The term ecotourism started to use nearly thirty years ago and has been the subject of great debate as to its definition. In 1983, Hector Ceballos-Lascuráin, architect and author, defined the ecotourism as a form of responsible tourism. The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) defines ecotourism as "a responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment and improves the well-being of local people".
Minimize the negative impacts on the environment and the community generated by the activity. Build respect and the environmental and cultural awareness. Provide positive experiences for visitors and guests. Provide direct financial benefits for conservation. Strengthen participation in the decision-making process of the local community. Create the sensitivity to climate policy, environmental and social of the host countries. Universal support for human rights and the labour laws.
Ecotourism Category 1 It refers only to the conservation of nature.Ecotourism Category 2 It refers to the conservation and preservation of local culture and heritage.Ecotourism Category 3 It refers to the conservation, preservation of local culture and historical heritage and the opportunity to provide service activities to improve the quality of life of the recipient population.
Paucity of studies responsible of how to satisfy the progressive increase of the demand from Eco tourists. Budgetary constraints to plan, promote, implement and control the ecotourism, in particular on the hotel side. There is a recent movement to qualify and certify hotels, for its demonstrated environmental sensitivity, but need to assess the results and their real impact in practice. Centres of high quality education and educational insufficient who have proper documentation to train professionals and researchers in ecotourism at different levels and with various specializations. Lack of evaluations and other statistics, objective and detailed the impact of ecotourism as base to improve or change the direction and momentum of initiatives to promote a more responsible and sustainable ecotourism.
Well practiced ecotourism can become a powerful instrument for the conservation of the flora and fauna, to exploit a natural resource, but can also cause different types of biological, physical, social and economic damage if not practiced well. Ecotourism continues to respond to the tastes and needs of a population of visitors, that long they have become interested in learning about natural places and also responds to the need to integrate conservation and development, but with less emphasis on giving the receiving community its important role as an active participant, to be the main benefit subject. Ecotourism, rather, focuses on securing a management planned by the country or receiving region, to offer non-conventional visitors a little operated geographical area and increase international trade.
Ecolodge ◦ It is a typical construction materials of the area, usually located in the interior of the territory (forests, mountains, National Park buffer zones and other equivalent areas, areas of public use of the national parks, etc.). For our country the ideal Ecolodge is four bedrooms, each with its own bathroom, sanitary, lounge, double beds, wardrobe and balcony. Services must be environmentally healthy, i.e. solar and hydroelectric energy, gaps in treatment of wastewater with recycling of the same for watering the gardens and other uses, waste recycling, economy of water and energy, among others.
So an Ecolodge is declared by the SECTUR ecotourism company must comply with the following requirements: ◦ must be constructed with materials that harmonize with the environment. ◦ The project of accommodation must be low-density (less than 30 places per hectare). ◦ Sustainable management of water and waste through recycling. Use local employees. ◦ It must be respectful of their environment. ◦ The quality of the baths and other services must conform to international standards of tourism. ◦ Part of its gain should be earmarked her community works. You should use environmentally sound energy. ◦ Application for recognition by writing to the Department of business and services of the Ministry.
Ecotourism Resort ◦ construction material of the zone in the beach, the city or the field, intended for accommodation and wide variety of recreational activities and health (spa). It differs from the traditional resort in the use of building materials, use of energy with a policy of reducing consumption, reduction in the consumption of water, black and treated water recycling, environmentally healthy development of organic agriculture for consumption by tourists, among other measures.
So an ecotourism Resort is declared by the SECTUR ecotourism company must comply with the following requirements: its services must meet the requirements of the standards of this type of company. Join the local population labor functions. Contribute part of their profit to community works. Application for recognition by writing to the Department of business and services of the Ministry. Count with lush landscaping, especially with native and endemic species. Any other that determines the SECTUR.
Hotel button Green ◦ is a hotel or a resort that is traditional, with the difference that integrates all the environmental variables: arborization of the environment, recycling black and treated water, recycling of waste, healthy energy, reduction of water consumption, integration of local communities, creation of wildlife private reserves with trails marked ecotourism and brochure, among other measures to protect the environment.
So a button Green Hotel is declared by the SECTUR ecotourism company must comply with the following requirements: ◦ must meet the specifications outlined in the description of the same. ◦ Comply with the international standards of tourist accommodation, especially as regards the services to offer. ◦ Contribute part of their profit to community works. ◦ Lush landscaping, preferably with native and endemic species. ◦ Application for recognition by writing to the Department of business and services of the Ministry.