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Cisco Connect Toronto 2018 network-slicing

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Cisco Connect Toronto 2018 network-slicing

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Cisco Connect Toronto 2018 network-slicing

  1. 1. Derick Linegar, dlinegar@cisco.com Oct 18th, 2018 Network Slicing: Horizontal Virtualization the Next Step for 4G/5G Mobile Networks and the Impact on Enterprise Networks
  2. 2. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G | Delivering Consumer and Enterprise Immersive User Experiences Agenda Mobile Operator Challenges 5G – Evolution Update Virtualization Evolution Network Slicing, a new approach 4G | Delivering Consumer Connectivity Network Slicing, a bit more detail Network Slicing, Initialization & Registration Network Slicing, Summary
  3. 3. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Mobile Operator Challenges
  4. 4. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Mobile Operator Revenue Growth Opportunities Core $ Automotive Healthcare Transport Utilities Consumer Today Operator businessmostly focused on the saturated consumer market Source: European Commission Report, 2016 Core $ Automotive Healthcare Transport Utilities Consumer 2025 Verticallytargeted services will accelerate operator business growth Video drives traffic… but not revenue 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 ExabytesperMonth Mobile File Sharing (1%, 2%) Mobile Audio (8%, 6%) Mobile Web/Data/VoIP (36%, 17%) Mobile Video (55%, 75%) 53% CAGR 2015-2020
  5. 5. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Service & Network Evolution Enhanced Mobile Broadband 1000x BW, 10-100x End User Speed Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication ~1ms Latency Massive Machine Type Communications 1000x Density 10 - 100M lines of code and hundreds of subsystems Vehicle updates, telematics, and infotainment Secure Remote Car Software Update Police, fire, hospitals with strict SLAs and Security CSP hosted Network Slicing for Public Sector Private Networks Smart-sensor enabled Waste and recycling,, parking, smart grid, homes Smart City Enablement Augmented, virtual, and mixed reality for learning, gaming, 4K/8K Video enablement required Augmented / Virtual Reality Delivery IncreasedBandwidth and Capacity Slicing, Flexible deployment, NFV/Virtualization Push data plane to the edge (MEC) - Micro Datacenters
  6. 6. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Secure Network ・ Secure Cloud ・ Secure Enterprise Converged Core Network Slicing Service Automation Edge Distribution Virtual Scaling Security Services Cisco 5G Definition Redefining the Network End-to-End
  7. 7. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public A Use-Case driven 5G experience M.2083-02 Gigabytes in a second Smart home/building Voice Smart city 3D video, UHD screens Work and play in the cloud Augmented reality Industry automation Mission critical application Self driving car Massive machine type communications Ultra-reliable and low latency communications Enhanced mobile broadband Future IMT Source: ITU-R M.2083-0
  8. 8. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G Service Requirements Multi-Faceted and Conflicting
  9. 9. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G Adoption Timelines FactorsImpacting 5GAdoption 2017 3GPP R15 5G NR anchored on enhanced LTE/EPC 2018 2019 2020 2021 Winter Olympics FIFA World Cup Summer Olympics 3GPP R16 Fixed Mobile Convergence Extreme Rural Inter-access Steering 3GPP R15 (con’d) Final 5G NR (inc. FWA) 5G Core Network IMT-2020 5G Specification Spectrum Fiber Government Policy Optics 5G Standards Automation Organization 4G Cycle Virtualization /Cloud Services Business CaseNetwork Transformation
  10. 10. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G Enabling Technologies
  11. 11. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 3GPP 5G system service-based architecture (non-roaming) Access/ mobility mgmt (AMF) Session management (SMF) Policy control function (PCF) User plane functions (UPF) Authentication Server function (AUSF) Unified Data Management (UDM) Application function (AF) (Radio) Access Network Data networks (DN) UE Control Data N1 N2 N4 Nnssf N9 N3 N6 Network Slice Selection Function (NSSF) Source: 3GPP 23.501 (2018-03) Network Exposure Function (NEF) NF Repository Function (NRF) Nausf Namf Nsmf Npcf Naf NnrfNnefNudm
  12. 12. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Virtualization Evolution
  13. 13. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public So…… Virtualization….. • The abstraction of physical components using logical objects. • Dynamically binding logical objects to physical configurations.
