Sculpture medieval art renaissance modern

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Sculpture medieval art renaissance modern

  1. 1. Medieval art
  2. 2. • Usually called the dark ages but it’s not really as dark as you might think. • Timeline: 500-1100 CE • Most art were of religious sense • Medieval, meaning the period in between two different golden ages
  3. 3. The illuminated manuscript
  4. 4. The Lindisfarne Gospels Illustrated between 698- 721 in Christianized Great Britian, is a volume of many vellum (parchment) pages.
  5. 5. Book of Kells
  6. 6. Tapestry
  7. 7. The Unicorn in Captivity, 1495– 1505 South Netherlandish
  8. 8. Stained glass
  9. 9. architecture
  10. 10. Early Romanesque Churches • Were fortified for safety. They were small and dark with thick walls and tiny windows.
  11. 11. Early Medieval Castles • Were heavily fortified with thick walls and moats • Were not at all romantic or comfortable to live in
  12. 12. Styles began to change in the 12th Century • Abbot Suger designed the church of St. Denis outside of Paris • Notice the round arches, the rose window, the three large doors
  13. 13. Notre Dame Cathedral
  14. 14. Chartres Cathedral • New Gothic Cathedrals soared higher and higher due to the use of flying buttresses
  15. 15. Inside Gothic Cathedrals were held up by ribbed vaulting
  16. 16. Gothic Sculpture • Was usually part of a church
  17. 17. Hagia Sophia “Holy Wisdom”  Mystical atmosphere • Nearly 3 football fields long • Pendentives- four arches formed a square • Forty arched windows encircle the base of the dome to give illusion of halo
  18. 18. Romanesque Cathedral • 1050-1200 • Horizontal Emphasis • Stone roof with rounded arches • Thick piers and walls support roof • Smaller windows- dark and solemn
  19. 19. Romanesque Cathedral
  20. 20. Gothic Cathedral • 1200-1500 • Vertical Emphasis- reaches to heaven • Stone roof with pointed arches and ribbed vault • Thin walls and piers supported by Flying Buttresses • Large stain glass windows- airy and “Holy Light”
  21. 21. Flying Buttresses
  22. 22. Medieval Paintings • Were all religious in subject matter– many were book illustrations or altarpieces • Were expressionless, flat and almost cartoon- like • Showed no background or perspective • Were usually frescoes (tempera paint on wet plaster) although some were painted on wood
  23. 23. Medieval Italian Paintings
  24. 24. In the Late Middle Ages, some attempts at perspective were made and some artists even began to sign their works • Fra Angelico’s The Annunciation
  25. 25. Cathedrals entered the Flamboyant Gothic Stage
  26. 26. Facades and Interiors became more ornate
  27. 27. Castles were still fortified but also became more decorative
  28. 28. Literature • Secular Poetry • Often sung or recited – Epics (stories w/ a hero based on history) • Song of Roland – Romances – tales of chivalry (knight’s code of honor) – True love • Performed by troubadors
  29. 29. Secular Literature with religious themes – In the vernacular: the language of the people (not Latin) – Canterbury Tales by • Geoffrey Chaucer – The Divine Comedy • Dante Alighieri The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath
  30. 30. Dante’s Inferno
  31. 31. Renaissance Art A comparison with Medieval Art
  32. 32. Before the Renaissance
  33. 33. The artwork . . . • Focused on religious subjects • Lacked perspective-- paintings appear flat. • There is little use of light and shadow. • The artwork is not natural. Figures appear "placed" in the picture. Large = important
  34. 34. The artwork . . . . • Children are painted to resemble small adults. • Colors are more subdued than in later periods. • In the earlier paintings there is heavy use of gold. • Religious symbols used--haloes, Biblical figures, saints, etc.
  35. 35. During the RenaissanceDuring the Renaissance
  36. 36. The artwork… • There is use of perspective, light and shadow, proportion,
  37. 37. The artwork… • Figures--drawn from nature and based on observation of real world (objective). • Colors are rich, warm, and glowing.
