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Christian Ethics, Economics & Globalization2 Emm Coll 1 Dec09


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Christian Ethics, Economics & Globalization2 Emm Coll 1 Dec09

  1. 1. Christian Ethics, Economics & Globalization Dr. Christopher Lind Senior Fellow, Massey College Emmanuel College, December 1, 2009
  2. 2. Toronto Average Individual Income 1970
  3. 3. Toronto Average Individual Income 2000
  4. 4. Immigrant Status & Period of Immigration: City of Toronto 2006
  5. 5. Visible Minorities: Toronto 2006
  6. 6. What is this?
  7. 7. How is this different?
  8. 8. From Poverty to Marginalization to Social Exclusion Inside vs. Outside Centres define Margins Relationships define Persons Power defines Belonging
  9. 9. Economic Globalization as Increased Trade  “Globalization has, in short, been an incredible force for good in the world….The new players [like China] have made world trade more dynamic and enlarged the pool of world savings available to finance the substantial current account deficits incurred by the US in recent years.” Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo
  10. 10. Economic Globalization as Corporate Freedom “I would define globalization as the freedom of my group of companies to invest where it wants, when it wants, to produce what it wants, to buy and sell where it wants, and support the fewest restrictions possible coming from labour laws and social conventions.” President of ABB, an Electronics & Power Plant Manufacturer operating in over 100 countries Davos, Switzerland
  11. 11. Henry Kissinger’s Definition  “The basic challenge is that what is called globalization is really another name for the dominant role of the United States.”  Lecture at Trinity College, Dublin, October 12, 1999.
  12. 12. Globalization as Imperialism  In the 19th century, Karl Marx noted the inherent capitalist drive to “nestle everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connections everywhere…. In place of the old national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have intercourse in every direction, the universal interdependence of nations.”
  13. 13. ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION A more formal definition:  the process of creating integrated global markets for goods, services, capital and labour  and the social effects of this process.
  14. 14. The Revolution Called Globalization Economy Technology Wealth Agricultural Plough Land INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Industrial Steam Engine Factory GLOBAL REVOLUTION Knowledge Computer Chip Intellectual Property
  15. 15. Who Owns Intellectual Property?
  16. 16. Global distribution of large stationary sources of CO2 SRCCS Figure TS-2a
  17. 17. Global Daily Foreign Exchange
  18. 18. Economy & Society Transformed by Globalization NonMarket SOCIETY vs MARKET SOCIETY Society Economy ---------- vs ------------ Economy Society Which one is a moral society?
  19. 19. Meaning of Amoral MORAL vs IMMORAL AMORAL MORAL vs IMMORAL = having the right morality vs the wrong morality MORAL vs AMORAL = capable of making a moral judgement vs incapable of making a moral judgement
  20. 20. How have you been affected by Economic Globalization?  Spend a moment reflecting alone on the question  Form groups of 4 or 5 persons and discuss your answers  Identify the most significant question to emerge & write it on the card  Take your break when you are done
  21. 21. Ethics of Globalization Competitiveness Ethic Cooperation Domination Activity Solidarity Indifference Attitude Compassion
  22. 22. Who Will Bless Globalization?  Neoliberalism & Washington Consensus  Milton Friedman (Pinochet-Chile 73-90)  Margaret Thatcher (UK 79 - 90)  Ronald Reagan (US 81 - 89)
  23. 23. Alternative Resources  Cooperation  UK Fire Insurance early 1700s (Robt Owen 19c)  France Cheesemakers 1750 (Charles Gide 19c)  India has largest Co-op Movement  33% of Canadians belong to a Credit Union  Solidarity  Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa  Movement for Democracy in Poland  Summary of the Law & Good Samaritan Story (Luke 10: 25 ff)
  24. 24. Alternative Resources 2  Compassion  Golden Rule Mt 7:12  Charter for Compassion (Karen Armstrong)
  25. 25. Idea of a Common Good  Aristotle  A good life is a life oriented to goods shared with others  the common good of the larger society of which one is a part
  26. 26. Critique of Common Good  An invitation to (armed) conflict  Represents the imposition of the will of one group over another under cover of the general will  Assumes a prior equality that doesn’t actually exist
  27. 27. Consequences of Critique  In western thought people assume diversity of goods not a single good  It is not up to the State to determine what is good, but each individual  Debates about the common good are replaced by calls for tolerance
  28. 28. Defence of Common Good  Catholic tradition incorporates diversity  Relies on common human reason not common religion or culture  The tradition can develop  Affirms the moral equality of persons as basis for human rights  Common good is the goal and solidarity is the practice
  29. 29. WCC ASSEMBLY HARARE, 1998 Globalization poses a pastoral, ethical, theological and spiritual challenge to the churches and the ecumenical movement in particular. The vision behind globalization is a competing vision of the oikoumene, the unity of humankind and the whole inhabited earth. The globalized oikoumene of domination is in contrast with the oikoumene of faith and solidarity that motivates and energizes the ecumenical movement. The logic of globalization needs to be challenged by an alternative way of life of community in diversity.
  30. 30. Oikos = Whole Inhabited Earth  Oikos = Economy  Oikos = Ecology  Oikos = Ecumene
  31. 31. WCC Roots of Ecojustice  Just, Participatory and Sustainable Society WCC Nairobi 1975  Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation WCC Vancouver 1983
  32. 32. An Ecojustice Ethic  Solidarity  Sustainability  Sufficiency  Equity
  33. 33. Ecojustice Definition: Hessel  solidarity with other people and creatures – companions, victims, and allies – in earth community, reflecting deep respect for diverse creation  ecological sustainability – environmentally fitting habits of living and working that enable life to flourish, and utilize ecologically and socially appropriate technology  sufficiency as a standard of organized sharing, which requires basic floors and definite ceilings for equitable or “fair” consumption  socially just participation in decisions about how to obtain sustenance and to manage community life for the good in common and the good of the commons
  35. 35. Ministry of the Whole People of God  Pastoral = Relational  Prophetic = Communicative  Priestly = Symbolic
  36. 36. For more resources go to:
  37. 37. Examples of the Ministry of the Whole People of God  Pastoral = Relational  Prophetic= Communicative nvergence.htm  Priestly = Symbolic
  38. 38. HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION ERODE COMMUNITY?  MATERIAL CHANGE Linking of national financial markets to form global financial market  POWER SHIFT from political/social institutions to economic/market institutions  BATTLE OF IDEAS equality vs. efficiency; democracy vs. market struggle for good conscience in civil society  RESTRUCTURING need to harmonize with global market forces; support withdrawn from non-market institutions
  39. 39. BATTLE OF IDEAS Moral Society vs Market Society  Food Commodity  Children Consumer Choice  Citizens Producer or Consumer  Democracy Efficiency  Human Rights Encourage Investment  Common Good Special Interests  Common Heritage of Nature Private Property
  40. 40. HOW CAN WE BUILD COMMUNITY?  Politics Of Resistance slow down or stop gov't restructuring  Ethics & Civil Society build democratic coalitions to resist competitiveness as sole value  New Institutions redesign or rebuild to provide material base for community & alternative to market  Extend Democracy re-imbed market in social/political framework; increase people's participation in decisions which affect them