English motto “Dieu et mondroit (French for God and my right) Oxford motto “Truth is strong”
Welsh dragon and daffodil motto “ Cymru am byth (Welsh for Wales forever) ; Northern Irish coat of arms and shamrock and flax motto :Quisseparabit (Latin for who will separate us); Scottish Unicorn and thistle motto “Nemo Me ImpuneLacessit(Latin for No-one assails me with impunity)
Places to visit – Museums: British, Natural History, Science and the Victoria and Albert (V&A), and Greenwich Royal. Galleries: Tate Modern, National. MadammeTussauds (wax works).
Covent Garden was a fruit & veg market, now up-market shopping and home to the Royal Opera. Hyde park - one of the greatest city parks in the world. Covering 142 hectares. Buckingham Palace (Buck Palace) Queens official London residence.
Bacon and Eggs, bubble and squeak, kedgeree, ploughman’s lunch, toad-in-the-hole, roasts, pork pie and Cornish pasties
Eaton College is a public school – Princes William and Harry, George Orwell, Ian Fleming. Harrow school – James Blunt, Winston Churchill, Keira Knightly
Oxford and Cambridge are arguably two of the most interesting places to visit in Britain. Their history is interwoven into English history and their reputation is second to none.
Situated in Woodstock, just 8 miles from Oxford, Blenheim Palace is surrounded by over 2,000 acres of 'Capability' Brown landscaped parkland, the great lake, and beautiful formal gardens.
Shakespeare's birthplace, Edinburgh Castle, The New Forest, Avon Railway
Uni lecture about England
...” This blessed plot, this earth, this
realm, this England”.
Wm Shakespeare, King Richard II", Act 2 scene 1
If you love the rain, the cold, the warm beer,
cricket and the football...this is the land for
What are the
Poms, Brits, Limeys, Rosbif, Englis
h, Britons like?
We love tea, queues (queue jumping is a big no
no), footy, cricket, whinging, we have a stiff
upper lip (courage) reserved character, (don’t
like to boast – big headed), discussing the
What’s in a Name?
The name England used to be known as
Engla land, meaning the land of the
Angles, people from continental
Germany, who began to invade Britain
in the late 5th century, along with the
Saxons and Jutes.
“That which we call a rose by any other
name would smell as sweet.“
Wm Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet Act 2 scene 2
What’s in a name ...part 2
• 1536 - Act of Union joins England and Wales
• 1707 - Act of Union unites Scotland and
England, together with Wales to form the Kingdom of
• 1801 - The Irish Parliament voted to join the Union.
The then Kingdom of Great Britain becomes the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
• 1922 - Name changed to United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, when most of the
Southern counties in Ireland choose independence.
The Roman name for London. A theory about the name is
that it is derived from the Celtic word 'lond' meaning
The Tower of London (The bloody tower) – built by Henry III
who had been Constable in 1162. with a 900-year history as a
royal palace, prison and place of execution, arsenal, jewel
house (Crown Jewels) and zoo. Traitors Gate was originally
known as Water Gate, but was later changed when it was
used as the landing for the Crown's enemies.
St Pauls – a London icon, Covent Garden, Hyde Park, Carnaby Street
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace has served as the
official London residence of Britain's sovereigns since
1837 and today is the administrative headquarters of
the Monarch. The Duke of Buckingham built it as his
town house in 1705.
5 events that helped to shape the English language.
Anglo Saxon Settlement – The concept of the language
started with the Anglo-Saxons (Germanic, Dutch,
Frisian, Gothic, and Scandinavian.
Scandinavian Settlement - The next invaders were the
Norsemen (Northmen). From the middle of the ninth
century large numbers of Norse invaders settled in
Britain. The distinct North Germanic speech of the
Norsemen had great influence on English.
1066 and after - The centuries after the Norman
(Normandy) Conquest witnessed enormous changes in
the English language. The course of what is called the
Middle English period, broadly speaking, the same
system English has today.
Language part 2
The late medieval and early modern periods saw a fairly
steady process of standardization in English south of
the Scottish border.
Colonization and Globalization - During the medieval and
early modern periods the influence of English spread
throughout the British Isles, and from the early
seventeenth century onwards its influence began to be
felt throughout the world. From an article by Philip Durkin,
Principal Etymologist at the Oxford English Dictionary.
Where do we live
Most people live in detached or semi-detached brick
houses. Others live in terraced housing, high-rise and
caravans (mobile homes)
Morris dancing (a pre-Christian Celtic, or Druidic, fertility
dance, but usually performed at festivals – especially
religious ones). May day (Spring festival); We are
probably the only country that uses an vulgar word for
urinating to describe a low denomination of the
currency (pee). Discussing the aforementioned weather
and queues are always a favourite.
We have produced many world famous music
groups. Probably the two best know are:
The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. There were
some notable classical composers too.
Benjamin Britten, Edward Elgar and Henry
Music part 2
We have also produced some excellent composers of
musicals. The two most notable being Andrew Lloyd-
Webber and Tim Rice. Together they wrote and
composed: Joseph..., ...Superstar and Evita. Lloyd-
Webber also composed Cats and Phantom of the Opera.
You can see a good show at London’s Leicester Square.
