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Phil wildlife

  1. 1. CLASS MAMMALIA Scientific Name Common English Residency Distribution Habitat Preferences Threat Name Status CategoryHipposideros diadema Diadem Round Non-endemic Australia; Cambodia; India; occurs in primary forest and LCgriseus Leaf Bat resident species Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia; disturbed lowland forest areas, without endemic Myanmar; Papua New Guinea; including riparian areas; roosts subspecies Solomon Islands; Thailand; Timor- in hollow trees, caves and man- Leste; Viet Nam; in the Philippines made tunnels it is found in all regions except the Batanes/Babuyan regionParadoxurus Asian Palm Civet Non-endemic Borneo, India Lao, Peninsular found in a wide range of LChermaphroditus resident species Malaysia, Myanmar, Siberut Island habitats including evergreen without endemic (Mentawai, Indonesia), and deciduous forest (primary subspecies Philippines, Thailand, Bhutan, and secondary), plantations and Cambodia, southern China, Nepal, near humans, in habitats up to Sri Lanka, Viet Nam; with 2,400 m scattered records in Sulawesi, Moluccas, and the Aru Islands; introduced in JapanCynopterus brachyotis Common Short- Non-endemic ranges from South Asia, through can be found from habitats LC nosed Fruit Bat resident species parts of southern China to parts of ranging from orchards, gardens without endemic Southeast Asia to forested tracts subspeciesRousettus Geoffroy Non-endemic Yunnan in China extending to found in a wide variety of LCamplexicaudatus Rousette resident species Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, habitat types including without endemic Viet Nam, Lao PDR, Peninsular secondary forest, agricultural subspecies Malaysia through Indonesia, and areas, and other disturbed the Philippines. habitats like rural gardens, fruit orchards and at the forest edgeMacroglossus minimus Dagger-toothed Non-endemic widespread throughout Viet Nam, primary and secondary tropical LC Long-nosed Fruit resident species Cambodia, Thailand and moist forest, it has also been Bat without endemic Peninsular Malaysia, to the reported from paperbark subspecies Natuna Islands, Borneo, the woodlands, mangroves, swamp Philippines, the island of Sulawesi forest, plantations, rural
  2. 2. to the island of Timor, and gardens and urban areas through much of the Moluccan Islands. Found throughout the rest of PhilippinesRhinolophus Large-eared Non-endemic Philippines (islands of Luzon, primary and secondary forest in LCphilippinensis Horseshoe Bat resident species Mindoro, Negros and Mindanao); the Philippines, and in primary without endemic NE Borneo; Indonesia; New and disturbed forest in Sulawesi subspecies Guinea; Australia and FloresViverra tangalunga Malayan Civet Non-endemic Native in Indonesia, Malaysia, occurs in a variety of habitats LC resident species Philippines, and Singapore including primary and without endemic secondary forests, cultivated subspecies land and the outskirts of villagesRattus argentiventer Rice-field Rat Non-endemic Native in Brunei, Cambodia, natural habitat was probably LC resident species Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, swampy grasslands, but today it without endemic Philippines, and Singapore occurs in rice fields, grasslands, subspecies Thailand; Timor-Leste; Viet Nam and plantationsPtenochirus jagori Greater Musky Monotypic occurs widely, except in the abundant in primary forest and LC Fruit Bat Endemic Batanes/Babuyan and Palawan common in secondary forest Faunal RegionsAcerodon jubatus Golden-capped Monotypic widespread with the exception in typically roosts in trees, but also ENmindanensis Fruit Bat Endemic the Palawan faunal region and on in mangroves, usually on small the Batanes and Babuyan island islands groupsCynocephalus volans Philippine Gliding Monotypic Found only in Mindanao Faunal common in lowland primary and LC Lemur Endemic Region and in islands of Basilan, secondary forest, and in mixed Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, and forest and orchard MaripiUrogale everetti Mindanao Tree Monotypic endemic to the Mindanao Faunal inhabits mid-elevation ranges LC Shrew Endemic Region; recorded also from and prefers montane and lower Dinagat and Siargao mossy forest, though it can be found in disturbed habitats near forested areasEonycteris robusta Philippine Dawn Monotypic recorded from most large islands Reliant on caves in lowland NT Bat Endemic except the Palawan Faunal Region habitats. It is most common in and the Batanes and Babuyan undisturbed group of islands
