PEG September 2013 Calgary Flood CAB CAN TF2 p62-64
The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta
projects to look
your snooze button
A top Canadian employer four years in a row.
54 Special Report:
2013 Alberta Flood
89 APEGA Salary Survey
100 A Chinook in Guatemala
4 President’s Notebook
6 CEO’s Message
8 AEF Campaign
16 Readers’ Forum
40 Professional Development
52 Ethics Corner
53 Compliance Comment
104 In Memoriam
108 By the Numbers
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 1
SEPTEMBER 2013 FEATURED PHOTO
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Opinions published in The PEG do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policy of the association or its Council.
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2 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
VOLUME 4 | NUMBER 4 | SEPTEMBER 2013
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APEGA CONTACT INFO
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President Colin Yeo, P.Geo., FGC, FEC (Hon.) (Calgary)
President-Elect Dr. Jim Gilliland, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.) (Calgary)
Vice-President Connie Parenteau, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.) (St. Albert)
Councillors Dr. Brad Hayes, P.Geol. (Calgary)
Dr. Steve Hrudey, P.Eng. (Canmore)
Wenona Irving, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.) (Edmonton)
Dr. George Jergeas, P.Eng. (Calgary)
Chris Ketchum, P.Eng., FEC (Lloydminster)
Paul Knowles, P.Eng. (Calgary)
Craig McFarland, P.Eng. (Calgary)
Brian Pearse, P.Eng. (Sherwood Park)
Ginger Rogers, P.Geo., FGC, FEC (Hon.) (Lethbridge)
Terri Steeves, P.Eng. (Calgary)
John Van der Put, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.) (Calgary)
Heidi Yang, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.) (Grande Prairie)
Public Representatives Gary Campbell, QC
Mary Phillips-Rickey, CA
Engineers Canada President Jim Beckett, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.)
Engineers Canada Directors Larry Staples, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.)
Dick Walters, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.)
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Director of Corporate Affairs & Investigations Ross Plecash, P.Eng., M.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.)
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SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 3
Help take someone’s career
to greater heights
Alberta’s Professional Engineers and Geoscientists
have built this province. Help them build their
careers and be recognized for their ﬁne work
by nominating a deserving colleague, coworker,
employee or project.
For nomination information, visit www.apega.ca
and click on Awards under the Members tab.
Deadline for nominations is
September 30, 2013.
4 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
The 2013 Floods: What Professionals Did —
And What We Must Do Now
BY COLIN YEO, P.GEO., FGC, FEC (HON.)
The great floods of 2013 that devastated parts of Fort McMurray
and southern Alberta will be remembered for a long, long time.
Even the recovery and rebuilding will be measured in years. Lives
were lost and thousands of people displaced from their homes
and businesses. Temporary subdivisions were quickly built for
those waiting for their homes to be refurbished. The cost of
reconstruction has been estimated at $5 billion.
APEGA Members and permit holders — many, we should not
forget, with their own challenges to face in the wake of the floods
— have been busy inspecting homes, buildings and infrastructure
to ensure they are safe to use or enter. In some cases, professional
fees have been substantially reduced and even waived, easing the
burden on homeowners at such a difficult time.
Your association established a website area to match agencies
needing specific engineering expertise to qualified Members.
APEGA also contacted the City of Calgary and made sure it was
aware of our willingness to help in whatever way we could. We
made it simple for members to donate to the Canadian Red Cross.
The Government of Alberta turned to APEGA and asked us to
second Malcolm Bruce, MSM, Director, Corporate Services, to its
flood recovery task force. Mr. Bruce, who has since returned to his
regular APEGA duties, received great accolades from Peter Watson,
P.Eng., Deputy Minister of the Alberta Executive Council.
Members and permit holders have been there for the victims in
the immediate aftermath of the floods. They will play a leading role
as the rebuilding begins.
These devastating events are a clear demonstration of the
sometimes uncontrollable and unpredictable power of nature. The
history of maximum discharge rates in the Bow River reveals that
the City of Calgary has enjoyed fluvial quiescence since the major
flood in 1932. But this may be changing. From 1879 to 1932, there
were eight events of the same magnitude as the 2005 floods. In
the following 72 years, there were none. Now, within an eight-year
span, two significant flooding events have occurred.
Are we returning to a period of more frequent and intense
storms? Perhaps we are. Historical data, after all, indicate that
floods and droughts before the 1930s were more extreme than the
ones we’ve experienced since.
As cities and towns begin the lengthy and expensive process of
rebuilding, the engineering and geoscience professions need to take
a leading role in the development of public policy on
• where we build
• how we build
• how, through flood mitigation infrastructure, we prepare our
cities for the floods that inevitably lie ahead.
A SMART AND FAST RESPONSE
Our Members and permit holders are acting already. A very impor-
tant first step has been taken by Alberta WaterSMART, a consulting
company committed to improving water management through better
technologies and practices.
On Aug. 2, WaterSMART’s final version of a report called The
2013 Great Alberta Flood: Actions to Mitigate, Manage and Control
Future Floods was released to the public. Based on the collaborative
work of a broad group of water practitioners, including input and
comments from the public, specific actions have been identified to
offset the impacts of severe weather.
This release was extraordinary in two ways. First, it was
released a mere six weeks after the flood began. Second, it was
made available directly to the public as well as government officials
and other scientists.
And the content is excellent. The report presents facts and
data, and draws conclusions that governments, other authorities,
APEGA, the general public — all of us — need to consider as recon-
As pointed out in the Alberta WaterSMART report, decisions
will have to be made by affected home and business owners,
as well as elected representatives at all levels of government.
Certainly, reconstruction must be based on a clear understanding
of what caused the floods, the likelihood of their recurrence, the
Special Flood Coverage
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 5
effectiveness of proposed mitigation
strategies, and the impact of these
strategies on other parts of the river basin.
By using good data and sound engineering
design principles, we will be better
positioned for future extreme events.
The recommendations and conclusions
of this report should be taken into account
as policies dealing with extreme weather
events are developed by authorities. I think
the recommendations are fairly straightfor-
ward. They call on authorities to
• anticipate and plan for more extreme
• plan for more extreme weather
scenarios through better data
management and modelling
• conduct a cost-benefit analysis of
• reframe municipal planning in light of
more extreme weather and strengthen
• evaluate overland flood insurance
• manage water resources across the
province collaboratively with appropriate
authority and funding.
I have reviewed the Alberta Water-
SMART report in some detail, and not only
because I am an interested professional
and Calgarian. The report ties directly to
what APEGA is trying to achieve in one
of its strategic priorities, on policy and
engagement. Alberta WaterSMART has
brought together leading experts and stake-
holders, including key members of APEGA,
to produce a document that provides trust-
worthy facts, information and sourcing.
This is clearly within the public interest.
This report is available to all. It will
form the basis for the intelligent discussion
of options and the creation of sound public
policy to benefit all Albertans.
I am proud to say that Alberta Water-
SMART is a permit holder and that many
of its employees are APEGA Members. In
my view, this report sets the standard for
consultation and dialogue with an informed
public. I congratulate Alberta WaterSMART
and its CEO, Kim Sturgess, P.Eng.
LIABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
This extreme weather event serves to un-
derline an important issue for Professionals
in Engineering and Geoscience — namely,
the legal liability of those who own, plan,
design, develop and operate infrastructure
without due consideration of the effects of
a changing climate and the danger that lack
of consideration may pose to the public.
Patricia Koval, a partner with the law firm
Torys LLP, presented the implications to
our professions at a meeting of Engineers
Canada. She said that there is now a very
clear understanding that if infrastructure is
not adapted to increasing climate change
risks, property damage and personal injury
are almost certain to occur.
In short, professionals who do not
take climate change risks into account may
be held liable. APEGA has an obligation to
ensure building codes and standards are
appropriate for extreme weather events,
and individual members must take these
considerations into account in the design of
all projects. There exists a duty of care to
the owners of the infrastructure and a duty
to any third party that might suffer damages
or injury from negligent design or construc-
tion; this includes an act or an omission that
breaches a reasonable standard of care.
Incidentally, an omission includes fail-
ing to warn of a risk; simply complying with
Questions or comments?
building codes is not good enough. If the
code does not adequately deal with climate
change risks, and the design engineer
knows this, then the engineer has failed in
executing duty of care and is liable for any
consequences that may follow.
APEGA and our Members have
served the public well in the aftermath of
this disastrous flooding of 2013. We will
continue to serve during reconstruction
and policy redevelopment. The public
expects us to be at the forefront in this
process and help arrive at reasonable and
practical solutions to plan for and mitigate
future natural disasters.
Again, thank you to all the Members
and permit holders who have helped during
this crisis, either professionally or by
providing volunteer labour, and to Alberta
WaterSMART for its outstanding report.
The company is an example for us all.
6 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
Flooding Brings Questions to the Fore
About What APEGA’s Full Role Is
BY MARK FLINT, P.ENG.
APEGA Chief Executive Officer
On the morning of Friday, June 21, I found myself com-
peting with many other travellers for a very limited supply
of taxicabs to take us out of a very wet downtown Calgary.
I left behind, in body at least, a massive amount of flooding
and hardship. As I flew back to Edmonton, I was gripped by
thoughts about what my fellow Albertans were facing and
about what APEGA’s role should be.
Obviously, this was a highly unusual circumstance — a
natural disaster affecting an area where about half of our
membership lives. Even before the major flooding of 2013,
however, APEGA had been examining our role in the context
of events involving the public, our membership and our
professions. The flooding made that examination all the more
immediate and personal.
Enforcing the Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act
is relatively straightforward, particularly when you look at
the letter of the law. But is that all there is to regulation? The
EGP Act is the legal mechanism by which APEGA regulates.
