Moodle Quizzes

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Moodle Quizzes

  1. 1. Moodle (Course Management Systems)
  2. 2. Moodle Quizzes
  3. 3. Moodle quizzes ? <ul><li>Moodle quizzes have two major components: </li></ul><ul><li>The quiz body. </li></ul><ul><li>The question bank. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of the quiz bodies as a container for various types of questions pulled from the question bank. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is what students see when they take the assessment. It also defines how the students interact with the quiz. </li></ul><ul><li>The questions in a quiz body can be of any type, chosen manually or at random, and displayed in a set order or a random order. </li></ul>1
  4. 4. Moodle quizzes <ul><li>The question bank can contain questions arranged in a manner that makes sense to you. </li></ul><ul><li>You can create bank based on chapters, weeks in the semester, important concepts, or any other organizational scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>Question bank can be reused in multiple quizzes, shared between classes, and moved between systems. </li></ul>2
  5. 5. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>When you create the quiz body, you are creating a container for the questions and setting the rules for interacting with the quiz. </li></ul><ul><li>To create a quiz body: </li></ul><ul><li>Click Turn Editing On . </li></ul><ul><li>Select Quiz from the activity </li></ul><ul><li>module in the content section </li></ul><ul><li>where you want to place the </li></ul><ul><li>link to a quiz. </li></ul>3
  6. 6. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>give the quiz a descriptive name . </li></ul><ul><li>Write an introduction for the quiz. Be sure to include any special instructions for taking the quiz, such as the number of attempts allowed or scoring rules. </li></ul>4
  7. 7. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Timing ( Open the quiz, Close the quiz, Time Limit, Time delay between first and second attempt, Time delay between later attempts ) </li></ul>5
  8. 8. Creating the Quiz Body Open the quiz; Quiz closes Choose opening and closing dates for the quiz. Time limit Determine how long students have to complete the quiz. At the end of the allotted time, the quiz is automatically submitted with the current answers. Time delay between attempts You can force a delay between multiple attempts of a quiz in order to prevent students from gaming the system by immediately answering the same questions. 6
  9. 9. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Display ( Questions per page, Shuffle questions, Shuffle within questions ) </li></ul>7
  10. 10. Creating the Quiz Body Questions per page This sets the number of questions the students will see at once. If you have more questions than the number of questions per page, the students will see a navigation button at the bottom of the page where they can view the questions on other pages. Shuffle questions Set this to Yes to randomly order the quiz questions when they are displayed to the students. Shuffle within questions Set this to Yes to randomly order the parts making up individual multiple-choice or matching questions. 8
  11. 11. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts ( Attempts allowed , Each attempt builds on the last , Adaptive mode ) </li></ul>9
  12. 12. Creating the Quiz Body Attempts allowed Use this option to set the number of times a student can take a quiz. You can set it to unlimited times or to a number from 1 to 6. Each attempt builds on the last If you allow multiple attempts, you can choose to let students build their answers over time. If you set this to Yes, the student’s responses from the last attempt will be visible the next time she tries to take the quiz. Adaptive mode If you choose Yes for this option then the student will be allowed multiple responses to a question even within the same attempt at the quiz. So for example if the student's response is marked as incorrect the student will be allowed to try again immediately. However a penalty will usually be subtracted from the students score for each wrong attempt (the amount of penalty is determined by the penalty factor, set by the next option). 10
  13. 13. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Grades ( Grading method , Apply penalties , Decimal digits in grades ) </li></ul>11
  14. 14. Creating the Quiz Body Grading method If you allow multiple attempts, you can choose which score is recorded. Your choices are highest grade , average grade , first attempt , and last attempt . Apply penalties This only applies if the quiz is run in adaptive mode. Decimal digits in grades Use this to set the number of decimal places in the grade for the quiz. 12
  15. 15. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Review Options </li></ul>13
  16. 16. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>These options control what information users can see when they review a quiz attempt or look at the quiz reports. </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately after the attempt means within two minutes of the attempt being finished by the user clicking 'Submit all and finish'. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, while the quiz is still open means after this, and before the quiz close date. </li></ul><ul><li>After the quiz is closed means after the quiz close date has passed. If the quiz does not have a close date, this state is never reached. </li></ul>14
  17. 17. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Security ( Show quiz in a &quot;secure&quot; window, Require password , Require network address ) </li></ul>15
