Rock and Roll

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Rock and Roll

  1. 1. Rock and Roll
  2. 2. What is Rock and Roll? ● Like A Rolling Stone (1965) ○ “#1 Rock and Roll song of all time” (1976 by…?) ● On your own, write five single words that you feel best represent Rock and Roll
  3. 3. Early Rock and Roll (Late 40s and 50s) ● Grew out of the years after WWII ○ Influence of teenagers in the marketplace ■ R&B, Country = adults; Rock and Roll = teens ○ Rhythm and Blues, Swing, Chicago Blues, Jazz, Boogie-Woogie ● Almost always duple meter ○ Rock “backbeat” ● “Moondog” Alan Freed: disc jockey, played Rhythm and Blues to predominantly white teenagers; coined the term “Rock and Roll” (borrowed the term; meaning?)
  4. 4. Name Change Rhythm and Blues → Rock and Roll Why the change?
  5. 5. Early Rock and Roll Artists ● Chuck Berry ○ Maybellene ○ Roll Over Beethoven ● Jerry Lee Lewis ○ Whole Lotta Shakin’ Going On ○ Great Balls of Fire ● Little Richard ○ Tutti Frutti ○ Lucille ● Billy Haley & His Comets ○ Rock Around The Clock
  6. 6. Racial Division Ain’t That A Shame Shake Rattle and Roll Tutti Frutti Ain’t That A Shame Shake Rattle and Roll Tutti Frutti
  7. 7. Billboard Charts ● Classified music by genre, best selling, and most played, among other things. ○ Pop(ular) Chart = “white music” ○ Rhythm and Blues (R&B) Chart = “black music” ● Prior to mid 1950s, it was unheard of for a song/record/artist to “crossover” from one chart to another
  8. 8. Elvis Presley (1935 - 1977) ● Game Changer ○ Not the first to have hits on multiple charts, but did so many time and with much success ■ Heartbreak Hotel: Topped both Popular and Country-Western charts, also made it to No. 5 on the Rhythm and Blues Charts ■ Blue Suede Shoes ■ Jailhouse Rock ● Barriers are breaking down, but not gone
  9. 9. “If I could find a white man who had the Negro sound and the Negro feel, I could make a billion dollars.” -- Sam Phillips, Sun Records Responsible for popularizing many artists including Howlin’ Wolf, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, and Elvis Presley
  10. 10. 1960s ● Civil Rights ● Vietnam War ● Counterculture / Hippies ● Second Wave Feminism ● Space Race
  11. 11. Music Mirroring Society ● Young white listeners embracing black artists and white artists who mimic the “black” sound ● Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) ○ Spurred period of conflict, Southern opposition, violence, defiance of court orders ○ Sit-Ins, freedom Marches ○ Martin Luther King, Jr. ● Civil Rights Act (1964); Voting Rights Act (1965)
  12. 12. 1960s ● “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” -- JFK, 1961 ○ Who is “your”? ● Collective American identity? What is/n’t American? ● Political rights of minorities
  13. 13. Teenagers Growing Up ● College aged activists; music with a mission ● Once listening to Rock/R&B of the 50s, now identifying with folk music ○ Rejecting mass culture, commercial success ○ Mastering the “traditional” sound/style -- huh? ● Saving society from the oppression of government
  14. 14. The Folk Revival ● Early 1960s: Old and new musical ideas to comment on current issues; restrictive in the general idea of “folk sound” ● Revived from the political songs (sung in the folk style) of the 1930s -- especially those of Woody Guthrie ○ This Land Is Your Land ○ Massacre of 1913 ○ All You Fascists Bound To Lose
  15. 15. Popular Folk Artists of the 60s ● Pete Seeger ● The Weavers ● The Kingston Trio ● Peter, Paul, and Mary ● Joan Baez ● Judy Collins ● Bob Dylan
  16. 16. Bob Dylan as Folk Singer ● Fan of Woody Guthrie; pilgrimage to NYC, 1960 ● Inspired by his political writings/songs ○ 1963, “The Times They Are a- Changing” ● Uncomfortable being pinned down as “folk” -- or any genre, really
  17. 17. Woody Guthrie, idolized by Bob Dylan
  18. 18. Dylan at the Newport Folk Festival Bob Dylan (and friends) 1963 Bob Dylan 1964 Bob Dylan 1965 (clips)
  19. 19. Bob Dylan “Gone Electric” ● Selling out? Becoming a part of the “establishment”? ● Folk-Rock ○ Subterranean Homesick Blues ● Ever changing sound
  20. 20. Rock in the 1960s ● Flavors ○ Folk Rock ○ Surf Rock ○ Pop Rock ○ Psychedelic Rock ○ Blues Rock ○ Progressive Rock ○ Art Rock ■ Baroque Rock? ● Very difficult to categorize Rock ● Many directions at once ● Originality
  21. 21. The British Invasion ● Rock/blues becomes popular with UK teens ○ Late 1950s ○ Rebellious music/image ● US teens losing interested in US rock and roll, “one hit wonders;” looking for something new and different ○ The Mod style ● Beatlemania
  22. 22. The Mod Style Twiggy
  23. 23. The Strypes
  24. 24. The Beatles ● 1964, CBS Evening News: “The British Invasion this time goes by the code name Beatlemania.” ● Appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, 1964 ○ A family show? ○ According to the Nielsen Ratings, 45% of Americans viewed this show ● Documentary: The British Invasion
  25. 25. Baroque Rock ● AKA: Baroque Pop, Chamber Rock/Pop ○ A Whiter Shade of Pale ■ Inspired by Bach ○ In My Life ○ Eleanor Rigby ○ Albatross ● Current(ish) Baroque Rock ○ Regina Spektor ○ Belle and Sebastian ○ Jem ■ Bach Prelude in F Minor (WTC Book II)
  26. 26. Surf Rock ● AKA: Surf Pop, Beach Rock, Hot Rod Rock ○ Southern California: early 1960s ● Dick Dale and the Del-Tones ○ “King of Surf Guitar” ○ Misirlou (1963) ■ Black Eyed Peas: Pump It ● The Belairs ○ Mr. Moto
  27. 27. Beach Boys ● Brian Wilson ○ Musical mastermind ○ Harmonies ● Good Vibrations (studio footage) ● Surfin Safari ● Sufin’ USA ● Barbara Ann ● Wouldn’t It Be Nice
  28. 28. Psychedelic Rock ● Influenced by hallucinogenic drugs ○ Goal is to replicate and enhance the drug trips ■ LSD / Acid ○ Beatles ○ Yardbirds ○ Grateful Dead ○ The Doors ○ Jimi Hendrix ○ Pink Floyd ○ Jefferson Airplane

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