the example in Figure 1, three network adapters with varying bandwidths and a Fibre Channel HBA have been created through a host profile applied using Cisco UCS Manager.Figure 1. Cisco UCS Server Platform Includes a CNA That Connects to a Unified FabricThe flexibility of the CNA is not at the expense of performance, with a recent demonstration at TechEd 2012 Europe showing the Cisco UCS platform providing 900,000 I/O operations per second (IOPS) of throughput, which also supports virtualization of even the most demanding workloads and helps ensure that Cisco UCS can meet the demands of future workloads.
  • Slide: Nexus 1000V and Hyper-VNotes: This slide allows us to bring in Nexus 1000V in the discussion.N1KV is tightly integrated with Ws2012’s extensible switch. Cisco and MSFT R&D have worked together for almost two years on this integration.Q. What is Cisco announcing at Microsoft Build 2011?A. Cisco is announcing new capabilities in our Cisco Nexus® 1000V Series Switches and Cisco® Data Center Virtual Machine Fabric Extender (VM-FEX) product offerings for Microsoft Windows Server 2012environments.• The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series is a distributed virtual switching platform that provides virtualization-aware networking features and brings a transparent operation model to physical and virtual environments. With the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series, network administrators can rely on the same Cisco NX-OS Software command-line interface (CLI) and feature set, advanced switching and security features, and integrated network services for their virtual networks.• Cisco Data Center VM-FEX collapses virtual and physical networking into a single infrastructure. With Cisco Data Center VM-FEX, network administrators can provision, configure, manage, monitor, and diagnose virtual machine network traffic and bare-metal network traffic within one unified infrastructure.Q. What are the two new items being announced that support Microsoft Windows Server 2012?A. Cisco is announcing that it is developing a full portfolio of virtual networking products for Microsoft Windows Server 8 Hyper-V environments:• Cisco Nexus 1000V product portfolio (includes the following products):– Cisco Nexus 1000V Switch– Cisco Nexus 1010 Virtual Services Appliance– Cisco Virtual Security Gateway (VSG) ) on Nexus 1010– Cisco Network Analysis Module NAM on Cisco Nexus 1010• Cisco Data Center VM-FEX– Cisco Data Center VM-FEX technology is included with the Cisco Unified Computing System™ (Cisco UCS™)Q. Why are these Cisco announcements important to customers?A. Customers and service providers with Microsoft-based data centers are asking Cisco to make these capabilities available for the Microsoft Windows platform. With these capabilities, customers can make use of the full portfolio of Cisco Virtual Networking technologies for their Hyper-V deployments. These technologies offer multiple advantages to customers:• Virtualization-aware networking features• Simplified operations through tight integration with Hyper-V management tools• Consistent operation model for both physical and virtual networksLink to more information on this topic: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns340/ns517/ns224/ns955/ns963/faq_c67_687090_ns1154_Networking_Solutions_Q_and_A.html
  • Slide: UCS ManagerNotes:Microsoft Windows Server 2012 is built on the management philosophy "the power of many, the simplicity of one"-that is, that managing multiple servers should be as easy as managing only one. In support of this philosophy, the Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Server Manager has been redesigned to support management of multiple servers simultaneously and to allow the creation of custom groups of servers, with a high-level dashboard showing the overall health of the managed servers. Although the new server manager capability is very powerful, for true data center automation actions that can be scripted are necessary, and Microsoft has substantially boosted the capability of Microsoft Windows PowerShell, providing more than 2300 intuitive cmdlets, allowing the management of almost every aspect of Microsoft Windows Server 2012. Cisco builds on the Microsoft Windows PowerShell with Cisco UCS PowerTool, which extends the Microsoft Windows PowerShell capability with a Cisco library that provides Cisco UCS management through the common Microsoft Windows PowerShell interface and enables administrators familiar with the Microsoft product to quickly integrate with Cisco UCS and to use a single management platform to access all aspects of the virtual infrastructure.
  • Slide: Unified Management with UCS:Notes: Cisco and Microsoft Management ToolsBeyond the native Microsoft Windows Server 2012 management tools, Microsoft System Center 2012 is the Microsoft flagship management and monitoring solution for all aspects of an organization's Microsoft environment, including the desktop, the servers, the physical infrastructure, the virtual infrastructure, the hardware-all the way through to the application. Microsoft System Center 2012 builds on nearly 20 years of Microsoft management tool experience. Cisco UCS Manager is the Cisco management tool that provides end-to-end management of the Cisco UCS platform, and in addition to the Microsoft Windows PowerShell library for Cisco UCS, Cisco provides Cisco UCS Manager integration with two main components of Microsoft System Center 2012: Operations Manager and Orchestrator. The Cisco UCS Management Pack for Microsoft System Center 2012 Operations Manager allows the monitoring and health insight of Cisco UCS components. Microsoft System Center 2012 Orchestrator acts as an IT automation toolbox, providing connectivity to the many different IT systems in the data center, and then a series of actions can be defined in run books, which can be used either manually or by other systems, removing the need for manual processes, which previously may have involved accessing many different tools. The Cisco UCS Integration Pack for Microsoft System Center 2012 Orchestrator allows Orchestrator to connect and perform actions on Cisco UCS Manager as part of multisystem workflows, extending the capabilities of automated actions.In addition to providing the basic management of the Cisco UCS server family, such as the configuration of the unified fabric, Cisco UCS Manager provides capabilities that are vital to multiserver environments, in which, even with the best hardware, failures still occur. Service templates enable templates to be defined, which, at a very detailed level, list the configuration for a deployed blade server, such as the number of network adapters, number of Fibre Channel connections, and other hardware configuration options. The service template can then be used to quickly provision new blades to a desired configuration. Further, in the event of a blade failure, a replacement blade can be identified, and through the service template, the hardware configuration of the failed blade can be applied to the replacement blade, including the operating system on the shared storage from which to boot, essentially allowing the failed blade to be replaced in minutes.Cisco UCS Manager won the Microsoft Tech Ed 2012 Breakthrough Technology Award, and the integration of Cisco UCS Manager with Microsoft System Center 2012 provides organizations with a single pane through which full visibility and management of the physical and virtual infrastructure is possible.
