NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                            PMR                                  NOVEL PMR      ...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                   PMRTHE RAILWAY CHILDRENSYNOPS...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                     PMRCHAPTER 4: BOBBIE’S RIDE...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                    PMRJi until he get better. T...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                    PMR47 - p2 - lines 1-4), we ...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                     PMRSETTINGSPlaceHouse in Lo...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                   PMRKindness and compassionThe...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                     PMRExample question 1:Based...
NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT                                                       PMRExample question 3:Bas...
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Novel The Railway Children

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Guide for teachers and students

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Novel The Railway Children

  1. 1. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMR NOVEL PMR THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT (Guide for teachers and students) If you want to succeed in your studies, you must think positively. As “where there is a will there is a way.” If you are going to look back it like you plagiarism to be a failure. Thus, “do not like a man in an island.”Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  2. 2. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRTHE RAILWAY CHILDRENSYNOPSISRoberta (Bobbie), Peter and Phyllis lived in London with their loving parents. They were happyand contented. One day, two strangers came to their house and took their father away. Afterthis sudden event, the children and their mother moved to a small house in the country. Therewas a railway line near their new house. The children became friends with the people whoworked at the railway. They enjoyed waving to the passengers on the 9.15am train. An oldgentleman who travelled on the train always waved back at them. This gentleman became theirfriend. The children had several adventures with the railway. They stopped the train when alandslide covered the tracks. They also saved a boy who was hurt in the train tunnel. Thechildren often thought of their father. Then Roberta (Bobbie) found out why their father wastaken away. She wrote to the old gentleman for help. With his help, their father finally returnedto the family.CHAPTER 1: THE BEGINNING OF THINGSOne night at their home in London, father, mother, Roberta (also known as Bobbie), Peter andPhyllis are talking about Peter‟s broken model engine when there is a knock on the front door.Two gentlemen come to see father and talk for a long time. Father speaks briefly with motherand mysteriously leaves home. The next morning, mother leaves for London and returns in theevening, looking tired. She requests the children to be good while she is away and not to askany question about father. Several horrid weeks pass by and one morning, mother tells thechildren that they are moving to a little white house near railway line in the country. They takethe train and arrive at their new home in the dark.CHAPTER 2: PETER AND THE COALThe family does not get a decent supper as they think Mrs. Viney has not prepared it for them.Mother prepares what she can and off they go to bed. The next morning, the children wake upfeeling excited in their new home. They discover that a nearby field backs onto a railway line butthe railway station is too far to see from where they are. Before supper the children decides togo to the railway station. They have a lot to see and a large heap of coal catches Peter‟sattention. When Peter steals coal from the station yard, he is caught by the Station Master.Peter thinks that taking some coals from the middle of the heap is harmless. The Station Masterwarns them that what they have done is stealing because the coal belongs to the railway station.It is only then they realize what they have done is wrong.CHAPTER 3: THE OLD GENTLEMANBy now the children know the time when the trains pass. Every morning, they will wave to an oldgentleman who always waves back at them. They pretended that the old man knows their fatherand takes their love to him in London. One day, their mother becomes very ill and Bobbieresolves to do something positive to help. The children paint the words, “LOOK OUT AT THESTATION” on a large white sheet and wave it at the 9.15 train the next day. When the train isabout ready to leave, Phyllis passes a letter to the Old Gentleman. In the evening, a large box ofsupplies is delivered to the children with all the things they have asked for.