  3. 3. Apomys insignis Mindanao Monotypic restricted to the Mindanao Faunal no longer common in lowland LC montane forest Endemic Region, Mindanao and Dinagat forest; reaches its largest mouse islands; does not on occur on abundance in montane areas Bohol, Leyte, Samar, and Biliran preferring primary forest, but islands also occurring in disturbed forestMacaca fascicularis Philippine Long- Monotypic found on the islands of Balabac, extremely tolerant of a range of NTphilippensis tailed Macaque Endemic Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Busuanga, habitats, including mangrove Camiguin, Catanduanes, Culion, and swamp forests, and can be Leyte, Luzon, northeastern found in agricultural areas near Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, forest (secondary growth, Panay, Palawan, Samar and secondary forest, and primary Sibuyan forest)Ptenochirus minor Lesser Musky Monotypic found only in the Mindanao faunal Found in lowland and montane LC Fruit Bat Endemic region (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, and forest and secondary forest, it Mindanao, and Samar) does not occur in agricultural or urban areasExilisciurus concinnus Philippine Pygmy Monotypic found only in the Mindanao a lowland and montane primary LC Squirrel Endemic Faunal Region and has been and secondary forest species, its recorded from the islands of highest abundance is at middle Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, elevations in small clearings Leyte, Mindanao, Samar, and Siargao islandsSundasciurus Philippine Tree Monotypic found on Mindanao and adjacent wide range of habitats: primary LCphilippinensis Squirrel Endemic islands: Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, and secondary lowland and Dinagat, Leyte, Samar and Siargao montane forest, including the lower edges of mossy forestCarlito syrichta Philippine Tarsier Polytypic restricted to the greater occurs in both secondary and NT Endemic Mindanao faunal region, and the primary forest (although it is islands of Bohol, Dinagat, and most abundant in the latter), Leyte from sea level up to 750 m.Sus philippinensis Philippine Warty Polytypic occurs through most of the formerly abundant from sea- VU Pig Endemic country except the Palawan level up to at least 2,800 m, in Faunal Region, Mindoro, the virtually all habitats; now it is Negros-Panay Faunal Region, and common only in remote forests the Sulu Faunal Region
  4. 4. CLASS REPTILIA Scientific Name Common Residency Status Distribution Habitat Preferences Threat English Name CategoryPython reticulatus Reticulated Non-endemic Reticulated pythons are found in lives in rain forests, woodlands, NE Python resident species Southeast Asia from the Nicobar and nearby grasslands; also without endemic Islands, northeast India, associated with rivers and is subspecies Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, found in areas with nearby Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, streams and lakes Malaysia and Singapore, east through Indonesia and the Indo- Australian Archipelago and the PhilippinesPsammodynastes Common Mock Non-endemic Bangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, found in a wide range of NEpulverulentus Viper resident species China, Hong Kong. NE India, altitudes, from forested without endemic Bhutan, Indonesia, Laos , Nepal, lowlands to montane regions of subspecies Philippine Islands, Taiwan, up to 1600 m Thailand, Vietnam, MalaysiaCalamaria gervaisi Gervais’ Worm Monotypic widespread endemic of the found burrowing in humus LC Snake Endemic Philippines—recorded from the under rotting logs, under flat islands of Luzon, Polillo, Mindoro, rocks, and between tree Tablas, Panay, Negros, Cebu, buttresses Catanduanes, Mindanao Lubang, and BasilanGecko gecko Today’s Gecko Non-endemic ranging from northeast India, to rainforest trees and cliffs, and it NE resident