THE PASSIVE FORM Use with ‘transitive’ verbs: Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona LisaThe Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci
passives• Farmers grow a mix of 2 or 3 types of cacao• -> 2 or 3 types of cacao is grown• CLIL will change your life• -> Your life will be changed by CLIL
Meaning & Use• To say something in another way (the tense keeps its basic meaning and use)• To show we are interested in the action but not so interested in who does/did it. Those pyramids were built around 400AD.• To put the news at the end – we prefer to start a sentence with something that is already known. A bank was robbed today…• To keep the same subject and maintain focus on the topic
Passive Forms• Will be + pp • ?• Will have been + pp • ?• Am/are/is + pp • ? Name the• Am/are/is being + pp • ? tenses• Have/has been +pp • ?• Was/were + pp • ?• Was/were being + pp • ?• Had been + pp • ?
Passive Forms• Will be + pp • Future simple• Will have been + pp • Future perfect• Am/are/is + pp • Simple present• Am/are/is being + pp • Present progressive• Have/has been +pp • Present perfect• Was/were + pp • Simple past• Was/were being + pp • Past progressive• Had been + pp • Past perfect
Pronunciation• Auxiliary verbs are always pronounced as ‘weak forms’• The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci• Cacao trees have frail trunks so they would easily be damaged if pod pickers tried to climb them
AppropriacyThe passive is prefered when we are :• Writing academic or scientific documents – passives without ‘agents’ are common in this type of document• When we want to keep the same subject to maintain the flow• To make your writing more formal and ‘distant’ from the person reading it
MFPA Always focus on MFPA whenresearching and teaching language