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  3. 3. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRCHAPTER 4: BOBBIE’S RIDEWhen their mother finally recovers from her illness, they confess to her what they have doneearlier. The family later celebrates Bobbie‟s 12th birthday, all dressed in their best. Bobbiereceives various presents from the family including Peter who reluctantly has to give her thebroken half of his toy train filled with sweets. Her lovely birthday party however ends on a sadnote when she realizes that her mother is very upset later that night. Bobbie secretly wants torepair Peter‟s broken train. She goes to the station and accidentally gets into the engine of oneof the trains. Feeling scared, she seeks help from two railway workers. The two men not onlyrepair the toy but also make sure she arrives home safely. Weeks later, Bobbie introduces Peterand Phyllis to the friendly engine driver and Jim, the fireman.CHAPTER 5: SAVING THE TRAINThe children witness a landslide that covers the railway line. The children prevent an imminentaccident by waving the girls‟ red petticoats. The train comes to rest just in time, at about twentymeters from where Bobbie stands on the tracks. Weeks later, a ceremony is held at the stationto commemorate the children‟s bravery. The Old Gentleman presents the children with a goldwatch each and meets their mother at home. The children relay that eventful day to their mother.CHAPTER6: A birthday for PerksThe children‟s mother has just sold a story and suggests having some cakes for tea. Babbierequests that they have it on Perk‟s birthday and mother agrees. Peter comes up with an idea toask the villagers for little gifts, confident that they will give something to a person as nice asperks. Some of the villagers are delighted with the idea but other, such as Mrs. Ransome simplybrushes them off. The three children, however, go home and collect several roses forMrs.Ransome since it is her birthday. That kinds gesture touches Mrs.Ransome‟s heart and shegives the children several apples as well as her deal grandchild‟s pram for Perks‟s son. Thechildren bring the gifts to Perks‟s house and wait for his arrive so as to surprise him. In spite ofthis, perks becomes upset as he sees the gifts as a form of charity. The children explain thatthese gifts are given sincerely and perks relents. He asks the three children to stay for tea.CHAPTER 7: The terrible secretBobbie discovers the reason for her father‟s disappearance when she reads the newspaperarticle. Deeply upset, she refuses to believe that he is a spy and is imprisoned. Her motherattempts to explain that her father has been falsely accused of selling government secrets toanother country. Bobbie believes in her father‟s innocence and decides to write to the oldgentleman to clear his name.CHAPTER 8: THE BOY IN THE RED SHIRTThe boy in red goes missing during a „hare and hounds‟ game organised by their school. Bobbieand her siblings enter the dark railway tunnel to look for him. They find him lying by the railwaytrack with a broken leg. Bobbie strays with the injured boy, Jim, in the dark tunnel while peterand Phyllis seek help form the farm. The children take Jim home for medical attention. Theylater learn that Jim is he grandchild of the old gentleman whom they have met earlier. The oldgentleman visits the little white house Jim is taken care of. Mother offers herself to take care ofCikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  4. 4. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRJi until he get better. The old gentleman is grateful to the family. When the old gentleman leavesthe house, he has a prove chat with Bobbie about her father. He says that he has receives theletter and has been looking into the case. He believes that her father is innocent.CHAPTER 9: THE MAN AT THE SATATIONThe children wave at the passing 9.15 train and all the passengers respond. At the station, anoverjoyed Mr. Perks, who has read about Bobbie‟s father in the newspaper, greets her. Alondon train stops at the station and bobbies sees her father return after serving his sentence inprison. They return home happy and reunited.CHARACTERROBERTA (BOBBIE)Roberta is 12 years old. She has a brother named Peter and a younger sister named Phyllis.She is fondly known as Bobbie in this novel. She is the eldest of the three. One of hercharacters is, she is a very persistent person. She doesnt easily throw in the towel when theodds seem to be against her.There are many incidences in the novel where we can see her persistence. For example, inchapter 3 (page 17 - paragraph 5 - lines 1-3), we can see how determined she was in gettingthe things necessary for her mothers recovery when her mother was ill. Her persistence paid offwhen the old gentleman gave the things needed for her mothers recovery.In chapter 6 (page 