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Preterite vs. imperfect


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Preterite vs. imperfect

  1. 1. The preterite vs. the imperfect There are two “simple” past tenses in Spanish: The “preterite” and the “imperfect”. These tenses are not interchangeable, meaning that each one has specific uses and meanings.
  2. 2. The uses of the preterite A one time past action Ella usó la computadora. She used the computer.
  3. 3. The uses of the preterite As part of a chain of events. Primero ella abrió la puerta, entonces miró adentro. First she opened the door, then she looked inside.
  4. 4. The uses of the preterite To state the beginning or end of an action. Ellos terminaron el examen y salieron de la clase. They finished the test and left the classroom.
  5. 5. Preterite key words Ayer = yesterday Entonces = then Anteayer = the day before yesterday El/la ____ pasada= last ________. Anoche = last night Una vez = one time
  6. 6. The uses of the imperfect Repeated or habitual past action. Siempre We comíamos a las siete. always ate at seven.
  7. 7. The uses of the imperfect To “set the stage” for something. Yo . I miraba la televisión cuando . . was watching t.v. when . . .
  8. 8. The uses of the imperfect To tell time (on the clock) in the past. Eran It las tres de la tarde. was 3 p.m.
  9. 9. The uses of the imperfect Someone’s age in the past. El hombre tenía cuarenta años. The man was 40 years old.
  10. 10. The uses of the imperfect Mental or physical state in the past. La maestra estaba enojada. The teacher was mad.
  11. 11. The uses of the imperfect Physical characteristics in the past. La mujer era alta y rubia. The woman was tall and blonde.
  12. 12. Imperfect key words A menudo = often Nunca = never A veces = sometimes Siempre = always Cada/todos _____= every __________ Mucho = a lot Generalmente = generally Frecuentemente = frequently