  18. 18. Creating the Quiz Body Show quiz in a secure window Selecting this option will open the quiz in a new window without the forward and back buttons, address bar, or other navigational features. This will prevent students from navigating to other sites during the quiz. Require password You can set a password for the quiz that students will need to enter before they can take the quiz. You can use this to restrict who takes a quiz and when they take it. Require network address This option restricts access to the test to certain IP address ranges. If you want to require students to take a test from a certain lab on campus, set the network address range to cover the networks in the lab. For example, if you want to require access from computers with an IP range of 10.10.10.0 to 10.10.10.50, you would enter 10.10.10.0-50. To allow access from all computers in a subnet (say, on the campus), enter the partial address you want to use. 16
  19. 19. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Common module settings ( Group mode, Visible, ID number, Grade category ) </li></ul>17
  20. 20. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>Group mode </li></ul><ul><li>The group mode can be one of three levels: </li></ul><ul><li>No groups - there are no sub groups, everyone is part of one big community </li></ul><ul><li>Separate groups - each group can only see their own group, others are invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Visible groups - each group works in their own group, but can also see other groups </li></ul><ul><li>Visible </li></ul><ul><li>This determines whether students may view the activity or not. </li></ul>18
  21. 21. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>In the Quiz editing page </li></ul><ul><li>Overall feedback </li></ul>19
  22. 22. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>The overall feedback is some text that is shown to a student after they have completed an attempt at the quiz. The text that is shown can depend on the grade the student got. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, if you enter: </li></ul><ul><li>Grade boundary: 100% Feedback: Well done Grade boundary: 40% Feedback: Please study this week's work again. ... Grade boundary: 0% </li></ul><ul><li>Then students who score between 100% and 40% will see the &quot;Well done&quot; message, and students who score between 39.99% and 0% will see the other message. That is, the grade boundaries define ranges of grades, and each feedback string is displayed to scores within the appropriate range. </li></ul>20
  23. 23. Creating the Quiz Body <ul><li>The grade boundaries can be specified either as a percentage, for example &quot;31.41%&quot;, or as a number, for example &quot;7&quot;. If your quiz is out of 10 marks, a grade boundary of 7 means 7/10 or better. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Click the “ Save and return to course ” button or “ Save and display ” button . </li></ul>21
  24. 24. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Upon completion of the creation of the Quiz Body and the press on the Save and display button is automatically move to the Question bank section 22
  25. 25. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>On the right, you may select a category (there is one set up called “ default for “the course name” ”). These are ways of organizing your questions. </li></ul><ul><li>To add new categories, click on “ Categories ,” add the new category, and click on “ Add category .”. </li></ul><ul><li>To “build” a question, select a category (for my examples, I will use “ default for “the course name” ”). The screen will then show any existing questions, and allow you to add new ones. </li></ul><ul><li>When you create a question, it is stored in the category you selected. It is then always available to add to any quiz at any time. </li></ul>23
  26. 26. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>To create a new question , select the type of question you </li></ul><ul><li>want from the pull-down menu. </li></ul><ul><li>You have the option of adding a Calculated , Description , Essay , Matching , Embedded Answers (Cloze) , Multiple Choice , Short Answer , Numerical , Random Short-Answer Matching or True/False questions. </li></ul>24
  27. 27. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>To add a calculated question, select “ Calculated ” from the pull-down menu. This will take you to the calculated question editing screen: </li></ul>Calculated 25
  28. 28. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Category – this is the category to which the question is assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>Shared wild cards – if you have created wild cards (an unknown or unpredictable factor ) for other calculated questions in this category, you can access them here. </li></ul><ul><li>Question name – this can be anything you like. </li></ul><ul><li>Question text – this is the question itself. The question can support full formatting (bold, italics, etc.) by using the formatting toolbar. You would typically include variables in the question, contained in curly brackets. An example would be “What is {x} times {y}? </li></ul><ul><li>Image to display – you can select an image to display from any uploaded files you have in the class. </li></ul>Calculated (General) 26
  29. 29. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Default Question Grade – default number of points assigned to this question. </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty factor - You can specify what fraction of the achieved score should be subtracted for each wrong response. </li></ul><ul><li>General feedback - Question general feedback is some text that gets shown to the student after they have attempted the question. Unlike feedback, which depends on the question type and what response the student gave, the same general feedback text is shown to all students. </li></ul><ul><li>You can control when general feedback is shown to students using the &quot; Review Options &quot; check-boxes on the quiz editing form. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use the general feedback to give students some background to what knowledge the question was testing. Or to give them a link to more information they can use if they did not understand the questions. </li></ul>Calculated 27