38 - read the whole page), Perks was not happy with people giving himpresents. He was worried that people would laugh and make fun of him. Bobbie persistentlyreasoned with Perks about the good intentions of the village people giving him the presents untilhe relented and accepted the gifts. Finally, Perks celebrated his birthday with a happy note.In chapter 7 (pg 42 - the whole page), she did not give up in finding a way to help secure herfathers release from prison. She was persistent even when her mother had given up.She secretly wrote a letter to her friend the old gentleman asking for his help to clear herfathers name. In the end her father was released from prison.PETERPeter is Robertas brother. He is the second child in the family. Peter is a very brave and smartyoung chap. He wants to be an engineer when he grows up. He has a knack for railway engines.He was overjoyed when his father gave him a steam engine for his birthday. One distinctcharacter of Peter is sharp-witted (intelligent).In Chapter 5 (p29 - p4 - lines 1-3), It was he who gave the idea of using something red in colourto wave and stop the train from meeting a certain disaster. He cut his sisters red petticoats intosix pieces and put them on to sticks. Peter together with his sisters waved at the coming trainuntil it stopped.In Chapter 6 (pg 36 - p1 - lines 1-3), Peter was honest in giving the idea of asking the villagepeople to give gifts for Perks birthday. He told his mother about their true intention of givingPerks the presents. Many people gave gifts for Perks birthday party.In Chapter 2 (pg 12 - p 3 - lines 1-3), we can see the daring side of Peter. He was daringenough to steal coal from the railway station at night but he did it ignorantly. Peter innocentlythought it was alright to take some coal from the station. In Chapter 8 (p46 - p1 - lines 1-4 / pgCikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  5. 5. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMR47 - p2 - lines 1-4), we can see how brave Peter was in searching for the boy in the red shirt inthe dark tunnel. He was shaking in fear but still he continued the search for the boy with hissisters.PHYLLISPhyllis is the youngest child in the family. She is the cutest of the three. She is quite abubbly character. She is very naive and insecure. She is also very sensitive but easily forgiving.In Chapter 5 (p29,30 & 31), we can see the brave side of Phyllis. She together with her eldersister and brother managed to stop the train from meeting with a terrible accident.In Chapter 1 (p7 - p1 - last line), Phyllis felt very insecure when they moved in to their newhouse at the county side. While in Chapter 6 (pg 38 - p1&2), Phyllis became very sensitivewhen Perks refused to accept the gifts the children had brought to him. She was so hurt byPerkss words that she started to cry. In Chapter 4,5,6 and 8 we can see how loving, caring andhelpful Phyllis is.MOTHERMother is a homely type. We can read this in Chapter 1 (page 1 - paragraph 2 - lines 1-3). Shespends most of her time at home, playing with the children or reading stories to them. Usuallyshe read the stories she wrote to them. She is a very protective woman. She protected herchildren from worrying or feeling sad about their father. She did this by not telling them whatactually had happened to their father. She also told them that they need to play being poor for awhile in order not to cause more anxiety on them.In chapter 2 (p12 - pg 1 - lines 2-3), we can see how resourceful she is. Mother wrote storiesand sold them to put some food on the table.In chapter 4 (p21 - pg 3 - lines 1-3), we can see that Mother is a very proud person. Althoughthey were poor, she strongly discourages her children from telling people that they are poor andasking strangers to help them.She is also a very caring and loving Mother. In Chapter 1 (p1 - p2 - lines 1-3), Mother wasalways ready to play with her children. She also read stories to them. Whereas in Chapter 9( p53 - p1 - lines 2-4), she taught her children their lessons as they have stopped going toschool for some time now. In Chapter 8 (p50 - p1 - lines 8-9), she took in the injured boy into herhouse and nursed him to health.FATHERThe childrens father worked in a government office. He was a civil servant. He was an honestand hardworking man. He was wrongly accused of being a Russian spy and was sentenced to 5years in prison. In Chapter 1 (pg 1 - p 3 - lines 2-4), we can see how tolerant and wonderful heis. He neither gets angry at the children nor at his wife. The children love their father very muchfor he is always happy and ready to play games with them. In Chapter 1 (pg 3 - p1 - lines 1-3),when Peter showed him his broken steam engine, father looked at it carefully and smilingly toldPeter that there is hope (optimistic) that his steam engine could be repaired. He is also agrateful man. In Chapter 9 (pg 57 - "Yes, said Father. Its him I must thank.). Father wasgrateful for his release and wanted to thank the old gentleman for helping him to clear his nameand secure his release from prison.