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Situational Analysis: An Emerging Tool for Uncovering Theoretical Complexity

2016 American Psychological Association Presentation

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Situational Analysis: An Emerging Tool for Uncovering Theoretical Complexity

  1. 1. Situational Analysis: An Emerging Tool for Uncovering Theoretical Complexity American Psychological Association Christopher Beasley, PhD, MA 2016 COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT RESEARCH TEAM
  2. 2. • Grounded Theory – Understand the action • Situational Analysis – Understand the situation of the action Goals Clarke, 2005; Clarke, 2015
  3. 3. • Grounded theory analysis • Situational maps • Social worlds/arenas maps • Positional maps SA Process Overview Clarke, 2005; Clarke et al., 2015
  4. 4. Situational Maps Clarke, 2005
  5. 5. • Most important human & nonhuman elements of the situation – People & things in the situation – Which seem to make a difference in the situation – Which of these matter most in the situation – What facilitates action – What hinders action • Used for relational analysis Situational Maps Clarke, 2005
  6. 6. Messy Situational Map Clarke, 2005
  7. 7. Ordered Situational Map Clarke, 2005
  8. 8. • Describing relationships between elements – Range of elements related to – Specific elements related to – Strength of relationship between elements – Prominent relationships • Absence of expected relationships Relational Analysis Clarke, 2005
  9. 9. Relational Map Shostak, S, 2003
  10. 10. • Examines collective entities – Naming – Describing – Relationships between – Discourse w/i & b/t Social Worlds/Arena Clarke, 2005; Clark et al., 2015
  11. 11. • Collective entities in worlds • Commitments of each world • How commitments are fulfilled • Work done by each world • Past actions & expected future actions • Specific sites of action and what they’re like • How work furthers world’s agenda • How world describes itself in discourse • How world describes other worlds • Technologies used, implicated, or produced • How technology moves w/i & between worlds Social Worlds Clarke, 2005
  12. 12. • Focus of the arena • Social worlds present & active • Expected but absent worlds • Boundaries between worlds • Discourse produced by worlds within an arena • Controversies in discourse • Arena-wide discourses • Surprising silences in discourse Social Arenas Clarke, 2005
  13. 13. Social Worlds/Arenas Map Clarke, 2005
  14. 14. Social Worlds/Arena Map Shostak, 2003
  15. 15. • Positions in the situation • Missing positions • Site-specific positions Positional Map Clarke, 2005; Clarke et al., 2015
  16. 16. Positional Map Clarke, 2005
  17. 17. Positional Map Shostak, S, 2003
  18. 18. • Situational Maps – Elements in the situation – Relationship between elements • Social Worlds/Arenas Maps – Collective entities – Nature of collective entities – Relationships between collective entities – Discourse in worlds/arenas • Positional Maps – Various positions taken in discourse – Missing positions Summary
  19. 19. • Developing complex situation-specific theories • Combining situation-specific theories into complex universal theories • Developing complex adaptive systems models for communities Future Directions
  20. 20. Clarke, A. (2005). Situational analysis: Grounded theory after the postmodern turn. Sage. Clarke, A. E., Friese, C., & Washburn, R. (2015). Situational analysis in practice: Mapping research with grounded theory. Left Coast Press. Bone, D. (2002). Dilemmas of emotion work in nursing under market-driven health care. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 15(2), 140- 150. Shostak, S. (2003). Locating gene–environment interaction: at the intersections of genetics and public health. Social Science & Medicine,56(11), 2327-2342. References

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