  30. 30. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Correct answer formula – this is where you set the formula for the answer. This would use the same variables used in the question. For my example above, this would be {x}*{y}. This will support +, -, *, /, as well as other functions (like sin, cos, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Grade – This lets you assign the grade the student would get if they used this formula to solve the equation. </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance –As for numerical questions it is possible to allow a margin within which all responses are accepted as correct. The &quot;Tolerance&quot; field is used for this. </li></ul>Calculated (Answer) 28
  31. 31. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Tolerance Type – This sets how the tolerance is calculated. There are three methods for calculating tolerance: </li></ul><ul><li>- Relative – this sets the tolerance relative to the actual answer, based on using the “Tolerance” number (from above). The tolerance is set by </li></ul><ul><li>multiplying the “Tolerance” number by the answer, and then allowing the </li></ul><ul><li>answer to be +- the result. For example, if the real answer is 50, and the </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tolerance” number is set to .5, the resulting tolerance would be +- 25 (50 times .5 = 25). So any answer from 25 to 75 would work. When using </li></ul><ul><li>Relative tolerance, you will usually set the “Tolerance” number between 0 and 1 (you can use a number larger than 1, but the acceptable answer </li></ul><ul><li>range will be larger than the real answer – i.e., a “Tolerance” number of 2 would yield 50 +- 100 = -50 to 150). </li></ul>Calculated 29
  32. 32. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) - Nominal – this is the simplest type of tolerance. This simply sets the “ Tolerance” number as the tolerance. For example, if the real answer were 50, and the ‘Tolerance” number were set to 7, then a correct number is any in the range 50+-7 = 43 to 57. This type of tolerance can use any “Tolerance” number equally well. Calculated 30
  33. 33. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) - Geometric – this sets the tolerance relative to the actual answer, based on using the “Tolerance” number. The upper limit of the acceptable answers is just the same as in the Relative tolerance. If the real answer is 50, and the “Tolerance” number is set to .5, the resulting UPPER limit would be + 25 (50 times .5 = 25). So the upper range would be any number from 50 to 75. To calculate the LOWER range, the system takes the real answer and divides it by (1 plus the “Tolerance” number). In this example, this would be 50 (the real answer), divided by 1.5 (1 plus the “Tolerance” number of .5). This would make the lower range to be 50/1.5 = 33.33. So, in this example, the full range would be any number from 33.33 to 75. Generally, this type of tolerance would use a “Tolerance” number between 0 and 1. Calculated 31
  34. 34. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Correct Answer Shows – this sets how many decimals or significant figures are shown in the answer. If the answer is 33.33 and the decimals is set to 1, then the answer would be 33.3. If the answer is 1234 and the significant figures is set to 2, then the answer is 1200. </li></ul><ul><li>Format – this determines whether you are using decimals or significant figures for the correct answer </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback – you can include feedback if the student answered using this formula </li></ul>Calculated 32
  35. 35. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Unit (optional) – This is an optional field to add units (like meters, kilograms, etc.). You may also add additional units with the appropriate conversion multiplier. </li></ul>Calculated 33
  36. 36. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>When you have set all these fields, click on “Next Page.” This will take you to a screen to set information about the variables. In my example, the screen looks like this: </li></ul>Calculated 34
  37. 37. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Each variable has two options. You can have the question use data that are used only by this question a “ private dataset ”, or you can have the variables pull data from a common data set a “ shared dataset ”. Either way, you will add the actual data on the next screen. Set each variable then click on “Next Page” This will take you to this screen: </li></ul>Calculated 35
  38. 38. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>The system generates initial values for the variables, with new values appearing when you click the “ Update the datasets parameters ” button. If you prefer, you can simply type in the value for each variable. These values will replace the wild cards in the question when it appears to the student. You can add multiple datasets, so that each student gets </li></ul><ul><li>their own numbers… but are tested on the same formula. (great way to prevent cheating!). </li></ul><ul><li>When you have variable numbers you want, click on “ Add item ” This adds the set to the data set, and then you can create more possible values for the variables. You can repeat this process as often as you wish. The actual question will randomly pull data from the data set you just created. When you are done adding data, click on “ save changes ”. </li></ul>Calculated 36
