Drug Facts Update 2013

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Are you still wondering why everyone is still trying to find “Molly”? Worried the flesh-eating drug will make its way to Texas? General Information about alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and the synthetics.

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Drug Facts Update 2013

  1. 1. Drug Facts Update 2013 Separating the Facts from the Fiction Andrea Salazar B.S., A.C.P.S. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  2. 2. I. Marijuana A. Synthetics 1. Law B. Butane Honey Oil II. Bath Salts III.Krokodil IV. Molly V. Prescription Drugs San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  3. 3. Marijuana Still the most widely used illict drug among Texas youth. 26.2% secondary students in 2010 & 2012 reported lifetime use Texas School Survey 2012 San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  4. 4. Synthetics  Texas Ban Sept. 1st, 2011  Texas Controlled Substances Act  167 compounds  Possession or Distribution  2 oz. or less Class B Misdemeanor  2 - 4 oz. Class A Misdemeanor  4 oz. – 5lbs State Jail Felony San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  5. 5. Health Effects with Spice/K2 San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  6. 6. Short Brain Chemistry Lesson Increases dopamine in the brain. Synthetic Cannabinoids bind to the receptors in the users brain, like a key fitting into a lock. JWH-018 & JWH-073 are better keys than marijuana so it takes less of K2/Spice to get a person high. The brain is tricked into thinking it is ingesting THC San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  7. 7. Short Brain Chemistry Lesson After the pleasure wears off people can experience irritability, nervousness, and paranoia. Chronic exposure to high levels of dopamine can lead to outbursts of violent behavior and a psychosis similar to schizophrenia, - Center for Substance Abuse Research . http://www.livestrong.com/article/161531-what-are-the-effects-of-increased-dopamine/#ixzz24mhjVVqo San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  8. 8.  Paranoia  Nausea  Hallucinations  Anxiety  Loss of Consciousness  Vomiting  Dilated pupils  Seizures  Agitation  High Blood Pressure  Confusion Rapid Heart Rates (tachycardia)  Drowsiness  Unsure about withdrawal or dependence  Shortness of breath San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  9. 9. Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act July 2012 Includes 26 substances Even if the substance isn’t listed in the act, but still functions as a THCsimilar CB1 receptor agonist, it would immediately fall under the Schedule I classification. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  10. 10. Butane Honey/Hash Oil (BHO)  Use leftover marijuana pieces force a solvent through it (usually butane or 150 190 proof alcohol)  Evaporate solvent off, leaving the plant's resins – which are chock-full of psychoactive chemicals, including astronomic levels of THC that can exceed 80% San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/crazy-high-times-the-rise-of-hash-oil-20130610
  11. 11. Butane Honey/Hash Oil (BHO) Cost $25- $100 a gram Process is highly explosive Pvc pipe, hot plate, butane or high proof alcohol One documented death – Ryan Christopher Koon in VA November, 2013 San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 http://www.roanoke.com/news/nrv/2418936-12/radford-university-student-dies-after-severe-burns.html
  12. 12. Shatter/Shattah Wax/Ear wax Budder/Buddah San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 https://www.stickyguide.com/dispensaries/palliative/products/candy-apple-crumble--2
  13. 13. Terms BHO Budder/Buddah Honey Oil Oil Dabs Dabs Wax Shattah/Shatter Ear Wax San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  14. 14. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  15. 15. Illegal Bath Salts methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) & mephedrone San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  16. 16. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  17. 17. Health Effects for Bath Salts San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  18. 18. The Effects of MDPV  Mental: euphoria, increases in alertness & awareness, increased wakefulness and arousal, anxiety, agitation  MDPV reportedly has four times the potency of Ritalin and Concerta.  Can last 3-4 hours  Mild stimulation 6-8 hrs.  Tachycardia (after use)  Hypertension  High doses = panic attacks  Psychosis from sleep withdrawal  Sometimes labeled online as legal cocaine or legal San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 amphetamines.  Possibly addiction
  19. 19. Desomorphine  Street name Krokodil  It is a derivative from morphine  8-10x more potent than Morphine  Fast acting sedative and analgesic San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 12/6/2013
  20. 20. History In 2003 Russia cracked down on heroin. Codeine is OTC and is easily converted into desomorphine (process similar to meth) Red phosphorus, gasoline are used San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 12/6/2013
  21. 21. Physical Effects Lasts 1.5 hours at the most Infections, gangrene, severe tissue damage due to corrosive ingredients and unclean needles San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 12/6/2013
  22. 22. Desomorphine in the U.S.? Reports yes, but they are not confirmed San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  23. 23. MOLLY  MDMA = 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine  Powder/capsule or crystal High doses can cause a sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), leading to liver, kidney and cardiovascular failure. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals
  24. 24. Molly/Ecstasy Effects:  derealization, depersonalization, a ltered perception of space and time, positive basic mood, manialike experience, anxious, thought disorder, fears of loss of thought or body control, visual hallucinations  increased: selfconfidence, heightened mood, apprehensionanxiety, thoughtfulnesscontemplativeness, extroversion, dazed state, sensitivity and emotional excitation Withdrawal:  confusion, anxiety, depres sion, paranoia, sleep problems, drug craving, muscle tension, tremors, involunta ry teeth clenching, muscle cramps, nausea, faintness, chills, sweating, blurred vision, and severe dehydration San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals
  25. 25. What’s it look like? San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  26. 26. Molly/Ecstasy Fewer than 4% of ER visits in 2009 were due to MDMA use The national Drug Abuse Warning Network found that from 2004 2009, there was a 123% increase in the number of ER visits involving MDMA taken alone or in combination with Rx, alcohol or both. San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals
  27. 27. Molly/Ecstasy  "Somethin' bout Mary, she gone off that Molly/Now the whole party is meltin' like Dali" --Kanye West on "Mercy“  "MDMA got you feelin' like a champion/The city never sleeps but it'll slip you an Ambien" --Jay-Z on "Empire State of Mind“  "Got your girl on Molly and we smoking loud and drinking.” - 2 Chainz, on Nicki Minaj's "Beez In The Trap" San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013
  28. 28. Prescription Drugs Nonmedical use of Rx Drugs by Grade Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet, or Hydrocodone 16.0% 14.0% 12.0% All 10.0% Grade 7 Grade 8 8.0% Grade 9 Grade 10 6.0% Grade 11 Grade 12 4.0% 2.0% San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013 0.0% Ever Used 2008 Ever Used 2010 Ever Used 2012
  29. 29. Contact Us 210-225-4741 info@sacada.org www.sacada.org www.Facebook.com/Sacadatex Twitter: @SACADATexas San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 12/6/2013

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