• Capital and largest city: Warsaw• Official language: Polish• Formation : Christianisation April 14, 966 Kingdom of Poland April 18, 1025 Polish-Lithuanian July 1, 1569 commonwealth Partition of Poland October 24, 1795 Duchy of Warsaw July 22, 1807 Congress Poland June 9, 1815 Reconstitution of Poland November 11, 1918 Invasion of Poland, World September 1, 1939 War II Communist Poland April 8, 1945 Republic of Poland September 13, 1989
• Area: 312,685 km2• Population: 38,415,284• Median agetotal: 38.5 years male: 36.8 years female: 40.3 years• ReligionsRoman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3%• Climate: temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers.• Currency: Zloty (1 Polish zloty = 0.24 Euros)
• Poland has a great, long standing tradition of tolerance towards minorities, as well as absence of discrimination on the grounds of religion, nationality or race. • Artists from Poland, including famous composers like Chopin or Penderecki and traditional, regionalized folk musicians, create a lively and diverse music scene.
Architecture •Polish cities and towns reflect the whole spectrumof European styles. Romanesque architecture isrepresented by St. Andrews Church in Kraków, andcharacteristic for Poland Brick Gothic by St. MarysChurch in Gdańsk.
Cuisine• Polish cuisine has influenced the cuisines of its surrounding countries. For centuries the Polish foods have been the arena of competing with France and Italy, due to influx of merchants from Genoa, Florence and other world cities. It is rich in meat, especially pork, chicken and beef, winter vegetables (cabbage in the dish bigos) and spices.• Notable foods in Polish cuisine include: soups – rosół, barszcz, żurek, krupnik, kapuśniak, zupa pomidorowa (zupa means soup in Polish), zupa ogórkowa, zupa grzybowa, flaczki (tripe soup) and many more.
Sports• Football (soccer) is the countrys most popular sport, with a rich history of international competition. Track and field, basketball, volleyball, handball, boxing, MMA, speedway, ski jumping, cross-country skiing, ice hockey, tennis, fencing, swimming and weightlifting are other popular sports.