West central africa presentation gwc jakarta vf

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Présentation faite par l’Afrique de l'ouest au 18e forum du Global Wash Cluster à Jakarta en 2013

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West central africa presentation gwc jakarta vf

  1. 1. West and Central Africa Regional WASH Coordination Model DG ECHO - Aide Humanitaire & Protection Civile Experience at regional level in West and Central Africa A regional space for improving the efficiency of the humanitarian response Strengthening the WASH coordination and inter-sectoral collaboration from the regional till the country level Christophe Valingot (ECHO RO), Jainil Didaraly, (RECA WCAR), François Bellet (UNICEF RO) Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  2. 2. West and Central Africa Regional WASH Coordination Model DG ECHO - Aide Humanitaire & Protection Civile Experience at regional level in West and Central Africa 1. Specific regional background 2. Joint WASH regional approach 3. Regional added value Christophe Valingot (ECHO RO), Jainil Didaraly, (RECA WCAR), François Bellet (UNICEF RO) Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  3. 3. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 1. Specific regional background Humanitarian background: Countries in Emergencies : • Half of 24 in chronic or frequent crisis • Around 10 (national) clusters or “emergency sector groups” activated: DRC, CAR, Chad, Mali, Niger, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, “Burkina”, “Mauritania”… • 2-4 millions of vulnerable (WASH) assisted each year WCAR Crisis Season Cholera etc. : Benin, Congo, Cameroun, DRC, Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo Flood: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire Ghana, Togo, Benin, Mauritania, Burkina Faso Nutrition Crisis: Northern Benin, Burkina , Chad, N Cote d’Ivoire, N Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, N. Nigeria, Senegal, N Togo, CAR, Cameroon Measles: Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali Meningitis: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, North Togo, North Benin, CAR, DRC, Cameroon Elections: Burkina, Cote d’Ivoire, Cameroun, DRC, etc. Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  4. 4. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 1. Specific regional background Institutional framework: Informal regional level: • “Regional Clusters” () (hosted by OCHA RO) set-up from the informal regional IASC for the regional CAP (2008-2011) • Regional “Groups” () facing regional lead agencies () among the Sahel Strategy (2012-2013, SRP 2014+) Various regional groups: • Sectors: Nut/Food Sec. ; WASH () ; Health ; Education… • Themes: DRR, Cash Transfer; Cholera Platform ( -> ) Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  5. 5. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 1. Specific regional background Institutional framework: Regional geographic Dakar (RO) coverage: • ONGs, RC, UN, Donors… Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  6. 6. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 1. Specific regional background WASH Group focus: • Coordination: preparedness and response (GWC tools & training) • Main battles: Delay of the response (), top down approach (), generic activities (), targeting (), “hygiene” (WASH), mono lead agency (), sectoral opportunism ($) etc. Humanitarian (WASH) thresholds:  Cholera morbidity  Flood victims  Population displacement  Acute malnutrion  Urban crises... Reactivity & targeting WASH minimum packages:  “Hygiene + Water + Sanitation” per vulnerability Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta HNO Sahel
  7. 7. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
  8. 8. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements WASH-in-NUT Strategy Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
  9. 9. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Shared vision on the problem & response analysis : WASH-in-NUT Strategy • Low interest in the WASH component of the crisis • Under funding of the WASH part of the response • Need for a common ground of evidences / good practices Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
  10. 10. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Definition of a regional strategy WASH-in-NUT Strategy Bibliography / review of (Niger, evidences • • Sahel: WaSH Min package existingMali, Tchad, • Burkina); superposed GIS mapping WaSH-malnut with Definition of a minimum wash package of activities • RRT IMO for strategic UNICEF regional nutrition crisis Integration into the decision-making (Chad, Mali); response 8/9 Sahel countries CAPs + DRC HAP • Included in framework • (Intercluster level) through ECHO funding Financial support • Capitalisation work / capture of good practices • Monitoring & support to national actors Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
  11. 11. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Cholera Strategy Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
