Origin of the Johari
Windowfirst names of the American psychologists, Joseph
Named after the
Luft and Harry Ingham, in the 1950's while they were researching
It is one of the most useful models describing the process of human
Model is especially relevant because of the modern emphasis on soft
skills, behavior, empathy, cooperation, inter-group development and
Widely used to understand and train self-awareness, for personal
development, to improve communications, interpersonal relationships,
group dynamics, team development and inter-group relationships.
Represents information such as: feelings, experience, views,
attitudes, skills, intentions, motivation, etc within or about a
person in relation to their group, from four perspectives.
Luft and Ingham observed that there are aspects of our
personality that we're open about, and other elements that
we keep to ourselves. At the same time, there are things
that others see in us that we're not aware of. As a result, you
can draw up a four-box grid, which includes a fourth group of
traits that are unknown to anyone
Open Area contains things that are openly known
and talked about - and which may be seen as
strengths or weaknesses. This is the self that we
choose to share with others. One can and should
increase the size of this region by Exposure and
Feedback Solicitation. E.g.: your name, your
Blind area contains things that others observe that
we don't know about. Again, they could be positive
or negative behaviours, and will affect the way that
others act towards us. E.g.: your own manners,
feeling of other persons about you.
Hidden area contains aspects of our self that we
know about and keep hidden from others. E.g.: your
secrets, hopes, desires, likes and dislikes.
Unknown area contains things that nobody knows
about us - including ourselves. This may be because
we've never exposed those areas of our personality,
or because they're buried deep in the subconscious.
E.g.: your values, beliefs, and experiences.
Main objective is to increase the size of the open are so that
both you and you colleagues are aware of your perceptual
This is partly accomplished by reducing the hidden area
and through Disclosure - informing others of your beliefs,
feelings and experiences that may influence the work
The open area also increases through Feedback from
others about you behaviors. This information helps you to
reduce your blind area, because co-workers often see
things in you that you do not see.
Used for teaching and considering &
administering an understanding of:
How individuals communicate with
themselves and with others.
How individuals present themselves to
themselves and to others.
How individuals perceive their place in the
As a management tool to demonstrate the
dynamics in a team.
As a self-development tool that helps to
consider one's own 'behavior vs. reaction'.
Easy to grasp, flexible outcomes.
The method catalyses open
The method will create a shared
Some things are perhaps better not
Some people may pass on the information they
received further than you desire.
Some people may react negatively.
A useless exercise if it is not linked to activities
that reinforce positive behavior, or that correct