  14. 14. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Pretty Sheetmetal Virtualization, migration from Appliance • In the networking world, we are used to purpose-build appliances with custom ASIC’s and FPGA’s to: • Drive Performance • More Performance • Ultimate Performance • Problem is, some consider this to be “closed”, inflexible, and not “programmable”. Hardware (Custom) CPU Mem NIC Disk Guest OS (IOS) BGP OSPF
  15. 15. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Standard Server Virtualization, migration to x86 Server Using hypervisor • Now, with the march towards using X86 based compute environment, we are now virtualizing Networking Elements to • Flexibility, cost reduction • More More Flexibility, more cost reduction • Oh, and we’d like some Performance • We can now automate this, it’s all S/W. • We can manage / move workloads. • Question: will you get the same resources as in the case of a dedicated approach? • Question: for high TPUT based NE’s, what to do? Hardware (Custom) CPU Mem NIC Disk Guest OS (IOS) BGP OSPF Guest OS (StarOS) SGW PGW Hypervisor Virtual Machine Virtual Machine
  16. 16. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Standard Server Virtualization, migration to MicroServices Using Containers • Can we push virtualization to have greater granularity? Yes we can… • Now we can create “Containers” to only support specific services: MicroServices • Now we can in S/W add, delete update MicroServices • These MicroServices can have different OS, versions to work together… • We can Automate this even further, heaven for those who like to drive this via S/W…! • Since a lot of IaaS folks don’t provide access to Bare Metal, they insist to “wedge” a layer between the containers and Bare Metal. Hardware (Custom) CPU Mem NIC Disk Hypervisor Virtual Machine Container Guest OS Ultra PGW OS Container Container Guest OS (IOS) BGP Java ubuntu Web-App
  17. 17. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Virtualization of the WAN: migration to the cloud Application quality of experience Secure branch to cloud connectivity protects data in motion IaaS/SaaS Data Center Small Office Home Office Campus Branch Cloud Applications Secure SD-WAN Fabric Cloud Providers Agile workflows simplifies extending the enterprise to IaaS or SaaS Analytics determines the optimal path for the best application experience
  18. 18. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Virtualization of WAN: SD-WAN solutions Transport independence using programmable VPN Leverage internet for public cloud and Internet access Secure VPN overlay for private and virtual public cloud access 3G/4G-LTE Branch Private Cloud Colocation Public Cloud MPLS Internet Seamless extension to the cloud enables business policy to follow workloads No interaction with underlying QoS No clean way to “request”, “change”resources
  19. 19. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slicing a new approach Banana Slicer!
  20. 20. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slicing is fundamentally an end-to-end partitioning of the network resources and network functions so that selected applications/services/ connections may run in isolation from each other and for a Specific Business Purpose
  21. 21. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public End-to-end network slicing Animation! AMF SMF AMF SMF UPF UPF UPF PCF NSSF UDM NRF Access Transport Core SMF PCF IPS/IDS 1 2 3 4 Slice #1 Slice #2 Slice #3
  22. 22. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public  Network slicing: virtually independent business operations on a common physical infrastructure  Three essential components: • Control points in the user plane for steering • Policy enablement: the traffic flow path selection can be controlled by policy dip • Multi-tenant IaaS + orchestration Reviewing the Basics of Network Slicing Sub DB Virtualization CPU Slice Selection MBB Core Network Streaming Camera CN IoT Core Network Network Slice Selection Function Policy