Notable historical events
The industrial revolution started in 1750 to 1850’s
Manchester with the invention of Hargreaves’ Spinning
Jenny, and Britain’s infrastructure.
Policing started around London, Sir Robert Peel (Peelers)
established the modern first metropolitan police in
Steam power. Englishman Thomas Newcomen (1663–1729),
created a machine that used steam to pump water. The
Scottish inventor James Watt (1736–1819) substantially
improved on Newcomen's model. George Stephenson
(1781-1848) built the “Rocket” the first train in 1829.
People can become very annoyed if we try to push in or
jump a queue. This applies queues of people or
vehicles. In general we don’t kiss people (cheek or lips)
when greeting others in public. Also we frown on
spitting, burping, slapping others on the back, staring’
picking ones nose, burping, farting, talking or behaving
loudly. If you make a mistake you can say “pardon me”
If you fart it’s usually ignored and you aren’t expected
to say anything, if you burp you would say “excuse
me”. We like to drive on the left in cars with the
steering wheel on the right. We never ask a lady’s age
and never ask personal or intimate questions in public.
It is a common belief that U.K. Weather is
gloomy, dull, always raining! While this may be the case
sometimes, it is also true that the long hot days of
summer are a perfect compensation for the shorter
cold days of winter. These hot and cold days
however, are not as extreme as the tropics (hot) or
Scandinavia (cold). In essence weather from the north
is cool and from the south is hot.
Education is free for 5 to 16 year olds. 94% go to free
state run schools and the other 6% go to fee paying
schools or are homeschooled. There are 6 terms from
September to July. Nursery Schools 3-4 years old
Primary Schools 5-11 years old Secondary Schools 12-18
years old. Like Australia.
Education part 2
Probably the two best known (in England and the world)
British Universities Are Oxford and Cambridge. They are
referred to as University cities because all the colleges
that go to make up each university cover the entire
city. In Oxford there are thirty-eight colleges and six
Permanent Private Halls (P.P.H. are governed by a
religious body). In Cambridge there are 31 colleges.
Education part 3
Entry requirements for British universities - For most schools
and courses, your level of understanding and competency in
English will be key to your acceptance in a major program
such as a degree program. You will need to make sure you
have a good level of English understanding and you can do
this by taking one of the following commonly accepted tests
of English ability:
TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language
IELTS - International English Language Testing System
UCLES - University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.
A useful web site to learn about entry requirements is -
Places to go
Stone Henge - Age about 3100 BC in Wiltshire
made from Bluestone, Sarsen, Welsh Sandstone A lunar,
solar pagan worship site.
Blenheim Palace – Oxfordshire. Birth place of Sir Winston
Churchill. Blenheim Palace was a gift from Queen Anne and a
grateful nation to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
following his famous victory at the Battle of Blenheim in
The Lake District - You can walk, cycle and splash about in the
beautiful Lake District to your heart’s content. With more than
3,500 kilometres of rights of way and 12 of the largest lakes in
England, there's something for everyone!
Feathered and furry friends
The U.K. doesn’t have many dangerous animals these are about
the two worst but one will just make you a bit unwell and
the other can’t hurt you because their fangs are too short to
The common Adder and
the Daddy Long Legs.
We also have cute animals like Hedgehogs, Deer, Swans,
Feathered and furry friends part 2
Robin Red Breast – the unofficial national bird for England
and birds of prey. English Falcon. Used in the royal
sport of Falconry.
The Oxford vs. Cambridge boat race (on the Thames) in London
(Putney to Mortlake) attracts tens of thousands.
Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts is the UK's
largest music festival, and a whole lot more - it's a one off!
International worm charming day - Everyone then sets about the task
of charming and collecting the most worms from their individual
patches of ground.
Dragon boat festival - Dragon boat racing is an ancient Chinese
T.T. (Tourist trophy) motorbike race on the Isle of Man -
Henley Royal Regatta - Henley Royal Regatta is undoubtedly the best
known regatta in the world Founded in 1839.
Farnborough International Air show - The Farnborough International
Air show is one of the world's most iconic global aviation events.
Steam Rallies/Fairs – If you like traction engines and other steam
engines, these are a must see. The biggest is the Great Dorset
Steam Fair -
Bank Holidays are national holidays that everybody can
celebrate. The tradition is to go to a sea-side resort or pier
and spend the day there.
British bank holidays are public holidays and have been
recognised since 1871.
There is currently a total of 8 permanent bank and public
holidays in England, Wales and Scotland and 10 in Northern
Ireland. These include Christmas Day and Good Friday, which
in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are common law'
New Years Day Saint Patrick's Day (NI) Good Friday Easter Monday (ENIW)
Easter Tuesday (NI) May Day Holiday Victoria Day (S) Spring Bank Holiday
Orangeman's Day (NI) Summer Bank Holiday (S) Summer Bank Holiday
(ENIW) Christmas Day Boxing Day
Saying till we meet again
Cheers, cheerio, tara, farewell, bye now, till next time,
God be with you, God speed, thanks for stopping by,
thanks for coming, I must be going now, may God go
with you, it’s time to leave, thanks, we have to end it
there, ta-ta, thanks again bye-bye, I’ve got to be going
now, I’ve got to be off now.