Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia

  1. 1. Mesopotamia:Writing, Literature, Art and Sculpture <br />By: Justine Colford, Jewelya Taylor & Christopher Connick<br />
  2. 2. Mesopotamia:Writing, Literature, Art and Sculpture <br />Title<br />Contents<br />Writing<br />4. How They Wrote<br />5.Gaining Knowledge<br />6. Cuneiform Examples<br />7. Video<br />8. Art<br />9. Worship<br />10. Examples<br />11. Literature<br />12. The Epic of Gilgamesh (Video)<br />13. Gilgamesh Vs. Noah<br />14. Sources<br />15. The End<br />Contents:<br />
  3. 3. Writing<br />Sumerians created one of the earliest forms of writing: Cuneiform. <br /> Basically pictograms of what they were trying to say.<br /> Used by scribes to record information.<br />Evolved over many years.<br />
  4. 4. How They Wrote<br />As cuneiform was not a language it was based upon pictures.<br />Used a reed stylus to draw upon clay tablets.<br />Clay was packed into a tablet and then baked.<br />Because they preserved their writing, we can learn more about them.<br />
  5. 5. Gaining Knowledge<br />Henry Rawlinson discovers ancient carvings in modern day Iran- 1835. <br />The carvings contained 2 languages. He spoke only one.<br />Using his knowledge of Old Persian he spent 12 years deciphering the text.<br />These discoveries lead us to discover Sumer, which was unknown until then.<br />
  6. 6. Cuneiform<br />Examples<br />
  7. 7. Video<br />Now for a short video summary on what you’ve learned so far.<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCjtPRHRZs8<br />
  8. 8. Art<br />They did not impact art as much as other civilizations as they were constantly involved in wars. <br /> Their topics were influenced by heavy conflict and thirst for power.<br />Sculptures and other pieces often used beards as a symbol for power.<br />
  9. 9. Worship<br />Almost everyone had a small statue in their home representing a God for daily worship.<br />
  10. 10. Examples<br />
  11. 11. Literature<br />The most common form of literature in Mesopotamia was an “Epic.”<br />An Epic is a very long poem that tells a story.<br />One example of an Epic is The Epic of Gilgamesh.<br />
  12. 12. The Epic of Gilgamesh<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEeW1tx5QrQ<br />
  13. 13. Gilgamesh Vs. Noah<br />The Epic Of Gilgamesh<br />Flood is sent by assembly of Gods.<br />Ordered to build a ship.<br />Must gather 2 of each animal.<br />Lasts 6 days, all wicked is wiped out.<br />3 different birds are sent out.<br />Ship rests on mountain.<br />The Bible<br />Flood is sent by God.<br />Ordered to build an Ark.<br />Must gather a male and female of each animal.<br />Lasts 40 days, all sinners die.<br />3 Birds are sent out later.<br />They stop on a mountain.<br />
  14. 14. Sources<br />http://www.historylink101.com/lessons/art_history_lessons/mesopotamian_art_lesson.htm<br />http://www.crystalinks.com/sumerwriting.html <br />http://www.calligraphylearn.com/cuneiform-alphabet.html  <br />http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/menu.html<br />http://www.icr.org/article/noah-flood-gilgamesh/<br />
  15. 15. The End<br />Thank You<br />

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