However, equally important to effective regulation are the way
the act is applied and interpreted, and the moral obligations
Take the handling of oil and gas in Canada. The tragic
train derailment in Lac-Mégantic, Que., and oil seepage from
the ground in Cold Lake are recent examples of failures in this
area — one of them with tragic consequences.
APEGA Registrar Al Schuld, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.), and
I testified on June 11 before the Senate Standing Committee
on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources. We
answered questions the committee had regarding the safe
movement of energy. (The committee released its report on
the hearings last month, called Moving Energy Safely: A Study
of the Safe Transport of Hydrocarbons by Pipelines, Tankers and
Railcars in Canada.)
It is in instances like that one that I better understand
when and how APEGA can inform policy and decision-makers.
Although these contributions are sometimes subtle, simply
being asked to participate is a positive indication that the
opinions of our professions are indeed sought.
In the case of the floods, the Government of Alberta sought
one of our senior staff members to help out. On the Saturday
morning after I returned, the province requested that Malcolm
Bruce, MSM, Director, Corporate Services, assist directly by
working with its team to begin coordinating recovery efforts.
Mr. Bruce was seconded for 12 days as the acting Chief of
Staff for the recovery team as the government began to
develop its recovery strategy. In a moment when sitting in the
safety and comfort of Edmonton belied the ongoing strife in
southern Alberta, it was great to be able to directly assist in
some small way in the immediate aftermath of the flood.
The next issue arose as hundreds of disappointed
insurance policy holders became aware of the limitations of
their policies. The heartbreaking reality that overland flood
insurance is not part of any Canadian insurance policy is a
revelation to many of us, and it will forever resonate as a
major financial blow for many Members.
In the early days after the flood, APEGA’s affinity
insurance partner, TD Meloche Monnex, faced challenges
when it came to responding effectively to the needs of clients.
Some of our Members are still waiting to settle claims with the
However, Meloche Monnex did change its position, decid-
ing to pay losses according to endorsement and limit, even if
premises were impacted by overland flooding from the event.
The company was very responsive to requests from APEGA
and others, and has made substantial efforts to ensure clients
are reimbursed. Meloche Monnex was slow off the mark. But
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 7
CEO’s Message APEGA
Questions or comments?
I recognize both the company’s honesty and integrity in changing its
Shortly after the flood crested, the intellectual horsepower of our
professions started to precipitate some great thoughts. Led by the
CEO of Alberta WaterSMART, Kim Sturgess, P.Eng., a group of APEGA
Members were asked to help develop ideas regarding what Alberta
could do to mitigate recurrence of some of the issues created by the
flood. WaterSMART and several of our Members are now working
with the Alberta Government to bring valuable data, research and
professional advice to help assist with the development of policies on
flood recovery and mitigation.
I acknowledge that none of these efforts have, strictly speaking,
been regulatory in nature. However, I simply wanted to illustrate
that APEGA’s role goes beyond that of pure regulation. While
regulation of the professions is our core business, our
Members have valuable insight to offer and are frequently
sought after to comment on policy development.
Furthermore, when APEGA professionals speak, people
listen to what they have to say. There is no doubt that
APEGA and its members are in the business of self-
regulation, but their influence extends into many other
As we at APEGA review our current legislation
and explore areas in which gaps possibly exist, we
continue to think about these events that shape our
history. From there, we try to extrapolate forward to
estimate how lessons learned from them can shape
As always, I enjoy getting feedback. I appreciate
the questions and thoughts you sent me from my
last article. I look forward to your input should you
be interested in contributing to the future of our
professions. I value all comments on our regulatory
future or thoughts on other things that you think we
should be doing.
8 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
AEF CAMPAIGN CONNECTION
Tales From a Land of Frogs,
Apps, Volcanos and Robots
Minds in Motion works its science and engineering magic on a summer full of
BY CORINNE LUTTER
Member & Internal Communications
When it comes to dissecting frogs, some
young campers were more eager than
others to pick up the scalpel and get down
to business. For the more squeamish types?
Well, turns out there’s an app for that.
“Some kids didn’t want to get within 20
feet of the frogs,” explains Keith Baker, an
instructor with Minds in Motion and also a
university student member of APEGA. “So
we downloaded iPad apps where you can
do a virtual dissection. That went over well
with both the kids and their parents.”
Dissections — including frogs and pig
hearts — were among the many science,
engineering and technology lessons at Minds
in Motion camps in July and August. The
camps were designed and led by University
of Calgary undergraduate students like Mr.
Baker, a third-year geophysics student.
Among other activities were building
video games and robots, extracting straw-
berry DNA and exploring the physics of
sound through beat boxing. Not to mention
building those classic rockets powered by
baking soda and vinegar.
As well as the regular ones, specialized
camps were offered for girls and Aboriginal
youth. In total, about 850 children in Grades
1 to 8 took part in the 2013 summer camps.
PUMP IT UP
Minds in Motion is a non-profit organization
run by the University of Calgary’s Faculty
of Science and Schulich School of Engi-
neering. In addition to the camps, it offers
hands-on, inquiry-based programs through-
out the year.
“We want to get kids pumped about
science and engineering and break down
the stereotypes — that it’s too difficult or
that only boys can do it,” says program
manager Erin Peddle, a science teacher by
profession. “Our programs help youth learn
how to problem solve and think outside the
box. No matter what career they go into,
those skills are going to be relevant.”
Annually, Minds in Motion reaches
about 3,200 kids and the number continues
to grow, thanks in part to support from
sponsors like the APEGA Education
Foundation, called AEF for short.
“In 2013, the foundation’s outreach
support to the University of Alberta, the
University of Calgary and other programs
totalled more than $72,000,” says AEF
President Gerald DeSorcy, P.Eng., FEC, FGC
(Hon.). “These programs do invaluable work
to attract young men and women into the
engineering and geoscience professions.”
Just ask Leigh Beaton.
NOT JUST FOR BOYS
Long before she enrolled in engineering
at the U of C, Ms. Beaton was a Minds in
Motion camper. Her experience attending
all-girls camps as an elementary student
inspired her and helped her develop career
aspirations in engineering.
“I think the instructors played a big
role. They were mostly female and really
helped me understand how much in our
lives is related to science. I learned that
science is not just for boys,” says Ms.
Beaton, who just started her second year at
the Schulich School of Engineering.
This summer, she became a role model
herself as a Minds in Motion instructor,
teaching science and technology camps to
girls in kindergarten to Grade 8. Activities
ran the gamut from wetland field trips to
building frog robots.
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 9
WHERE WILL YOUR IMAGINATION TAKE YOU?
Minds in Motion aims to get kids pumped about science
and engineering through activities like summer camps,
workshops and science clubs. In the case of these two
youngsters, it appears to be a resounding success.
-photo courtesy Minds in Motion/University of Calgary
Minds in Motion is a member of Actua, a national network of 34 organizations
offering science and technology education programs. The network provides
opportunities for the organizations to share resources and expertise.
10 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
AEF CAMPAIGN CONNECTION
“It’s an important role that we play as
instructors, to really spark that interest in
science and show the kids that science is
everywhere,” says Ms. Beaton.
75,000 YOUTH AND COUNTING
Since its launch in 1998, Minds in Motion has
reached more than 75,000 youth through
its summer camps, classroom workshops,
science clubs and community events.
“Besides the summer camps, we do
a lot of free workshops and outreach, and
that’s where we’ve expanded, because that’s
where we found the need,” says Ms. Peddle.
“We are pretty much booked every single
day from mid-May until the end of June.”
Many of the schools visited have
socioeconomic challenges. In Calgary,
Minds in Motions focuses on schools
with low performance rankings, often in
low-income neighbourhoods. The crews
also visit Aboriginal schools in the region,
including Morley and Tsuu T’ina.
“It’s the heart of our program,” says Ms.
Peddle. “These schools don’t necessarily
have the funding to bring in extracurricular
programs, so that’s where we come in.”
Through the fall, winter and spring,
in partnership with the Canadian Women’s
Foundation, a club program in science and
engineering for girls aged 12 to 15 is offered.
Last year about 40 volunteer mentors
signed up, mostly university students, and
professors and professionals in engineering,
biology, chemistry and education.
“The girls club has had phenomenal
feedback,” says Ms. Peddle. “When we
asked at the start of the club, not one girl
wanted to be an engineer. They thought that
engineers only build bridges or drive trains.
So this is a great opportunity to show them
the diversity of the profession.”
For Keith Baker, being a Minds in Motion
camp instructor is an opportunity to
share his love of science with kids. “I just
want them to see that there’s a beauty to
science and to get them excited about it,”
says Mr. Baker.
As a child, he was inspired by his fa-
ther and grandfather, both engineers, and
by scientists like Carl Sagan and Bill Nye.
“I rushed home every day after school to
watch Bill Nye the Science Guy,” says Mr.
This summer, he shared his interest
in planetary geology with young campers,
teaching them about astronomy and the
solar system. At one camp, kids learned
about different planets, then built their
“We had this big kit of Tyvek suits
and a million things you could tape to
them to customize them. The kids loved
that. At the end, we interviewed our
astronauts with a fake microphone and
they could explain their designs. They got
a taste of the astronaut celebrity life,”
says Mr. Baker.
CIRCLE OF SUPPORT
Minds in Motion reaches about 3,200 kids every year, and that number continues to grow — thanks in part to support
from the APEGA Education Foundation. In 2013, the foundation’s outreach support to the University of Alberta, the
University of Calgary and other programs totaled more than $72,000.
-photo courtesy Minds in Motion/University of Calgary
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 11
AEF CAMPAIGN CONNECTION
With governments and industry predicting ongoing engineering and
geoscience labour shortages, the APEGA Education Foundation
aims to reach even more young people by increasing outreach
support to $150,000 annually.
“One of our objectives is to support outreach programs that
inform young men and women about the opportunities available
through an education in engineering or geoscience,” says founda-
tion president Mr. DeSorcy. “We can reach our goals with continued
help from APEGA Members, who have been very supportive of our
Building the Future, Today campaign.”