species Nepal and Bangladesh, throughout also frequently adapts to rural without endemic Southeast Asia, Philippines to human habitations, roaming subspecies Indonesia and western New Guinea walls and ceilings at night in search of insect preyRhabdophis auriculata White-lined Monotypic Basilan, Mindanao, Bohol, Leyte, riparian habitat and streams in LC Water Snake Endemic Samar, Dinagat and Siargao tropical moist forest, including disturbed and selectively logged areasTrimeresurus Philippine Pit Polytypic Endemic Camiguin Norte, Luzon, encountered in a wide variety of LCflavomaculatus Viper Catanduanes, Panay, Bohol, habitats, ranging from lowland
  5. 5. Mindanao, Polillo, Dinagat and disturbed sites to mid-elevation Siargao primary tropical moist forestSphenomorphus Banded Monotypic Mindanao (from Mount Apo, under leaves and rotting logs, LCfasciatus Sphenomorphus Endemic Sarangani, and near to sea level), and between tree buttresses in Camiguin, Leyte, Samar (including the dipterocarp and Mount Huraw at 400 m asl), Bohol submontane forest (950 to 1,200 m asl), Basilan and the Sulu Archipelago (from Takela and Tiepono)Oxyrhabdium Banded Polytypic Endemic Luzon, Mindoro, Masbate, Panay, found in a range of habitats LCleponinum Philippine Negros, Cebu, Polilo and (forests, secondary growth, Burrowing Catanduanes highly disturbed areas, the Snake edges of agricultural areas); as a burrowing snake, it is found in both dry areas and near water, but may be slightly more common in riparian areasAhaetulla prasina Green Vine Non-endemic Native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, primary lowland and montane LC Snake resident species Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, moist forests, secondary forests, with endemic Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, dry and open forests, subspecies Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, scrublands, plantations, garden, Thailand, and Viet Nam monsoon forest, cultivated land, roadsidesBoiga dendrophila Mangrove Non-endemic Indonesia, India, Peninsular found more often in lowland NE Blunt-headed resident species Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, rainforests than in mangrove Tree Snake with endemic Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippine swamps subspecies Islands (Panay)Dendrelaphis Stripe-tailed Non-endemic D. c. terrificus is found across mostly arboreal but rarely NEcaudolineatus Bronzeback resident species northeast Sulawesi and into the climbs higher than 4 meters and with endemic southern Philippines; D. c. is mostly found in the open subspecies flavescens is found in the Sulu ground or on grassy plains Archipelago; D. c. caudolineatus is fairly widespread from Burma and Thailand to Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Sumatra, and into the Philippines; D. c. luzonensis is
  6. 6. found on the southern islands of the Philippines; D. c. modestus is found on the Maluku Islands.Eutropis multifasciata East Indian Non-endemic From India to S China, China open areas of lowland and LC Brown Mabuya resident species Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, submontain forest, as well as without endemic Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysian secondary vegetation and highly subspecies Peninsula, Pulau Tioman, Johor: disturbed habitats such as Pulau Besar, Pulau Sibu, bamboo or coconut groves from Singapore, Indonesia, New near sea level to 1200 meters or Guinea, The Philippines moreBrachymeles Burrowing Skink Polytypic Endemic B.b. boulengeri from the islands of underneath rotting logs, in leaf LCboulengeri Polillo, southwest Luzon and litter and amongst similar Marinduque; B.b. boholensis from ground cover in primary and Bohol island; B.b. mindorensis secondary tropical moist forest from Mindoro Island; and B.b. taylori from Panay, Negros, Cebu, Ponson, Poro, Pan de Azucar, Inampulugan, Danjugan and Siquijor IslandsNaja samarensis Samar Cobra Monotypic found in the southern Philippines, Wide range of habitats from LC Endemic and is endemic to the islands of tropical moist forest, to low- Dinagat, Siargao, Camiguin Sur, lying plains and dry forested Bohol, Eastern Visayas region and regions. It can also be found