  39. 39. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>To add a description, select “ Description ” from the pull-down menu. </li></ul><ul><li>A description is not actually a question. It allows you to add text to a quiz (such as a story or an article) that you can then ask other questions about. </li></ul><ul><li>The description editing screen looks like this: </li></ul>Description 37
  40. 40. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>An essay question is a free-response text area where students can enter larger blocks of text in response to your question. </li></ul><ul><li>These questions are not scored by the computer, and you will need to grade each answer manually. </li></ul><ul><li>To create an essay question: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Select Essay from the “ Create new question ” drop-down menu. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Give the question a descriptive name . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Enter the question text . </li></ul>Essay 38
  41. 41. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) 4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question 5. If you wish, add general feedback and/or specific feedback. 6 . Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. Essay 39
  42. 42. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Matching questions ask students to match multiple question stems to multiple possible answers. </li></ul><ul><li>They are useful for testing students’ understanding of vocabulary and their ability to match examples to concepts. </li></ul>Matching 40
  43. 43. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Setting up a matching </li></ul><ul><li>question in Moodle is a bit different from setting up other types of questions. </li></ul><ul><li>To create a matching question: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Select Matching from the “ Create new question ” drop-down menu. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Give the question a descriptive name . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Enter the question text to tell the students what they are matching. </li></ul>Matching 41
  44. 44. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) 4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question. 5. If you wish, add general feedback . 6. For the first matching item, enter the question and a matching answer . 7. Fill in at least three questions and answers. You can add 3 more sets of Blanks any time you need. You can provide extra wrong answers by giving an answer with a blank question. 8. Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. Matching 42
  45. 45. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>You then need to fill in at least 3 questions that will be matched to the answers you provide. </li></ul><ul><li>The “ questions ” can be one word to be matched to the answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Each matching part is worth an equal amount (if you have four matches, each is worth 25% of the whole question. </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle will display the question in two columns. The first will contain the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>The second will display a drop-down menu for each question with all possible matching answers as options. </li></ul>Matching 43
  46. 46. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>These questions embed the answers into the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloze has various answers embedded within it, including multiple choice, short answers, and numerical answers </li></ul><ul><li>This allows you to have questions that look like this (taken from Moodle help): </li></ul>Embedded Answers (Cloze) 44
  47. 47. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>There is currently no graphical interface to create these questions—you need to specify the question format using the text box or by importing it from external files. </li></ul>Embedded Answers (Cloze) 45
  48. 48. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>The Embedded Answers (Cloze) Moodle documentation page describes the syntax required to embed answers. </li></ul><ul><li>This question consists of some text with an answer embedded right here </li></ul><ul><li>{1:MULTICHOICE:Wrong answer#Feedback for this wrong answer~Another wrong answer#Feedback for the other wrong answer~=Correct answer#Feedback for correct answer~%50%Answer that gives half the credit#Feedback for half credit answer} </li></ul><ul><li>and right after that you will have to deal with this short answer {1:SHORTANSWER:Wrong answer#Feedback for this wrong answer~=Correct answer#Feedback for correct answer~%50%Answer that gives half the credit#Feedback for half credit answer} </li></ul><ul><li>and finally we have a floating point number {2:NUMERICAL:=23.8:0.1#Feedback for correct answer 23.8~%50%23.8:2#Feedback for half credit answer in the nearby region of the correct answer}. </li></ul>Embedded Answers (Cloze) 46
  49. 49. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Note that addresses like www.moodle.org and smileys :-) all work as normal: a) How good is this? {:MULTICHOICE:=Yes#Correct~No#We have a different opinion} b) What grade would you give it? {3:NUMERICAL:=3:2} Good luck! Embedded Answers (Cloze) 47
  50. 50. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>To create a Cloze question: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Select “ Embedded answers (Cloze) ” from the “Create new question” drop-down </li></ul><ul><li>menu. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Type the question text with embedded answers. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Continue to add text and embed questions until complete. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Add Penalty factor (You can specify what fraction of the achieved score should be subtracted for each wrong response. This is only relevant if the quiz is run in adaptive mode so that the student is allowed to make repeated responses to the question ). </li></ul><ul><li>6. If you wish, add general feedback . </li></ul><ul><li>7. You can click the “ Decode and Verify the Question Text ” button to decode the cloze question. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. </li></ul>Embedded Answers (Cloze) 48