A key AEF priority for the past year has been to ask Members
to consider their professional responsibility to advance and sustain
the professions — and then to act by giving financial support to the
Among ways members can support the campaign are
• cash gifts
• monthly giving
• matching gifts
Like to help the foundation?
apega.ca/AEF or 1-800-661-7020
SURE BEATS SWIMMING LESSONS
Keith Baker helps a student with a pig eye dissection
at a Junior Natural Science Camp in July. Students
in Grades 3 to 4 also got to conduct chemical
experiments and make their own recycled paper.
-photo courtesy Minds in Motion/University of Calgary
The APEGA Education Foundation currently distributes
more than $190,000 each year to the brightest
students on track to becoming Engineering
or Geoscience Professionals.
Corporations can help by matching donations made
by their staff members.
Visit apega.ca/aef for more information.
A GOOD MATCH
FOR YOUR COMPANY
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 13
Potential Council Candidates Needed Now
Are you an outstanding Professional Member with the time, energy
and dedication necessary for APEGA elected office? Do you bring
a balanced perspective and a problem-solving attitude to board
and management governance? Are you willing to give back to your
association by letting your name stand as a potential candidate for
the 2014 APEGA Election?
There are two ways to get your name on the election ballot this
• APEGA Nominating Committee — Each year, a nominating
committee made up of APEGA Members identifies qualified
candidates to run for Council. If you are interested in being
considered by the nominating committee, submit your
name and a brief resume by Sept. 27 to firstname.lastname@example.org. The
committee will review nominees, and a slate of candidates
will be announced in mid-November. The list will be
published in both the e-PEG and the December issue of The
• Write-in nominations — Any Professional Member in good
standing can self-nominate by submitting the Nomination
for Election to Council form. The form will be available on
APEGA’s website in mid-November and will also be published
in the December PEG. Write-in nominations must be received
before midnight on Jan. 26 and must include supporting
signatures from at least 10 registered APEGA Members.
Candidates can run for
• President (the person voted President-Elect in the previous
election will automatically become President)
• President-Elect/Vice-President (the candidate with the most
votes becomes President-Elect).
Note: To run for President-Elect/Vice-President, a candidate must first
serve at least one year on Council.
WHY DOES APEGA HOLD ELECTIONS?
APEGA has been holding annual Council elections since the
association was founded in 1920. An elected Council is one of the
privileges of professional self-governance, granted to APEGA under
the provincial Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act.
WHAT DO COUNCILLORS DO?
Councillors, who are elected for three-year terms, have many
duties and responsibilities, such as establishing policies and
providing guidance. They are expected to act in the best interest
of the association, honestly and in good faith. They should have
a good understanding of the principles and policies of legislation
governing Professional Engineers and Geoscientists in Alberta and
also understand APEGA’s mission, vision and strategic plan.
Being a Councillor requires a time commitment, but it’s also a
great opportunity for Members to get involved in their association
and make a positive impact.
Councillors are required to work on at least one subcommittee
of Council and attend various functions as APEGA representatives.
They spend about 20 work days each year preparing for and
• Council meetings
• a strategic retreat
• Executive Committee meetings
• Council committees
• miscellaneous meetings, briefings and presentations.
In addition, Councillors may be asked to attend weekend social
events, such as dinners and receptions.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A GREAT COUNCILLOR
• experience in professional practice
• basic understanding of the principles behind professional
• familiarity with board and management governance
• balanced perspective and problem-solving attitude
• particular knowledge of important issues or under-
• strong champion of professionalism and of APEGA
• track record as a contributor
• willing to commit time to APEGA.
Click on About APEGA, Run for Council
14 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
Social Media Strategic
Human Resources Management
Information Technology Management
Risk and Insurance Management
CONTED.UCALGARY.CA | 403.220.2988
COURSES AND CERTIFICATES DESIGNED TO
DEVELOP YOUR MANAGEMENT SKILLS!
University of Calgary Continuing Education offers courses and certificate
programs that help you develop as a leader or transition into management.
Professional Management—Professional Engineers and Geoscientists
Courses available in class at the main and downtown campuses, and online.
This certificate is only awarded on verification of APEGA membership.
Project Management Fundamentals
Courses offered at the downtown campus.
Stan Sterling. Graduate.
Moving Hydrocarbons Safely
Reports call for clarity, consistency and safety culture audits in the way Alberta and the rest of Canada move oil and gas
Two major reports on the safety of transporting hydrocarbons in
Canada are now in the public realm, giving citizens, regulators and
governments across the country more data and new recommenda-
tions to consider. A report requested by the Alberta Government
and directed exclusively at pipeline safety holds up the province as
having “the most thorough overall regulatory regime” of all the
Canadian ones it assessed. Meanwhile, among the recommenda-
tions in a Senate committee report — which was not limited to
pipelines — are a call for audits of corporate safety cultures and
a call for the Government of Canada to conduct an arms-length
review of the country’s railway regulatory framework.
Two members of APEGA’s senior staff testified before
the Standing Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment
and Natural Resources, in advance of the committee’s release
of Moving Energy Safely: A Study of the Safe Transport of
Hydrocarbons by Pipelines, Tankers and Railcars in Canada. CEO
Mark Flint, P.Eng., and Registrar Al Schuld, P.Eng., FEC, FGC
(Hon.), both testified.
The committee report identifies an APEGA Member for his
testimony about corporate non-compliance with National Energy
Board standards and regulations. Evan Vokes, P.Eng., a metal-
lurgical engineer, along with others, “helped the NEB identify the
need for a 24-hour whistle blower hotline,” says the report.
Even when the horrific Lac-Mégantic rail disaster is
considered, railcars have a 99.9 per cent safety record for
delivery of dangerous goods, Moving Energy Safely notes. The
report recommends an arms-length review of railway regulation
“due to the scope of the disaster.” The safety record for moving
oil and gas by pipeline, meanwhile, is 99.9996 per cent, the
The Senate committee report concludes: “What is key is that
our transport companies foster a culture of safety throughout
their operations. There must be a preoccupation with continually
improving safety outcomes. This applies to operators as well as
the institutions that regulate them; this is what is necessary to
earn and maintain the trust of Canadians.”
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 15
The Alberta Pipeline Safety Review, prepared by APEGA
permit holder Group 10 Engineering, said Alberta’s thoroughness
in the regulation of pipelines is “likely due to the fact that Alberta
has a very mature (well established) pipeline industry and the
largest number of pipelines; and the ERCB [now the Alberta
Energy Regulator, or AER], as a regulator, has evolved over time to
regulate and manage the industry as appropriate.” Still, the report
arrives at 17 recommendations in all for the regulator, under three
categories prescribed in its scope. The categories are
• public safety and response to pipeline incidents
• pipeline integrity management
• safety of pipelines near water bodies.
Released at the same time was the regulator’s response to
the Group 10 report. Still called the ERCB when it completed the
response in March, the regulator accepted the findings and recom-
mendations, among them that a one-size-fits-all approach to regu-
latory oversight in Canada is not practical because of the differing
needs of jurisdictions and amounts of pipeline serving them.
Nonetheless, the report says the Alberta regulator should
work towards harmonized regulatory requirements across Canada
and should “support a consistent regulatory basis.” It also recom-
mends that the regulator collaborate with stakeholders to “set
clear goals and objectives to focus and manage the reduction of
pipeline failures to a level as low as reasonably practicable.”
The ERCB response highlights progress already being
made in many of the areas identified by Group 10. It also noted
that some of the recommendations are national in scope or
otherwise fall out of its regulatory mandate and jurisdiction. The
regulator’s response states, however, that it will share those
recommendations with the appropriate bodies, as well as support
and assist them if required to. The regulator will give Alberta
Minister of Energy Ken Hughes a status report in March 2014.
Call Before You Dig is singled out as good public safety
system. Membership in Alberta is legislated as compulsory for
pipeline licensees, but that’s not the case everywhere in Canada.
A nationwide system should be considered, says the report.
A national program would benefit other jurisdictions where
membership in Call Before You Dig is not a requirement, and it
would also ensure that new Albertans are “consistently aware of
Click on Major Reports Released
16 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
Readers’ Forum submissions should be emailed to George Lee, PEG editor, at email@example.com. Please
limit them to 300 words or less. Longer letters are printed at the discretion of the editors. Letters may be
edited for brevity, taste, clarity and legality. Please note: Readers’ Forum items are treated as opinions
and therefore are NOT peer reviewed. They do no necessarily reflect the views of APEGA Council,
executive committee or staff.
AND THE NEW NORMAL
Re: Go Deep, The PEG, June 2013.
The analysis described in the above story concerns the climate
change views of APEGA members. Yet as it’s represented in the
story, the work by researcher Lianne Lefsrud, P.Eng., makes no
reference to the broad consensus among climate scientists.
A link from ASHRAE , the largest engineering association
in the world, leads to a survey published in the journal Environ-
mental Research Letters on the work of 29,000 scientists and
11,994 academic papers. Over 4,000 papers took a position on
climate change causes, with only 0.7 per cent, or 83 papers,
disputing the scientific consensus that climate change is the
result of human activity, and 2.2 per cent calling it unclear. The
dissent was described as “vanishingly small.” Another survey,
this one from 2004 and released in Science by Naomi Oreskes,
found 97 per cent of scientists agreed on the causes of climate
This PEG submission is written from ground zero in High
River, where we will be dealing with the results of an extreme
climate event for years to come. Contrary to the view that this
was just another flood, the estimated flow volumes were about
double what had been accepted as the one-in-100-year event and
the community was utterly unprepared.
