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Sentence structure presentation

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A presentation that introduces the grammar of simple sentences and looks at subject-verb agreement.

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Sentence structure presentation

  1. 1. Sentence Structure 1<br />Simple sentences<br />Subject – verb agreement<br />
  2. 2. Who is this? What do you know about him and his films? Do you like his films?<br />
  3. 3. Reading<br />What has George Lucas achieved?<br />What did he want to do first in his career?<br />What 3 innovations has he produced that have changed the film industry?<br />
  4. 4. Sentence structure<br />Look at the following sentence:<br />George Lucas has produced many films in the <br />last 40 years.<br />Can you give grammatical names to any parts of the sentence? For example, what is the subject?<br />
  5. 5. Sentence structure<br />George Lucashas produced many films in the <br /> Subject<br />last 40 years.<br />In this sentence, George Lucas is the subject:<br />it is the noun before the verb.<br />
  6. 6. Sentence structure<br />George Lucashas produced many films in the <br /> Subject<br />last 40 years.<br />What are the other parts of the sentence?<br />
  7. 7. Sentence structure<br />George Lucashas producedmanyfilmsin the<br /> Subject verb determiner object<br />last 40 years.<br />prepositional phrase <br />
  8. 8. Sentence structure<br />George Lucashas produced many films in the <br /> Subject verb<br />last 40 years.<br />Today we are looking at subjects and verbs<br />
  9. 9. Sentence structure<br />Look at the following four sentences. <br />What are the subjects and verbs in each one?<br />
  10. 10. Sentence structure<br />The Star Wars movies were international hits.<br />Young people and adults enjoyed them.<br />The films entertained and thrilled audiences <br /> everywhere.<br />Luke Skywalker and his friends battled evil and <br /> made us laugh at the same time.<br />
  11. 11. Sentence structure<br />The Star Wars movieswere international hits.<br />subject verb<br />Young people and adultsenjoyed them.<br />subject subjectverb<br />The filmsentertained and thrilled audiences <br />subject verbverb<br /> everywhere.<br />Luke Skywalker and his friendsbattled evil and <br />subject subjectverb<br />made us laugh at the same time.<br />verb<br />
  12. 12. Simple Sentences<br />
  13. 13. Simple Sentences<br />Look at the first text.<br />Underline all the subjects with one line.<br />Underline all the verbs with two lines.<br />How many subjects and how many verbs are there in each sentence?<br />
  14. 14. Subjects in red; verbs in blue<br />Filmmaker George Lucashas changed the film industry in many ways. <br />Hehas written, directed, and produced some of the best-loved movies of our time.<br />Hehas also made major contributions to modern film technology.<br />At first, Lucasdid not plan to become a filmmaker. <br />His first dreamwas to become a race car driver. <br />After a bad accident, however, hedecided to go to college. <br />In college, Lucas studied movie-making and made a number of student films. <br />Lucas's third feature film, Star Wars, changed everything. <br />A seemingly simple story of good versus evil, Star Warsbecame a huge international hit.<br />The movieused new technologies that revolutionized the film industry. <br />One new technologywas a special computer-assisted camera crane. <br />Camera operatorsfilmed most of the space fight scenes from the crane. <br />Lucasis also responsible for the modern THX sound system, which improves the way a movie sounds in theatres. <br />His latest innovationis the use of digital photography in filmmaking. <br />To sum up, George Lucas's love of storytelling and his technological innovationshave transformed movie-making forever.<br />
  15. 15. Subject - verb agreement<br />Complete these sentences with the verb “be”.<br />My sister _____ married.<br />My sisters _____ married.<br />My brother and I _____ single.<br />
  16. 16. Subject - verb agreement<br />My sister is married.<br />My sisters are married.<br />My brother and I are single.<br />
  17. 17. Subject - verb agreement<br />Why do we use different verb forms in each <br />sentence?<br />My sister is married.<br />My sisters are married.<br />My brother and I are single.<br />