in Mindanao agricultural areas such as rice fields, pineapple plantations, coconut groves and rural villages.Tropidophorus Misamis Monotypic endemic to the Philippines, where moist soil under rotting logs and LCmisaminius Waterside Skink Endemic it has been recorded from the rocks, and also among rocks of islands of Basilan, Camiguin and stream beds, within forested Mindanao areasLamprolepis Emerald Tree Non-endemic Found in arboreal forests of prefer bare tree trunks without NEsmaragdina Skink resident species Taiwan, Palawan and Sulu climbing plants with endemic archipelagoes in the Philippines, subspecies New Guinea as well as the Indo- Australian archipelago and down
  7. 7. south to the Solomon and Santa Cruz islandsVaranus salvator Common Water Non-endemic range from Sri Lanka, India, frequently seen on river banks LC Monitor resident species Indochina, the Malay Peninsula and in swamps without endemic and various islands of Indonesia, subspecies living in areas close to waterHydrosaurus Sail-fin Lizard Monotypic found throughout the islands semi-aquatic species at home VUpustulatus Endemic except Palawan equally both in water and in treesDraco ornatus White Spotted Monotypic endemic to the Philippines, where primary and secondary forests, LC Flying Lizard Endemic it has been recorded from the with animals also recorded from islands of Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, adjacent coconut groves Mindanao and SamarGonocephalus semperi Mindoro Forest Monotypic ecorded from the island of secondary tropical lowland and DD Dragon Endemic Mindanao (including Mount edge forest habitats, most Kitanglad and Mount Apo), abundant in regenerating Camiguin Sur, Bohol, Samar and second growth Leyte in the Philippines. Records from Mindoro may be in error and need further investigation
  8. 8. CLASS AVES Scientific Name Common Residency Status Distribution Habitat Preferences Threat English Name CategoryBuceros hydrocorax Rufous Hornbill Polytypic occurs on 11 islands: Luzon and primary evergreen forests up NT Endemic Marinduque, Samar, Leyte, Bohol, to 2,100 m. It is also known to Panaon, Biliran, Calico-an and Buad, occur locally in mature Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao (plus secondary and selectively- Balut, Bucas and Talicud) and logged forests BasilanCentropus viridis Philippine Monotypic Found throughout the Philippines Terrestrial LC Coucal EndemicCollocalia esculenta Glossy Swiftlet Non-endemic Native to Brunei, Christmas Island, Terrestrial LC resident species India, Indonesia, Malaysia, without endemic Myanmar, New Caledonia, Papua subspecies New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor- Leste;,VanuatuMimizuku gurneyi Giant Scops Owl Monotypic known from Dinagat, Siargao and primary, secondary and VU Endemic Mindanao selectively logged dipterocarp forests, primarily in the lowlands up to 670 m, with occasional records up to 1,300 m, including in mossy forestSula leucogaster Brown Booby Non-endemic found throughout the pantropical strictly marine, generally LC resident species oceans with few exceptions. feeding on inshore waters without endemic Breeding sites include the subspecies Carribean, the Atlantic coasts of Brazil and Africa, oceanic islands off Madagascar, the Red Sea, northern Australia, many oceanic islands in the western and central Pacific, as well as off the coast of Mexico and PeruHarpactes ardens Philippine Monotypic Philippines subtropical or tropical moist LC
  9. 9. Trogon Mountain lowland forests and Endemic subtropical or tropical moist montane forestsCeyx lepidus Chameleon Non-endemic Native to Indonesia, Papua New Terrestrial and freshwater LC Dwarf resident species Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Kingfisher without endemic Islands subspeciesHypsipetes philippinus Philippine Monotypic Philippines subtropical or tropical moist LC Bulbul Mountain lowland forests and Endemic subtropical or tropical moist montane forestsActenoides hombroni Blue-capped Monotypic endemic to the island of Mindanao sedentary inhabitant of VU Kingfisher Endemic and common in Lake Sebu and Mt. primary forest and Hilong-Hilong in Agusan del Norte occasionally secondary and disturbed habitats across a wide altitudinal