As an engineer asked to assess damages to buildings, my
recommendations have been to consider what occurred as
the new normal, incorporate an additional safety factor, and
consider efficiency measures to reduce contributions to further
climate change. Is it not a professional responsibility to use
the best science available for the public good? The last report
of a federally appointed expert panel on the economy and the
environment, before it was dismissed, warned us to expect
over $5 billion per year in damages to the Canadian economy,
unless measures are taken to mitigate climate change. By the
province’s estimate, we’re burning through that in southern
It’s hard to miss the irony that a community the hardest hit
by a climate event earlier elected an MLA with a campaign plank
saying the science on climate change had not yet been settled.
As for the contention that the disaster is the result of clear
cutting, Google Earth shows no extensive blocks in the Highwood
watershed. Nor was I able to find a single pine cone or bit of
logging slash among the debris in our miles of destroyed fences.
A more likely cause is temperature, the steroid of storms.
A degree Celsius of temperature rise increases the ability of air
to hold moisture by seven per cent; 16 inches of rain fell in the
The lamest excuse is to do nothing to address climate
change because it’s too expensive.
The flood caught us in the middle of installing 5.5 kW of grid-
tied photovoltaics to our shop roof. For $10,000 in materials and
a couple days’ help from clever friends, our electricity use will be
carbon-neutral, saving about 4.5 tonnes a year of carbon emis-
sions. This is less cost than the options list on the average SUV,
which carries a single passenger at an overall efficiency of less
than one per cent
The return of our photovoltaic system is tax free and better
than any secure investment in the current market. It would
be great if the much-touted Alberta carbon tax went to those
actually doing something to reduce emissions. The energy input is
recovered after one year. Solar output peaks during peak demand
periods driven by air conditioning loads, helping stabilize the grid.
This is among the hundreds of things we could be doing,
efficiency measures being the most cost effective. Revising our
obsolete building codes would be a first step. ASHRAE has been
leading in this regard for years, and there’s a total absence of the
phony debate on climate change in its journals.
The next lamest excuse to do nothing is that the Asian
countries are not reducing their emissions.
It’s the sad reality that you cannot lift people out of poverty
with Stone Age tools, and they are industrializing the only way
they can afford — as we did. Western countries are already
there and have accounted for most of the cumulative emissions.
How dare we tell India, which produces 1/20th of our emissions
per capita, or China, 1/10th per capita and with millions living
without electricity or running water, that they have to cut back
before we do.
The long-term risk is that our economy will become
increasingly less efficient and less able to compete on the global
stage as the true cost of greenhouse gas emissions comes due.
As the rest of the world moves toward a carbon-free economy,
we will wallow in denial.
EMILE ROCHER, P.ENG.
READING SUGGESTION OFFERED
ON SOLAR CYCLES AND WARMING
Unstoppable Global Warming, by S. Fred Singer and Dennis T.
Avery, makes a compelling case for a global, solar-driven climate
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 17
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cycle of 1,500 years, plus or minus 500 years. This is a cycle
which has operated for at least the last one million years of the
Earth’s history, based on available published data.
The authors’ hypothesis is supported by literally hundreds of
research papers spanning a variety of climate proxies, including
isotope analyses of ancient tree rings, of glacier ice cores from
Greenland and Antarctica, and of seabed sediment cores from
the North and South Atlantic and the Sargasso Sea. The research
looks at stalagmites from Ireland, Germany, South Africa and New
Zealand, and fossilized pollen from North America. The proposed
1,500-year climate cycle also correlates with known advances
and retreats of glaciers in the Arctic, Europe, Asia, North
America, Latin America, New Zealand and Antarctica.
The cycle shows a variation of plus-or-minus 2-3 degrees C
around a long-term mean. It was first discovered by Dansgaard
and Oeschger in 1984, through oxygen isotope analyses of glacial
ice cores from Greenland covering the last 250,000 years of
Earth’s history. They expected to see evidence of ice ages and
interglacial stages (and they did), but unexpectedly they found
another cycle of about 1,500 years superimposed on these
The impact of the sunspot cycle on Earth’s climate is well
known. During low sunspot activity, cosmic rays bombard the
Earth, creating low, wet clouds that reflect the sun’s radiation
back into outer space, cooling the Earth. During high sunspot
activity, the solar wind prevents this bombardment by cosmic
rays, allowing the sun’s radiation to reach the Earth and thus
warm our planet.
The 1,500-year period is believed to be the product of two
shorter solar cycles, both longer than the 11-year sunspot cycle:
namely, the 87-year Gleissberg cycle and the 210-year Suess (de
Vries) cycle. In fact, the 1,500-year cycle correlates with known
historic cold and warm periods as far back as 600 BCE.
According to the 1500-year cycle, the Earth is now in the
middle of a modern warming period that began after the Little Ice
Age. We can thus expect another couple of centuries of pleasant
warm weather. Needless to say, so-called greenhouse gases have
nothing to do with this warming trend.
DR. JOHANNES C. DEN BOER, P.GEOL., P.GEOPH., FGC,
LENNERT D. DEN BOER, P.GEOPH.
CHOOSE A CAR,
NOT A TRUCK
Re: APEGA Education Foundation Campaign Connection, Who You
Help, The PEG, April 2013.
One of the featured students, like many people going to
university, commutes through car/truck and train. He drives a
18 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
truck. Imagine the price of gas and maintenance, driving back
and forth from Gibbons and his LRT connection.
If his aim is reducing costs, he should drive a car instead.
GREAT MESSAGE —
Re: Let’s Educate the Public About All Those Geohazards, The Geo
Beat, by Tom Sneddon, P.Geol., The PEG, June 2013.
Thank you for publishing the excellent PEG! Down here in the
southern U.S., it’s wonderful to receive news about colleagues
and technology, along with other inspiring reports, from Alberta.
Mr. Sneddon’s insightful article is critically important,
especially in light of the recent manslaughter convictions of
the seven scientists, engineers and officials associated with
assessing seismic activity prior to the earthquake in L’Aquila,
Italy. (Their convictions are under appeal.)
There is a wee error in the date of the Frank Slide — it
happened on April 29, 1903, not six years later.
Also, as I understand it, Copernicus was not persecuted
during his lifetime (1473-1543) for his heliocentric theory of the
planets. In fact, his book On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres
(1543) was dedicated to Pope Paul III. Some years later in 1616,
the book was indeed banned. Galileo’s trials, however, were very
DR. ROBERT R. STEWART, P.GEO.
Cullen Chair in Exploration Geophysics
Director, Allied Geophysical Lab
University of Houston
The Readers’ Forum submission Climate Sensitivity May
Have Been Overestimated, in the June 2013 PEG, was
attributed to the wrong William Kerr of Calgary, The actual
author was William E. Kerr, P.Eng.
In the April 2013 PEG feature We Built this City on
Rocks and Oil, editing errors resulted in misspellings of
stromatoporoids, and in the misuse of descendant. Modern
scallops descended from Monotis subcircularis — not, of
course, vice versa.
20 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
THE GREAT FLOOD’S ECONOMIC IMPACT
Economists expect that the most damaging floods in Alberta’s
history will affect not only the province’s economy but also the
rest of the country’s. Five days after the flooding, BMO Capital
Markets estimated that Canada’s GDP growth in June had been
reduced by $2 billion. TD Economics, meanwhile, estimated that
the disaster would erase up to $1.5 billion from the economy, or
about 0.3 per cent of Alberta’s GDP.
However, both were quick to point out that the Calgary and
Alberta economies would get a much-needed boost when millions
of dollars are spent on rebuilding projects.
LESS WORK FOR SOME, MORE WORK FOR OTHERS
Work stopped for many Albertans when flood waters hit in
late June. Downtown Calgary was evacuated and thousands of
workers told to stay home after power outages left office towers
in the dark. Some downtown businesses were closed for a
week or more. Similar stories played out across the south as 29
communities declared states of emergency.
As a result, says Statistics Canada, 300,000 Albertans
— about 13.5 per cent of the total employed population in the
province — lost 7.5 million hours of work. On the flip side,
134,000 people, or six per cent of workers, put in an extra 2.4
million hours of work. The net loss: 5.1 million hours.
StatsCan says about 27 per cent of the missed time, or about
1.4 million hours, is attributable to professional, scientific and
technical workers. One quarter of Alberta’s natural resource
workers lost, in all, 1.4 million hours on the clock.
Two proposed skyscrapers will come in first and third on the list of tallest buildings
in Western Canada. Brookfield Place Calgary (right) and the TELUS Sky Tower
(above) boast 56 and 58 storeys respectively.
-artist’s rendition (above) courtesy BIG
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 21
The Buzz LATITUDE
CALGARY SKYLINE STRETCHES HIGHER
Look out, Bow tower. Calgary’s down-
town skyline is on the rise, with two new
mega-skyscrapers set to open in 2017.
The Bow is currently the tallest
building in Western Canada, with 58
storeys stretching 236 metres towards the
heavens. But it will soon be surpassed by
the 247-metre Brookfield Place Calgary.
The TELUS Sky tower, meanwhile, will
slot into third at 231 metres.
Brookfield Place Calgary is a
development encompassing a full city
block between First and Second Street
and Sixth and Seventh Avenue S.W.
Complementing its 56-storey highrise
will be another 42-storey office tower,
a glass pavilion, street-level retail shops
and a half-acre public plaza. Anchor
tenant Cenovus Energy will occupy one
million square feet of the highrise.
Brookfield Office Properties esti-
mates the project will cost more than $1
billion. The complex will be constructed
to the gold standard for core and shell
development, as set out by the certifying
body known as LEED, for Leadership
in Energy and Environmental Design. It
will include a bicycle parking area and
plug-in stations for electric cars.
Developers of TELUS Sky, at
100 Seventh Ave. S.W., are promising
a stylish blend of office, retail and
residential space across 750,000 square
feet. Vancouver developer Westbank
and real estate investment trust Allied
Properties are project partners.