  23. 23. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public  Complexity in the core • Each node carries 1,000’s of legacy tariffs, corporates, PMBs, M2Ms, and associated network configurations  Multi-RAT RAN • Programmability in the radio • NB-IoT, URLLC, …  Problem • Service introductions or modifications can incur significant legacy regression testing impacting Time-to- Market Today’s complex networks “Zero defects” policy implies reducing change. So how can a network be innovative and agile ? PCRF SGWSGWSGWSGWSGWSGWSGWSGW PCRFPCRF PDN-GW SGWSGWSGWSGWGi-LAN SGWSGWSGWSGWOSS MMERAN CP HSS
  24. 24. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public  Each separable business operations can be more efficiently run on a network slice  Orchestration manages the complexity driven by the number of slices • MANO for every slice  New service introductions can have a significantreduction in regression testing cycles • Easier to debug configs limit “collateral damage” • Isolation effects of rogue applications (E.g. M2M) • Smaller failure groups imply no single “too big to fail” node 5G Sliced Network: Introduces Order MME SGW PDN-GW Gi-LAN OSSPCRF MME SGW PDN-GW Gi-LAN OSSPCRF Virtualization CPU Orchestration RAN CP HSS MME SGW PDN-GW Gi-LAN OSSPCRF
  25. 25. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Introducing Hierarchy and Information Hiding Slice-aaS: Multitenancy and Orchestration Network Slicing has implications for the virtualization architecture. “Slicing” may actually simplify as operators and vendors can focus attention on validated solution designs “within” a slice which can be separately procured
  26. 26. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public IoT Taxonomy for Wireless Use Cases in SP Market Radio CDP 3GPP Access Access & Operator Partners Connected Device Platform Enterprise Wireless Things WAN Non-3GPP Access WAN Application Enablement Platform Application Enablement Platform Application Enablement Platform FOG Access Remote Location FoG AEP Horizontals include the CDP and AEP. The AEP also has a FoG component. Parking Lights Proximity Gate Sensors GreenP Waze CP24.com Security
  27. 27. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public  Massive IoT and Network Slicinggo hand-in-hand  Network slicingsolves the problem of directing traffic from enterprise-owned devices to the enterprises themselves  Via policy interaction, a virtualizedpacket core/service core can • Steer enterprise traffic to the appropriate set of enterprise connectivity functions • Apply services as needed Massive IoT and Network Slicing Internet Sub-Network Slice Selection Function Presentation CDP Presentation CDP Presentation CDP Presentation CDP CN Slice for IoT IoT RAN Policy SPR IoT Core Network slicing (subnetwork slices) applied to enablingmassiveIoT
  28. 28. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public What does this all mean? From the Point of View of the User My Smartphone has 2 secure personalities, one for my work and one for my personal use. Mobile Broadband
  29. 29. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public What does this all mean? From the Point of View of the Enterprise IT Manager I can provide security, performMDM, ensure corporate compliance, distribute applications and be ensured the device is on “my” network
  30. 30. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public What does this all mean? From the Point of View of the Mobile Operator I offer multiple slices (Slice aaS) on a common Infrastructure Mobile Broadband
  31. 31. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slicing a bit more detail…