  38. 38. Continued… • Anatomically correct physiology, and emotion. • Use of classical topics/stories depicted in paintings – story of Judith and Holofernes
  39. 39. More . . . • Artists became known for individual style and imagination. • This is a DaVinci— • note the similarity in the mouth in this work to the another famous picture by DaVinci Ginevra de' Benci
  40. 40. …The Mona Lisa
  41. 41. Characteristics ofCharacteristics of Renaissance ArtRenaissance Art
  42. 42. Realism & ExpressionRealism & Expression  Expulsion from the GardenExpulsion from the Garden  MasaccioMasaccio  14271427  First nudes since classicalFirst nudes since classical times.times.
  43. 43. 2. Perspective2. Perspective First use ofFirst use of linearlinear perspective!perspective! The TrinityThe Trinity MasaccioMasaccio 14271427
  44. 44. 3. Classicism3. Classicism  Secularism.  Humanism.  Individualism  free standing figures.  Symmetry/Balance TheThe “Classical Pose”“Classical Pose” Medici “Venus”Medici “Venus”
  45. 45. 4. Emphasis on4. Emphasis on IndividualismIndividualism  Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino  Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.
  46. 46. 5. Geometrical Arrangement of5. Geometrical Arrangement of FiguresFigures  The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate  Leonardo da Vinci  1469  The figure as architecture!
  47. 47. Early RenaissanceEarly Renaissance The First Three Hall-of-Famers
  48. 48. Masaccio 1401-1428 • Founder of early Renaissance Painting • Painted human figure as a real human being (3D) • Used perspective • Consistent source of light (accurate shadows)
  49. 49. The Tribute Money
  50. 50. #2 Donatello 1386-1466 • The sculptor’s Masaccio • David (1430-32) – First free standing, life- size nude since Classical period – Contrapposto – Sense of Underlying skeletal structure
  51. 51. The Penitent Magdalen ~Donatello “Speak, speak or the plague take you!”
  52. 52. #3 Boticelli • 1482 • Rebirth of Classical mythology • Fully Pagan • THE BIRTH OF VENUS
  53. 53. The Italian Renaissance • Leonardo • Michelangelo • Raphael
  54. 54. Da Vinci Mona Lisa (1503-06) Perspective, Anatomy, Composition
  55. 55. Cultural icon
  56. 56. Michelangelo DavidDavid Michelangelo BuonarottiMichelangelo Buonarotti 15041504 MarbleMarble
  57. 57. (counterpoise) To model the human form in a non- symmetrical, relaxed stance that appears realistic Contrapposto
  58. 58. Compare:
  59. 59. Humanism (even within Biblical stories): Love of the Human Form David (1501-1504) Michelangelo
  60. 60. Raphael School of Athens 1510
  61. 61. Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo
  62. 62. AristotleAristotle:: looks to thislooks to this earth [theearth [the here andhere and now].now]. PlatoPlato:: looks tolooks to thethe heavensheavens [or[or the IDEALthe IDEAL realm].realm].
  63. 63. Pythagoras
  64. 64. Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid
  65. 65. Raphael painted natural looking settings… …of people who looked real. His paintings were full of motion, gestures, and animation.