At a cost of $400 million, the
58-storey project will include about 340
residential units. Envisioned as a LEED
platinum building, it will feature a rooftop
garden and a storm water management
system to recycle rainwater for toilets
and outdoor irrigation. It’s designed to
use about a third less energy than new
buildings of a similar size.
-artist’s rendition courtesy Brookfield
22 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE The Buzz
Among other new developments
going forward in downtown Calgary are
Eau Claire Tower, 3 Eau Claire, Eighth
Avenue Place West Tower, and Calgary
City Centre. Manulife Financial Corp
plans a 27-storey office tower with Brion
Energy as the main tenant.
FROM RESIDENTIAL HOUSING MARKET
Construction season can make it seem
as if new builds are everywhere. But the
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corpora-
tion says residential builders in Western
Canada won’t be quite as busy in 2014 as
the organization predicted a few months
ago. In June, CMHC estimated around
188,900 new units in 2014; now, CMHC
estimates the number will fall to between
177,100 and 186,600.
If the most recent estimate is
accurate, residential development will
be significantly lower than the 214,827
housing starts in 2012.
The picture looks quite different
from the perspective of home sales. The
Canadian Real Estate Association says
national sales are increasing steadily.
Data released at the end of the summer
suggest that home sales across the
country have increased 9.4 per cent
from last year. Alberta continues to be
a hot market. Over the last year, sales
increased by 19 per cent in Calgary and
24 per cent in Edmonton.
WHERE GREAT IDEAS ARE HATCHED
TEC Edmonton, an organization that helps
tech ideas become saleable products, has
received a major credibility boost. In July,
the non-profit, joint venture between
the University of Alberta and the City of
Edmonton was named the best incubator
in Canada — and 17th in the world — by
the University Business Incubator Index.
This may not come as a surprise
to tech insiders or anyone who’s been
following the organization over the last
nine years. TEC Edmonton has helped a
well-known in the U.S. but relatively new
to Canada. The Edmonton branch is the
fourth in the country. Founding partners
include Kellerdenali, Remington Develop-
ment Corporation, Edmonton Interna-
tional Airport and Camrock Capital.
The new branch says on its website:
“We connect our members so that they
develop new business relationships;
we offer educational opportunities and
a program of events that ensure our
industry is on the cutting edge; and we
influence the course of our business with
positive interactions with various levels
of government and the community.”
ROUNDABOUTS MAKE INROADS
A $6.4-million roundabout northwest of
Edmonton has been designed with over-
sized vehicles — among them the type
used in the oilfield — in mind. Could it
BUY NOW, BUILD LATER
Builders will likely be less busy than previously
thought, as forecasters now predict a decline in
new builds for 2014. Home sales, however,
are still on the rise.
wide range of startups, among them
CV Technologies Inc. — the makers of
Cold-FX. Other successes include a
cancer diagnostics company, Metabolo-
mic Technologies Inc., and a nanosensor
developer, Nemsor Technologies Inc.
TEC Edmonton data show that
its 106 client companies generated
$103 million in revenue in 2012, up
25 per cent from the past year. The
organization’s research also shows
that startups using its services had
a 95 per cent survival rate, which
is higher than Industry Canada’s
benchmark of 80 to 85 per cent.
EDMONTON BUILDERS UNITE
A commercial development association
has launched a new chapter in Ed-
monton. NAIOP, the Commercial Real
Estate Development Association, is
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 23
reflect an Alberta trend in adopting the
staple of British traffic engineering?
In late summer, Alberta Transporta-
tion started construction of the round-
about, located just east of Villeneuve
at the intersection of Highway 44 and
Highway 633. The Edmonton branch of
CIMA+ designed the challenging struc-
ture, which must accommodate the turn-
ing radius of large vehicles.
The design includes splitter islands
for oversized vehicles to go over when
necessary. The structure will also feature
signs on movable bases for directing
Highways 44 and 633 are frequented
by both commuter traffic and heavy-load
vehicles. It’s hoped the new roundabout
will reduce collisions at the intersection.
This will be the third roundabout
built by the province since 2007. Others
were constructed in Sylvan Lake and
INNER CITY BUILD PROMISES HOPE
A City of Edmonton plan to revive a
struggling inner city neighbourhood has
completed its first development phase. At
the end of March, the Boyle Renaissance
project officially opened two buildings
along 103A Avenue and 95th Street: a
150-unit housing complex and a YMCA-
owned building housing a daycare, a
family resource centre, office space, and
facilities for community gatherings.
Almost 12 years and $42 million in
the making, Boyle Renaissance is part of
the city’s Quarters Downtown redevel-
opment, a strategy intended to improve
the quality of life of people living east
of the city’s downtown core. Phase II
— scheduled for completion at the end
of this year — involves construction of
the Renaissance Tower, a seven-storey,
90-unit housing facility catering to First
Nations people, seniors and people with
Boyle Renaissance is a sustainable
project. Phase I and Phase II will share
heat and power systems, thanks to a
380-kilowatt microgeneration system on
the roof of the Renaissance Tower. It will
wetlands, native plants, migratory birds,
caribou and other wildlife, biodiversity
and Aboriginal traditional land use. Many
of these issues, said the ruling, are linked
to the environment’s capacity to absorb
the overall pace of development of the
oilsands — not the Jackpine project alone.
The provincial and federal govern-
ments have the final say on whether the
FIRST NATION FILES OBJECTION
TO OILSANDS PROJECT
In part because of the potential loss of
caribou herds, Fort McKay First Nation
has filed a formal objection with the
Alberta Energy Regulator against an
oilsands development. It’s the first time
in about two decades the nation has filed
an objection of this kind, and the move
may mean that the Dover project, which
would produce 250,000 barrels per day
of bitumen, will end up before the courts.
The nation, which has strong work-
ing relationships with energy compa-
nies like Syncrude and Suncor, says it
will take legal action if environmental
concerns over the Dover in situ project
Athabasca Oil Corp. and PetroChina
have proposed the project on a site 95
kilometres northwest of Fort McMurray.
The band wants a 20-kilometre buffer
zone to protect lands traditionally used
for hunting, fishing and trapping by its
700 Dene, Cree and Métis residents.
Among concerns: a wildlife assessment
that predicts the extinction of two caribou
herds in the area within the next 30
In its approval in August, the Alberta
Energy Regulator rejected the buffer
zone, saying the environmental impact of
the project would be negligible to minor.
Provincial government approval is still
The project would boost provincial
coffers by an estimated $26 billion in
royalty payments over its 65-year life.
use natural gas to produce electricity,
and its waste heat will help warm
both the tower and the YMCA building
across the street.
LOOK OUT, B.C. —
ALBERTA KEEPS GROWING
New data released by Statistics Canada
revealed that in 2012 the province’s
population grew by more than three
per cent — double the national growth
rate of 1.1 per cent.
While Alberta’s population has
been steadily increasing for decades,
Todd Hirsch, senior economist at ATB
Financial, describes the current rate of
growth as a “full-scale stampede.”
Now with nearly 3.9 million people,
Alberta is the fourth most populous
province in Canada, behind Ontario,
Quebec and B.C. The province contin-
ues to close in on B.C. — Mr. Hirsch
predicts that within eight years, Alberta
will take over the number three spot.
RECEIVES REGULATOR BOOST
Shell Canada’s plan to expand
production at its Jackpine oilsands
mine, about 60 kilometres north of
Fort McMurray, has earned a green
light from regulators. The decision,
however, did contain cautions about
overall oilsands development.
The decision came down from
a joint review panel representing the
Alberta Energy Regulator and the
Canadian Environmental Assessment
Agency. It recommended approval of
Shell’s plan to expand production at the
mine to 300,000 barrels of bitumen a
day from 200,000.
In a ruling announced in July, the
panel found that the proposed mine
expansion is in the public interest be-
cause of its economic benefits. At the
same time, the panel noted the project
in conjunction with others would likely
result in significant adverse effects on
24 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
BY GAIL HELGASON
GETS BIGGER, SAFER, BETTER
About 100 years after it opened, the
Panama Canal continues to make
engineering news. Upgrades to
accommodate today’s large ships include
a third set of locks, featuring rapid open-
and-close gates. The locks and other
upgrades will allow twice the tonnage
to pass through the canal, reports
Engineering News-Record (New York).
Power management technology, pro-
visions and procedures, including a second
power system, are expected to float op-
erational safety to a new high-water mark.
Estimates of the total project cost vary and
depend on what is included, but the origi-
nal number was over US $5 billion. Project
completion is slated for 2015.
LADY LIBERTY GETS A MAKEOVER
New York’s famed Statue of Liberty re-
opened to the public this summer, follow-
ing a 20-month renovation with daunting
engineering challenges, says Civil Engi-
neering (Reston, Va.).The six-level interior
of the 46-metre-high statue was gutted
Two wider stairways were created
to bring service up to code and allow
wheelchair access. Weaving the
stairways together with an elevator
hoistway “was a little like making a
delicate piece of jewelry out of steel and
concrete,” said a representative of the
project’s structural engineers, Keast &
Hood Co. of Philadelphia.
One strategy was to employ cast-
in-place concrete for the elevator,
enabling the construction of walls that
are thin but strong. The materials were
also a good visual match with existing
GOING WHERE THE WIND BLOWS
If you want to catch good wind, it
makes sense to set sail where good
winds blow. That was the thinking
behind a new wind generator launched
offshore in the Gulf of Maine — the first
of its kind.
VolturnUS, a project of the
University of Maine and various
partners, is the world’s first, concrete
composite, floating platform for a wind
turbine, reports Engineering News-
Record. It features a 20-metre tower
and a 20-kilowatt capacity.
If successful, further trials will result
in a 90-metre-high tower for a turbine
that could generate six megawatts and
supply the onshore grid. All told, U.S.
coasts are estimated to have untapped,
offshore wind power of up to 4,000 giga-
watts per year.
