There are many editions of Hugh Miller’s works throughout New College Library, bearing witness to his Free Church beliefs and connections.
Science and religion
Science and religion : a natural history CHRISTINE LOVE-RODGERS NEW COLLEGE LIBRARIAN & ACADEMIC LIAISON LIBRARIAN, DIVINITY UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH Innovative Learning Week
Science and religion : a natural historyA display showcasing items from New CollegeLibrary‟s Collections on the themes of : Man and the Natural World in the Enlightenment Science and scripture Key thinkers in Science and Religion
Several of the items inthis display are drawnfrom New CollegeLibrary‟s NaturalHistory Collection, aSpecial Collectionnumbering about 175books. This dates fromthe early days of NewCollege, where „NaturalScience‟ was taught until1934. The collectioncovers the mid-nineteenth centurycontroversies overevolution and naturalselection, with geologyparticularly wellrepresented. There is afocus on Scottish naturalhistory and on texts byScots writers. What is the Natural History Collection at New College Library?
Richard Brookes(fl. 1721–1763), wasa physician andauthor. Thesestriking animalillustrations aretaken from Volume1 of a seriescovering the wholeof the naturalworld. A bookplateand stamp marksthe item asoriginating from Brookes, R. A new and accurate system ofthe United natural history, containing, 1. The history ofPresbyterian quadrupeds …London : 1763. Nat. 109Library.
Sir Isaac Newton(1642–1727), was anatural philosopher andmathematician.This is volume X fromSamuel Horsley‟s (1733-1806) five volumeedition of Newton‟scomplete works. IsaaciNewton Opera quaeExstant Omnia andprinted in 1779It came from theEdinburgh TheologicalLibrary. The endpapersshow doodles and drafts Isaaci Newtoni opera quae exstant omnia /of mathematical figures. commentariis illustrabat Samuel Horsley … London 1779. Sir Isaac Newton NAT 166-167
The geologist JamesHutton (1726–1797),wasborn in Edinburgh, andhis life spanned thegreatest years of theScottish Enlightenment.This is the first twovolume edition of thiswork, which laid thefoundation of the modernscience of geology.While Hutton was atheist, believing that abeneficent deity haddesigned the geologicaloperations of theearth, his theories werecontroversial because theystill implicitly rejected thebiblical account of James Hutton / Theory of thecreation. Earth. 1795 MH 3/2
Joseph Priestley,(1733–1804), was atheologian and naturalphilosopher, sometimeDissenting minister andschoolmaster.A major figure of theBritish Enlightenment, heis remembered today forhis scientific work, such asthe identification ofoxygen, but in his own dayhe was known as a voicefor liberal reform ofgovernment, education,and theologyThis volume wasbequeathed to FreeChurch College Library byGeorge Waddell of Joseph PriestleyRashiehill who died on the21st of May 1846. The history and present state of electricity 1794 Nat 170
Edward Wells, (1667–1727) was a Church ofEngland clergyman andeducationist.This image shows a foldout engraved illustrationof the Inside of the Ark„Wells has attempted toprovide a rational planof how all the animalsrequired could be fittedinto Noah‟s Ark. Thetext on adjoining pagesdetails the precisenumbers and nature ofthe species considered tobe housed in each area. Wells, Edward. An historical geography of the Old and New Testament … 1809. Nat. 87.
In 1840 Hugh Miller(1802–1856), geologist, evangelical journalist, and writerbecame editor of TheWitness, a new paperfounded to support thecongregationalindependence of the FreeChurch of Scotland. It wasin this paper that the firstof his Old Red Sandstonepapers appeared thatmade him famous.A bookplate marks thisvolume as presented to theProtesting Free Church in1843, making it one of thevery first donations to the Hugh Miller. The Old Rednew Free Church library – Sandstone, 1841.New College Library. Nat 45. Hand coloured illustration.
Hugh Miller became theleading figure of populargeology in the 1840s and1850s.His unimpeachableChristian credentialshelped make geologyacceptable as a morallyand physically improvingoutdoor pursuit.This volume, with itsfrontispiece illustration,signed Hugh Miller, has abookplate inscribedNatural Science Class –Elder Bequest, 1869. Itoriginally came from thecollection that supportedthe teaching of NaturalScience at New College in Hugh Miller. Testimony of thethe nineteenth century. Rocks. TR/D5.
Thomas HenryHuxley, (1825–1895), was a biologistwho developed theoriesfor the evolution of manand apes from acommon ancestor.Man’s Place in Naturewas originally publishedin 1863, in betweenDarwin‟s Origin ofSpecies (1859) andDescent of Man (1871).Huxley‟s anatomicaltheories contibuted tothe Victorian scienceand scripture debate. Thomas Henry Huxley Man’s Place in Nature – 1877 ed. C4/a1
Charles Kingsley(1819–1875), novelistand Church of Englandclergyman, wasfascinated by naturalhistory, particularlymarine biology.This volume containsessays such as “On Bio-Geology” , “Thoughts ina Gravel-Pit “ and “TheNatural Theology of theFuture”Often controversiallyoutspoken on social andreligious issues, hesupported Darwinian Charles Kingsley.theories of evolution. Scientific Lectures & Essays– 1885. Nat. 146
Arthur Eddington (1882–1944) was a theoreticalphysicist and astrophysicistBeginning his career instellar research, Eddingtonled an expedition in May1919 to observe the solareclipse and test one of thepredictions of Einsteinsbold new theory ofgravitation . His successmade Eddington a publicfigure overnight, and hewent on to write highlysuccessful popular scientificbooks.Eddington was a member ofthe Society of Friendsthroughout his life, and hisreligious beliefs shaped thedirection of his scientific Arthur Eddington. Science and thework which asserted theprimacy of mind or unseen world. London : G. Allenconsciousness over quantumuncertainty. and Unwin, 1929. C3/b5
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