  32. 32. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Cisco 5G Network Architecture: A Synthesis View NG RAN NRs LTE-AP Wi-Fi Slice Selection NG C-Plane Function NG-X NG Policy Control Charging/ Billing NG-Gx NG-CH NG Subscriber Data Management 12 A B C 3 D E F 4 G H I 5 J K L 6 M N O 7 P Q R S 8 T U V 9 W X Y Z *0# S ig na l S tr en g th Residential Access NG U-Plane Function(s)Hot Spot Things NG-6a/p NG-Gi Service Capability Exposure IP Services VAS VAS Virtualization CPU E2E Orchestration Other HetNet RAN & cRAN Network Slice Selection Function NG Lawful Intercept NB-IoT SDN Logical Network Slicing Functions E2E Network slicing Open virtualized RAN Network as fabric (Programming multi-location NFVI with transport)
  33. 33. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Concepts of network slice Network Slice Completeness Network Slice Components Resources Used By Network Slice Network Slice Template Policies and Configurations Isolation of Network Slices
  34. 34. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slicing in access network (non-mobile) Fixed Broadband •IP QoS •MPLS VPN •Offloading only Wi-Fi •Comprehensive queue management •Resource allocation •Offloading only 4G /5G Small Cell •Backhaul resource management •Radio access control •Scheduler resourcing
  35. 35. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slicing in access network (mobile) SDAP PDCP RLC MAC PHY RRC/NAS PDCP RLC MAC PHY User Plane Control Plane Slicing Depth { • RAT type • UE-aware slice ID • Admission control • Resource management RAN Protocol Stack
  36. 36. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slicing in transport network (Cont’d) Slice A (VPN A) Slice B (VPN B) Slice C (VPN C) Traffic isolation: Grouping similar or relevant traffic to different MPLS VPNs Low-delay path: Segment routing head- end computes a SID- list of the shortest-path according to delay Bandwidth Optimization: Segment routing traffic engineering can find best path to meet bandwidth requirements
  37. 37. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slicing in core network • Network Slice in core identified by S-NSSAI and NSSAI • Single Network Slice Selection Assistanceinformation (S-NSSAI) has slice type and slice differentiator information • Network Slice Selection Assistanceinformation (NSSAI) is a collection of S-NSSAIs that a UE can access • RAN selects AMF based on one of these: • UE registered NSSAI • PLMN allowed NSSAI • Default AMF without NSSAI • First AMF can relocate UE to another AMF after interaction with Network Slice Selection Function (NSSF) in the core UPF AMF PCF NRF SMF SMF UPF AMF NRFPCF SMFUPF AF S lice #1 S lice #2 S lice #3 Common NFs used by two slices PCF Def ault AMF CUP S UPF NSSFUDM RAN S lice S election
  38. 38. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slicing in core network – Cont’d UPF AMF PCF NRF SMF SMF UPF AMF NRFPCF SMFUPF AF Slice #1 Slice #2 Slice #3 Common NFs usedby two slices PCF Default AMF CUPS UPF NSSFUDM RAN Slice #3 Data Traffic Slice Selection 1 2 3
  39. 39. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network slice implementation example Slice Consumer Slice Provider Vertical Network Slice Business Requirements Slice Design Slice Life-cycle Management Slice Consumption KPI SLA Perf. Monitoring Resource Inventory Service Assurance Config Managemt Network Slice Management System • Configure • Re-configure • Optimize • Healing • Instantiate • Activate • De-activate • Terminate
  40. 40. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slice Orchestration Framework Automation and orchestrator Network slice Service Infrastructure resources 1 2 5 Service assurance Incident management Assurance platform Virtualized packet core Transport (IOS-XRv L3VPN, segment routing) Security (vASA) Automation Testing Workflow manager Lifecycle management 3 4 Provisioning Operations Service request, fulfillment, and assurance portal Automation /orchestrator Network slice Service Infrastructure resources 1 2 5 Service assurance Incident management Virtualized packet core Transport (IOS-XRv L3VPN, segment routing) Security (vASA) Automation Testing Network Slice Catalog Lifecycle management 3 4 Provisioning BackendsystemUserinterface Assurance platformOperations