The VolturnUS is now generating energy off the coast
of Maine (left), featuring the first concrete composite,
floating platform for a wind turbine. Meanwhile, a new
elevator inside the iconic Statue of Liberty features
cast-in-place concrete for thin, strong walls.-photo courtesy University of Maine
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 25
BRING ON THE TOURISTS
IN THEIR GREAT BIG JETS —
ISRAEL BUILDS A NEW AIRPORT
Israel recently began construction of
its first new commercial airport since
achieving independence in 1948, says
the Engineering News-Record. The
$450-million airport in the southern
Arava Desert will replace an existing one
that can’t handle jumbo jets.
The airport will continue service for
the Red Sea resort area. Completion is
expected in 2016.
TAKING A BITE OUT OF
Lowering travel times near and through
construction zones is becoming easier
around Boston and some other Ameri-
can cities, thanks to a new traffic moni-
Using Bluetooth signals from
mobile devices in vehicles, the Blue-
TOAD traffic monitoring system fills
in gaps from other collectors of traffic
data, Engineering News-Record reports.
The new data can then be used to, for
example, help crews know when to
open or close lanes in construction areas
at optimal times for relieving congestion.
Designed by TrafficCast of Madison,
Wis., the system is reported to be up to 10
times less expensive than others, and it
also preserves drivers’ anonymity.
SHIPPING AND TUNNELING HISTORY
Long renowned as tunnel experts,
Norwegian engineers are at the cutting
edge again as the country builds what is
predicted to be the world’s first tunnel for
ships. The Norwegian government has
approved the Stad Ship Tunnel, although
construction is not expected to start until
2018, Civil Engineering reports.
The aim is to create a passage big
enough to allow the passage of cargo
ships and commuter vessels, avoiding
treacherous waters around the Stadlandet
peninsula north of Bergen.
The design calls for a 50-metre-high,
36-metre-wide structure. Excavation
would remove more than three million
square metres of rock, which will be used
to create two small islands.
Planners are still addressing how
ships would proceed and how collisions
and fires would be handled.
SHOULD TRUCKS GO SLOWER?
Do different speed limits for cars and
trucks create safer roads? The Michigan
Department of Transportation hopes to
find the answer, Civil Engineering reports.
The state has hired civil engineers at
Wayne State University and other experts
to look at the state’s speed differential.
Speed limits there on rural freeways are
70 m.p.h. for passenger vehicles and 60
m.p.h. for trucks and buses. Michigan is
one of only eight states that post different
rates for trucks and passenger cars.
Researchers plan to review earlier
speed limit studies and conduct field
studies using radar guns on highways.
The practice of posting differential
speeds, once popular, declined after
earlier research showed that variable
speeds could actually increase the
possibility of crashes.
26 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
COMPILED AND WRITTEN BY
KINSHIP WITH SOCRATES
Socrates purportedly said, “I know one
thing: that I know nothing.” For an eager
audience of convocating engineering
students, Jacob Masliyah, OC, P.Eng.,
FCAE, had similar words. The profes-
sor emeritus at the University of Alberta
cautioned students to never believe they
know everything about their profession
and to never stop learning.
Sage advice indeed from an indi-
vidual whose career has epitomized the
pursuit of knowledge. Dr. Masliyah re-
ceived an honorary doctorate of science
at the U of A convocation ceremony, in
recognition of his tremendous body of
research on bitumen and oilsands
In a university news story he cred-
its an early work ethic for his success.
Mature beyond his years, as a child he
created detailed study plans to master his
schoolwork. He later applied this determi-
nation to his engineering studies.
Dr. Masliyah served as the NSERC
Industrial Research Chair in Oil Sands,
overseeing research at the Syncrude
Canada Research Centre and the U of
A. When he needed to understand how
sand could separate from bitumen, he set
aside an entire year to find out. His extra
effort led to his being named a world
authority on bitumen recovery, with his
research at the forefront of the univer-
sity’s growing international reputation.
Dr. Masliyah is a past winner of the
Rutherford Award for Excellence, for his
research and teaching in fluid mechan-
ics, heat transfer and bitumen extrac-
tion. His desire to improve extraction
methods and maximize oil recovery for
industry is equal to his desire to pro-
vide environmentally friendly methods
of extraction. His work has resulted
in more efficient methods of bitumen
processing, with a reduction in the use
of water and energy.
A HARD ACT TO FOLLOW
It is responsible for the long lives of the
Hoover Dam, the Panama Canal and the
dome of the Pantheon. Despite its age,
concrete has not yet gone out of style.
You don’t have to convince the Ameri-
can Concrete Institute, which recently
hosted its annual Awards of Excellence.
Several APEGA permit holders
were in the mix of award recipients.
• Advanced Concrete Construction
(Gregg Logistics new facility) —
Stantec Consulting Ltd.
• Civil (the City of Calgary airport trail
tunnel) — CH2M HILL Canada Ltd.
• Sustainable (Belgravia Green Net
Zero Energy Home) — Solnorth
• Restoration (Agrium fertilizer plant
– prill tower structural restoration)
— Agrium Inc. and Read Jones
• Bridges (52nd Street S.E. – grade
separation and road widening) —
AECOM Canada Ltd. and Klohn
Crippen Berger Ltd.
• Buildings (City of Calgary –
Emergency Operations Centre) —
Read Jones Christoffersen Ltd.
The American Concrete Institute
was created in 1904 as a nonprofit
technical and educational society. With
20,000 members in over 120 countries, it
initiates forums for concrete technology
and supports problem resolution.
SUCCESS FOUND IN
FOUR DIFFERENT FORMULAS
A builder, an energy director, an
engineer/designer and an LRT expander.
What do they all have in common? They
were selected for Alberta Venture lists on
influential and inspirational Albertans.
Implementing a whole new system
of building is a huge undertaking. In the
housing industry, the cost of labour and
the impracticality of mass marketing
have undermined efforts to improve
production. For one man that reasoning
was not good enough. Reza Nasseri,
P.Eng., created a business centred on
improving quality of life and revitalizing
communities, earning him a place as one
of Alberta’s 50 most influential people.
-courtesy Landmark Group
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 27
Mr. Nasseri grew up in Esfahan,
Iran, where he showed interest in
building and design from a young
age. He immigrated to Canada in
1964, arriving in Edmonton on a cold
December day. Mr. Nasseri studied
electrical engineering at the University
of Alberta but never outgrew the
building bug. After securing work as
a research engineer and instructor
at NAIT, he continued to work every
summer in the construction industry.
Eventually he created Nasseri
Construction, which went on to become
Landmark Homes. Since then the
business has grown to become one of
Alberta’s largest home builders, with
operations in Edmonton, Calgary and
Red Deer. Adamant about finding a
better way to build — one that involved
reducing waste in existing processes —
Mr. Nasseri was introduced to precision
indoor building. The idea changed his
business forever. Landmark initiated a
small-scale experimental prefabrication
shop in 2003 and opened its first state-
of-the-art manufacturing facility in 2011.
The Landmark Precision Building
System eliminated weeks of time
from the building cycle and reduced
transportation and site work, while
generating 58 per cent less waste than
traditional methods. These efficiencies
have allowed the company to focus
on emission-reducing technology for
homes, reducing the carbon footprint
by three to five tonnes per year.
Mr. Nasseri has worked to
provide efficient, affordable, qual-
ity homes to families, with the hope
that it will improve quality of life and
strengthen communities. The com-
pany’s community support program
Landmark Cares has contributed over
$10.6 million to organizations that
promote education, healthcare, the
arts, and programs for First Nations
Mr. Nasseri is a past recipient of
the Alberta Order for Excellence, the
Exceptional Service Award, and the
Peter Lougheed Award of Achievement
for advancement of health services.
Also named one of Alberta’s 50
most influential people is a man not afraid
of diving into the deep end. As Encana
struggled with operational challenges
due to low gas prices, Clayton Woitas,
P.Eng., a board member since 2008,
waded in to become interim CEO.
Mr. Woitas received his bachelor of
science degree in civil engineering from
the U of A. He became director and CEO
of Renaissance Energy Ltd. and later
founded Profico Energy Management Ltd.,
where he operated as chairman, presi-
dent and CEO. He is now chairman and
CEO of Range Royalty Management Ltd.,
a private company focused on acquiring
royalty interests in Western Canadian oil
and natural gas production.
During his time as Encana’s interim
CEO, Mr. Woitas was highly commended
for his direction of Encana while the
company was in flux. Mr. Woitas also
headed up the search for a new CEO.
Mr. Woitas is now chairman of the
board at Encana, where he continues
to support and influence the company
and its commitment to cutting costs and
maintaining capital discipline. He is also
Reza Nasseri, P.Eng., and Clayton Woitas, P.Eng., (right), were featured in Alberta Venture as two of Alberta’s 50 most influential people.
-courtesy Encana Corporation
28 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE Movers & Shakers
Also highlighted in Alberta Venture as two of Alberta’s
Rising Stars were Kara Chomistek, E.I.T. and Erum
Afsar, P.Eng., (left).
-photo by Aaron Pederson
a director of NuVista Energy Ltd., Gibson
Energy Inc. and several private energy
companies and advisory boards.
She may be mechanically minded,
but after work hours Kara Chomistek,
E.I.T., transforms into a daring fash-
ionista, engineering magical art events
launched through PARK, a group she cre-
ated and currently heads. Her success at
providing emerging artists with a venue
to exhibit and sell art has led to her being
named one of Venture’s Next 10 Alberta
Ms. Chomistek graduated from the
University of Calgary with a bachelor’s
degree in mechanical engineering,
with a biomedical specialization. She
spent her early career with Smith and
Nephew Inc., developing orthopedic
equipment for joint surgery. Now
designing mechanical systems for data
centres, she has devoted her free time
to assist over 300 students, emerging
artists and small business owners.
