The Great Depression
• A spiral of monetary and fiscal problems when the U.S. stock market
crashed that escalated into an international catastrophe.
Russo-Japanese War of 1904
• War between Russia and Japan with the victorious Japanese kicking
out Russia of Manchuria and established its own sphere of influence
• The name Japan renamed Manchuria once they established a colony
• Pact signed by Japan after leaving the League of Nations against
communism with Germany, thereby forming an alliance that would
lead to a more formal one during WWII.
Rape of Nanjing
• 250,000 Chinese being slaughtered in a matter of a few weeks by
invading Japanese troops.
• Literally meaning "lighting war" that German forces destroyed
everything in its path with unprecedented speed.
• During WWII, an alliance between Germany, Italy, Japan, and other
countries associated with those three.
• During WWII, an alliance between Britain, France, the Soviet Union,
the United States, and other countries associated with those four.
• WWII Prime Minister of Britain who replaced diplomatically minded
Franklin D. Roosevelt
• WWII U.S. President that oversaw majority of the war before dying in
Battle of Britain
• Hitler launching a massive air bombing over Britain, which the British
succeeded in keeping the German army out.
• A peninsula in Southeast Asia lying roughly south or southwest of
China, and east of India.
• U.S. naval station in Hawaii that the Japanese bombed after the U.S.
refused to lift sanctions against Japan. The bombing of naval station
resulted in the U.S. declaring war on Japan, and Germany declaring
war on the U.S.
• The secretly development of an atomic bomb in the United States
• English, American, and Canadian forces launched their biggest
offensive, landing of the beaches of Normandy, and with the help of
French resistance forces helped liberate France.
• United States president that authorized the bombing of Hiroshima
and Nagasaki in Japan, forcing Japan surrendering and ending WWII.
• First city in Japan that an atomic bomb was dropped on by the United
• Second city in Japan that an atomic bomb was dropped on by the
• Known as the "Final Solution" in Nazi Germany, one of the largest acts
of genocide in history against Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, homosexuals,
disabled people, and political dissidents in Germany and German-
• Plan instituted by the United States that billions of dollars were made
available for reconstruction for all European countries (only accepted
by Western European nations).
• Replaced the failed League of Nations whose goal was to mediate,
intervene in international disputes between nations, and monitor
human rights and other social problems.