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History of the english language

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History of the English Language

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History of the english language

  1. 1. Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas História da Lingua Inglesa Middle English Phonology Cristian Silva nº37922 Margarida Menino Ferreira nº41698 Inês Andrade e Sousa nº41636
  2. 2. Middle English Period Phonology Middle English Period
  3. 3. -História do Middle English -Mudanças do Old English para o Middle English -Monotongos,vogais,ditongos e consoantes
  4. 4. Middle English Period(1100-1500) Este periodo divide-se em 3 fases: 1)Declínio(1066-1204) 2)Ascensão(1204-1348) 3)Trinfo(1348-1509)
  5. 5. 1) Declínio -Conquista Normanda da Inglaterra(1066) -Consequências/transformações a nível político e social. -O Inglês perdeu o seu estatuto e tornou-se a língua falada pelas classes baixas (depois de 1200) -Latim e Francês ocupavam o lugar das linguas mais respeitadas
  6. 6. 2) Ascensão -Reestabelecimento da lingua inglesa na área da educação, administração e literatura(séc.XIV) - John Lackland (possessões Inglesas) -Declínio de interesses em França -Novo standard baseado no dialeto Inglês -Inglês como o novo meio de instrução
  7. 7. 3) Triunfo -Peste negra(1348-1351) -Guerra dos cem anos(1337-1453) -William Caxton (1476) introdução da imprensa
  8. 8. Língua -Lingua germânica, vocábulário românico -Influências Francesas: *Anglo-Norman French(antes de 1200) *Central French(1200-1400)
  9. 9. Literatura -Temas religiosos John Wyclif The Wyclif Bible(1330-1384) William Langland Piers Plowman(1360) Geoffrey Chaucer Canterbury Tales(1387)
  10. 10. Final do ME Period -William Coxton(1476) -Colonização(1500) -Henry VIII(1509-1547)
  11. 11. Diferenças Dialetais OE Dialects OE Standard ME Dialects ME Standard West Saxon East Midland
  12. 12. Do Old English para o Middle English Período é marcado por um grande número de mudanças sonoras que afetou as consoantes e as vogais. Novos símbolos de consoantes foram introduzidos.
  13. 13. Mudanças nas consoantes ● Perda do /t∫/ ● Mudança do prefixo {ge-} para o prefixo {i/y-} Ex: genog – inough ● Perda da consoante final /n/ Ex: dri:ven – dri:ve ● Perda da consoante fricativa surda antes das consoantes Ex: hra:õer – ra:õer (PDE: rather)
  14. 14. Mudanças nas consoantes ● Perda da fricativa velar sonora Ex: halƔien – holwen Fu:Ɣel – fowel ● Perda do /w/ depois das consoantes Ex: two – to Swa – sa ● Perda as vogais nas silabas átonas
  15. 15. Mudanças Vocalicas ● Novos ditongos Ex: /æi/ saide; /Ɔi/ joye /Ɔv/ growan ● Monotongação Ex: /y/ - /i/ (fy:r – fi:r) /a/ - /Ɔ/ stan - stƆ:n ● Enfraquecimento vocal das silabas átonas Ex: stanas – sta:nəs Fugol - fowəl
  16. 16. 13 6 23 7 5 1
  17. 17. 7
  18. 18. 15
  19. 19. 6
  20. 20. 6
  21. 21. 6
  22. 22. 6
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Canterbury Tales
  25. 25. Considerações finais CRISTIAN POE AQUI O PRINT SCREEN DO VIDEO DO YOU TUBE PLEASE
  26. 26. Bibliografia Barber, Charles, Joan C. Beal & Philip A. Shaw (2009). The English language. A historical introduction. Cambridge: University Press. Baugh, Albert & Thomas Cable (2002). A History of the English Language. 5th edition. London: Routledge. Webgrafia: http://www.fcsh.unl.pt/faculdade/bibliotecas http://www.b-on.pt/ http://cvc.instituto-camoes.pt/cpp/acessibilidade/capitulo3_1.html http://www.csun.edu/~sk36711/WWW/engl400/me1.pdf

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