  18. 18. Subject - verb agreement<br />Why do we use different verb forms in each <br />sentence?<br />My sister is married.<br />Because the subject is singular<br />My sisters are married.<br />Because the subject is plural<br />My brother and I are single.<br />Because there is more than one subject<br />
  19. 19. Subject - verb agreement<br />There + be<br />What form of the verb “be” fits in the gaps? Why?<br />(present tense)<br />There _____ a student in the hall.<br />There _____ three students in the hall.<br />(past tense)<br />There _____ no reason for his action.<br />There _____ many reasons for his success.<br />
  20. 20. Subject - verb agreement<br />There + be<br />What form of the verb “be” fits in the gaps?<br />(present tense)<br />There is a student in the hall.<br />There are three students in the hall.<br />(past tense)<br />There was no reason for his action.<br />There were many reasons for his success.<br />
  21. 21. Subject - verb agreement<br />
  22. 22. Prepositional phrases<br />What is the subject of each sentence? What is the correct form of the verb?<br />One of my sisters is/are a singer.<br />The colour of her eyes change/changes when she is angry.<br />Six kinds of rice is/are available in the shop.<br />
  23. 23. Prepositional phrases<br />What is the subject of each sentence? What is the correct form of the verb?<br />One of my sisters is/are a singer.<br />subject<br />The colour of her eyes change/changes when she is angry.<br />Six kinds of rice is/are available in the shop.<br />
  24. 24. Prepositional phrases<br />What is the subject of each sentence? What is the correct form of the verb?<br />One of my sisters is/are a singer.<br />subject<br />The colour of her eyes change/changes when <br />subject<br />she is angry. <br />Six kinds of rice is/are available in the shop.<br />subject<br />
  25. 25. Subject - verb agreement<br />
  26. 26. Subject - verb agreement<br />Some subjects are always singular, some are always plural.<br />Are the following words singular or plural?<br /> anyone both each either many <br /> much neither nothing one several <br />
  27. 27. Subject - verb agreement<br />Some subjects are always singular, some are always plural.<br />Are the following words singular or plural?<br />for example<br /> anyone both each either many <br />singular<br /> much neither nothing one several <br />
  28. 28. Subject - verb agreement<br />Some subjects are always singular, some are always plural.<br />Are the following words singular or plural?<br /> anyone both each either many <br />singular plural singular singular plural<br /> much neither nothing one several <br />singular singularsingularsingular plural<br />
  29. 29. Subject - verb agreement<br />
  30. 30. Subject - verb agreement<br />Some words can be singular or plural, depending on the noun in the prepositional phrase.<br />Which do you think is correct?<br /> All of my time is/are spent in the library.<br /> All of my brothers is/are singers.<br />
  31. 31. Subject - verb agreement<br />Some words can be singular or plural, depending on the noun in the prepositional phrase.<br />Which do you think is correct?<br /> All of my time is/are spent in the library.<br />(“time” is uncountable and singular)<br /> All of my brothers is/are singers.<br />(“brothers” is countable and plural)<br />
  32. 32. Subject - verb agreementLook at these sentences. What is the correct form of the verb and why?<br />Some of the money was/were missing.<br />Some of the students was/were missing.<br />Most of the ice cubes was/were melting.<br />Most of the ice was/were melting.<br />A lot of the people was/were angry.<br />A lot of the work was/were too easy.<br />None of the fruit is/are fresh.<br />None of the apples is/are fresh.<br />
  33. 33. Subject - verb agreementLook at these sentences. What is the correct form of the verb and why?<br />Some of the money was/were missing.<br />Some of the students was/were missing.<br />Most of the ice cubes was/were melting.<br />Most of the ice was/were melting.<br />A lot of the people was/were angry.<br />A lot of the work was/were too easy.<br />None of the fruit is/are fresh.<br />None of the apples is/are fresh.<br />
  34. 34. Subject - verb agreement<br />
  35. 35. Practice 2<br />
  36. 36. Practice 2<br />
  37. 37. Practice 3<br />
  38. 38. Practice 3<br />
  39. 39. Practice 4<br />
  40. 40. Practice 4<br />
  41. 41. The end<br />

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