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Reading Overview, Tips and
Matching Headings
Today we are going to:
• look at an overview of the reading test
• discuss some tips
• work on a strategy for matching headings
questions
• practice matching heading questions
Overview
Walk around the room and find the answers to these questions. When
you have finished, return to your seat and compare answers. You have
10 minutes.
1. Are the IELTS reading papers the same for both Academic and
General Training?
2. How much time will I have?
3. What skills will be tested?
4. What are the different question types?
5. I need a band 7. How many questions do I need to get correct?
What reading skills were just tested?
Tips
Match the paragraphs with the headings. You have
5 minutes only.
What skills were required?
How could you have done it more quickly?
Read the tips in full at IELTS Advantage- Reading
Tips.
Synonyms
That was actually a very easy task because you
were just looking for exact matches.
In the test it will almost always be a paraphrase.
Try to paraphrase the first sentence of each tip.
Write them on a piece of paper and then swap
them with another group and see if they can
match them to the correct paragraph.
Matching Headings
Look at the following question
http://www.ielts.org/pdf/115016_Academic_Re
ading_sample_task_-
_Matching_headings__2_.pdf
What problems do you think this type of
question would cause you? Discuss with a
partner.
Problems
• There is too much information to get through and not
enough time.
• Trying to match a word or words from the headings to
a word in the text.
• Some of the headings may appear to have the same
meaning.
• Some students only read the first sentence of each
paragraph and do not understand the main idea of the
paragraph.
• Spending too much time on one paragraph or heading.
• Answers are not in the same order as the text.
Solutions
How could we overcome these problems?
Solutions- Matching Headings
• Do this question first. By doing this you will be able to get the general meaning of
the text as a whole.
• You are not expected to read every word of the text. This will take too long and
you don’t have time for this. In this kind of question you are only expected to
understand the main idea of each paragraph.
• If there are words you don’t understand, don’t worry about this.
• Be aware of synonyms.
• If there are two or three headings that are similar, write them beside the
paragraph and try to find out the difference between the two headings. If you still
can’t decide which one suits best, move on and come back to it later.
• Don’t read too quickly. Some teachers advise that students should just ‘skim’ the
text because you don’t have much time. In my experience, this leads to students
not understanding most of the text and making mistakes.
• Don’t panic if you know nothing about the general topic of the reading text.
• Don’t look at the headings first.
Strategy- Matching Headings
• If this type of question is on the test, do it first.
• Don’t look at the headings.
• Read the first one or two sentences and the last
sentence of each paragraph to understand the
general meaning.
• Look at the headings and identify keywords.
• Match any headings that are very obvious.
• For the others, write 2 or 3 headings beside the
paragraph. Identify the difference between each of
the headings. Establish if there are any synonyms in
the paragraph to keywords in the headings.
• If you still can’t pick one, move one.
• Repeat until finished.
Practice
You have 10 minutes to complete the 5
questions.
http://www.ielts.org/pdf/115016_Academic_Re
ading_sample_task_-
_Matching_headings__2_.pdf
Answers
1 v
2 vii
3 ii
4 iv
5 i
Homework
http://www.ielts.org/pdf/115023_General_Train
ing_Reading_sample_task_-
_Matching_headings.pdf
IELTS Advantage
For more resources of matching headings
questions, please check out our reading section
at http://ieltsadvantage.com/reading/

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IELTS Reading Overview, Tips and Matching Headings

  • 1. Reading Overview, Tips and Matching Headings
  • 2. Today we are going to: • look at an overview of the reading test • discuss some tips • work on a strategy for matching headings questions • practice matching heading questions
  • 3. Overview Walk around the room and find the answers to these questions. When you have finished, return to your seat and compare answers. You have 10 minutes. 1. Are the IELTS reading papers the same for both Academic and General Training? 2. How much time will I have? 3. What skills will be tested? 4. What are the different question types? 5. I need a band 7. How many questions do I need to get correct? What reading skills were just tested?
  • 4. Tips Match the paragraphs with the headings. You have 5 minutes only. What skills were required? How could you have done it more quickly? Read the tips in full at IELTS Advantage- Reading Tips.
  • 5. Synonyms That was actually a very easy task because you were just looking for exact matches. In the test it will almost always be a paraphrase. Try to paraphrase the first sentence of each tip. Write them on a piece of paper and then swap them with another group and see if they can match them to the correct paragraph.
  • 6. Matching Headings Look at the following question http://www.ielts.org/pdf/115016_Academic_Re ading_sample_task_- _Matching_headings__2_.pdf What problems do you think this type of question would cause you? Discuss with a partner.
  • 7. Problems • There is too much information to get through and not enough time. • Trying to match a word or words from the headings to a word in the text. • Some of the headings may appear to have the same meaning. • Some students only read the first sentence of each paragraph and do not understand the main idea of the paragraph. • Spending too much time on one paragraph or heading. • Answers are not in the same order as the text.
  • 8. Solutions How could we overcome these problems?
  • 9. Solutions- Matching Headings • Do this question first. By doing this you will be able to get the general meaning of the text as a whole. • You are not expected to read every word of the text. This will take too long and you don’t have time for this. In this kind of question you are only expected to understand the main idea of each paragraph. • If there are words you don’t understand, don’t worry about this. • Be aware of synonyms. • If there are two or three headings that are similar, write them beside the paragraph and try to find out the difference between the two headings. If you still can’t decide which one suits best, move on and come back to it later. • Don’t read too quickly. Some teachers advise that students should just ‘skim’ the text because you don’t have much time. In my experience, this leads to students not understanding most of the text and making mistakes. • Don’t panic if you know nothing about the general topic of the reading text. • Don’t look at the headings first.
  • 10. Strategy- Matching Headings • If this type of question is on the test, do it first. • Don’t look at the headings. • Read the first one or two sentences and the last sentence of each paragraph to understand the general meaning. • Look at the headings and identify keywords. • Match any headings that are very obvious. • For the others, write 2 or 3 headings beside the paragraph. Identify the difference between each of the headings. Establish if there are any synonyms in the paragraph to keywords in the headings. • If you still can’t pick one, move one. • Repeat until finished.
  • 11. Practice You have 10 minutes to complete the 5 questions. http://www.ielts.org/pdf/115016_Academic_Re ading_sample_task_- _Matching_headings__2_.pdf
  • 12. Answers 1 v 2 vii 3 ii 4 iv 5 i
  • 14. IELTS Advantage For more resources of matching headings questions, please check out our reading section at http://ieltsadvantage.com/reading/