  • Cisco UCS - An Optimal Platform for Windows Server 2012 - Session from Tuesday - 7

    1. 1. Cisco UCS: An Optimal Platform forWindows Server 2012Chakri Avala © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    2. 2. Cisco UCS Is the Optimal Platform for Microsoft ApplicationsGreater Agility, Better Performance, Lower Cost Manageability Reliability Scalability Security Performance ROI/TCO © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    3. 3. Key Technology Focus Areas• Hyper-V provides one of the best machine virtualization solutions available as a key technology in Windows Server 2012• Greater flexibility in server footprint and patching with new configuration level allowing graphical interface and management infrastructure to be added and removed at any point in the servers lifecycle• Server Manager re-envisioned to enable intuitive multi-server management of Windows 2008, 2008 R2 and 2012 servers• Improved file system and file service capabilities• Comprehensive virtual desktop and session based solution• Rich support for Linux and Windows workloads © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    4. 4. Cisco and Windows Server 2012A Certified, Integrated and Validated Platform• Windows Server 2012 and Cisco’s UCS with Intel® Xeon® processers server platform together provide an optimal infrastructure solution with a single, unified management approach. Partnering with NetApp and EMC allow Cisco to deliver Microsoft Fast Track validated solutions such as FlexPod and VSPEX helping you achieve improved ROI / TCO. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    5. 5. Scalability for Any Workload• Organizations think virtual first today for servers and even desktops as “bring your own device” is more prevalent• Being able to virtualize any workload enables a single approach for all system deployments and consistency across the datacenter • 64 hosts in a highly available cluster • 320 processor cores and 4TB of memory per server Windows Server 2012 enables • Virtual Machines with 64 virtual CPUs, 1TB of memory and 64TB virtual hard disks very large scale environments • Full NUMA support that is also projected into the virtual machine guest operating system Cisco UCS provides chassis • 4 socket servers • 1TB RAM per host and blade offerings that can fully • Unified fabric leverage Windows 2012 • Latest networking technologies scalability capabilities • Hundreds of hosts in a single UCS deployment © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    6. 6. Network Challenges Introduced with Virtualization• Virtualization introduces three primary challenges to organizations 1. Virtualization allows movement of VMs between hosts. Once network policies such as security and balancing are defined it is important to ensure policy is maintained and applied no matter where the VM moves to. 2. Network operators have no visibility into virtual traffic which often never hits the physical switch and is routed internally in the virtual switch. This makes it difficult to troubleshoot networking problems between virtual machines. 3. Typical virtualization management tools put too much pressure on the virtualization administrator and force them to learn and define network policies, security policies, load balancing polices which normally are managed by network and security administrators.• Cisco UCS and Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V solves these challenges © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    7. 7. UCS Unified Fabric and the Converged Network Adapter• UCS provides a unique Converged Network Adapter providing a single 40GB connection from each UCS server• The single connection can be carved into up to 256 virtual adapters which appear as physical network or fibre channel HBA devices to the host operating system• The ability to create this number of devices provides support for todays and tomorrows Windows Server best practices• Most blade systems have very limited capabilities for devices differentiating UCS from any other solution• Nearly 1 million IOPS recorded in test © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    8. 8. Nexus 1000V and Hyper-V• Windows Server 2012 features an extensible switch that is used by Cisco Nexus 1000V• Cisco Nexus 1000V provides management of the “virtual access layer” that virtualization introduces• All traffic flows through Cisco infrastructure• Allows centralized management of all network components whether physical or virtual• Cisco Nexus 1000V adds powerful network policy capabilities to the virtual environment © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    9. 9. UCS Virtual Machine Fabric Extender (VM-FEX)• VM-FEX extends the CNA technology to enable Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV)• SR-IOV provides a direct connection between a virtual machine and the physical network adapter bypassing the Hyper-V network switch• The direct connection removes any latency associated with using the Hyper-V virtual switch providing bare-metal levels of performance• The use of SR-IOV with virtual machines does not break the ability to Live Migrate the virtual machine © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    10. 10. UCS Manager• UCS Manager provides full management of all Cisco technologies• Provides more than just network management• Enables the creation and maintenance of Service Templates (Profiles) which detail host configuration• Service Templates are applied to hosts allowing easy provisioning of hosts• Service Templates also allow the replacement of a failed host to the exact configuration of the replaced host in minutes by applying the failed hosts template to the replacement © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    11. 11. Unified Management with UCS• Microsoft’s enterprise management solution is System Center 2012 which provides a single pane of glass for management of Microsoft and non-Microsoft technologies• UCS Manager integrates with System Center allowing unified management through a “single pane of glass” including monitoring and performing actions via UCS Manager• Windows Server 2012 provides thousands of PowerShell cmdlets allowing full management of the operating system through scripting, command line and applications• UCS PowerTool provides PowerShell cmdlets allowing PowerShell based interaction and management of UCS Manager © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
    12. 12. Go Do• Discover the efficiencies, manageability, and scalability of Cisco’s datacenter solutions www.cisco.com/go/dc• Understand the true benefits www.cisco.com/go/microsoft• Investigate our Microsoft private cloud solutions:• NetApp FlexPod: www.cisco.com/go/flexpod• EMC VSPEX: www.cisco.com/go/vspex © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

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