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Industrial Symbiosis - Redefining Industrial Relationships for the Circular Economy


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Presentation by Professor Weslynee Ashton - Presentation from the 12th CSI Forum: Cement & Concrete: From Linear to Circular, 2018.

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Industrial Symbiosis - Redefining Industrial Relationships for the Circular Economy

  1. 1. Redefining industrial relationships for the Circular Economy Prof. Weslynne Ashton Illinois Institute of Technology - Stuart School of Business Industrial Symbiosis WBCSD CSI Forum 2018 Cement & Concrete: from Linear to Circular 9 & 10 October 2018
  2. 2. Source: Ellen MacArthur Foundation Promise of the Circular Economy
  3. 3. 44% used for energy, including food 43% goes into stock, lasting more than 1 year 6% quarry waste 6% recycled in economy 31% organic waste, including GHGs dissipated to atmosphere Today’s global reality Haas et al. 2015. “How Circular is the Global Economy.” Journal of Industrial Ecology Fossil Fuels Biomass Construction minerals Domestic extraction Materials processed Materials used EoL Waste Waste rock Short lived products Energetic use Domestic processed outputs Recycling
  4. 4. FROM TO How do we get… A circular economy seeks to rebuild capital
  5. 5. “Industrial symbiosis engages traditionally separate industries in a collective approach to competitive advantage involving physical exchange of materials, energy, water, and/or by products.” Chertow 2000 Industrial symbiosis The keys to IS are Battelle/WBCSD 2002 geographic proximity collaboration
  6. 6. Industrial symbiosis waste reuse Many opportunities exist outside traditional supply chains Exploring possibilities with unrelated neighbors/potential partners Waste minimization and reuse may not be optimal solution Turning wastes into new value streams might be counter-intuitive Social context matters as much as technical feasibility Creating a culture and community of collaboration rather than waste transactions Regulatory environment often determines what is possible Using voluntary agreements and flexible regulations can aid company adoption >
  7. 7. Values and beliefs inherent in social practices, or incorporated by the community. It also includes ethnicity, spirituality, heritage, traditions, as well as daily practices. Cultural Productive power and the monetary support. It is a representation of the elements from the other lenses, and includes credits and loans. Financial Natural resources, both renewable and nonrenewable. It also includes fauna and flora, as well as life supporting systems. Natural Comprises material goods. It includes human-made elements such as physical infrastructures, products, and machines. Manufactured The professional and the personal connections among individuals and entities. It includes partnerships and collaborations, as well as informal gatherings. Social The ability and capability of individuals to produce, and their wellbeing. It includes individual health, knowledge, skills and motivation. Human Digital infrastructure and data. It includes digital platforms, as well as the mechanisms of data collection, analysis, and storage. Digital Structure of organizations that determines how decisions are made and power is distributed. It is also hierarchy, inclusion, access, and participation. Political Stock and Flow of Capital in any Industrial Ecosystem Nogueira, Teixeira, Ashton. 2018. “Sustainability lenses: an integrative approach to decision-making”
  8. 8. Circulation of capital in agricultural systems TEEB (2018). TEEB for Agriculture & Food: Scientific and Economic Foundations. Geneva: UN Environment.
  9. 9. Expanding business opportunities through capitals Social/professional ties Monetary transactions Product/material trades Our mission is building a resilient local food ecosystem between the farmer and consumer.
  10. 10. Transformational change across a region Kawasaki Eco Town, Japan
  11. 11. Business Society Environment Business Society Environment Business Society Environment Split value Business as usual Shared value Change as usual System value Transformational change Adapted from Circular economy requires transformational change
  12. 12. Weslynne Ashton