Page 1 of 4                            Walking with Dinosaurs                                  A Documentary Series Review...
Page 2 of 4Part 2: Time of the Titans (152, 000, 000 BC – Late Jurassic)  Allosaurus, Anurognathus, Brachiosaurus, Diplodo...
Page 3 of 4Part 4: Giant of the Skies (127, 000, 000 BC – Early Cretaceous)          Iberomesornis, Iguanodon, Ornithochei...
Page 4 of 4summer. She will remain here until it comes time to leave and find a place to hibernate forthe next winter.    ...
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Walking with Dinosaurs


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Walking with Dinosaurs

  1. 1. Page 1 of 4 Walking with Dinosaurs A Documentary Series Reviewby Cindy B. Bitangcor B.S. Biology (Zoology) –IV Submitted to Prof. Edgardo C. Aranico Walking with Dinosaurs, broadcasted in 1999, is a 6-part series on the rise, reign, andfall of the animals that ruled in the age of the dinosaurs. The series set out to create the mostaccurate portrayal of prehistoric animals ever seen on the screen. Combining facts andinformed speculation with cutting-edge computer graphics and animatronics effects, theseries took two years to make. The documentary has 6 parts. These are: Part 1 New Blood 2 Time of the Titans 3 Cruel Sea 4 Giant of the Skies 5 Spirits of the Ice Forest 6 Death of a DynastyPart 1: New Blood The first episode started in 220, 000, 000 BC–Late Triassic, and gave an introductionto long extinct animals such as Coelophysis, Placerias, Thrinaxodon (identified as„cynodont‟), Postosuchus, Peteinosaurus, Plateosaurus, and a Lungfish. A dragonfly was alsoshown. Coelophysis, meaning "hollow form", is a lightly-built, 3 meter tall carnivorousbiped. It is the first known type of dinosaur. In this episode, it stalks a herdof Placerias(mammal-like reptiles). Later, still searching for food, the Coelophysis discoversa small mammal burrow, and captures a young Cynodont (“dog-teeth”). Its fatherunsuccessfully attempts to protect its young from the attacker. Later at night, the cynodont Walking with Dinosaursparents are shown eating their remaining young before leaving their home. Later in the film,as the drought worsens, the Coelophysis begin to cannibalize each other. A Peteinosaurus is a flying dinosaur related to the Pterodactyl. In the series, it coolshimself in what little water can be found in the drought. A Postosuchus (“Crocodile from the past”) is one of the largest carnivores of this time. The film ends with the arrival of a herd of Plateosaurus. A Review by Cindy B. Bitangcor Bio159 (Zoogeography)-T67
  2. 2. Page 2 of 4Part 2: Time of the Titans (152, 000, 000 BC – Late Jurassic) Allosaurus, Anurognathus, Brachiosaurus, Diplodocus, Ornitholestes, Stegosaurus, unidentified small ornithopods, Dung Beetle and the Damselfly Diplodocus, meaning “double-beam”, is named after a peculiar bone structure intheir tails. They were massive herbivorous sauropod. This episode chronicles the story of ayoung diplodocus and her hatchlings. Growing in the dense forest, they face many dangersincluding packs of small Ornitholestes(“bird robbers”), an Allosaurus(a slightly smaller,distant cousin to the Tyrannosaurus), and a Stegosaurus, who accidentally kills one of theyoung with a swipe of its enormous tail. All but two of the Diplodocuses – the mother andone of her young, survive through their perils, which include a huge forest fire and aresulting fire storm. Reaching the planes, the two join a herd of Diplodocuses. The mother isattacked by a hungry Allosaurus, and is saved by another Diplodocus who uses its terrific tailto fend off the predator. In time, the Diplodocus will evolve into much, much larger dinosaurs.Part 3: Cruel Sea (149, 000, 000 BC – Late Jurassic) Cryptoclidus, Eustreptospondylus, Hybodus (identified as a ‘shark’), Ichthyosaur (identified as a ‘fish’), Liopleurodon, Ophthalmosaurus, Rhamphorhynchus, Perisphinctes (identified as an ‘ammonite’), Horseshoe crab, Jellyfish and the Squid As the film opens, a Liopleurodon (meaning “smooth-sided teeth" – the largestapex predator to ever live) is seen bursting from the ocean and catching an unsuspectingEustreptospondylus (“well-curved vertebra” and was a distant cousin of theTyrannosaurus, measuring about 5 meters in length). A pod of Ichthyosaur (“fish Lizards” – 6 meter long lizards shaped like fish) arrivefrom the deep ocean to give birth. One mother, having difficulty giving birth is attacked by acouple of Hybodus (“humped tooth”) sharks, who are in turn chased off by a Liopleurodonwhich chomps down onto the Ichthyosaur, biting its body in two and leaving the tail to sinkto the depths. Walking with Dinosaurs A group of Horseshoe Crabs gather on the shore to lay their eggs, attractingRhamphorhynchuses (“beak-snout” – small flying pterosaurs) which feed on them. The episode ends with one of the young Ichthyosaurs swimming out to open sea,where it will grow, and return when it is an adult ready to give birth. A Review by Cindy B. Bitangcor Bio159 (Zoogeography)-T67
