Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Wekerle CIHR Team - Supporting Youth in Adversity, in Transition and in Community

78 views

Published on

Supporting Youth in Adversity, in Transition and in Community

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Wekerle CIHR Team - Supporting Youth in Adversity, in Transition and in Community

  1. 1. Supporting youth in adversity, in transition, and in community Adolescent resilience: : Focus on Practical Strategies Christine Wekerle, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Pediatrics McMaster University Email: wekerc@mcmaster.ca Twitter: @ResilienceInYou @DrWekerle Website: International Network in Child and Youth Resilience www.in-car.ca
  2. 2. Positive Research Trends: Youth OVERALL POPULATION TRENDS (from Child Trends) • More teens volunteering in their communities • Steady decrease in teen pregnancies and births (27/1000 US teens) • Decrease in high school drop-out rate • Decrease in teen mortality due to car accidents • Increase in use of seatbelts • Decrease in drunk driving • Increasing % of “substance free” high schoolers (abstinence) • About 3% of students (about 33,400) smoke cigarettes on a daily basis • Fewer teens in juvenile detention; fewer reporting being in a physical fight past year • Decrease in binge-drinking (US); All substances 1999-2013 (ON) • Increase in marijuana use; increase in OTC cold/cough misuse (ON) • Check out: Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (CAMH) 2013
  3. 3. Why Promote Resilience? • Increasingly, we live in a world of change in which resilience and ability to adapt to change are highly valued • Recent 2014 British report on “flux” in the workplace indicates that resilient workers are highly preferred • Resilience promotion helps minimize adjustment problems and stress, maximize well- being/happiness • Need for resilience promotion suggested by growing concerns about mental health problems among youth and young adults
  4. 4. Resilience Definition Capacity of a dynamic system to adapt successfully to disturbances that threaten system function viability or development (Masten, 2014) Types: unaffected/resistant; recovery; normalization; transformation/post- traumatic growth; hidden • Masten Free Resilience Course (Feb 2015-March 2015): https://www.coursera.org/course/resilienceinchildren
  5. 5. Mattering • At the root of many resilience stories is that one key person who makes the at risk person feel like he or she matters (Dweck) http://choose2matter.org/the- science-of-mattering/ • Often this means spending time with youth in non-achievement pursuits • A sense of mattering is a highly protective resource that promotes self- esteem; but anti-mattering experiences strip self-esteem Every day we should hear at least one little song, read one good poem, see one exquisite picture, and, if possible, speak a few sensible words - Goethe
  6. 6. New RealitiesFacingYouth: VirtualConnections Sexting • 20% middle school youth report receiving a sext • 5% report sending a sext • Students who text 100/day were 2.4 more likely to receive a sext and 4.5 more likely to send a sext • Sext involvement linked with being sexually active, unprotected sex • Clinicians should discuss sexting as early sexual debut is linked with STIs and teen pregnancies (Rice et al. , 2014 in Pediatrics) Differential Language Analysis • Lexicons reflect the group (or sub-group) and words matter • From 15.4 million postings - Facebook word analyses, males use the word “my” more often than females when signaling a relationship • Social activities (sports, church, meetings etc.) correlate w/ emotional stability • (Schwartz et al., 2013 in PLOS ONE)
  7. 7. Practical Strategy: Resilience as an everyday practice System in Balance (Physical Regulation) Healthy nutrition and team sports participation were found to have a positive effect on academic performance (Busch et al., 2014). Sleep hygiene a critical issue for youth! Healthy Coping (Emotion Regulation) • Males persist in sensation-seeking longer than females and slower in developing impulse control, Shullman et al., 2014. • Practice in soothing and sustained attention – repetitive actions (cycling, running, rowing, yoga, etc.), deep breathing practice, yoga, gaming (true!) • Institute of Medicine – Neuroscience of Gaming Report http://www.iom.edu/~/media/WIBgaming.pdf?la=en&utm_source=IOM+Email+List&ut m_campaign=2056533b0e- 2_18.23_15_New_WIBS&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_211686812e-2056533b0e- 180169033 Social Connections (Attachment, Affiliation, Social Capital; Neighbourhood Cohesion) Big Brothers/Big Sisters effective program Motivation – Mindsets Matter (CBT + Tutoring > Male Academics, Cook et al., 2014) • Evidence for matching personality style to change target (Conrod, Stewart brief intervention)
  8. 8. 8 COMMON THINKING TRAPS  Anxiety 1) Jumping to conclusions: judging a situation based on assumptions as opposed to definitive facts 2) Mental filtering: Paying attention to the negative details in a situation while ignoring the positive 3) Magnifying: magnifying negative aspects in a situation 4) Minimizing: minimizing positive aspects in a situation 5) Personalizing: assuming the blame for problems even when you are not primarily responsible 6) Externalizing: pushing the blame for problems onto others even when you are primarily responsible 7) Overgeneralizing: concluding that one bad incident will lead to a repeated pattern of defeat 8) Emotional reasoning: assuming your negative emotions translate into reality, or confusing feelings with facts Going to Accurate Thinking – Be The Scientist – Get Facts – Experiment! Practical Process for Tackling Thinking (The 3C’s): (1) Check for common thought holes (Am I thinking about this logically?) (2) Collect evidence to paint an accurate picture (Am I in possession of all the facts?) (3) Challenge the original thoughts (Am I going through my options?)
  9. 9. Minfulness Guide to Problem-solving
  10. 10. Mindfulness is a mindset and set of skills • Impulisivity increasingly identified in research as a core issue to unhealthy coping • Teaching youth: Be prepared to pause • Use the 3C’s : Check-in with others for feedback • Check: Am I thinking about this logically? • Collect: Am I in possession of all the facts? • Challenge: Am I going through all my options? • Video Clip • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=033YRcV14I8
  11. 11. Figure 1. Examples of the stimuli used in natural, built, and geometric conditions. Berry MS, Sweeney MM, Morath J, Odum AL, et al. (2014) The Nature of Impulsivity: Visual Exposure to Natural Environments Decreases Impulsive Decision-Making in a Delay Discounting Task. PLoS ONE 9(5): e97915. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097915 http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097915
  12. 12. Resilience: Positive Connections MentalHealthSuper-Hero clip:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blSkkwcy4uo ResilienceApproachtoSuicideRisk:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=033YRcV14I8
  13. 13. Picturing Wellness Conference April 2016, McMaster University www.in-car.ca for details Thank you for listening!

×