range (100- 2,400 m), although generally above 1,000 mLoriculus philippensis Philippine Polytypic native to the Philippines except the tropical moist lowland LC hanging Endemic Sulu Archipelago and it is not forests, bamboo forest and Parakeet widespread on Palawan tropical moist montane forest; also occupies human- modified habitats including coconut groves and secondary forestAlcedo argentata Silvery Polytypic two distinct populations occur on Reliant upon forested VU Kingfisher Endemic Samar, Leyte and Bohol (A. a. streams below 1,000 m. It will flumenicola), and Dinagat, Siargao, tolerate secondary and Mindanao and Basilan (A. a. selectively logged forest and argentata) even streamside vegetation within coconut plantations, close to forest edge, but terminalia and sago are the principal forest types where the highest densities were recorded. It breeds in
  10. 10. riverside banks and is apparently sedentary.Aethopyga boltoni Apo Sunbird Polytypic endemic to Mindanao, Philippines, It generally occurs in NT Endemic where it is fairly common at sites flowering trees and shrubs in including on Mt Malindang (race stunted (and mossy) forest malindangensis), Mt Kitanglad, Mt above 1,500 m. Apo, Mt Pasian and Lake Sebu (nominate boltoni), and Mt Busa and Mt Matutum (race tibolii)Pycnonotus goiavier Yellow-vented Non-endemic Native to Brunei, Cambodia, Terrestrial and freshwater LC Bulbul resident species Indonesia, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, without endemic Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, subspecies Viet NamPithecophaga jefferyi Philippine Eagle Monotypic Philippines, particularly eastern primary dipterocarp forest, CR Endemic Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao particularly in steep terrain, sometimes frequenting secondary growth and gallery forest (but not occupying open canopy forest), from lowlands to at least 1,800 mDucula bicolor Pied Imperial Non-endemic in Southeast Asia, ranging from forest, woodland, mangrove, LC Pigeon resident species Myanmar and Thailand south to plantations and scrub without Java and east to the Philippines and subspecies the Birds Head Peninsula in New GuineaTodiramphus chloris White-collared Non-endemic wide range extending from the Red Most commonly found in LC Kingfisher resident species Sea across southern Asia and coastal areas, particularly in with endemic Australasia to Polynesia mangrove swamps. It also subspecies inhabits farmland, open woodland, grassland and gardens. In some parts of its range, especially on islands, it can be seen further inland, ranging into forest or into mountain areas.Haliaeetus White-bellied Non-endemic Resident from India and Sri Lanka They are a common sight in LC
  11. 11. leucogaster Sea Eagle resident species through southeast Asia to Australia coastal areas, but may also be without endemic seen well inland. The White- subspecies bellied Sea Eagle is generally sedentary and territorial, although it may travel long distances.Phapitreron Amethyst Polytypic Found in much of the Philippines Primary and Secondary forest LCamethystina Brown-Dove Endemic excluding the Visayas, Marinduque and Palawan.Sterrhoptilus capitalis Rusty Crowned- Polytypic Found in Mindanao subtropical or tropical moist LC Babbler Endemic lowland forestsEgretta garzetta Little Egret Non-endemic wetlands in warm temperate to Shows a preference for LC resident species tropical parts of Europe, Africa, Asia, shallow waters in open, without endemic and Australia unvegetated sites. Habitats subspecies frequented include the margins of shallow lakes, rivers, streams and pools, open swamps and marshes, flooded meadows, rafts of floating water hyacinthSarcops calvus Coleto Monotypic Found throughout the Philippines subtropical or tropical dry LC Endemic except Palawan forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forestsGorsachius goisagi Japanese Night Non-endemic It breeds in Japan, and winters in prefers dense, damp forest, EN Heron resident species the Philippines and Indonesia. It is in both its breeding and without endemic also seen in the spring and summer winter ranges subspecies in Korea and the Russian Far East.Haliastur indus Brahminy Kite Non-endemic found in the Indian subcontinent, found mainly on the coast LC resident species Southeast Asia and Australia and in inland wetlands where without endemic they feed on dead fish and subspecies other preyPenelopides affinis Mindanao Polytypic found in the canopy of rainforests Terrestrial LC Hornbill Endemic on Mindanao, Dinagat, Siargao and