  51. 51. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Moodle provides you with a lot of flexibility when creating this common question type. </li></ul><ul><li>You can create single- and multiple-answer questions, display pictures in the question, and give relative grading weights to individual answers. </li></ul>Multiple Choice 52
  52. 52. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) To create a multiple-choice question: 1. Select “ Multiple choice ” from the “ Create new question ” drop-down menu. 2. On the multiple-choice question-editing page, start by giving the question a descriptive name . You’ll use the name to track your questions later, so “Question 1” isn’t a good idea. 3. Create the question text . If you’re using the HTML editor, you can format the question just like a word-processing document. 4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question. 5. Set the default question grade . 6. If you are intending to run the quiz in adaptive mode, set the penalty factor for each wrong response. 7. If you wish, add general feedback , i.e., text shown after attempting a question regardless of response given. General feedback will be displayed only if selected in the options for students to review the quiz. Multiple Choice 53
  53. 53. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) 8. Choose whether students can select only one answer or multiple answers . 9. Choose whether answers should be shuffled . 10. Choose the the choices number. 11. Write your first response in the Choice 1 answer field. 12. Select a grade percentage for the answer. This is the percentage of the total points possible for the question, selecting a given answer is worth. You can select negative percentages as well as positive percentages. So if a question is worth 10 points, selecting one correct response out of two in a multiple-choice question may give you 50 percent of the possible points (i.e., 5 points). Selecting a wrong answer may take away 10 percent. 13. If you wish, you can add feedback for each response. Feedback will be displayed only if selected in the options for students to review the quiz 14. Fill in the response choices in the rest of the form. Any unused areas will be ignored. Multiple Choice 53
  54. 54. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) 15. If you wish, you can add overall feedback for any correct/partially correct/incorrect answer. This is especially useful for multiple-answer questions where it is difficult to control what feedback students receive just using the answer-specific feedback. 16. Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. Multiple Choice 53
  55. 55. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Short-answer questions require the student to type an answer to a question. </li></ul><ul><li>The answer could be a word or a phrase, but it must match one of your acceptable answers exactly. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a good idea to keep the required answer as short as </li></ul><ul><li>possible to avoid missing a correct answer that’s phrased differently. </li></ul>Short Answer 54
  56. 56. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) To create a short-answer question: 1. Select “ Short answer ” from the “ Create new question ” drop-down menu. 2. Give your question a descriptive name. 3 . Create the question text . If you want students to fill in a blank, use the underscore to indicate where the blank is. 4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question. 5. If you wish, add general feedback . 6. Choose whether capitalization is important. Case-sensitivity can be tricky. Will you accept “Khartoum” as well as “khartoum” as an answer? 7. Fill in the answers you will accept. Give each answer a percentage of the grade if required. You could give common misspellings partial credit with this option. 8. Add feedback for each acceptable answer. 9. Click the “Save changes” button to add the question to the category. Short Answer 55
  57. 57. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Numerical questions are a lot like short-answer questions for equations. </li></ul><ul><li>You can create a question with an equation, and your students type in a numerical answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will get credit for answers within the range of answers you specify. </li></ul>Numerical Question 56
  58. 58. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) To create a numerical question: 1. Select Numerical from the “ Create new question ” drop-down menu. 2. Give the question a descriptive name . 3. Type the equation or numerical question for your students to solve. Moodle has a couple of text filters, called Algebra and TeX, that allow you to type an equation and have it properly typeset when displayed. You may need to ask your system administrator to enable the filters. 4. Select an image to display if you want to add a picture to the question. 5. If you wish, add general feedback . 6. Enter the correct answer and grade . You may choose to add a number of correct answers with different levels of accuracy and corresponding different levels of credit. Numerical Question 57
