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Building the Internet of Things | An IoT Reference Model

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Building the Internet of Things | An Overview of the IoT Reference Model by Jim Green, CTO, Data & Analytics Business Group, Cisco Systems. Part 1, Day 1 of the 2014 Internet of Things World Forum in Chicago, IL. 

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Building the Internet of Things | An IoT Reference Model

  1. 1. Building the Internet of Things Jim Green - CTO, Data & Analytics Business Group, Cisco Systems October 14-16, 2014 • Chicago, Illinois
  2. 2. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 2 Basic Premises Devices send and receive data interacting with the Network where the data is transmitted, normalized, and filtered using Edge Computing before landing in Data storage / Databases accessible by Applications which process it and provide it to people who will Act and Collaborate Standards based approaches are required to enable the IoT industry
  3. 3. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 3 IoT World Forum Reference Model Levels Collaboration & Processes (Involving People & Business Processes) Application (Reporting, Analytics, Control) Data Abstraction (Aggregation & Access) Data Accumulation (Storage) Edge Computing (Data Element Analysis & Transformation) Connectivity (Communication & Processing Units) Physical Devices & Controllers (The “Things” in IoT) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types
  4. 4. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 4 Internet of Things Reference Model Objectives Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types IT OT Query Based Event Based Data at Rest Data in Motion Non-real Time Real Time Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  5. 5. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 5 Bridging IT and OT Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Key Point: IT – OT IT OT Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  6. 6. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 6 Bridging IT and OT: Introducing IoT “Edgeware” Edge Devices Edge computing Device Control • Configure (from the device provider) • Status (from the device provider) Device Interactions • Discovery • Addressing • Protocol conversion Middleware • Listeners (Zigbee), brokers (MQTT) • Event grouping / batch interactions Data • Normalize (standardize codes for the app) • Filter (against pre-set criteria from the app) • Expand (decode/expand cryptic codes) • Aggregate (generate statistics) • Notify/alert (to the app) Combine the functions above • Schedule (when to comm with the device) • BPM (when multiple steps are needed) Security • Roles • Privileges An individual edge software function may serve many applications Edge software can be sourced completely separately from the vertical application
  7. 7. Issue: Devices may generate data faster than apps can ingest it Key Points: • IT – OT • Decoupling Apps Devices © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 7 Bridging IT and OT: Handling the Volume of Data Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  8. 8. Interoperability: Enable Edgeware and Applications from Different Vendors © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 8 Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Abstraction Layer Key Points: • IT – OT • Decoupling - Scalability - Agility • Interoperability
  9. 9. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 9 The “Cache and Batch” Sequence Pattern (decouple the application from the data capture) Application Request Reply Time Edge software Device Driver Temporary storage
  10. 10. Interoperability: The Next Step is Defining Interfaces, Prototyping, and Testing © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 10 Center Abstraction Layer Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Key Points: • IT – OT Decoupling - Scalability - Agility • Interoperability
  11. 11. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 11 Embracing Legacy Applications Key Point: • IoT Enablement of Legacy Applications Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  12. 12. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 12 The Legacy Application Compatibility Sequence Pattern (use the existing DB and schema) Time Application Edge software Device Driver Request RDBMS (existing schema) Data Collection Proxy and Streaming Inserts Request Reply Reply Temporary storage
  13. 13. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 13 The Internet of Things and Analytics Key Point: • Enabling IoT Analytics Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Analytics
  14. 14. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 14 Sampling and Analytics Sequence Pattern Data Collection Proxy and Streaming Time Application Edge software Device Driver Request Reply Relational Request data Reply Analytics Request Reply Temporary storage Inserts
  15. 15. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15 Analytics Using Both OT and IT Data Key Point: • Integration with the Enterprise Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  16. 16. Data Integration / Virtualization © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 16 Analytics on Mixed OT and IT Data Sequence Pattern Data Collection Proxy and Streaming Time Application Edge software Device Driver Request Reply OT Request data Reply Analytics Request Reply IT Data Temporary storage Inserts
  17. 17. Application Data Integration / Abstraction Layer Edge software Device Driver OT data Analytics Sample Data IT Data Data Collection Proxy and Streaming Inserts Virtualization Collaboration Applications /Analytics Data Abstraction Data Accumulation Edge Computing Connectivity Physical Devices Various protocols Business Decisions Key Point: An Open IoT Framework
  18. 18. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 18 The Complete IoT System Key Points: • Bridging IT & OT • Decoupling - Scalability - Agility • Interoperability • Legacy Compatibility • Analytics • Integrated with the Enterprise Center Edge Sensors, Devices, Machines, Intelligent Edge Nodes of all types Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Next Steps: • Interfaces • IIC Prototyping
  19. 19. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 19 Unlock Your Competitive Edge Tune into our webcast to learn more about Cisco big data and analytics solutions. Register Now

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