  12. 12. Basilan in the southern PhilippinesGallinula chloropus Common Non-endemic Occurring on every continent except inhabits freshwater wetlands, LC Moorhen resident species for Australasia and Antarctica, both still and moving, without endemic although it is just an occasional requiring easy access to open subspecies visitor to Svalbard in the Arctic. It is water and showing a found as far afield as remote islands preference for waters in the Pacific, such as the Hawaiian sheltered by woodland, and Galapagos Islands bushes or tall emergent vegetationCorvus macrorhynchos Jungle Crow Non-endemic northeastern Asian seaboard to occurs in woodland, parks LC resident species Afghanistan and eastern Iran in the and gardens, cultivated without endemic west, through South and Southeast regions with a least some subspecies Asia, to the Lesser Sundas and the trees, but is a bird of more Philippines in southeast open country in the south of its rangeGracula religiosa Common Hill Non-endemic Resident breeder in India and its prefers areas where rainfall LC Myna resident species range continues east through and humidity are both high, with endemic Southeast Asia northeastwards to inhabiting most of the subspecies southern China, and via Thailand jungles, evergreen, and wet southeastwards across northern deciduous forests in its range Indonesia to Palawan in the PhilippinesFregata minor Great Non-endemic found in tropical waters of the breeds on small, remote LC Frigatebird resident species Pacific and Indian Ocean, as well as tropical and sub-tropical without endemic one population in the South Atlantic islands, in mangroves or subspecies bushes and occasionally on bare groundPeriparus elegans Elegant Tit Polytypic Mindanao Terrestrial LC EndemicCyornis rufigastra Mangrove Blue Non-endemic Brunie, Indonesia, Malaysia, Terrestrial LC Flycatcher resident species Philippines, Singapore, Thailand without endemic subspecies
  13. 13. CLASS AMPHIBIA Scientific Name Common Residency Status Distribution Habitat Preferences Threat English Name CategoryRhinella marina Giant Marine Non-endemic native to the Americas, and its inhabits open grassland and LC Toad resident species range stretches from the Rio woodland, and has displayed a without subspecies Grande Valley in South Texas to "distinct preference" for areas the central Amazon and that have been modified by southeastern Peru; introduced humans, such as gardens and otherwise drainage ditchesIchthyophis Caecilian Monotypic mountain areas on Mindanao lowland and submontane DDmindanaoensis Endemic Island in the Philippines rainforest and associated agricultural habitats, where the adults are subterranean. The larvae inhabit unpolluted streams, rivers and quiet pools near streamsHylarana grandocula True Frog Monotypic known from Basilan, Bohol, inhabitant of undisturbed and LC Endemic Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Samar, disturbed streams and rivers in and many parts of Mindanao lower montane and lowland Island forestsOccidozyga laevis Puddle Frog Non-endemic Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, most habitats from agriculture to LC resident species Thailand primary forest, excluding rice without subspecies paddiesAustrochaperiva Non-endemic Endemic to Papua New Guinea lives in rainforest and good DDmehelyi resident species secondary growth rainforest, in without subspecies leaf-litter in very wet, mossy forestFejervarya concrivora Crab-eating Non-endemic native to south-eastern Asia inhabits mangrove swamps and LC Frog resident species including Taiwan, China, the marshes and is the only known without subspecies Philippines and more rarely as modern amphibian which can far west as Orissa in India. tolerate salt waterStaurors natator Roch Frog Monotypic found in Palawan, Mindanao, found along clear, small, rocky LC Endemic Leyte, Bohol, Basilan, Busuanga, streams in primary forest in hilly Culion, and Samar Islands in the terrain Philippines; also found in Brunei,