Through her non-profit organization
PARK, she creates events for artists to
showcase their work.
Erum Afsar, P.Eng., knows how to
get where she’s going. And if she can’t
find a way to get there, she creates it. As
a general supervisor in transportation
planning for the City of Edmonton, she
has worked on concept planning for the
downtown and northwest LRT routes.
With a civil engineering degree
from Queen’s University, Ms. Afsar has
worked in the private and public sectors
in Regina, Calgary and Edmonton. A
knowledgeable voice on LRT expansion,
Dr. N. (Raj) Rajaratnam
as a senior
engineering specialist and
Raj is an award-winning researcher,
professor and engineer. He has over
55 years of experience in hydraulic
engineering and ﬂuid mechanics and has
been a highly-respected faculty member
at the University of Alberta within the
Water Resources Engineering Department
for the last 50 years. He brings with him
extensive knowledge in the ﬁelds of
hydraulic structures, energy dissipation
and turbulent jets. He has published
over 200 journal papers and has received
numerous awards for his research.
is pleased to welcome
Raj joining NHC’s Edmonton team provides
a meaningful addition to all areas of NHC’s
business and a signiﬁcant enhancement to
the hydraulic structures design and physical
modelling departments. As NHC Edmonton’s
Branch Manager, Gary Van Der Vinne says,
“We are very excited to have Raj join our team;
his insight into hydraulic issues will help us to
provide even better solutions for our clients.”
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 29
Movers & Shakers LATITUDE
she has addressed controversial rail plans before concerned
citizens, and encouraged ethnic minority groups to get involved.
Passionate about building sustainable communities, she has
completed long-range transportation master plans, community
traffic calming studies, transit studies and traffic impact
analyses. Ms. Afsar volunteers with NextGen, a group of young
Edmontonians that connects people, places, community and
BACK TO HIS ROOTS
Past APEGA CEO H. Neil Windsor, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.), FCAE, P.E. (Hon.), (far right) accepts an award of merit from his home association of PEGNL. Present at the ceremony
was his wife, Anne Windsor, (second from right) and Engineers Canada President Jim Beckett, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.)., and his wife, Anita Beckett.
-photo by Paul Daley
30 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE Movers & Shakers
She was previously highlighted in Avenue magazine’s Top 40
EAST COAST ACCOLADE
Former APEGA CEO H. Neil Windsor, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.),
FCAE, P.E. (Hon.), has received the Award of Merit for 2013
from Professional Engineers and Geoscientists Newfoundland-
Labrador. The award is the highest presented by PEGNL
and recognizes exceptional achievement in engineering or
geoscience. Originally from St. John’s, Mr. Windsor served his
province as a finance minister and a finance critic before coming
Mr. Windsor is best known for his work on labour mobility
while serving as CEO of APEGA. He strove to develop ties
between legislators and industry in order to foster economic
development in the region. He now lives back in his home
province, in Lewisporte.
Written up numerous times in this space because of a long
list of accolades, Mr. Windsor retired in January of 2012.
WHERE THE CEO
KNOWS YOUR NAME
It’s hard to keep track of a staff of 600, but one CEO has unlocked
the secrets of success in leading an employee-owned Canadian
consulting firm. Kerry Rudd, P.Eng., was recently presented the
Chairman’s Award from the Association of Consulting Engineer-
ing Companies — Canada for his leadership and outstanding
contribution to the consulting industry.
Graduating in the U.K., Mr. Rudd initially struggled to find
work as a junior engineer. After reluctantly accepting a research
assignment at a university, he later realized he was gaining
valuable experience working independently, with the task of
delivering a product in a set time frame and budget.
This initial experience equipped him well for a career in
consulting, and after moving to Canada, he joined Associated
Engineering Ltd. as a project engineer in Vancouver.
Kerry Rudd, P.Eng., has received the Chairman’s Award from ACEC-Canada. The CEO
of Associated Engineering has made a point to connect with his staff and provide them
with opportunities to give back to the community.
-photo courtesy Associated Engineering
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 31
INFO NIGHT, SEPT. 11, 5-8 PM
Project Management in
Oil & Gas Ofﬁce Admin
Petroleum Joint Venture
Petroleum Land Business
Supply Chain Management
32 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE Movers & Shakers
Leading projects and groups, Mr. Rudd came to understand
the importance of leading by example. In each group he would
find the worst job his staff had to undertake — and participate in
it. The resulting respect he gained and knowledge he gathered
were beneficial to both staff and company.
Now based in Edmonton as president and CEO of Associated
Engineering, Mr. Rudd has amassed an impressive 29 years
with the firm. A key factor in his receipt of the award was the
company’s community engagement. Associated Engineering
encourages employees to donate their time to industry and
community organizations. Canstruction Edmonton, Capital City
Clean Up, Canadian Blood Services and the Christmas Bureau of
Edmonton are just a few of the charities that have benefited from
the company’s support.
ONE MAN, TWO CHAIRS
It’s a topic of wide debate: how to produce energy more
efficiently while considering environmental impacts. The
Edmonton Journal recently reported that Amit Kumar, P.Eng.,
now holds two research chairs — the NSERC Industrial
Research Chair in Energy and Environmental Systems
Engineering, and the inaugural Cenovus Energy Endowed Chair
in Environmental Engineering.
Dr. Kumar completed his education at the Indian Institute of
Technology and went on to receive a master of science degree
in energy technology from the Asian Institute of Technology.
After coming to Canada, he received a PhD from the U of A and
soon after became an assistant professor in the Department of
Mechanical Engineering. Now an associate professor, he has
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 33
INFO NIGHT, SEPT. 11, 5-8 PM
*Ask about company training
Accessible Housing Design
Petroleum Joint Venture
Supply Chain Management
expanded his research into energy and
environmental systems engineering. The
two research programs enjoy, in total,
$4.4 million in funding from Cenovus, and
federally and provincially funded research
Dr. Kumar and a team of 20
researchers aim to create computerized
engineering models that will examine
the economic and environmental impacts
of energy production from coal, wind,
hydro, biomass, natural gas and oil. It is
hoped the research will aid governments
in creating science-based legislation and
Amit Kumar, P.Eng., has a busy desk, thanks to two new research chairs. A team of 20 researchers will help him with
his work to explore the environmental impacts of energy production.
help industry with investment decisions.
Dr. Kumar is the associate editor of
the journal Canadian Biosystems Engineer-
ing. He has served as Alberta regional
director for the Canadian Society of
REWARDS FOR TOP RESEARCH
Fuzzy logic meets wastewater treatment
in this year’s Killam Annual Professor-
ships. Two professors, both from the
Department of Civil and Environmental
34 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE Movers & Shakers
I n t e l l e c t u a l • P r o p e r t y • L a w
Patent, trademark and copyright advice, filing, prosecution and litigation.
Oilfield, mechanical, petrochemical, electrical, nanotechnology,
alternative energy, software and computer related inventions.
Contact Tony Lambert 780-448-0604
Engineering at the University of Alberta, received professorships
for the quality of their research, publications and other scholarly
Mohamed Gamal El-Din, P.Eng., has been concentrating his
research on water and wastewater treatment. He has an active
research program in the area of oilsands tailings treatment.
After starting a career at the U of A in 2001, Dr. Gamal
El-Din began researching the application of ozone treatment as
an advanced oxidation process. He also looked at the application
of laser measurement techniques to characterize the flow
hydrodynamics in complex multi-phase flow environments. With
numerous publications to his name, he has ventured into new
areas of research, such as artificial intelligence to describe
the behaviour of treatment systems, and the development of
nanotechnology and biofilm reactors.
For Dr. Gamal El-Din, the professorship means he will be
able to continue his oilsands research. Over the next 10 years
he aims to create innovative treatment technologies. These,
he hopes, will allow for water reuse and the safe discharge of
treated water with minimal impact on health and the environment.
The world often looks fuzzy to Aminah Robinson, P.Eng. Her
work with fuzzy logic deals with reasoning that is approximate
rather than fixed, with many variables to consider. The professor
of construction engineering and management at the U of A has
become an international expert in this field.
Dr. Robinson joined the Department of Civil and Environ-
mental Engineering in 1997. She became the NSERC Associate
Industrial Research Chair in 2007 and developed a formula for
collaborative research between the university and industry. Her
work has led to the development of applications such as contrac-
tor prequalification tools, foreman skills development tools and a
workforce absenteeism tracking tool.
Dr. Robinson recently became the NSERC Senior Industrial
Research Chair in Strategic Construction Modeling and Delivery.
Her core research is in the development of fuzzy logic techniques
to incorporate subjective reasoning and linguistic variables within
intelligent decision support systems. The research has the poten-
tial to change the way the construction industry models opera-
tions and decisions.
Dr. Robinson also holds the Ledcor Professorship in Con-
struction Engineering and is specialty editor for the ASCE Journal
of Construction Engineering and Management.
NEW INDUCTEES MAKE IMPACT
Forty-seven new fellows were inducted into the Canadian
Academy of Engineering this year. Six distinguished APEGA
Members were included in the group, which was honoured for
going beyond normal practice to contribute to the profession and
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 35
Movers & Shakers
INFO NIGHT, SEPT. 11, 5-8 PM
Business Law for
Petroleum Land Business
*Ask about company training
Tongwen Chen, P.Eng., knows all
about control. Control systems, that is.
The international authority on computer
controlled systems has over 100 journal
articles to his name — some ranking
in the top one per cent of those most
highly cited in the field. A professor at
the University of Alberta, he has directed
three NSERC strategic projects related
to improving control and monitoring of
An expert on combustion, the
research of Larry Kostiuk, P.Eng.,
seeks to protect the environment from
the 135 billion cubic metres of natural
gas flared annually. He is a world-
leading researcher of industrial flaring.