  59. 59. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) 7. Enter the accepted error , i.e., the range above or below the correct answer. For example, if the correct answer is 5, but you will accept 4 or 6 as answers, your accepted error is 1. 8. Add feedback for each acceptable answer. 9. If you want to accept answers in multiple units (e.g., metric or imperial units), specify the unit multiplier and the unit label in the areas. 10. Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. Numerical Question 57
  60. 60. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>This is an interesting question type. You take random multiple short-answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>and their correct answers and create a matching question out of them. It’s an interesting way to reuse your short-answer questions in a new format. </li></ul><ul><li>You must have at least 2 (two) short answer questions in a category for this feature to work. </li></ul>Random Short-Answer Matching 58
  61. 61. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) To create a random short-answer matching question: 1. Select “ Random short-answer matching ” from the “ Create new question ” dropdown menu. 2. Give the question a descriptive name . 3. Enter the question text to tell the students what they are matching, or use the default text. 4. If you wish, add general feedback . 5. Select the number of questions you want to add to the matching question. 6. Click the “ Save changes ” button to add the question to the category. Random Short-Answer Matching 59
  62. 62. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>This is a simple multiple-choice question with only two possible answers. </li></ul><ul><li>To add a true/false question, select True/False from the “Create new question” drop-down menu. This will take you to a screen like this: </li></ul>True/False 60
  63. 63. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) True/False <ul><li>Category </li></ul><ul><li>Question name </li></ul><ul><li>Question Text </li></ul><ul><li>Default question grade </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty factor (always 1) </li></ul><ul><li>General Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Correct answer (True/False) </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback for the response 'True' </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback for the response ‘False' </li></ul>61
  64. 64. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Check the box next to each question you want (remember, there may be questions you don’t want to use because they are from another unit), and click on the “ Add to quiz ” button: Adding questions to the quiz 62
  65. 65. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Adding questions to the quiz 63
  66. 66. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Notice at the top, under the tabs, you have a variety of links. One of them is “ import ”. </li></ul><ul><li>When you click on this link, the following screen appears: </li></ul>Importing questions 64
  67. 67. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>File format </li></ul><ul><li>Category </li></ul><ul><li>Match grades </li></ul><ul><li>Error if grade not listed </li></ul><ul><li>Nearest if grade not listed </li></ul><ul><li>Stop on error </li></ul><ul><li>Import from file upload... </li></ul><ul><li>Import from file already in course files... </li></ul>Importing questions 65
  68. 68. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>Aiken format </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard V6+ </li></ul><ul><li>Course Test Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded answers (Cloze) </li></ul><ul><li>Examview format </li></ul><ul><li>Learnwise format </li></ul><ul><li>Missing Word </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle XML format </li></ul><ul><li>WebCT </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 66
  69. 69. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>GIFT is the most comprehensive import format available for importing Moodle quiz questions from a text file. It supports Multiple-Choice, True-False, Short Answer, Matching and Numerical questions, as well as insertion of a _____ for the Missing Word format. </li></ul><ul><li>Various question-types can be mixed in a single text file, and the format also supports line comments, question names, feedback and percentage-weight grades. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 67
  70. 70. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese characters originally came from what country? { </li></ul><ul><li>~India </li></ul><ul><li>=China </li></ul><ul><li>~Korea </li></ul><ul><li>~Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>} </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 68
  71. 71. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Missing Word </li></ul><ul><li>The American holiday of Thanksgiving is celebrated on the { </li></ul><ul><li>~second </li></ul><ul><li>~third </li></ul><ul><li>=fourth </li></ul><ul><li>} Thursday of November. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 69
  72. 72. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Short Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Two plus two equals {=four =4 = 4 }. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 70
  73. 73. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>True-False: </li></ul><ul><li>The sun rises in the east.{True} </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 71
  74. 74. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Matching: </li></ul><ul><li>Match the following countries with their corresponding capitals. { </li></ul><ul><li>=Canada -> Ottawa </li></ul><ul><li>=Italy -> Rome </li></ul><ul><li>=Japan -> Tokyo </li></ul><ul><li>=India -> New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>} </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 72
