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CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEMS (JFY 2012) Country Report(1) Name of Applicant / Organization Rita Savitri Christina Sinaga / Mangrove Management Centre Region II(2) Roles and Responsibilities of Your Organization Mangrove Management Centre Region II has roles carrying out plans and programs formulation, institutional development, information systems management, and monitoring and evaluation of mangrove forest management. Responsibilities of Mangrove Management Centre Region II are : a. Plans and program formulation of rehabilitation, protection, preservation, and sustainable utilization of mangrove forest b. Implementation of inventory, identification, collection, sorting, and information management of mangrove forest resource c. Monitoring and evaluation of mangrove forest management d. Institutional development which includes models, human resources, networking, and information dissemination. 1
(3) Organization Chart of Mangrove Management Centre Region II Mr. Karjono, Head (MECS Field Manager) Administration Sub - Section Mr. Damsyid, Head Mr. Ruslin Tambunan Mrs. Zulista Mrs. Esta P. Tampubolon Mrs. Nurhayati Lubis Mr. Bahasa Simanungkalit Mr. Renold Tampubolon Mr. Hasbullah Program Section Institutional Section Group of Functional Staff (Forest Ecosystem Management Officer) Ms. Fauzan, Head Mr. Bresman Marpaung, Head Mrs. Tri Sumalinda Mr. Eko Nurwijayanto Mr. Alandres Sitanggang (MECS C/P) Mr. Gugum Gumilar Mr. Ibnu Marwan Mr. Bernad Limbong Mr. Khairul Munadi Mr. M. Syawaluddin Hasibuan Ms. Susan Tarigan. Mr. Jadimpan Ms. Rita S. Christina Sinaga (MECS C/P) Ms. Ika Noor Mr. Abdullah Okta Riza Ms. Nurul Muslikah 2
(4) Outline of The Present Situation of Mangrove Ecosystem in Indonesia Indonesia is the largest archipelago country that has about 17.504 islands with coastline of about 95.181 km, therefore Indonesia has a great potential resources of coast and marine. Mangrove ecosystem is a component of coastal and marine ecosystem. Mangrove forest area in Indonesia is the world’s largest. Total existing area of mangrove forest in Indonesia is about 7,758,410.595 ha (data from Forestry Ministry Republic of Indonesia, 2006). It spreads especially in coastal areas of Sumatera, Kalimantan, and Papua. Mangrove’s good condition covering 2,380,705.979 ha (30,7%), mangrove’s moderate condition covering 2,127,340.985 ha (27,4%), and mangrove’s poor condition covering 3,250,363.631 ha (41,9%). Indonesia’s mangrove forest is also the most comprehensive in the world. Recorded there are 202 species of mangrove plants in Indonesia, including 89 species of trees, 5 species of palms, 19 liana species, 44 species ground herbs, 44 species epiphytes, and 1 species of fern (Kusmana, 1993). Out of the total 202 species, 43 species are true mangroves and the rest are associate mangroves. But Mangroves in Indonesia are under increasing threat from clearing of mangroves or conversion of mangrove forest land for development of fishpond and shrimp farming, for palm oil plantation, settlement, port, etc. Exploitation of timber and non timber forest products and contamination of industries and domestic (households) waste are also threatening mangrove sustainability. Community’s perception, that assumes mangroves as less useful resources, also contributes mangroves destruction. Aware of the growing threats, governments and people who are concerned about mangrove have been doing rehabilitation and conservation of mangrove forest. 3
(5) Main Problems in Mangrove Ecosystem Currently Confronted in Indonesia and How You Plant Solve Them Main problems in Indonesia’s mangrove ecosystem are clearing of mangroves or conversion of mangrove forest land for development of fishpond and shrimp farming, for palm oil plantation, settlement, port, etc. Exploitation of timber and non timber forest products and contamination of industries and domestic (households) waste are also threatening mangrove sustainability. Community’s perception, that assumes mangroves as less useful resources, also contributes mangroves destruction. Plan that is expected to reduce and also to solve these problems is community development, especially communities in coastal areas which aims to improve their knowledge and skills in effort to conserve and manage coastal resources especially mangroves. This community development which include environmental education, training, and giving socialization about existence, status, functions and benefits of mangrove ecosystems; conservation and cultivation models of mangrove ecosystem management based on environmental and community such as sylvo - fishery and cluster planting system; etc. Other plans are that the government must tighten regulation about people activities in areas of mangrove forest, also logging and clearing or land conversion of mangrove forest; government and people concerned about mangrove must socialize and do rehabilitation activities in mangrove’s poor condition, such as planting and maintenance activities. 4