• Convergence of Strategic Operations and Tactical Echelons in C4I2


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Cisco India recently sponsored 'Network Centric Warfare in the Indian Context', a focused discussion on 21st April 2011, organized by CLAWS and SP Guide.
Cisco Expert Col. KPM Das shared his views in the session

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• Convergence of Strategic Operations and Tactical Echelons in C4I2

  1. 1. NCW : Strategic to the TacticalKPM DasGlobal National Security & Defence Team21 April 2011
  2. 2. Themes for Today• Levels, Elements, Seams, State, Evolution of NCW• Themes – Command Push vs Int/Recce Pull – Demand vs Supply at S,O,T – Sharing vs Security – S>>O>>T Architecture – Info Richness vs Info Reach – Collaboration – Command and Staff Attention – Procurement Conundrum• Factors at an Operational Level
  3. 3. Levels in the NCW Context The levels of war are doctrinal perspectives that clarify the links between strategic objectives and tactical actions. There are no finite limits …it is difficult to decide exactly or boundaries between the levels of war where a strategic movement (strategic, operational, and tactical) and ends and a tactical movement the levels of war are not necessarily begins, yet in conception the two associated with specific levels of are distinct. command, size of units, types of Liddell Hart equipment, or types of forces or components. However, certain commands tend to operate at particular levels of war, e.g. Army Commands typically operate at the strategic and operational levels of war while a Corps will typically operate at the operational and tactical levels of war. Actions are strategic, operational, or tactical based on their effect or contribution to achieving strategic, operational, or tactical objectives.Reference : http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/army/docs/st100-3/c1/1Chp.htm
  4. 4. Levels in NCW – Another View CC/CG/CT Ops Inf Ops Fire Sp & AD Electronic W LOC Protection T ISR Resources Combat Resources O Strategic Defence Info Systems & Networks SReference : http://cio-nii.defense.gov/docs/pt2_ncw_main.pdf
  5. 5. NCW – The FootballAnalogy• Few rules and few opportunities to restart play on favorable terms.• Every player to be aware of the field, the person who is controlling the ball, where the ball is on the field, capabilities and positions of own and rival players and dynamic interactions of these factors (if Ronaldinho gets a free kick at 40 yards and below- goal certainty >90%!!)• Fresh players taught to play specific, limited roles, standard/copybook situations• Mature players given more freedom, more responsibilities…..libero role (Beckenbauer), defender free to attack at own judgement, with an aim to create positional advantage to own team• At the highest level of the game (World Cup), play is fully fluid- moves always complex and changing.• Ability to sense, react and attack with minimal verbal communications (Latin American style)
  6. 6. Elements of NCWRef: http://www.c2coe.org/c2pedia/index.php?title=Network_Domains & RAND MG267-2.4.
  7. 7. State of the Indian NCW Context S O T LegendReference : http://cio-nii.defense.gov/docs/pt2_ncw_main.pdf
  8. 8. A look At The Seams• Strategic vs Operational vs Tactical Sync (tail wagging the dog)• Systems. – Tactical. Minimal info networks. – Operational. Early days, pilots, ltd deployments in ltd Zs. – Strategic. Multiple, but stovepipes• Multiplicity of architectures- networks, radios, supply chains• Arms/ Services silos. Counter-Point •System of Systems •Discrete, disconnected at Strategic level •Minimum compromise on D Day
  9. 9. Theme 1 Command Push vs Recce/ Int Pull Read :en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maneuver_warfare
  10. 10. Theme 1 Command Push vs Recce/ Int Pull Smaller Sized Units New tactics & doctrines Attack straight into the centres of gravity No need to maint tight fmns Fewer tps, widely dispersed, less vulnerable Quick mov, secure rear/ flanks incidental Read :en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maneuver_warfare
  11. 11. Theme 2 NCW-Demand Vs Supply (bandwidth) T Low O Med High S Reference : http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/2005/RB9064.pdf
  12. 12. Bandwidth – We are hereTheme 3 Dimensional Skew Front to Rear Vs Left to Right Tactical Lag Operational Lag Strategic
  13. 13. Theme 3 Sharing versus Security – the Tradeoffs“immediate access to the RIGHT information to accomplish the mission.” Information Sharing Information Security Netcentric = The Acceptable Intersection of Information Sharing & Information Security"Achieving Interoperability in a Network Centric Environment" Netcentric = Discoverable + Interoperable + Collaborative + Effective
  14. 14. Transforming Strategic-Operational- Theme 4 Tactical Architectures Connect the Front to the Rear DCN Strategic Core Long Haul Pt to Pt Operational/ TacticalLevel of “Qualities” required ASCON BSNL Tactical Net Weapons, AWAN CIDSS Sensor, Soldier Systems BSS BMS ACCCS FINSAS ADCRS FICV EWS ASMS Services, SWAP & Form Factor unique to the digital divide Space Terrestrial Transport FLOT A set of end-to-end “services” that meet the needs SWAP & Form of the company at one end and can be “serviced by Factors for the Signals across the levels/ echelons Transportability
  15. 15. Theme 5 Info Richness Vs Info Reach Video Pictures Voice Data Reference : http://cio-nii.defense.gov/docs/pt2_ncw_main.pdf
  16. 16. Theme 6 Collaboration Tools For Different Process Needs Complex S,O, T TelePresence Decisionmaking Application Sharing Video Conferencing S,O, T Email & Voicemail Remote Access groups S,O, T S,O, T Audio S,O, T Conferencing SynchronousAsynchronous Web Collaboration space Instant O, T Calendar Broadcasts Virtual team rooms Messaging S,O S,O S, O, T Communities Information & discussion Simple Information feeds & boards S Sharing repositories S,O, T
  17. 17. Theme 6 Collaboration Connectivity: An NCW Minimum
  18. 18. Theme 6 Collaboration Voice, Data, Video
  19. 19. Theme 7Command and Staff Attention• Bandwidth as much a resource as ammunition• Spectrum as much a resource as weapons• Include separate section in OO• Include equivalent of G6 in Div Staff (Sigs) responsible for bandwidth, spectrum and cyber-security• Convergence of ICT, Cyber security and IS under single agency in the battlefield and mutual synergies
  20. 20. Theme 8 NCW- Procurement Conundrum Reference : Page 72, NCW Case Study, Kevin J. Cogan, Ray De Lucio
  21. 21. Theme 8 NCW- Procurement Conundrum Capex Optimization Through Integration Reference : Page 72, NCW Case Study, Kevin J. Cogan, Ray De Lucio
  22. 22. Differentiators at anOperational Level• Jointness and combined arms application requires this model.• Not a substitute for good leadership, makes good leaders make better decisions• Uncertainty management better- calculated risks now possible• Location agnostic command• “Richness” of info helps quality of interactions• Tradeoff- connectivity and network - linearly degraded rear to front.• Bandwidth a high demand resource- requires command attention.• Power requirements increase significantly in battle areas.• Integration with shape-form of the battle vehs and mob platforms.• Training with network-centric- architecture necessary for readiness.• Unification of IS, Sigs and Cybersecurity
  23. 23. Interplay : Factors at an Operational LevelTheme 3
  24. 24. Thank YouKPM DasGlobal National Security & Defence Team