  41. 41. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slice Use Case 1 Connected automobile User Plane Function Edge D/C Core Network Main D/C Control Center Service provider Edge Slice Benefits: • Smart Navigation • C2C Communications • Driverless car • Vehicle monitoring • Safety monitoring • In-car entertainment • Location service (park, gas, charging)
  42. 42. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slice Use Case 2 Enterprise networking service Core Network Main D/C UPF Ent1 UPF Ent2 Router Ent1 Router Ent2 Enterprise 1 Slice Enterprise 2 Slice Benefits: • B2B connectivity • SLA • Customized security/encryption • Shared infrastructure • Faster provision/de-commission
  43. 43. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slice Use Case 3 Massive IoT Benefits: • RAT type separation • Customized scale • Cost-efficiency C-SGN WNC/EPC SCEF IoT AS IoT AS OTT IoT Slice NB-IoT Slice
  44. 44. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slicing Initialization & Registration
  45. 45. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slices are logically separated core-networks 3GPP Network Slicing Overview Access Network AMF NRF PCF UPF AMF NRFPCF SMF PCF UPF PCF UPF NSSF NRF Delphi- IoT Merc- IoT Slice #1 Slice #2 Slice #3 Slice #2, #3 Common Youtube Delphi Diag Merc EngH Core Network SMF Internet SMF UDM
  46. 46. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slice Topology and Slice IDs AMF SMF NRF PCF AMF NRF PCF SMF UPF DelphiD Merc_IoT IoTeMBB Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc gNB gNB gNB Merc EngH Delphi Diag Mehmet C300-CA4567 Slice Smartphone PCF PCF InternetUPF SMF UPF IMS UPF SMF Youtube Volte PCF PCF 1 3m 3d Slice IDs AMF Slice Type Slice Differentiator 1 byte 3 bytes Slice Type Slice Type Value eMBB 1 URLLC 2 mIoT 3 Slice ID Slide ID = S-NSSAI Slide ID Set = NSSAI S-NSSAI: Single Network Slice Selection Information
  47. 47. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Slice Topology AMF NRF mPCF SMF UPF DelphiD Merc_IoT IoT Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc gNB gNB gNB Merc EngH Delphi Diag Mehmet C300-CA4567 sPCF sPCF UPF SMF Youtube Volte 1 3m 3d Slice ID. DNN Mehmet Slice 1 Internet IMS Emergency C300-CA4567 Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD UDM Phone Slice ID DNN Mehmet Slice 1 Internet IMS Emergency Subscribed Slice IDs Configured Slice IDs Slice ID. DNN C300-CA4567 Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD AMF SMF NRF PCF eMBB Slice Smartphone InternetUPF SMF UPF IMS PCF PCF AMF UDM
  48. 48. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Binding Application to Slice Merc EngH Delphi Diiag C300 – CA4567 Phone Slice ID DNN Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD Configured Slice IDs App. Slide ID, DNN Merc_EngH: Rule Precedence 1 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT DelphiDiag: Rule Precedence 3 Slice 3d DNN: DelphiD *: Rule Precedence 15 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT Application Slice ID, DNN PDU Session UE Route Selection Policy (Configured)
  49. 49. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Call Flow: Initialization AMFAMFNRF Internet PCF-α IMS gNB IoTeMBB Region X 1 gNB gNB AMF NRF PCF-β DelphiD Merc_IoT Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc 3m 3d Phone Slice ID DNN Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD App. Slice ID, DNN Merc_EngH: Rule Precedence 1 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT DelphiD: Rule Precedence 3 Slice 3d DNN: DelphiD *: Rule Precedence 15 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT PCF-β UE Route Selection Policy Xα1 Xα2 Xµ1 0b. NGAP Setup (Xα1,Slices{1}) 0b. NGAP Setup (Xµ1,Slices {3d,3m}) 0c. Nnrf Register (SMF_B, Slices {1}, DNN {Internet}) 0c. Nnrf Register (SMF_A, Slices {1}, DNN {IMS, Emergency}) 0c. Nnrf Register (SMF_D, Slices {3d}, DNN{DephiD}) 0c. Nnrf Register (SMF_C, Slices {3m}, DNN(Merc_IoT}) 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF-β, Slices {3d.3m}, 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF_C, Slices {3m}, DNN {Merc_IoT}) 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF_D, Slices {3d}, DNN {Delphi}) 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF-α, Slices {1}), 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF_A, Slices {1}, DNN {IMS, Emergency}) 0d. Nnrf Register (PCF_B, Slices {1}, DNN {Internet}) 0b. Default AMF(Xα1) Slice ID DNN C300-CA4567 Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD UDM 0a. All NFs are configured with address of NRF to contact Merc EngH Delphi Diag C300-CA4567 Slice 1 -> AMF_Xαx Slice 3d -> AMF_Xµ1 Slice 3m -> AMF_Xµ1 0b. NGAP Setup (Xα2,Slices{1}) SMF_A UPF SMF_B UPF PCF_A PCF_B SMF_D UPF PCF_D PCF_C UPF SMF_C
  50. 50. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Call Flow: Registration gNB IoT Region X gNB gNB AMF NRF PCF Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc 3m 3d Xµ1 1a.RRC Conn Setup Complete (Slices{3m,3d}) NAS: Registration Request(Requested Slices{3m,3d}) UDM 1a. Registration Request(Requested Slices{3m,3d}) 2. Nudm_SDM_Get Resp (Subscribed Slices (3m,3d)) 3. Registration Accept (5G-GUTI (Xµ1 | mTMSI), Allowed Slide ID Set (3m, 3d), URSP) 3. Npcf_SDM_Get Resp (URSP) App. Slice ID, DNN Merc_EngH: Rule Precedence 1 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_InCar DelphiD: Rule Precedence 3 Slice 3d DNN: DelphiD *: Rule Precedence 15 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT UE Route Selection Policy Merc EngH Delphi Diag C300-CA4567 Slice 0 -> AMF_Xα1, AMF_Xα2 Slice 3d -> AMF_Xµ1 Slice 3m -> AMF_Xµ1 Default AMF: AMF_Xα1 5G-GUTI = Xµ1 | mTMSI Allowed Slices {3m,3d} AMF SMF NRF PCF eMBB Slice Smartphone InternetUPF SMF UPF IMS PCF PCF AMF DelphiD Merc_IoT SMF_D UPF PCF_D PCF_C UPF SMF_C Phone Slice ID DNN Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD
  51. 51. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Call Flow: PDU Session Establishment gNB IoT Region X gNB gNB Merc_IoT AMF NRF PCF SMF-D SMF_C PCF_C DelphiD Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc Merc EngH Delphi Diag C300-CA4567 3m 3d Xµ1 1. MM: Initial Request, PDU SID, Slice=3d, DNN=DelphiD, SM: PDU Session Establishment Request (PDU SID, Slice=3d,DNN=DelphiD) UDM App. Slice, DNN Merc_EngH: Rule Precedence 1 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_InCar DelphiDiag: Rule Precedence 3 Slice 3d DNN: DelphiD *: Rule Precedence 15 Slice 3m DNN: Merc_IoT UE Route Selection Policy 2a. Nnrf_NFDiscoveryRequest(SMF, Slice = 3d, DNN = DelphiD) 2b. Nnrf_NFDiscoveryResp (SMF-D) 3. PDU Session Establishment Request (PDU SID, Slice = 3d,DNN = DelphiD) 7a. PDU Session Establishment Response (IP@) E-RAB Setup request (Slice=3d, UPF TEID) 4. Nudm_SDM_Get response (Subscription for DNN = DelphiD) 6. Npcf_SM_PolicyGet response (PCC rules for DNN = DelphiD) 5G-GUTI = Xµ1 | mTMSI Allowed Slices {3m,3d} AMF SMF NRF PCF eMBB Slice Smartphone InternetUPF SMF UPF IMS PCF PCF AMF 5a. Nnrf_NFDiscoveryRequest(PCF, Slice = 3d, DNN = DelphiD) 5b. Nnrf_NFDiscoveryResp (PCF-D) UPF PCF_D 7b. PDU Session Establishment Response (IP@)
  52. 52. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Handling Roaming AMF NRF PCF DelphiD Merc_IoT IoT Slice IoT gNB gNB gNB Merc EngH Delphi Diag C300-CA4567 vSMF 3m 3d Slice ID. DNN C300-CA4567 Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD UDM Phone Subscribed Slice IDs Configured Slice IDs Slice ID. DNN C300-CA4567 Slice 3m Merc_IoT Slice 3d DelphiD hSMF hSMF Slice IoT-Delphi Slice IoT-Merc PCF 3 PCF UPF UPF UPF SaskTel - HPLMNBell - VPLMN SaskTel Slice 3 Merc IoT DelhiD 3m -> 3 3d -> 3 Bell 1a.RRC Conn Setup Complete (Slices{3,3}) NAS: Registration Request (Requested Slices{3, 3->3m}, {3,3->3d}) 1b. Registration Request(Requested Slices{3, 3->3m}, {3,3->3d}) 3. Registration Accept (5G-GUTI (Xµ1| mTMSI), Allowed Slide ID Set {3, 3->3m}, {3,3->3d}), URSP) 4. MM: Initial Request, PDU SID, Slice=3, 3-> 3m, DNN=DelphiD, SM: PDU Session Establishment Request (PDU SID, Slice=3 , 3->3d DNN=DelphiD) 5 SM: PDU Session Establishment Request (PDU SID, Slice=3 , 3->3d DNN=DelphiD) 5 SM: PDU Session Establishment Request (PDU SID, Slice=3 , Mapped Slide ID = 3m, DNN=DelphiD)UDM 2a. Subscribed Slices ({3m, 3d}) PCF 2b. URSP 2c. URSP
