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Art of india

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Art of india

  1. 1. indian art is said to be the art form that holds most traditions and oldest history among all the art forms in the world. The aspect of art in India is said to be highly realistic. THE ART OF INDIA
  2. 2. Portrait of Akbar the Great Late16th century Manohar. Worked in late 16th century Watercolour and gouache. 29.2 õ 14.5cm This portrait represents the Mughal Padishah Akbar the Great (reigned 1556-1605). Created by Manohar, a renowned artist of the Mughal school, the work is remarkable for its exquisite linear drawing, meticulous treatment of details and subtle combination of warm tones.
  3. 3. ART OF INDIA <ul><li>The Indian period is unique in its art, literature and </li></ul><ul><li>architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian art is constantly challenged as it rises to the </li></ul><ul><li>peak of achieving the ideals of one philosophy in a </li></ul><ul><li>visual form, then begins a new for another. </li></ul><ul><li>This challenge and revolution in thought provides </li></ul><ul><li>Indian artists with reasons for innovation and creation, </li></ul><ul><li>and the process of visualizing abstract ideas and the </li></ul><ul><li>culture of the land. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ART OF INDIA <ul><li>Each religion and philosophical system provided its </li></ul><ul><li>own tones, vast metaphors and similes, rich </li></ul><ul><li>associations, wild imaginations, humanization of gods </li></ul><ul><li>and celestial beings, characterization of people, the </li></ul><ul><li>single purpose, and the ideal of life to be interpreted in </li></ul><ul><li>art. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What has Influenced Indian Art? <ul><li>Architecture and rock cut art was an important step taken for the progress of Indian art, initiated by the Buddhists and inspired Jains and Hindus who built similar kind of structures like Ajanta, Elephanta, Elora, Badami. </li></ul><ul><li>JAIN - Darma, meaning is a religion and philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>JAINISM - is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings. Its philosophy and practice emphasize the necessity of self-effort to to move the soul towards divine consciousness and liberation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. AJANTA CAVES
  7. 7. What has Influenced Indian Art? <ul><li>Visual art form painting started with rock </li></ul><ul><li>Painting at Stone Age. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mohenjo-Daro <ul><li>The first proof of India’s artwork </li></ul><ul><li>be found in the artistic work </li></ul><ul><li>and civilization of Mehenjo-Daro. </li></ul><ul><li>This was found in the Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Valley in 2500 BCE. This site </li></ul><ul><li>reveals the ruins of carefully </li></ul><ul><li>planned city that thrived about </li></ul><ul><li>4500 years ago. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Influence of Buddhism <ul><li>One of the biggest influences in India’s art is </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism. The teachings of Buddha, an Indian </li></ul><ul><li>prince can be seen in the creative art of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the teachings of the Buddha is about </li></ul><ul><li>happiness and how to be free from sin if one can </li></ul><ul><li>learn to suppress all his desires. Many artists, </li></ul><ul><li>painters and sculptors made the image of Buddha. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace in the of the image of Buddha is noticeable. </li></ul>
  10. 10. About Buddhism <ul><li>One of the basic beliefs of Buddhism is the conviction that </li></ul><ul><li>happiness and good fortune are attainable to all, regardless </li></ul><ul><li>of age, race or background. Buddhists believe that all </li></ul><ul><li>negative mental states or &quot;delusions&quot; as they are referred </li></ul><ul><li>to, can be overcome through the practice of meditation. By </li></ul><ul><li>learning how to meditate, humans can develop peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>and positive mental states or &quot;virtues&quot;, and be able to solve </li></ul><ul><li>the problems associated with their daily lives. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reincarnation <ul><li>Reincarnation is another essential component of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists believe that humans are reborn after dying, and </li></ul><ul><li>adhere to the notion that most humans go through many </li></ul><ul><li>cycles of birth, life, death and rebirth. These cycles will end </li></ul><ul><li>when the attachment to desire and the self is released. </li></ul><ul><li>Once this is accomplished, a state of liberation and freedom </li></ul><ul><li>from suffering is achieved. This is the state of Nirvana and </li></ul><ul><li>the desired destination for believers of the Buddhist faith. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Art of India <ul><li>Art in India is sacred and holy. To them art is one way of </li></ul><ul><li>expressing the message of religion. The theme of the </li></ul><ul><li>statue of Shiva, who is god, is a sacred way of </li></ul><ul><li>presenting the religious message. But the uniqueness </li></ul><ul><li>of an opposite presentation can be seen in the physical </li></ul><ul><li>appearance of the body of the god of Shiva. The legs </li></ul><ul><li>and thigh are physically enticing ( highly attractive and </li></ul><ul><li>be able to arouse hope and desire ). In this manner, </li></ul><ul><li>physical and spiritual characteristics of Shiva are </li></ul><ul><li>combined in this figure </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why does the buddha have a bump on his head? Is it hairstyles? What would pull his ear lobes down? <ul><li>The Buddha was born a prince in India. He wore </li></ul><ul><li>big, heavy gold earrings, which showed others his </li></ul><ul><li>wealth and power. These heavy earrings </li></ul><ul><li>stretched out his ears. He taught that suffering </li></ul><ul><li>and pain come from wanting things. To make </li></ul><ul><li>suffering stop, he worked hard to give up things, </li></ul><ul><li>and wanting things. He gave up his riches, took off </li></ul><ul><li>his fine clothes and earrings. That is why his </li></ul><ul><li>earlobes are long but empty. The bump is to show </li></ul><ul><li>that he learned to be free from suffering, that he is </li></ul><ul><li>wise. The word Buddha means a person who is </li></ul><ul><li>awakened (or enlightened). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why are his eyes half open? <ul><li>His eyes are looking </li></ul><ul><li>down, half closed as if he is </li></ul><ul><li>sleeping, because he is </li></ul><ul><li>meditating (looking inward). The </li></ul><ul><li>artist wanted to show how calm </li></ul><ul><li>and quiet the Buddha is, </li></ul><ul><li>because he has given up his </li></ul><ul><li>desires for a lot of things. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Buddhist Sculpture <ul><li>Pillars are built with a lotus- </li></ul><ul><li>shape top bearing the figure of </li></ul><ul><li>lion, a symbol of Imperial rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Many pillars were built with </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist symbols such as the </li></ul><ul><li>elephant, the bull, and the </li></ul><ul><li>lotus. The lion represented </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha, the lotus represent </li></ul><ul><li>divinity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Influence of Hinduism <ul><li>This is the first religion in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva is one of the gods of India as lord </li></ul><ul><li>of the dance. In many pictures and </li></ul><ul><li>images of Shiva, you will see drum in </li></ul><ul><li>one hand, a symbol of creation, and fire, </li></ul><ul><li>a symbol of destruction. You will also </li></ul><ul><li>notice that the two symbols are opposite </li></ul><ul><li>in meaning. </li></ul>
  17. 17. About Hinduism <ul><li>The three-in-one god known as “Brahman,” which is composed of: Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), and Shiva (the Destroyer).  </li></ul><ul><li>The Caste System. </li></ul><ul><li>Karma.   The law that good begets good, and bad begets bad.  Every action, thought, or decision one makes has consequences – good or bad – that will return to each person in the present life, or in one yet to come. </li></ul>
  18. 18. CASTE SYSTEM - According to Hindu teaching, there are four basic castes, or social classes.  Each caste has its own rules and obligation for living. <ul><li>The elite caste is the Brahman, or priest caste.  </li></ul><ul><li>Second are the Kshatriyas, or warriors and rulers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Third are the Vaisyas, or merchants and farmers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth caste is the Shudras, or laborers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the caste system are the untouchables.  The untouchables are the outcasts of Hindu society.  Though outlawed in India in the 1940s, the untouchables are still a very real part of Indian society.  One does not get decide his or her caste – that matter is decided when one is born into a particular caste.  </li></ul>
  19. 19. About Hinduism <ul><li>Reincarnation.  Also known as “transmigration of souls,” or “samsara.”  This is a journey on the “circle of life,” where each person experiences as series of physical births, deaths, and rebirths.  With good karma, a person can be reborn into a higher caste, or even to godhood.  Bad karma can relegate one to a lower caste, or even to life as an animal in their next life. </li></ul><ul><li>Nirvana.   This is the goal of the Hindu.  Nirvana is the release of the soul from the seemingly endless cycle of rebirths.  </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hindu sculpture <ul><li>Small images Hindu gods were </li></ul><ul><li>carved on stones. Some gods </li></ul><ul><li>were given many heads or arms, </li></ul><ul><li>and were always carrying certain </li></ul><ul><li>emblems ( is a pictorial image, </li></ul><ul><li>abstract or representational, that </li></ul><ul><li>epitomizes a concept ) It was </li></ul><ul><li>believed that the spirit of a temple </li></ul><ul><li>god could be transferred to the </li></ul><ul><li>statue when carried in a procession. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hindu Paintings <ul><li>Walls were with carved and painted images. </li></ul><ul><li>Figures were painted realistically and firmly outlined. </li></ul><ul><li>Color is used for shading. </li></ul><ul><li>In Mogul Dynasty, The subjects were about myths </li></ul><ul><li>or histories of kings. Akbar, one of the famous Mogul </li></ul><ul><li>rulers, encouraged the painters to paint subjects </li></ul><ul><li>around them. </li></ul><ul><li>When British took control over India, South Indian </li></ul><ul><li>artist, Ravi Varana, made a large oil painting of </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu gods in the style of British portrait painting. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hindu Architecture <ul><li>Hindu temple was not intended to accommodate </li></ul><ul><li>worshippers but was meant to be viewed from the </li></ul><ul><li>outside. Temple were used as altars, a residence </li></ul><ul><li>of gods, or a shelter for people who would worship </li></ul><ul><li>for enlightenment. Many temples were built in </li></ul><ul><li>Northern India and the most outstanding is the </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu temple in Khanjuraho in central India. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Hindu Architecture <ul><li>In Southern India, temples were built like palaces </li></ul><ul><li>which were surrounded by high walls and tall </li></ul><ul><li>gateways. The Islam faithful put up structures called </li></ul><ul><li>mosque where they could gather for prayer. Most of </li></ul><ul><li>these mosques have open courtyard surrounded by </li></ul><ul><li>a covered hallway. Taj Mahal is one of the famopus </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Islamic architecture built in the 1600’s by Shah </li></ul><ul><li>Jaham, a Mogul emperor, as a tomb for his wife. It is </li></ul><ul><li>made of marble. </li></ul>
  24. 24. TAJ MAHAL
  25. 25. BAHAI, Houses of Worship, including the Lotus Temple
  26. 26. KONARK, temple architecture, and one of the most stunning monuments of religiou
  27. 27. Khajuraho <ul><li>Khajuraho is a famous </li></ul><ul><li>tourist and archaeological </li></ul><ul><li>site known for its sculptured </li></ul><ul><li>temples dedicated to Shiva, </li></ul><ul><li>Vishnu and Jain. Khajuraho </li></ul><ul><li>has the largest group of </li></ul><ul><li>medieval Hindu and Jain </li></ul><ul><li>temples. famous for their </li></ul><ul><li>erotic sculptures. </li></ul>
  28. 28. What are the Elements used in Indian Art? <ul><li>The symbols for the five elements of nature are as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Earth: Square </li></ul><ul><li>Water: Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Fire: Triangle </li></ul><ul><li>Air: Half Moon (Ardha Chandra) </li></ul><ul><li>Sky: Shape of a Droplet </li></ul>
  29. 29. How Is contemporary Indian Art Characterized? <ul><li>It has been said that art changes </li></ul><ul><li>dimensions according to eras. The </li></ul><ul><li>modernity and tradition have been </li></ul><ul><li>merged effortlessly in numerous </li></ul><ul><li>artworks. The coexistence of different </li></ul><ul><li>period has put Indian art on a high </li></ul><ul><li>pedestal. </li></ul>
  30. 30. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>COLLAGE </li></ul><ul><li>An image created by </li></ul><ul><li>gluing materials such </li></ul><ul><li>as paper scraps, </li></ul><ul><li>photographs and cloth </li></ul><ul><li>to a flat surface. </li></ul>
  31. 31. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>COMIC STRIP </li></ul><ul><li>It is a visual planning </li></ul><ul><li>device sketching out a </li></ul><ul><li>sequence of frames </li></ul><ul><li>for comic strip. film, </li></ul><ul><li>and video. </li></ul>
  32. 32. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>RANGOLI </li></ul><ul><li>is a traditional decorative folk </li></ul><ul><li>art from India. These are </li></ul><ul><li>decorative designs made on </li></ul><ul><li>floors of living rooms and </li></ul><ul><li>courtyards during Hindu </li></ul><ul><li>festivals and are meant as </li></ul><ul><li>sacred welcoming areas for </li></ul><ul><li>the Hindu deities. </li></ul>
  33. 33. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>FRESCO </li></ul><ul><li>A historical painting </li></ul><ul><li>technique in which pigment </li></ul><ul><li>is applied to wet plasters. </li></ul><ul><li>Any of several related mural </li></ul><ul><li>painting types, executed on </li></ul><ul><li>plaster on walls or ceilings. </li></ul>
  34. 34. FRESCO SAMPLES
  35. 35. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>MOSAIC </li></ul><ul><li>A picture composed of </li></ul><ul><li>many small, separate </li></ul><ul><li>pieces of materials such as </li></ul><ul><li>clays, glass, marble, and </li></ul><ul><li>paper which are fastened </li></ul><ul><li>to a background. </li></ul>
  36. 36. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDIUM OF ARTWORK <ul><li>SKETCH </li></ul><ul><li>An image-development strategy; a preliminary drawing. </li></ul>

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