Limbic System And Emotional Intelligence


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  • Hand model: wrap one hand around fist of other to demonstrate
  • Limbic System And Emotional Intelligence

    1. 1. Emotional Brain Limbic System
    2. 2. Review of Brain Development <ul><li>Brain organized in a vertical system </li></ul><ul><li>Areas organize and change as the brain develops </li></ul><ul><li>The brain develops sequentially </li></ul>
    3. 3. Emotional Environment <ul><li>Emotional environment and the child’s emotional responses determine brain modulation </li></ul>
    4. 4. Limbic System <ul><li>Consists of donut shaped structures that wrap around the brain stem in the middle of the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Brain’s specialist for emotional matters </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of smell is processed directly in the limbic system </li></ul>
    5. 5. Memory <ul><li>Limbic system does most of brain’s long term learning and remembering </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocampus converts short term to long term memory </li></ul>
    6. 6. Memory cont’d <ul><li>We remember what we pay attention to, we pay attention to what we care about </li></ul><ul><li>The more intense the emotional arousal, the stronger the imprint </li></ul>
    7. 7. Memory Con’d <ul><li>Many potent emotional memories date from the first few years of life </li></ul>
    8. 8. Development of Emotional Circuits <ul><li>Among first brain constructs are those that process emotion - laid down before birth </li></ul><ul><li>Early emotional experiences form a kind of template around which later emotional development is organized </li></ul><ul><li>These experiences have”a disproportionate importance” in organizing the mature brain. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Limbic System cont’d <ul><li>Emotions develop in layers, each more complex than the last as the child responds to her emotional environment </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional learning becomes ingrained as experiences are repeated over and over </li></ul>
    10. 10. Prefrontal Lobes <ul><li>Regulate emotional responses, and are developed and connected with the limbic system early in life (8-18 mos). </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to develop well into late adolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Neural pathways in limbic system and prefrontal lobes provide framework for Emotional Intelligence </li></ul>
    11. 11. Emotional Intelligence
    12. 12. Emotional Intelligence Defined <ul><li>Peter Salovey, Yale psychologist and John Mayer, University of New Hampshire psychologist first proposed that we also have emotional intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Goleman popularized this in his book Emotional Intelligence </li></ul>
    13. 13. Five Domains of Emotional Intelligence
    14. 14. Self-Awareness <ul><li>Knowing your feelings and using them to make life decisions you can live with (pleasant, unpleasant and multiple emotions) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Mood Management <ul><li>The ability to handle distressing emotions in appropriate ways to maintain our well being </li></ul>
    16. 16. Self-Motivation <ul><li>Persisting in the face of setbacks and channeling your impulses in order to pursue your goals </li></ul>
    17. 17. Empathy <ul><li>Ability to recognize and share another’s feelings </li></ul>
    18. 18. Social Arts <ul><li>Ability to interact with others in positive and socially acceptable ways </li></ul>
    19. 19. Why is this important and when does it start? <ul><li>Studies show that EQ is a better predictor of job success that IQ </li></ul><ul><li>Schools who have EI programs see improvement in emotional skills and academic achievement </li></ul><ul><li>It starts in the beginning and throughout life </li></ul>
    20. 20. Basic Needs for the Foundation of Emotional Intelligence
    21. 21. Survival <ul><li>Essential children feel secure that their needs for survival are being met </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental task of infant is how to get needs met in his world </li></ul>
    22. 22. Love <ul><li>Child needs to feel loved and emotionally secure </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-wired to fall madly in love with caregiver </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent, nurturing relationships with same caregiver early in life is essential </li></ul><ul><li>Secure attachment is only beginning </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    23. 23. Attachment <ul><li>Mary Ainsworth came up with stranger situation </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered 4 types of attachment patterns </li></ul>
    24. 28. Fostering Secure Attachment <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Dialog </li></ul><ul><li>Repair </li></ul><ul><li>Coherent Narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Communication </li></ul>
    25. 29. Attunement <ul><li>Child needs inner feelings accepted and mirrored back to them by caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Brain uses same pathways to generate an emotion as to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Those emotions repeatedly met with indifference of clashing response may fail to strengthen or be eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings mirrored back help children develop self-awareness, the foundation to EI </li></ul>
    26. 30. Soothing <ul><li>Child needs to feel soothed when distressed </li></ul><ul><li>These experiences wire the brain’s “calm down” circuit in the prefrontal cortex so child can learn to calm themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Self-soothing or centering is fundamental life skill </li></ul>
    27. 31. Encouragement and Boundaries <ul><li>Child needs encouragement and appropriate boundaries to allow innate temperament to blossom into healthy personality </li></ul><ul><li>Bold vs. Shy </li></ul>