• Human Resource
Management is the strategic
approach to managing
employees within an
organization, focusing on
retention, and utilization of
human resources to achieve
3. Objective Of
• Attracting and recruiting talented
• Developing employees' skills and
• Retaining valuable employees.
• Motivating and engaging the
• Ensuring legal compliance.
• Creating a positive work culture.
4. Functions of HRM
1. Recruitment and Selection: Attracting, sourcing, and selecting
2. Training and Development: Enhancing employee skills through
training programs and career development initiatives.
3. Performance Management: Assessing employee performance,
providing feedback, and rewarding achievements.
4. Compensation and Benefits: Designing and managing employee
compensation packages, including salaries, incentives, and benefits.
5. Employee Relations: Building and maintaining positive relationships
between employees and management, handling conflicts, and
ensuring employee satisfaction.
6. HR Planning: Forecasting future human resource needs and
planning strategies accordingly.
5. Role Of HRM
• Strategic Partner: Align HR strategies with
organizational goals and contribute to
• Employee Champion: Advocate for
employees' rights, well-being, and career
• Change Agent: Facilitate and manage
organizational change processes.
• Administrative Expert: Manage HR-related
paperwork, policies, and procedures.
• Employee Advocate: Ensure fair treatment,
diversity, and inclusion within the workplace.
6. Scope of
• HR Planning: Forecasting future workforce needs, succession planning, and
analyzing skills gaps.
• Job Analysis and Design: Determining job roles, responsibilities, and
• Recruitment and Selection: Sourcing, attracting, and hiring suitable
• Training and Development: Enhancing employee skills through training
programs and continuous learning opportunities.
• Performance Management: Establishing performance goals, providing
feedback, and evaluating employee performance.
• Compensation and Benefits: Developing fair and competitive
compensation packages, including salary structures and employee benefits.
• Employee Relations: Promoting positive employee relations, addressing
grievances, and fostering a healthy work environment.
• Health and Safety: Ensuring employee well-being, implementing safety
measures, and complying with health regulations.
• HR Information Systems: Managing employee data, HR metrics, and
7. Challenges in
• Managing a diverse
• Adapting to technological
• Navigating legal and
• Retaining top talent.
• Developing effective
• Balancing employee