  75. 75. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Numerical: </li></ul><ul><li>What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.1415:0.0005}. </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}. </li></ul><ul><li>{# MinimumValue .. MaximumValue }. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 73
  76. 76. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Essay: </li></ul><ul><li>Write a short essay of SUDAN { } </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 74
  77. 77. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Description: The next set of questions will concern arithmatic </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 75
  78. 78. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Line Comments: // Subheading: Numerical questions below </li></ul><ul><li>What's 2 plus 2? {#4} </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 76
  79. 79. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Question Name: </li></ul><ul><li>A question name can be specified by placing it first and enclosing it within double colons. </li></ul><ul><li>If no question name is specified, the entire question will be used as the name by default. </li></ul><ul><li>:: Japan Origins::Japanese characters originally came from what country? {=China} </li></ul><ul><li>::Thanksgiving Date::The American holiday of Thanksgiving is </li></ul><ul><li>celebrated on the {~second ~third =fourth} Thursday of Novembe </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 77
  80. 80. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback: </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback can be included for each answer by following the answer with a number sign (# also known as a hash mark) and the feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>What's the answer to this multiple-choice question? { </li></ul><ul><li>~wrong answer#feedback comment on the wrong answer </li></ul><ul><li>~another wrong answer#feedback comment on this wrong answer </li></ul><ul><li>=right answer#Very good! </li></ul><ul><li>} </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 78
  81. 81. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage Answer Weights: </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage answer weights are available for both Multiple Choice and Short Answer questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage answer weights can be included by following the tilde (~) (for Multiple Choice) or equal (=) sign (for Short Answer) with the desired percent enclosed within percent signs (e.g., %50%). </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 79
  82. 82. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage Answer Weights: </li></ul><ul><li>::Sudan Capital::The Capital of Sudan is { </li></ul><ul><li>~%50% Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>~%25% Oumdurman </li></ul><ul><li>~%25% Bahri </li></ul><ul><li>= Tri City }. </li></ul><ul><li>::Sudan Capital::The Capital of Sudan is { </li></ul><ul><li>=%50%Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>=%25% Oumdurman </li></ul><ul><li>=%25% Bahri </li></ul><ul><li>= Tri City }. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 80
  83. 83. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Specify text-formatting for the question: </li></ul><ul><li>The question text (only) may have an optional text format specified. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently the available formats are moodle (Moodle Auto-Format), html (HTML format), plain (Plain text format) and markdown (Markdown format). </li></ul><ul><li>The format is specified in square brackets immediately before the question text. </li></ul><ul><li>[markdown]The *American holiday of Thanksgiving* is celebrated on the { </li></ul><ul><li>~second </li></ul><ul><li>~third </li></ul><ul><li>=fourth } Thursday of November. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 81
  84. 84. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>The Multiple Answers option is used for multiple choice questions when two or more answers must be selected in order to obtain full credit. </li></ul><ul><li>The multiple answers option is enabled by assigning partial answer weight to multiple answers, while allowing no single answer to receive full credit. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that there is no equal sign (=) in any answer and the answers should total no more than 100%, otherwise Moodle will return an error. </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid the problem of students automatically getting 100% by simply checking all of the answers, it is best to include negative answer weights for wrong answers. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 82
  85. 85. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>::Sudan Capital::The Capital of Sudan consists of </li></ul><ul><li>{ </li></ul><ul><li>~%50% Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>~%25% Oumdurman </li></ul><ul><li>~%25% Bahri </li></ul><ul><li>~-%50%Medeni </li></ul><ul><li>~-%50%Portsudan </li></ul><ul><li>}. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 83
  86. 86. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Special Characters ~ = # { } </li></ul><ul><li>These symbols ~ = # { } : control the operation of this filter and cannot be used as normal text within questions. Since these symbols have a special role in determining the operation of this filter, they are called &quot;control characters.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>But sometimes you may want to use one of these characters, for example to show a mathematical formula in a question. </li></ul><ul><li>The way to get around this problem is &quot;escaping&quot; the control characters. This means simply putting a backslash () before a control character so the filter will know that you want to use it as a literal character instead of as a control character. </li></ul><ul><li>Which answer equals 5? { ~ = 2 + 2 = = 2 + 3 ~ = 2 + 4 } </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 84