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  6. 6. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRSETTINGSPlaceHouse in LondonThe cottage in the country sideThe railway stationThe railway tunnelThe villageSocialEdwardian Type of ClothesCoal used for steam engine trainsCulturalHaving teaHigh hats and long coatsMORAL VALUEBraveExample: In chapter 5, the children managed to save the train and stop a very bad accidentfrom happening. One day, Roberta, Peter and Phyllis saw a landslide which blocked the railwayline. The girls used their red petticoats to make flags. The train was moving very fast. Bobbiebraved herself and ran on to the railway line and waved her flags. The train finally stopped justtwenty metres from Bobbie. The childrens bravery saved the people on the rain from meetingwith an awful accident and from getting killed.KindheartedExample: In chapter 3, the childrens mother was ill and had to stay in bed. Dr Forrest came tocheck on their mother and told Bobbie her mother needed milk and fruit and some other specialthings to eat in order to get well. They couldnt afford to buy them, so the children decided to askhelp from the old gentleman. The old gentleman was a kind enough to provide them with all thethings they had asked and some they had not.Stealing Is WrongExample: In chapter 2, Peter and his two sisters stole some coal from the station yard. Theytook the coal back to their house. One day, the station master caught Peter red handed stealingcoal in the station yard. Peter and his two sisters admitted to helping Peter with his crime. Thestation master warned them not to repeat it again and let them go. The children realisedthat stealing was wrong. They repented and never took any coal from the station yard again.Family love and loyaltyThe children show their love for their mother by not asking questions about their father. Theyare loyal to their father and never forget him.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  7. 7. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRKindness and compassionThe station master lets Peter go when he learns that the family is too poor to buy coal.BraverThe children are brave to confess that they have taken the coal and they also tell their motherthat they asked a stranger to get the things the doctor asked them to get for her.Character: Roberta @ BobbieResponsibleEvidence: She takes charge and gets her siblings to think of a way to get their mother thethings the doctor said she must have when she is ill.BraveEvidence: She runs onto the railway track to stop the train when a landslide covers the railwayline.DeterminedEvidence: She is determined to get help so that she can help her father who is in jail. She tellsthe old gentleman about him and with the gentleman‟s help, her father finally returns to thefamily.ThemesThe importance of family loveBobbie and her siblings have loving parents. After their father is taken away, Mother is very sadbut she does not tell the children and the children do not ask questions so that their mother willnot be upset.The children always work together to solve problems, for example when their mother is ill andneeds special food and when they have to save the train.Facing life’s challenges with courageThe children and their mother face problems bravely. Mother does not show how sad she is andworks hard to provide for the children.When a landslide covers the railway tracks, the children act with courage to save the train froma terrible accident.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  8. 8. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRExample question 1:Based on "THE RAILWAY CHILDREN" by EDITH NESBIT, write about the synopsis of thenovel.ROBERTA (also known as BOBBIE), PETER, PHYLLIS lived a comfortable home in Londonwith a wonderful mother and father as well as a maid. One day, their father left home with two men. He was actually taken away to prison butthe children did not know this at first. When he left and did not come back, they had to move toa poor cottage in the country (rural area) near a railway station. The children became familiarwith the passing trains, the workers at the train station and signal-box, and life in a small townwhile their mother struggled to make ends meet by writing stories. They learnt to live with what little they had and they got used to be poor. They also learntnot a steal coal from the railway station; even they had so little to keep warm. They had variousadventures - stopping a train when a landside covered, the tracks, finding an injured boy in thetrain tunnel and getting help, while dealing with the mystery of their father disappearance.Sometimes they argued and had