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UK space agency - The Space Economy and Role of the UK Space Agency

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Talk on the UK space economy and the role of the UK Space Agency by Elizabeth Seaman, Head of Major projects at the UK Space Agency. The talk was delivered on the 18th of March at the Cunard building in Liverpool as part of the inaugural Northern Space consortium 'A case for space as an economic driver' event.

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UK space agency - The Space Economy and Role of the UK Space Agency

  1. 1. gov.uk/ukspaceagency The space economy and the role of the UK Space Agency Northern Space Consortium, Liverpool, 18 March 2016 Elizabeth Seaman UK Space Agency
  2. 2. What is the Space Economy? OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy, 2012 Space sector – Not one space activity but many across different fields of science and technology, including astronomy (including astrophysics, space science), aerospace engineering, applied mechanics, atmospheric sciences. Space economy – Wider than the space sector – Can be defined in many ways such as by products (e.g. satellites); services (image delivery, broadcasting); programmatic objectives (human spaceflight, robotic exploration)… – upstream space industry (infrastructure and technology), – downstream space industry (direct space services) – the wider space economy (space-enabled value-added applications)
  3. 3. Turnover and growth UK space economy had aggregate turnover of £11.8bn in 2012/13 Compound annual growth rate of 8.6% since 2008/09 3,976 4,570 5,015 5,360 5,870 6,074 6,450 7,009 7,894 8,510 9,236 9,838 11,380 11,848 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 £m,2012/13prices Note: due to improvements in methodology 2011/12 and 2012/13 figures include additional space applications companies, so actual growth between 2010/11 and 2011/12 will be lower than that shown here Source: ‘Case for Space 2015’, commissioned from London Economics by the UK Space Agency, Innovate UK, Satellite Applications Catapult and UK Space trade association Launch of Sentinel 1-A, April 2014
  4. 4. Exports UK space exports in 2012/13 were estimated at £3.6bn Survey data suggest 31% of turnover from the UK space economy is generated from exports, more than twice the export share of the UK as a whole (15%) When big broadcasters (BSkyB) are not counted, this rises to 66% UK-built telecommunication satellites account for 25% of the world market The UK has particular strengths in satellite communications, and in manufacturing small satellites 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% UK economy average Space economy Space economy (excluding BSkyB) Export Intensity - % of turnover from exports Source: ONS input-output tables; ‘Case for Space 2015’
  5. 5. R&D spending The UK space industry is an R&D intensive industry As a proportion of total output , average R&D spend in the sector is around 9 times the UK average Higher than many other high-technology sectors such as telecoms and computer programming services
  6. 6. Knowledge spillovers Advances in the space industry often lead to R&D and knowledge “spillovers” While hard to predict, these spillovers can lead to market growth, improved productivity, and improved wellbeing Example: knowledge spillovers from the European space industry
  7. 7. Future Opportunities UK has a strong small satellite market with some of the world’s largest manufacturers and suppliers of sub-500kg satellites Demand for small satellites is projected to grow substantially with a step-change in the number of satellites requiring launch In particular, new constellations of hundreds of satellites are currently planned The UK space industry is well-placed to benefit from these future opportunities Number of satellites (all mass) requiring launch Source: Euroconsult, Satellites to be built and launched by 2025, September 2015 Number of 1-50kg satellites requiring launch Source: SpaceWorks, Nano/Microsatellite Market Assessment, January 2014
  8. 8. The UK Space Agency leads the civil space programme – Policy advice to Ministers – Regulation – Investment – ~80 staff (Swindon, London and UK Space Gateway) Is an executive agency sponsored by Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) and was established in 2011 Responsible for: – all strategic decisions on the UK civil space programme – provision of a clear, single voice for UK space ambitions Role of the UK Space Agency
  9. 9. Working in partnership with others We work with a wide range of partners such as Research Councils (e.g. STFC), other government departments, agencies, academia and also businesses.
  10. 10. Funding - International UK Space agency invests about £370m annually of programme funds – Approximately 80% (circa. £300m) goes through the European Space Agency (ESA), mostly on science programmes The UK is selective in its investments, playing to UK industrial and scientific strength International collaboration is often preferable due to large programme costs UK also gets full scientific outputs while only paying a share of the costs – well placed to capitalise given strength of UK research base
  11. 11. Funding - National To address UK-specific needs or opportunities Funding is used for a range of purposes: International Partnership Space Programme (IPSP) Core programme Spectrum National Space Technology Programme Novasar SABRE (Synergetic Air Breathing Rocket Engine) Space for Smarter Government Programme National programmes 2015/16 (circa. £70m p.a.) – Developing infrastructure to enable sector growth – Bringing new technologies and applications to market to meet UK’s strategic needs – Supporting cluster development, e.g. ‘space gateway’ at Harwell – Ensuring a supportive regulatory environment – Encouraging the take-up of satellite-based applications in Government to deliver more cost-effective services – Develop scientific instruments to ensure UK maximises its return from ESA science missions
  12. 12. IGS Recommendation 5: Stimulate a vibrant regional SME sector Need to bring in new entrants – All sizes – start-ups to corporates – Growing existing players… – …but also bringing in new companies from outside the traditional space sector – in particular in the downstream Work with Local Enterprise Partnerships and Devolved Administrations to: – Raise awareness of opportunities in the space sector – engaging companies that could use space-derived data – Build and support clusters – Capitalise on academic excellence and physical infrastructure developments – Expand business incubation support for the space sector Support balanced growth of the space sector across the country Supporting growth across the UK
  13. 13. The Vision: UK Space Gateway at Harwell Harwell is critical for the UK’s space sector…. Direct employment: – ~200 space-sector workers in 2010 – ~600 in 2016 – Targeting 1000+ by 2020, 5000+ by 2030 (plus a further 5000 in Oxfordshire) A vibrant international community – Expertise and national facilities – Collaborative working: industry, academia and public sector – From start-ups to corporate HQs
  14. 14. The Vision: UK Space Gateway A focal point to support the whole of the UK Links to regional centres of expertise – UKSA working with partners to develop local strategies and new communities Universities and other public funded research SA Catapult Centres of Excellence – 3 in place, 2 further recently announced Regional networks – Wales, Northern Ireland, Oxfordshire Incubation Centres – SETsquared collaboration, 6 further centres to be announced Places for space – Space Enterprise Zones (Cornwall, Westcott) – Space Park proposal (Leicester) A key vehicle to deliver the UK’s growth strategy
  15. 15. Harwell’s role in the UK
  16. 16. More information UK Space Agency web site: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/uk- space-agency UK Space Agency blog: https://space.blog.gov.uk/ @spacegovuk on Twitter Spacegovuk on YouTube Spacegovuk on Flickr

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