His work includes predictive models
to assess variables such as wind
speed and heat value of flare gas. His
quantification of emissions has led to the
mitigation and reduction of greenhouse
gas emissions while still allowing
for efficient production in the energy
industry. Dr. Kostiuk previously received
the Environmental Excellence Summit
Award from APEGA and is currently
department chair of mechanical
engineering at the University of Alberta.
Another fan of clean energy, former
APEGA president Leah Lawrence,
P.Eng., FEC, was also inducted for her
efforts to advance renewable energy
projects in the province. As one of the
founders of Climate Change Central
and Clean Energy Capitalists Inc.,
Ms. Lawrence has worked towards
the commercialization of new energy
technologies such as flare gas capture
and commercial-scale solar energy.
Maja Veljkovic, P.Eng., was
inducted for her leadership in fuel cell
and oilsands upgrading technologies.
In addition to building a world-class
capability and fuel-cell cluster, she has
led R&D teams at Syncrude to create a
novel spray system that feeds bitumen
into fluidized, bed-cracking reactors.
The system has been commercialized at
Syncrude Canada Ltd. and ExxonMobil
worldwide. Ms. Veljkovic is currently
president of three national engineering
Her involvement in engineering
management has taken her to the
highest level in an international setting.
Lorraine Whale, P.Eng., is a new
fellow for her work in the hydrocarbon
energy sector. For almost 10 years
Ms. Whale has managed Royal Dutch
Shell’s global research program for
oilsands development. The program
focuses on researching methods of
improving cost-effectiveness and
reducing environmental footprints. An
international speaker, she has served
on many not-for-profit boards and
volunteers as a mentor.
The Canadian Academy of Engi-
neering is a national institution that uti-
lizes the expertise of engineers to help
shape public policy in Canada. Members
are nominated and elected by their peers
based on their achievements and service
to the engineering profession.
WHO’S MOVING WHERE
• Engineers Canada welcomed Jim
Beckett, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.),
of Edmonton, as its president for
the 2013-2014 term. Mr. Beckett
is a former president of APEGA
and a current board representative
on Engineers Canada’s Canadian
Engineering Accreditation Board.
See next page.
• Guy Gendron, P.Eng., of Calgary, has
accepted the position of vice-pres-
ident, engineering services, at Beta
Machinery Analysis Ltd. Dr. Gendron
was previously dean of the Schulich
School of Engineering. Interim dean
is Dr. Bill Rosehart, P.Eng.
• Steve Hrudey, P.Eng., of Edmonton,
has been appointed to the Alberta
Energy Regulator. Dr. Hrudey is a
professor emeritus at the University
of Alberta, a recognized expert on
water safety and the environment,
and an APEGA Councillor.
36 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
LATITUDE This and That
TO THE TOP
P.Eng., FEC, FGC
(Hon.), as its new
President, during the
general meeting in
Yellowknife in June.
represents the dozen
regulate the practice
in Canada and
license more than
includes APEGA and
11 other provincial
born and educated in
Edmonton, will lead
for the 2013-2014
term. Moving up
from the President-Elect position, his
responsibilities include helping build a
stronger engineering profession, and
helping increase public awareness
about Professional Engineers and their
contributions to society.
Mr. Beckett, an APEGA life member,
was APEGA President in 2009-2010
and has represented the association
on the Engineers Canada Board since
2010. He’s served on several Engineers
Canada committees and is currently
a representative on its Canadian
Engineering Accreditation Board.
Mr. Beckett has a bachelor of
science degree, with distinction, in
electrical engineering from the University
of Alberta. He’s a past member of the
university’s board of governors, its
senate and its engineering advisory
board, and his past positions on the U of
A Alumni Association include president,
vice-president and faculty adviser.
He worked 37 years with ATCO
Utilities Group, rising to the position of
executive vice-president, regulatory.
He is currently the principal at Beckett
We’ll have more on Mr. Beckett in
the December PEG. As the magazine
cover suggests, we dedicated a lot of
our September space to coverage of
the June floods in southern Alberta.
A few items some readers will be
expecting in this issue, in fact, did
not make it at all. If you’re one of the
writers whose material we left out,
we’ll be in touch soon.
MINI-DOC COMES OUT OF
FLOOD STORY ASSIGNMENTS
And speaking of the floods, we put
two staff members on the ground in
southern Alberta, midway through July.
Corinne Lutter and Amro Maghrabi of the
APEGA Communications Group set off
with cameras and notepads in hand to
talk to Members and gather information.
Our print coverage of the flooding,
the damage done and the road ahead
starts on page 54, with stories by
Ms. Lutter, along with photos she and
others shot of damage, the beginnings
of recovery and the people who lent a
hand. APEGA’s involvement included the
secondment of Malcolm Bruce, MSM,
Director, Corporate Services, to the
province, to help kick-start its Southern
Alberta Flood Recovery Task Force.
Mr. Maghrabi, meanwhile, has
created a mini-documentary video,
called Engineers and the Southern
Alberta Floods of 2013. The doc reports
on how some of APEGA’s Professional
Engineers responded to the emergency,
and includes footage of the actual
flooding, and flood-ravaged areas and
neighbourhoods in Calgary and High
River, along with interviews with
Professional Engineers directly involved
in the flood emergency response and
With the help of the Professional
Engineers interviewed in the video,
our Communications crew was able
to capture footage of some of the
damaged infrastructure in Calgary, such
as McLeod Trail and the South LRT
Line, as well as the hard-hit Sunrise
neighbourhood in High River. The
crew also shot footage of Calgary’s
Bearspaw Water Treatment Plant, which
remarkably was able to maintain clean
drinking water for Calgarians throughout
the intense flooding.
On the day that Mr. Maghrabi and
Ms. Lutter arrived in High River, the
residents of Sunrise were just getting
back into their homes for the first
time since the flooding occurred. The
APEGA crew had a rare chance to see
the extent of the damage before major
cleanup and restoration was underway.
“Although it was very difficult to see the
damage firsthand, it was great to see
Albertans uniting,” said Mr. Maghrabi.
“The positive vibes from a volunteer
JIM BECKETT, P.ENG. . .
. . .Engineers Canada President
SEPTEMBER 2013 PEG | 37
LATITUDEThis and That
APEGA’s sponsorship of DiscoverE — University of Alberta summer camps on science and engineering for young people — received recognition recently at the U of A. In this
photo, APEGA lines up with fellow supporters from the Canadian Society for Senior Engineers. From left, U of A Dean of Engineering Dr. David Lynch, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.);
Phillip Mulder, APR, FEC (Hon.) FGC (Hon.), APEGA Director, Communications; Dr. Fred Otto, P.Eng., FEC, FGC (Hon.), and Andy Jones, P.Eng., both representing the CSSE; and
Mohamed El Daly, outreach coordinator for DiscoverE.
crew from Stewart Weir — that side of
the story is really inspiring.”
The video is available on APEGA’s
YouTube Channel, under Engineers
and the Southern Alberta Floods of
2013. APEGA’s YouTube Channel is
APEGAabca, or you can reach it through
our homepage of apega.ca.
“Viewers are encouraged to share
the video on their social media chan-
nels,” Mr. Maghrabi said — a true-to-form
statement, given that he’s the public
relations coordinator assigned to social
THE GEO SHORTAGE
We had a difficult time connecting
with geoscience Members, particularly
on the ground in their volunteer and
professional roles. But just as flood
recovery continues, so too does our
After this edition, we won’t be
dedicating as much space to the subject
all at once. But we’d love to hear your
stories — whether or not you’re a
Professional Geoscientist — and we’ll
do our best to give them some mention.
Send contact coordinates, personal tales
or other information to George Lee,
editor of the The PEG, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
38 | PEG SEPTEMBER 2013
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and communicating with a diverse workforce?
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employment in the Edmonton region (mentors do not ﬁnd jobs
for their mentees).
In 24 hours over 16 weeks using an easy-to-follow-guide,
• Improve your cross-cultural leadership and
• Develop intercultural skills; and
• Have ‘no strings attached’ opportunities to assess
potential recruits for your organization
Go to www.eriec.ca/career-mentorship-program and
check out the list of proﬁles of mentees waiting for a
professional mentor today. Apply now!
Big company, small company — each has
its own pros and cons. It comes down to a
matter of personal choice and what values
and goals you take to the job.
But perhaps you don’t know enough
about each kind of company to make that
decision. The following list of small compa-
nies’ usual workplace qualities should help.
THE GOOD ABOUT SMALL
• You get better experience at multiple
projects and at being all things to many
people at once — that’s a very good
foundation for any career.
• Small companies tend towards true
empowerment. They do not have the
resources to keep employees glued to
their job descriptions.
• Each employee’s actions can make a
more visible difference to the company’s
successes or failures.
Those who shine really shine.
Successful employees stick out.
• You tend to get a true feeling of
entrepreneurship, which is another
outstanding foundation for any career.
• You may get an opportunity to share in
profits or even ownership.
WHAT ABOUT BAD?
• Small companies are frequently
resource constrained, so they may
not have the latest
training funds, etc.
• They are less
able to weather
so job security is
usually poor. Small
companies go belly-
up more frequently
• Salaries and
than at more
For larger companies — reverse the pros
and cons above.
However, plenty of larger companies
these days are doing their best to bring the
small-business ethic of opportunity and
recognition into the workplace.
That means that if you are hired by
a well-managed and progressive large
company — a truism for many large APEGA
permit holders — most of the pros for a
small company may apply.
Big Company, Small Company?
Which One is Best for You?
In any job, if you happen to get a boss, a
supervisor or a manager who is excellent,
try to stay put for as long as you can,
regardless of whether the company is big
or small. Learn how that person operates
and why you like working for him or her,
and then use those lessons to build your
With that kind of attitude, you’ll soon
be on to bigger and better things, no matter
what size of company you’re working for.
Do the letters CEO sound attractive?