  12. 12. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level Shared vision on the problem & response analysis : Cholera Strategy • Reccurent cholera outbreak with an increasing frequency • Low response capacity / too late • Despite increasing knowledge, lack of standardised response (pb of knowledge transmission and application) • Lack of long term investments Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
  13. 13. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Cholera Strategy Floods Displacements Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level • Regional Cholera mapping (Taskforces/Intercluster Definition of a matrix); Intercluster matrix Niger functionnality regional strategy • Dakar HHA Regional Workshop; Dakar Regional • Cholera Prep/Respreview of best practices Bibliography – training; Kinshasa Sub-regional • Cholera Forum; Niger (Joint ECHO-UNICEF-RECA) Definition of the « shield and sword » Cholera response Lessons Learned workshop; strategy • Capitalization (Guinea/Sierra Leone); WiE trainings Integration in the regional cholera response (Ouaga 2Rs,Goma) framework (UNICEF/plate-forme régionale) • SIMEX cholera DRC /common SOF-indicators • HCC/WCC; support through ECHO funding Financial • Capitalisation / and remote • Cross-border alertsMonitoring support to preparedness; • Advocacy through donor liaison (OFDA)
  14. 14. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Undernutrion Sahel Cholera Floods Displacements Others Joint Regional Analysis Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level Work in Progress… • Floods: Niger Harmonized assessment tool (CAT contextualized) • Displacements: Joints visits ECHO-UNHCRUNICEF • WCAR ‘TWiG’ Malaria Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
  15. 15. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Joint Regional Analysis Major humanitarian issues at regional level Definition of Regional Strategies & diffusion through national coordination bodies Joint Monitoring Matrix & Analysis Indicators – national and regional analysis Joint Support / Follow up missions Best Practices Capitalisation Knowledge sharing events & KM Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  16. 16. WCAR WASH Coordination Model Capitalisation Lessons learned Follow up & Support 2. Joint WASH regional approach Strategic Guidance Funding Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  17. 17. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 2. Joint WASH regional approach Regional level : Ideal place for analysis, cross border and inter country experience sharing, capitalisation and knowledge management Country 1 Actor 1 Country 2 Actor 2 Actor 3 Country 3 Country 4 Actor 4  Very useful for entry point through partners the response (reinventing thepartners and RECA enables an longer term improvement of such as NGOs (beyond ECHO wheel) funded on a Bottom Up   Basedprojects), OCHA, etcTop Down Approach  Need to build on a well functionning national coordinationalevel Increase accountability and performance of clusters(RECA is parallel channel which allows partners to provide feedbacks on Cluster performance &point out inefficiencies or voice out alerts to regional level)
  18. 18. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 3. Regional added value Regional Group added value (Limitation - Survey done at regional level) Satisfaction Survey Soutien aux pays Partage de l'information & Alerte Capitalisation & information sharing Fonctionnement du groupe WASH régional Harmonisation / cohérence Utilité et intérêt de la coordination WASH régionale 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  19. 19. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 3. Regional added value Challenges : • Fragile : Based on individuals, commited to work together and to support the regional coordination • Informal status : Lack of legitimity to bring some countries / partners together towards the implementation of regional strategies • National coordination performance level : In the end, the success of the regional approach depends on a well functionning national coordination (need for ad hoc support) • Capitalisation / information sharing : Need to build a strong regional knowledge management system which could ease the learning process for newcomers Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
  20. 20. WCAR WASH Coordination Model 3. Regional added value Ideal (WASH) regional coordination ? • • Ensure as a « Co-lead » the equilibrium for the representation of the Collective by CLA and Colead (Donor, ECHO) sides Equality Complementarity Facilitates the access to info & touchy feedbacks/ views Transparency Partnership principles Responsibility RECA support  Results driven • Trainings, IACP, Capacitymapping, SIMEX, LL Workshops, • WiN adopted & included in 8/9 Sahel countries CAPs + DRC HAP ! • Cross-border alerts, Cross-country exchanges, capitalization…!
  21. 21. WCAR WASH Coordination Model THANK YOU Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta

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