Bahong: Agents, Places and
Practices through Music, Flowers
and Savong Shi Bahong
Cindy Cruz 86-16518
about.me/cindycruzca...
Folklore
• Oral traditions, material culture, behaviors
and practices shared by a group of two or
more people in a communicative ac...
“Savong Shi Bahong” and the
Rose Capital of the Philippines
Material culture as created and appropriated by
various agents or actors within particular
spaces/places in the following ...
Research Perspectives
Anthropological Perspective
• This research traces and maps the movement
of this song and the practices that surround
this...
Media Studies Perspective
• This research also examines the treatment of
the song “Savong Shi Bahong” as
representative of...
Research Question
• In what ways do people use, regard and
appropriate the song AND negotiate its
meanings as they move it through the space...
Jeffrey Visaya
Bahong Resident and acclaimed landscape artist
Landscape Assistants of Jeffrey Visaya
(three Bahong residents and a migrant worker)
Melanie Suhat
Bahong resident and flower farm owner
Steve Kisse
Bahong resident, flower farmer and farm owner
Elvis Kisse
Bahong resident, flower farmer and farm owner
Leslie Puroc
Bahong resident and flower farm owner
Abegail Antonio
Bahong resident and Ms. Savong Shi Bahong 2014
Helen Gadgad
Bahong resident and Kagawad
Belmer Elis
Bahong resident and Kagawad
Arnold Namuhmuh
Miner and Folksinger at D’Restaurant
Albert Basilan (with VP Larry)
Musician and President, Cordillera Entertainment Baguio
and Benguet Based Artists Inc. (CEB...
Peter Wasing
Z-Radio DJ, Musician and Owner of Wild West Bar
Edong Carta
Z-Radio DJ, prominent musician and composer
Ramon Zialcita “The Doctor”
DJ at 99.9 Country FM
Ridz Coilan
Salesperson at Migor Music Center
Elsie Mallones
Owner, Abatan Records
John Martin
Gospel Singer and Dangwa Mailing Station owner
Fe Jovellanos
Gospel Singer
Mauricio Dumogan
Baguio City Mayor
Nick Aliping
Baguio Congressman
Interpretation of Research
• With Bahong as the space of the song’s story,
the meaning of the song is appropriated,
negotiated, and recreated by Baho...
• Folk groups (in particular – people who know
of the song AND the people of Bahong) create,
utilize, find and frequent sp...
• With regard to “Savong Shi Bahong” and
songs of this genre and/or similar production
conditions, folkloric culture prefe...
• The “Savong Shi Bahong” folkloric culture is
continually reproduced through the
recognition, legitimization,
critique/in...
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Bahong: Agents, Places and Practices through Music, Flowers and Savong Shi Bahong

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Initial presentation after a two-week intensive fieldwork course held in Benguet (Bahong, La Trinidad and Baguio).

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Bahong: Agents, Places and Practices through Music, Flowers and Savong Shi Bahong

  1. 1. Bahong: Agents, Places and Practices through Music, Flowers and Savong Shi Bahong Cindy Cruz 86-16518 about.me/cindycruzcabrera en.gravatar.com/cindycatz Anthropology 265: Field Research Methods in Folklore Dr. Hector Guazon University of the Philippines Diliman
  2. 2. Folklore
  3. 3. • Oral traditions, material culture, behaviors and practices shared by a group of two or more people in a communicative act / community • Interest in what people do with oral traditions, material culture, behaviors and practices – how these are learned and incorporated in a group’s daily experiences and lives.
  4. 4. “Savong Shi Bahong” and the Rose Capital of the Philippines
  5. 5. Material culture as created and appropriated by various agents or actors within particular spaces/places in the following aspects: • Its representation, immortalization and iconization of Bahong • Its production and distribution processes and routes • Its flows and routes within places and spaces through traditional media forms (DVDs and radio, for example) and new media forms (MP3s and internet platforms)
  6. 6. Research Perspectives
  7. 7. Anthropological Perspective • This research traces and maps the movement of this song and the practices that surround this representative of material culture within Baguio, Centermall and the market area (where it is commonly sold), and within the stalls.
  8. 8. Media Studies Perspective • This research also examines the treatment of the song “Savong Shi Bahong” as representative of independent indigenous contemporary music or folk music popular with the marginalized majority but symbolically annihilated by institutions within the music industry as the arbiters of “mainstream”, “popular” or “capitalist ordained” music.
  9. 9. Research Question
  10. 10. • In what ways do people use, regard and appropriate the song AND negotiate its meanings as they move it through the spaces and places where they act and conduct their daily lives in comparison to the ways the institutions and the system (within which these people and their places/spaces are subsumed) regard material culture produced in folklife?
  11. 11. Jeffrey Visaya Bahong Resident and acclaimed landscape artist
  12. 12. Landscape Assistants of Jeffrey Visaya (three Bahong residents and a migrant worker)
  13. 13. Melanie Suhat Bahong resident and flower farm owner
  14. 14. Steve Kisse Bahong resident, flower farmer and farm owner
  15. 15. Elvis Kisse Bahong resident, flower farmer and farm owner
  16. 16. Leslie Puroc Bahong resident and flower farm owner
  17. 17. Abegail Antonio Bahong resident and Ms. Savong Shi Bahong 2014
  18. 18. Helen Gadgad Bahong resident and Kagawad
  19. 19. Belmer Elis Bahong resident and Kagawad
  20. 20. Arnold Namuhmuh Miner and Folksinger at D’Restaurant
  21. 21. Albert Basilan (with VP Larry) Musician and President, Cordillera Entertainment Baguio and Benguet Based Artists Inc. (CEBBBAI)
  22. 22. Peter Wasing Z-Radio DJ, Musician and Owner of Wild West Bar
  23. 23. Edong Carta Z-Radio DJ, prominent musician and composer
  24. 24. Ramon Zialcita “The Doctor” DJ at 99.9 Country FM
  25. 25. Ridz Coilan Salesperson at Migor Music Center
  26. 26. Elsie Mallones Owner, Abatan Records
  27. 27. John Martin Gospel Singer and Dangwa Mailing Station owner Fe Jovellanos Gospel Singer
  28. 28. Mauricio Dumogan Baguio City Mayor
  29. 29. Nick Aliping Baguio Congressman
  30. 30. Interpretation of Research
  31. 31. • With Bahong as the space of the song’s story, the meaning of the song is appropriated, negotiated, and recreated by Bahong residents as conditioned and framed by their aspirations and yearnings in the contexts of their lives within this space.
  32. 32. • Folk groups (in particular – people who know of the song AND the people of Bahong) create, utilize, find and frequent spaces through which folkloric material culture can thrive and proliferate despite its invisibility and marginalization in privileged places enjoying institutional and commercial support.
  33. 33. • With regard to “Savong Shi Bahong” and songs of this genre and/or similar production conditions, folkloric culture preferences (which may be considered this region’s popular culture) within Bahong and Baguio veer toward independently produced indigenous contemporary music despite the commercial and institutional endorsement of popular music.
  34. 34. • The “Savong Shi Bahong” folkloric culture is continually reproduced through the recognition, legitimization, critique/invalidation, performance, and appropriation-negotiation of the song as a marker of Bahong as well as a representative of indigenous contemporary music.

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