  87. 87. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>GIFT format </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Specifying Categories: </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to change the category into which the questions are added within the GIFT file. </li></ul><ul><li>You can change the category as many times as you wish within the file. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that for this to work the from file: box must be ticked on the import screen. </li></ul><ul><li>The categories are created if they do not exist. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 85
  88. 88. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Aiken format </li></ul><ul><li>The Aiken format is a very simple way of creating multiple choice questions using a clear human-readable format. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is an example of the format: </li></ul><ul><li>What is the correct answer to this question? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Is it this one? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Maybe this answer? </li></ul><ul><li>C. Possibly this one? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Must be this one! </li></ul><ul><li>ANSWER: D </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 86
  89. 89. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Aiken format </li></ul><ul><li>Which LMS has the most quiz import formats? </li></ul><ul><li>A) Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>B) ATutor </li></ul><ul><li>C) Claroline </li></ul><ul><li>D) Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>E) WebCT </li></ul><ul><li>F) Ilias </li></ul><ul><li>ANSWER: A </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 87
  90. 90. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>Aiken format </li></ul><ul><li>The question must be all on one line. </li></ul><ul><li>Each answer must start with a single-letter character, followed by a period '.' or a bracket ')', then a space. </li></ul><ul><li>The answer line must immediately follow, starting with &quot;ANSWER:&quot; and then giving the appropriate letter. </li></ul>Importing questions File Format 88
  91. 91. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>You can also export files from your question bank, so that you can use them in other systems (or, so that you can import them into a Lesson activity). </li></ul><ul><li>To do this, click on the Export link at the top. The following screen will appear: </li></ul><ul><li>You can pick a category to export, choose the file format you want to save it as, and give the file a name. When finished, click on the “Export questions to file” button. </li></ul>Exporting questions 89
  92. 92. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) <ul><li>When your quiz appears, note that you have a variety of the tabs above it: </li></ul>Reviewing your Quiz <ul><li>The tabs include “Info”, “Results”, “Preview” and “Edit”. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Info” tab, as shown above, basically just shows you the quiz’s name and description. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Edit” tab would take you back to the previous area (where you could add more questions, change the order, etc…). </li></ul><ul><li>The “Preview” tab, takes you to a screen where you can see what the Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>would look like to students. </li></ul>90
  93. 93. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Reviewing your Quiz <ul><li>The “Results” tab, takes you to a screen like this: </li></ul>91
  94. 94. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Reviewing your Quiz <ul><li>Notice how you now have four additional links above “Overview”, “Regrade”, “Manual grading” and “Item analysis”. </li></ul><ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>This contains the list of quiz attempts arranged in four columns: </li></ul><ul><li>First name / Surname </li></ul><ul><li>Started on - that contains the information about the exact time the test was started </li></ul><ul><li>Completed – the exact time the test was finished </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken - the amount of time it took a given student to do the test </li></ul><ul><li>Grade/x - the number of points students scored; 'x' is the maximum number of </li></ul><ul><li>points students could score </li></ul><ul><li>With the Select all / Deselect all options you can check / uncheck all the names in the list, and, with selected, delete. You also have buttons that will allow you to download the overview results as either an ODS, Excel or Text file. </li></ul>92
  95. 95. Creating Questions for a Quiz (Question bank) Reviewing your Quiz <ul><li>Regrade </li></ul><ul><li>That tab will recalculate the quiz grades. This may become necessary if you have </li></ul><ul><li>changed one of the questions or the grade possible for the quiz or a question. </li></ul><ul><li>Manual grading </li></ul><ul><li>The grade of any question in a quiz can be manually overridden, and a comment added. A teacher can do this from the results page. There are also some question types that Moodle does not grade automatically (at the moment only the Essay question). This report helps you grade questions of these types by listing just the questions that still need to be graded. </li></ul><ul><li>Item analysis </li></ul><ul><li>This table presents processed quiz data in a way suitable for analyzing and judging the performance of each question for the function of assessment. The statistical parameters used are calculated as explained by classical test theory. (If you need help interpreting the data, click on the “?” icon on this page). </li></ul>93
  96. 96. Questions ? 94

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