  53. 53. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Network Slicing Summary
  54. 54. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Review: What is Network Slicing? Networking Slicing is concept for running multiple logical networks as virtually independent business operations on a common mobile network infrastructure Foundational Elements How It Is Enabled • SDN and NFV • Meta-Orchestration • Flow Data from Databases  Policy • Model-driven slice templates • Configurable Selection functions • Database configuration (HSS, DNS…) Secured Managed / Orchestrated Validated Designs Services & Partners Transformed and Delivered Network Slicing Enables Best-of-Breed Solutions “Slices As a Service” Solutions Enterprise Slice Ultra IP Core Slices / micro-services aimed at meeting Specific business outcomes Inter-cloud Telco Cloud Ultra Enterprise Slices Cloud Apps Ultra IoE Slices Ultra Consumer Slice Enterprise
  55. 55. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Review: Network Slicing New Paradigms in Cloud Mobility Without Network Slicing— Best-of-Breed Boxes Enterprise Owned Assets SP Owned Assets Enterprise IoT PCRF OCS PGW SGW GiLAN Physical Core Secured Managed / Orchestrated Validated Designs Services & Partners Transformed and Delivered Network Slicing Enables Best-of-Breed Solutions “Slices As a Service” Solutions Enterprise Slice Ultra IP Core Slices / micro-services aimed at meeting Specific business outcomes Inter-cloud Telco Cloud Ultra Enterprise Slices Cloud Apps Ultra IoE Slices Ultra Consumer Slice Enterprise
  56. 56. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G Network Slicing Demo Scope & Capabilities • 5G PacketCore Instantiation with Remote Control/User Plane Separation (CUPS) • End-to-End Network Slicingfrom Access to Service Edge, and Main DCs • Dedicated Network Slices (L3VPN) Slices for Control and User Plane Traffic • Service Specific Segment Routing with Latency Based Traffic Engineering(SRTE) • Dynamic Creation of Service Specific Operational Dashboards • Machine LearningAnomaly Detection and Alerting • Modification of Service Specific Firewall Policies • Service Catalog Management Cisco Connect
  57. 57. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5G Network Slicing Demo Networking Overview Low Latency Slice (e.g. Gaming) Enterprise Slice ( e.g. Google) Best Effort Slice (e.g. consumer) xRAN with Edge DC Main Datacenter Unified underlay with Segment Routing Transport End to End Cross Domain Orchestration and Assurance Devices Gaming Packet Core Enterprise Packet Core Consumer Packet Core Packet Core slice withQoSVirtualized radio Internet Cisco Connect
  58. 58. © 2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public • IoT • IoT devices cannot be provisioned with enterprise identity but must be bootstrapped with manufacturer identity or use a permanent embedded identity • IoT devices may have multiple identities (manufacturer, enterprise, SP,…) and can communicate to multiple entities (segmentation!) • There will be multiple identity providers the enterprise needs to integrate with • EAP is the framework of choice that already supports these credentials • Mobile • Device identity (SIM) is strong credential that can be leveraged by the enterprise • Seamless ‘consumer grade’ experience (3GPP-style) requires federated identity • Leveraging device credentials will allow seamless onboarding for employees, guests and partners • 3GPP also moving to EAP as framework of choice Device Identities SIM Certificate TPM

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