Changes in Medical Libraries


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My (Christy Curro) half of a course project for Academic Library Service (INFO 651) at Drexel University, Spring 2012.

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Changes in Medical Libraries

  1. 1. Ideas for change emerging from medical libraries Barker et al. (2012)- Use of QR codes to help patrons find items  McAphee et al. (2010) – Language accessibility for diverse populations - translation assisted by voice mail  Haines et al. (2010)- Importing subject guides into course management software and departmental web pages 
  2. 2.    More ideas for change emerging from medical libraries Hendrix et al. (2009) - reference queries solicited and handled via Facebook. Shurtz & von Isenburg (2011)- Experimented with Amazon Kindle in medical education. Librarians taught elective course covering health care tech. McGowan (2012) and Freiburger & Kramer (2009) - “Embedded” librarians in academic departments
  3. 3. One more idea for change Schulte (2011) tells how Ohio State University's Health Sciences library “eliminated” their reference service... … but really, it was only transformed! The reference desk has been replaced by a centralized library service desk, and reference service is offered by appointment. This has resulted in more in-depth reference consultations; utilizing librarians' strengths.
  4. 4. “Evolution, revolution or obsolescence?” (McGowan 2012) Are medical libraries “looking at a death spiral” (Lynn et al., 2011) or are we headed into the “great age of librarians”(Plutchak, 2012)? It depends on who you ask!
  5. 5. Not librarians, but “informationists”    McGowan (2012) – idea of the “informationist” was proposed in 2000; as of 2008, adoption of this role and title have been slow. Grefsheim et al. (2010) – study shows that clinicians have a positive impression of informationists and their work Cooper (2011) is not sure whether the “informationist” is a new idea – aren't these what we used to call “medical librarians?”
  6. 6. Education for the future   McGowan (2012) – additional advanced degrees, especially those in the sciences, are advantageous. Programs in healthcare informatics are also helpful. Tu (2007) – survey found that the majority of librarians who provide virtual reference services in health sciences libraries do not feel that their LIS education prepared them well for this service. Suggests changes in education and emphasis on work experience.
  7. 7. Proposed changes in the role of the librarian   Hill (2007) – Libraries need to support the mission of the hospital. Evidence-based librarianship leads to accountability. Includes list of “what we need to do,” including partnering with academic faculty and institutions to do research. Tannery & Maggio (2012) – Librarians should partner with academics, and need to promote their role.
  8. 8. Possible role changes for the library   Gushrowski (2011) – library case study. Dental library has begun a digital document delivery service for both students & practicing dentists, delivering scans of articles from print journals. Haines et al. (2010) – science researchers suggest library should be a source of university-wide information, and institutional repositories should include articles published by faculty and an archive of freely-usable images for faculty.
  9. 9. Outside forces causing changes   Chen (2011) – Many medical schools are shifting from a focus on rote memorization to problem-based learning (PBL) and scenario-based learning (SBL). These approaches require different resources, and students use the library differently. Kies and Schultz (2010) – There are changes planned for the medical licensing exam in the next few years, which will lead to changing demands on library resources.
  10. 10. Outside forces, continued...   Bradley et al. (2010) – describes emphasis on evidence-based medicine, which is supported by librarians' finding the best-supported research available. Lynn et al. (2011) and McGowan (2012) among others talk about the need to downsize libraries because of lack of space, or library space being reallocated.
  11. 11. In summary    Medical libraries may or may not be in danger, but changes are inevitable. “It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory” - Patricia Thibodeau (in Lynn, 2011). “Librarians are more than their collections. Librarians make libraries valuable” Patricia Thibodeau (in Lynn, 2011)
  12. 12. In summary “Digital libraries derive much of their value from the selection, organization, analysis, and linking performed by highly skilled human beings aided by increasingly advanced software systems - in other words, digital libraries still need librarians” - Lindberg and Humphries, 2012.
  13. 13. In closing... “You, all of you, are the librarians of the future. Am I right? Is this the dawn of the great age of librarians? That's up to you” (Plutchak, 2012).
  14. 14. References Barker, K. R., Attridge, E., Bennett, J., Hiserman, T., Horne, A. S., Moody, D., Ramsey, E. C., & Son, I. K. (2012). The implementation of embedded quick response codes into library resources to improve service delivery. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 68-71. Bradley, D. R., Rana, G. K., Lypson, M. L., & Hamstra, S. J. (2010). A centralized practice-based learning and improvement curriculum for residents and fellows: a collaboration of health sciences librarians and graduate medical administration. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 98(2), 175-178. Chen, K., Chang, S., Sun, H., & Lin, P. (2011). Library use by medical students: A comparison of two curricula. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 43(3), 176-184. doi:10.1177/0961000611410928 Cooper, I. D. (2011). Is the informationist a new role? a logical model analysis. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 99(3), 189-192. Freiburger, G., & Kramer, S. (2009). Embedded librarians: one library's model for decentralized service. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 97(2), 139-142. Grefsheim, S. F., Whitmore, S. C., Rapp, B. A., Rankin, J. A., Robinson, R. R., & Canto, C. C. (2010). The informationist: building evidence for an emerging health profession. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 98(2), 147-156. Gushrowski, B. A., (2011). Expanding services in a shrinking economy: desktop document delivery in a dental school library. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 99(3), 196-201. Haines, L. L., Light, J., O'Malley, D., & Delwiche, F. A. (2010). Information-seeking behavior of basic science researchers: implications for library services. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 98(1), 73-81.
  15. 15. References Hendrix, D., Chiarella, D., Hasman, L., Murphy, S., & Zafron, M. L. (2009). Use of facebook in academic health sciences libraries. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 97(1), 4447. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.97.1.008 Hill, T. (2007). Fear, concern, fate, and hope: survival of hospital libraries. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 95(4), 371-373. Kies, S., & Shultz, M. (2010). Proposed changes to the united states medical licensing examination: Impact on curricula and libraries. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 98(1), 12-16. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.98.1.007 Lindberg, D. A. B., & Humphreys, B. L. (2005). 2015 - the future of medical libraries. New England Journal of Medicine, 352(11), 1067-1070. Ludwig, L. (2010). Health sciences libraries building survey, 1999-2009. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 98(2), 105-134. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.98.2.004 Lynn, V. A., FitzSimmons, M., & Robinson, C. K. (2011). Special report: symposium on transformational change in health sciences libraries. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 99(1), 82-87. McAphee, S., Nadeski, K., Newell, Z., Paiste, M., & Blythe, K. (2010). Medical library association 2009 annual meeting and exhibition: "iFusions": Fusing cultures and diversity awareness in library collections. SERIALS REVIEW, 36(1), 49-51. doi:10.1016/j.serrev.2009.12.001 McGowan, J. (2012). Evolution, revolution, or obsolescence: an examination of writings on the future of health sciences libraries. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 5-9. McGowan, J. (2012). Tomorrow’s academic health sciences library today. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 43-46.
  16. 16. References Plutchak, T. S. (2012). Breaking the barriers of time and space: the dawning of the great age of librarians. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 10-18. Schulte, S. J. (2011). Eliminating traditional reference services in an academic health sciences library: a case study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 99(4), 273-279. Shurtz, S., & von Isenburg, M. (2011). Exploring e-readers to support clinical medical education: two case studies. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 99(2), 110-117. Tannery, N. H., & Maggio, L. A. (2012). The role of medical librarians in medical education review articles. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(2), 142-144. Tu, F. (2007). Knowledge and skills required to provide health information-related virtual reference services: evidence from a survey. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 95(4), 454-461.