  66. 66. Raphael’s “Angels”
  67. 67. Modern Art Rejecting the past Expressionism Fauvism Cubism Dada Surrealism Abstract Art Pop Art Minimalism
  68. 68. Early Expressionism • Style that portrayed emotions through distorting form and color • Edvard Munch – Mental illness, depression – Said he would never want to cast off his illness – Aimed to induce strong reactions in his viewers
  69. 69. Munch Vampire
  70. 70. The Scream
  71. 71. Puberty
  72. 72. Fauvism • 1904-1908 • Explosion of color, exaggerated and vibrant • Disregard for true/actual color • “as if gremlins seized the color knob on the tv” • Influenced by non-European tribal art of the colonies • Leader: Matisse
  73. 73. Matisse Blue Nude
  74. 74. Derain Purple Bridge
  75. 75. Cubism • Break down of objects into a multitude of geometric shapes • Life through a fly’s eye
  76. 76. Braque Fishing Boats
  77. 77. Juan Gris Portrait of Picasso
  78. 78. Picasso Italian Girl
  79. 79. Pablo Picasso
  80. 80. Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 • His mother said, “If you become a soldier, you’ll be a general. If you become a monk, you’ll end up as the Pope.” He said, “I became a painter and wound up as Picasso.” • Painted around 50,000 pieces • Notorious for relationships with women • Children from many women
  81. 81. Analytical Cubism
  82. 82. Blue Period
  83. 83. Synthetic Cubism
  84. 84. Early Works
  85. 85. Late Works
  86. 86. Analytical Cubism
  87. 87. Rose Period
  88. 88. Late Works
  89. 89. Blue Period
  90. 90. Synthetic Cubism
  91. 91. Expressionism 1905-1930 • Art should express the artist’s feelings rather than images of the real world • Distorted, exaggerated forms and color • Began with van Gogh, Gauguin, Munch • Dark colors and woodcuts relay sadness of war
  92. 92. Kathe Kollwitz Poverty
  93. 93. Nolde Wildly Dancing Children
  94. 94. Abstract Art • Began with Kandinsky in 1919 • Post WWII to 80’s • Abandon any reference to recognizable reality • No subject • Color can convey emotion even without content • Founder: Kandinsky
  95. 95. Kandinsky Improvisation 31
  96. 96. Black Spot I
  97. 97. Mondrian Composition A: Composition with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow, and Blue Used only primary colors and non- colors
  98. 98. Dada Art • 1916-1923 • Got its name from nonsense – French for hobby horse • Protested the madness of war • Founded by WWI refugees • Strategy was to denounce and shock
  99. 99. Duchamp Fountain
  100. 100. Duchamp Mona Lisa with moustache
  101. 101. Surrealism • 1920’s and 1930’s • Implies going beyond realism • Painted the bizarre and irrational to express truths • Defy common sense • Looks like a dream-world
  102. 102. Joan Miro 1893-1983 • Invented unique biomorphic images • Geometric shapes and amoeba-like blobs • Colorful, playful • “Cartoon from another planet”
  103. 103. The Policeman
  104. 104. Dutch Interior I
  105. 105. Chagall I and the Village
  106. 106. Salvador Dali 1904-1989 • Exploited his own personality quirks • Fears: bugs, crossing streets, trains, boats, airplanes, Metro, buying shoes in public • Actual objects but distorted • Had the canvas next to his bed and woke to paint dreamscapes • Disliked by some because of his fascination with Hitler • Pulled publicity stunts – Gave speech with foot in pail of milk – Press conference with lobster on his head – Wore a diving suit and lectured but no one could hear him and he started to asphyxiate himself
  107. 107. The Persistence of Memory
  108. 108. Crucifixion
  109. 109. Portrait of Paul Eluard
  110. 110. Weaning of Furniture-Nutrition
  111. 111. Cannibalism in Autumn
  112. 112. Rene Magritte 1898-1967 Le siècle des lumières The Century of Lights
  113. 113. Matisse Threatening Weather
  114. 114. Abstract Expressionism • Also called action painting • 40’s-50’s • Came out of the jazz era’s lack of form • No longer was art required to be a visual representation of some object • Jackson Pollock=Jack the Dripper (1912-1956) – Paint Hard, Live Hard – Died drunk in a car crash-age 44
  115. 115. Jackson Pollock Eyes in the Heat
  116. 116. Lavender Mist
  117. 117. Minimalists • Color Field – Huge canvases of color – Representations of feelings and ideas • Hard Edge – Calculated, simple forms – Colors in harmony
  118. 118. Color Field Rothko 1968
  119. 119. Rothko White Center
  120. 120. Hard Edge Kelly Elsworth Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red
  121. 121. Frank Stella Harran II
  122. 122. Pop Art • 1950 ‘s and 1960’s • Derived from the word popular • Used everyday items as inspiration for art • Soup cans and comic strips • Mass produced • Pope of Pop: Andy Warhol – 6 hour movie called Sleep
  123. 123. Andy Warhol
  124. 124. Roy Lichtenstein Go for Baroque
  125. 125. You, the Artist Use objects in your backpack, purse, or pockets to create something that someone would consider Pop or Minimal Art.

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