  14. 14. Indonesia and MalaysiaKalophrynus Black-spotted Non-endemic widespread in southern leaf-litter of lowland and hill LCpleurostigma sticky frog resident species Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, forests and occasionally in without subspecies southern Thailand, Singapore, disturbed forests Sumatra, Borneo, Laut in the Natuna Islands and has been found in one locality on JavaPlatymantis rabori Rabor’s Forest Monotypic recognized to occur on many of considered arboreal, and occurs in VU Frog Endemic the major islands in the secondary- and primary-growth Mindanao faunal region, forest above the ground on the including the islands of Bohol, leaves, branches, and trunks of Leyte, Samar trees and vinesMegophrys stejnegeri Horned Frog Monotypic known from Basilan, Biliran, found on the forest floor in leaf- VU Endemic Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Samar, litter of montane and lowland and many parts of Mindanao, in rainforests and is dependent on the southern and eastern islands mountain streams where it breeds of the PhilippinesRhacophorus pardalis Gliding Tree Non-endemic Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; primary and secondary rainforest; LC Frog resident species Malaysia; Philippines breeds at swampy forest pools. without subspecies (Mindanao, Negros, Bohol and Luzon)Limnonectes magnus Great Monotypic found on Mindanao, Basilan, undisturbed and disturbed NT Philippine Frog Endemic Bohol, Camiguin, Samar and streams and rivers in lower Leyte Islands in the Philippines, montane and lowland forests from 1,200-1,800m asl, as well as on Sulawesi, IndonesiaAnsonia mcgregori Mcgregori’s Monotypic mountains of central and subtropical or tropical dry forests, VU Toad Endemic western Mindanao Island in the subtropical or tropical moist Philippines lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, and freshwater springsPhilautus acutirostris Pointed- Monotypic Jolo, Basilan, and in many parts arboreal and occasionally VU snouted Tree Endemic of Mindanao, in the Philippines terrestrial microhabitats in mossy Frog and montane rainforests and disturbed areas adjacent to
  15. 15. forestsNyctixalus spinosus Spiny Tree frog Monotypic Mindanao, Leyte, Bohol and forest floor litter of montane and VU Endemic Basilan Islands in the Philippines lowland rainforests; breeds and lays its eggs in tree holes
  16. 16. Hipposideros diadema griseus Paradoxurus hermaphrodites Cynopterus brachyotis Rousettus amplexicaudatus Macroglossus minimusRhinolophus philippinensis Viverra tangalunga Rattus argentiventer Ptenochirus jagori Acerodon jubatus mindanensisCynocephalus volans Urogale everetti Eonycteris robusta Apomys insignis Macaca fascicularis philippensis
  17. 17. Ptenochirus minor Exilisciurus concinnus Sundasciurus philippinensis Carlito syrichta Sus philippinensisPython reticulatus Psammodynastes pulverulentus Calamaria gervaisi Gecko gecko Rhabdophis auriculataTrimeresurus flavomaculatus Sphenomorphus fasciatus Oxyrhabdium leponinum Ahaetulla prasina Boiga dendrophila
  18. 18. Dendrelaphis caudolineatus Eutropis multifasciata Brachymeles boulengeri Naja samarensis Tropidophorus misaminiusLamprolepis smaragdina Varanus salvator Hydrosaurus pustulatus Draco ornatus Gonocephalus semperiBuceros hydrocorax Centropus viridis Collocalia esculenta Mimizuku gurneyi Sula leucogaster
  19. 19. Harpactes ardens Ceyx lepidus Hypsipetes philippinus Actenoides hombroni Loriculus philippensisAlcedo argentata Aethopyga boltoni Pycnonotus goiavier Pithecophaga jefferyi Ducula bicolorTodiramphus chloris Haliaeetus leucogaster Phapitreron amethystine Sterrhoptilus capitalis Egretta garzetta
  20. 20. Sarcops calvus Gorsachius goisagi Haliastur indus Penelopides affinis Gallinula chloropusCorvus macrorhynchos Gracula religiosa Fregata minor Periparus elegans Cyornis rufigastraRhinella marina Ichthyophis mindanaoensis Hylarana grandocula Occidozyga laevis Austrochaperina mehelyi
  21. 21. Fejervarya cancrivora Staurors natator Kalophrynus pleurostigma Platymantis rabori Megophrys stejnegeriRhacophorus pardalis Limnonectes magnus Ansonia mcgregori Philautus acutirostris Nyctixalus spinosus