  3. 3. Page 3 of 4Part 4: Giant of the Skies (127, 000, 000 BC – Early Cretaceous) Iberomesornis, Iguanodon, Ornithocheirus, Polacanthus, Tapejara and the Utahraptor This episode begins and ends with a shot of the same dead Ornithocheirus(meaning “bird hands”; the largest known flying dinosaurs; could reach a wingspan of up to12 meters yet it only weighed as much as a moderately overweight man). Six months inBrazil, this dinosaur is among the company of many smaller related pterosaur species, suchas the Tapejara (“the ancient entity”). In search of a mate, the Ornithocheirus begins a long journey to Spain in search of amate. Along the way, he crosses a line of migrating Iguanodon (“Iguana-tooth” – a 10meter long ancestor of the duck-billed dinosaurs), Polacanthus (“many prickle”- a 4 meterlong armour-plated plant eater related to the stegosaurus) and a pack of Utahraptor(“Utah‟s predator”) on the hunt. To pass the time while waiting out a storm, theOrnithocherus grooms himself by removing Saurophthirus(1 inch long fleas – 25 x largerthan today‟s fleas) parasites from his body. Attempting to enter a forest, he is chased awayby Iberomesornis (“Spanish intermediate bird” – small, sparrow-sized proto-birds). Finally reaching his destination, but delayed and exhausted from surviving a storm,he cannot reach the center of the landed male Ornithocherus competing for matingprivileges, and dies of exhaustion. The film ends with his corpse being cannibalized by ayoung Ornithocherus.Part 5: Spirits of the Ice Forest (106, 000, 000 BC – Middle Cretaceous) Australovenator, Koolasuchus, Leallynasaura, Muttaburrasaurus, Steropodon and unidentified Pterosaurs Spirits of the Ice Forest follows the struggles of a clan of Leaellynasaura as theystruggle through the cold Antarctic winter. It showcases the survival mechanisms used bythe animals which inhabit this cold, inhospitable climate, such as suspended animation,hibernation, veracious eating and group body-temperature. During the spring, a group of Leaellynasaura (meaning “Leaellyns lizard” – a smallbipedal herbivore also known as the „Australian Polar Dinosaur‟) are seen eating the freshplant growth and building nests to lay their eggs. By summer, many of the Leaellynasauruseggs are eaten. Eventually, only one hatchling survives. The Leaellynasaurus continue to Walking with Dinosaursprepare for winter and care for the young, which are by the end of the warm season. Whenwinter finally arrives, the clan are able to use their hard beaks and sharp eyesight to foragefor food through the long polar night that descends upon them. The following spring, twomale members of the clan battle for mating rights, establishing a new dominant pair for thenew year. A Koolasuchus (a ½ ton amphibious predator that filled the ecological niche ofcrocodiles) rouses from hibernation and heads to a river where it will stay to hunt for the A Review by Cindy B. Bitangcor Bio159 (Zoogeography)-T67
  4. 4. Page 4 of 4summer. She will remain here until it comes time to leave and find a place to hibernate forthe next winter. On the plains, Muttaburrasaurus (an 8-meter long grazing herbivore related toIguanodons) go about their business, consuming a store of food to last them through theever-approaching winter. When the summer ends, they leave the seasonal plains of the southto the warmer lands in the north.Part 6: Death of a Dynasty (65, 500, 000 BC – Late Cretaceous) Anatotitan, Ankylosaurus, Deinosuchus, Didelphodon, Dinilysia, Dromaeosaurus, Quetzalcoatlus, Torosaurus, Triceratops (carcass), Tyrannosaurus, unidentified small ornithopods, unidentified small theropod (carcass), unidentified mammal (carcass) and the butterfly This final episode follows the trials and tribulations of a female Tyrannosaurus(aptly named “Tyrant Lizard”) as she tries to hatch a brood. Abandoning her initial nestbecause her eggs have become infertile due to the poisoning atmosphere, her mating calls areanswered by a male who is feasting on a young Triceratops (“Three-horn face”) it haskilled. After mating, she drives the male off and begins a long fast to protect her new batchof eggs. She defends against raids by Dromaeosaurs (“Running Lizard” – a small, 2 meterlong scavenger dinosaur that ran on its hind legs and used its sharp fangs and a sharp clawon their feet) and Didelphodons (small marsupials – mammals which filled the ecologicalniche that foxes do today). Of the three eggs which hatch, the competitive young quickly pick on the runt of thelitter, ending in its demise by starvation, predation, or perhaps even cannibalism by its ownsiblings. The mother Tyrannosaurus kills an Anatotitan (“Duck-face” – a large 12-meterlong flat-headed herbivore) to feed herself and her young. Several days later, while protectingher young, she is fatally injured by an Ankylosaurus (an 8-meter long herbivore a heavilyarmoured body with a massive bony club at the end of its tail it swings for defense – traits itshares with the more commonly known Stegosaurus). The two remaining hatchling Tyrannosauruses remain by the body of their motheruntil the next morning when they, and the rest of the non-avian dinosaurs on Earth arekilled by a massive asteroid measuring 10 kilometers across slams into the coast of Mexico,triggering the K-T Extinction Event, one of the smallest of the 5 major world-wideextinction events which have taken place on Earth in the past 540 million years. Walking with Dinosaurs The film closes with a short scene featuring present-day Earth, dominated by largemammals, and numerous dinosaurs known as birds. A Review by Cindy B. Bitangcor Bio159 (Zoogeography)-T67