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Approaches to studying individuals and families<br />Theoretical perspectives and disciplines<br />
Disciplines and Theory<br />What is a “discipline”?<br />-specific branches of learning<br />e.g. mathematics, history, po...
The disciplines in social science<br />Social scientists ask four fundamental questions: <br />What happens?<br />How does...
1. anthropology<br />-the study of human behaviour in societies<br />-the study of culture – arts, beliefs, habits, instit...
2. sociology<br />-explains the behaviour of individuals in social groups, families and <br /> societies<br />-sociologist...
3. psychology<br />-the study of behaviour based on mental processes<br />-a focus on how the individual thinks<br />-psyc...
Other notable disciplines <br />a.) History<br />-helps to develop a sense of objectivity<br />b.) Economics<br />-provide...
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Approaches to studying individuals and families

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Approaches to studying individuals and families

  1. 1. Approaches to studying individuals and families<br />Theoretical perspectives and disciplines<br />
  2. 2. Disciplines and Theory<br />What is a “discipline”?<br />-specific branches of learning<br />e.g. mathematics, history, political science, physics<br />-determines the kind of observations a researcher<br /> will make and what theoretical perspective will be used<br />What is a “theory”?<br />-a framework for organizing and explaining observable evidence<br />-without facts, a theory is just a guess, or speculation<br />-information that is collected through observation, experimentor survey <br /> lacks meaning without theory to organize it<br />
  3. 3. The disciplines in social science<br />Social scientists ask four fundamental questions: <br />What happens?<br />How does it happen?<br />Why does it happen?<br />How can people change what happen?<br />
  4. 4. 1. anthropology<br />-the study of human behaviour in societies<br />-the study of culture – arts, beliefs, habits, institutions, etc.<br />-some anthropologists will live and immerse themselves in a culture <br />to make their observations<br />-studies highlight the diversity of behaviours that fulfill functional <br /> requisites of a society<br />-appreciating diversity is key to avoiding ETHNOCENTRISM – <br />evaluating other cultures from your own culture`s point of view<br />
  5. 5. 2. sociology<br />-explains the behaviour of individuals in social groups, families and <br /> societies<br />-sociologists investigate social facts and the social sources of<br />behaviour<br />-studies are concerned with patterns of behaviour observed in a <br /> large number of people or groups as opposed to the behaviour of<br /> individuals <br />-determining patterns and rates of behaviours in groups helps to<br />facilitate planning and policy decisions within a society<br />
  6. 6. 3. psychology<br />-the study of behaviour based on mental processes<br />-a focus on how the individual thinks<br />-psychologists use an understanding of mental processes and <br /> personality to explain individual behaviour<br />-research and studies are used to help individuals manage their <br /> own behaviour<br />
  7. 7. Other notable disciplines <br />a.) History<br />-helps to develop a sense of objectivity<br />b.) Economics<br />-provides insight into the function of the family and helps to explain <br />how it acquires and uses resources<br />c.) Politics<br />-examine influences on individual power and authority <br />d.) Religion<br />-helps to understand the motivation of people to participate in society<br />

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