crises, but in the time they made many new friend. They also experienced amusing adventures aplenty which happened near the railwayand the canal. The children develop the habits of waving to the train as it went past andsometimes the people in the coaches waved back. Their friendly gestures forged a specialfriendly with one person in particular, who went by in the train. He eventually got to know them,and helped them out in various ways. Then, one day a train called at the station and the childrenwere pleasantly surprised to see their father. They were finally re-united.Example question 2:Based on "THE RAILWAY CHILDREN" by EDITH NESBIT, write about the place that you likethe most in the novel.The novel that I chosen is "The Railway Children" by EDITH NESBIT. The place that I like themost in the story is the railway station. There are many interesting things there. Besides the shinning railway lines, telegraph wires and signals, seeing trains that usecoal for their engines is really interesting. It is also fascinating to see the railway leading towards the dark opening of the tunnel.This is because when the railway lines begin to shake a train will come screaming out of thetunnel. According to BOOBIE, when the train is gone, it is like a great wild animal going by. Just like BOOBIE, PETER and PHYLLIS, I like this place as it is their place of hope.This is the place where the 9.15 train went to London. They believed that this train was a magictrain and it sends their love to their father. The railway station and the lines that lead to it made this the most interesting place forchildren. I wish I can be there with them to experience all the adventures around the railwaychildren.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language
  9. 9. NOVEL THE RAILWAY CHILDREN by EDITH NESBIT PMRExample question 3:Based on The Railway Children by Edith Nesbit, the character I admire is PETER. PETER isonly 10 years but he has many positive qualities. We see these qualities in what he says anddoes.PETER clever and quick to stop the 11.29 train from crashing into a landslide. He cuts his sisterred petticoats into six pieces. Then, he and his sister make six flags with them and some sticks.They wave the flags and stop the train. They save the train and its passengers. PETER also observant and confident that many people in the village will give PERKSpresents because he is nice to everybody. He plans to give PERKS, the porter at the station, anice birthday. He has a clever idea to collect presents from the village for PERKS. The childrencollect the present and give them to PERKS. Because of PETER‟S kindness and clever idea,PERKS has the best birthday and the best birthday presents in his life. He is very happy. I admire PETER because he is alert and brave too. For examples, during a paper-chase,JIM, the old gentleman‟s grandson does not come out of the tunnel for a long time. PETER saysthat JIM is in danger and goes into the dark and dangerous tunnel to look for him with his sisters. PETER is also like a scout. He has things like a candle, penknife and matches with him.They are useful in the tunnel. The children find JIM beside the railway lines. He has broken hisleg. BOBBIE cuts his boot with the penknife. Then PETER and PHYLLIS get some farm workersto carry JIM to their house. One more reason I admire PETER is because he is brave to steal coal to keep the familywarm. When Station Master catches PETER, he tells him that his sisters do not know anythingabout the coal to save them. He is mature and protective of them. He does not want them to getinto trouble. He wants to be responsible for his action himself. I admire PETER because he has many positive qualities.Example question 4:Based on "THE RAILWAY CHILDREN" by EDITH NESBIT, write about the moral values of thenovel.The moral values responsibility is highlighted in the novel "The Railway Children". The storyconcerns a family who fell upon hard times after the father was taken away for being spy.Forced to move to a small house in the country, the family unit was held together by thechildren‟s mother. She earned a living by writing stories to sell to magazines. She is a responsible person. When they became poor, she worked hard to make endsmeet to look after the welfare of her children. If spite of a difficult life, she put up a brave frontand did not neglect her children. She was able to shoulder the sole responsibility of caring forthem. She provided them with basic needs such as food and clothing. The children‟s mother is also responsible in looking after JIM, the grandson of the oldgentleman. JIM took part in a paper-chase game and broke his leg while running in a tunnel.The children‟s mother let him stay at her house to recuperate. She was willing to care for him.Cikgu Marzuqi Bsc (hons) Ed USM Acceleration English Language

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