Magna carta ppt


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Magna carta ppt

  1. 1. MAGNA CARTA<br />Chris LeSage<br />
  2. 2. What is the Magna Carta?<br />The Magna Carta is an English document created by the barons during King John’s rule in 1215.<br />Up until this point, English kings had been able to rule without limitations, as they claimed to have been given absolute power by God.<br />This document forced the King to follow the same laws as their subjects, which was a huge step towards equality for all citizens under the law.<br />
  3. 3. The Magna Carta is a collaboration that includes 37 old English laws.<br />However, many new laws were created to show the new limitations of the power of the king.<br />Details<br />
  4. 4. Reasons<br />Unlike most past English kings, King John was extremely unsuccessful in his military campaigns.<br />In order to pay for the wars, John raised taxes without consulting his barons, against common custom.<br />In response, the barons rebelled and forced John to sign the Magna Carta, and give up some of his power.<br />
  5. 5. What does it stand for?<br />The Magna Carta stands for freedom, that the people have certain rights that cannot be taken away by anyone, and it stands for the only real true rule of law; that no one, not even a king, is above the law.<br />It still has major influence on our legal system today, and has ensured equality for all citizens under the law.<br />“Magna Carta” is Latin for “Great Charter”.<br />
  6. 6. Who Was Involved?<br />A total of 25 barons, 13 bishops, and 20 abbots were party to the signing of the Magna Carta.<br />The barons accepted the responsibility of ensuring that King John followed the clauses of the Magna Carta.<br />
  7. 7. King John of England<br />The Magna Carta<br />
  8. 8. What It Included<br />John was required to be less harsh on the barons.<br />All people would have access to courts, regardless of wealth.<br />No one could be imprisoned without first going through the legal system.<br />John was forced to put his seal on the document, so that it would be taken more seriously.<br />
  9. 9. Surviving Clauses<br />Only three clauses of the original Magna Carta are still in effect today.<br />1. The Church of England shall be free and maintain all of its rights and liberties.<br />2. The City of London shall keep all of its old customs and liberties.<br />3. No one shall be imprisoned or have their rights taken away without a trial.<br />
  10. 10. Relevance In Today’s Legal System 1<br />There are two main points of the Magna Carta that are still relevant today.<br />Firstly, the fact that everyone is equal under the law is very important in our legal system today. What once applied to kings still applies to our politicians.<br />It ensures that no person can gain unlimited power in our society. <br />
  11. 11. Relevance In Today’s Legal System 2<br />The other part of the Magna Carta that still carries heavy influence is the rule that no person shall be imprisoned or judged without a fair trial.<br />This has become the basis for our legal system in Canada, and gives everyone a chance to attempt to prove their innocence.<br />
  12. 12. FINIS<br />