• Al Qaeda operatives managed to take control of 4 American
passenger jets and fly two into the World Trade Center in New York,
NY, one into the Pentagon in Washington D.C., and one into a field in
• An international terrorist network which has a serious distaste for
Saudi Arabia and the United States.
Osama bin Laden
• Saudi leader of Al Qaeda that was killed in 2011.
• An Islamic fundamentalist regime that imposed strict Islamic law in
Afghanistan that was removed by U.S. and U.N. forces.
• Resistors of Communism and Soviet intervention in Afghanistan
during the Civil War in the country.
Nur Muhammad Taraki
• Marxist military leader of Afghanistan that tried to install Communism
and Soviet intervention in the country.
• Elected Kurdish President of Iraq in 2006.
• Shi'ite Prime Minister of Iraq under President Talabani.
Persian Gulf War
• War between Iraq and Kuwait (with U.N. & U.S. forces) when Iraq
invaded Kuwait in an effort to double Iraq's oil reserves. Resulted in
Iraq being drove out, UN monitoring, severe limitations on its military
activities, and economic sanctions.
• Dictator of Iraq that caused the Persian Gulf War.
• Tehran's ultra conservative mayor that was President of Iran between
• Successor of Ayatollah Khomeini.
• War between Iran and U.S. backed Iraq that resulted in neither side
gaining much ground until a cease-fire was signed.
• Literally means "Mirror of God". The Shi'ite Caliph.
• Leader that sent Iran back into a theocracy after the Iranian
President Jimmy Carter
• President of the United States that visited Iran to congratulate it on its
programs of modernization and Westernization.
Reza Shan Phalavi
• Shan of Iran who attempted to modernize and Westernize Iran.
• A militant Shi'ite group backed by Syria and Iran, that operates the
Israel border region near Lebanon and Syria.
The Middle East
• Comprised of old Ottoman lands.