SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 27
Download to read offline
BLOOD
TRANSFUSION
   Laud, Katherine L.
      BSN – 3A
At the end of 30 minutes, the group should
be able to:
• Define Blood Transfusion
• Identify purposes of the procedure
• Cite situations in which blood transfusion is
  needed
• Enumerate the different transfusion reactions
  with its clinical signs and appropriate nursing
  interventions
• Classify and describe the different blood
  products and how it is being used
BLOOD TRANSFUSION


• It is a procedure in which a patient
  receives a blood product through an
  intravenous line.
• It is the introduction of blood components
  into the venous circulation.
• Process of transferring blood-based
  products from one person into the
  circulatory system of another.
Purposes

• To replace blood lost during surgery or a serious
  injury.
• To restore oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
• To provide plasma factors to prevent or treat
  bleeding.
• Done if patient’s body is not capable of making
  blood properly because of an illness.
Typical Situations in which blood
          products are given
• Major injuries after an accident or
  disaster
• Surgery on an organ such as the liver
  and the heart
• Severe Anemia
• Bleeding such as Haemophilia and
  Thrombocytopenia
BLOOD TYPES




Blood Types and their Compatibility
BLOOD TYPES

•Each person has one of the following blood
            types: A, B, AB, or O.
  •O can be given to anyone but can only
                  receive O.
 • AB can receive any type but can only be
                 given to AB.
    • Also, every person's blood is either
         Rh-positive or Rh-negative.
BLOOD TYPES

    • The blood used in a transfusion must be
      compatible with the patient's blood type.
  • Type O blood is called the universal donor
• People with type AB blood are called universal
                    recipients
  • People with Rh-positive blood can get Rh-
  positive or Rh-negative blood. But people with
      Rh-negative blood should get only Rh-
                 negative blood.
BLOOD BANKS


• Blood banks collect, test, and store
  blood.
• Autologous transfusion - If surgery
  is scheduled months in advance,
  patients may be able to donate their
  own blood and have it stored.
PREPARATION


• Before a blood transfusion, a
  technician tests the patient's blood to
  find out what blood type they have
  (that is, A, B, AB, or O and Rh
  positive or Rh negative).
• Some patients may have allergic
  reactions even when the blood given
  does work with their own blood type.
ADMINISTERING BLOOD


• Blood transfusions take place
  in either a doctor's office or a
  hospital. They can be done at
  the patient's home, but this is
  less common.
ADMINISTERING BLOOD


• A needle is used to insert an intravenous
  (IV) line into a blood vessel. Through this
  line, the blood is transfused. The
  procedure usually takes one to four hours.
  The time depends on how much blood is
  needed, which blood product is given, and
  whether the patient's body can safely
  receive blood quickly or not.
ADMINISTERING BLOOD


• During the blood transfusion, a
  nurse carefully watches the
  patient, especially for the first
  15 minutes. This is when bad
  reactions are most likely to
  occur.
ADMINISTERING BLOOD


• After a blood transfusion,
  vital signs are checked
  (such as temperature, blood
  pressure, respiration rate,
  and heart rate).
ADMINISTERING BLOOD


• Follow-up blood
  tests may be necessary
  to show how the body is
  reacting to the
  transfusion.
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS

                                                                 NURSING
 REACTION:CAUSE                CLINICAL SIGNS
                                                             INTERVENTIONS
Hemolytic Reaction:          Chills, fever, headache, 1. Discontinue the
incompatibility between      backache, dyspnea,          transfusion immediately.
client’s blood and donor’s   cyanosis, chest pain,       NOTE: when the
                                                         transfusion is
blood                        tachycardia, hypotension    discontinued, use new
                                                             tubing for the normal
                                                             saline infusion.
                                                        2.   Notify primary care
                                                             provider immediately.
                                                        3.   Monitor vital signs.
                                                        4.   Monitor fluid intake and
                                                             output.
                                                        5.   Send the remaining
                                                             blood, bag, filter, tubing,
                                                             a sample of the client’s
                                                             blood, and a urine
                                                             sample to the laboratory.
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS

                                                             NURSING
 REACTION:CAUSE              CLINICAL SIGNS
                                                        INTERVENTIONS
Febrile Reaction:           Fever, chills, warm and   1. Discontinue the
sensitivity of the client’s flushed skin, headache,      transfusion
blood to white blood        anxiety, muscle pain         immediately.
cells, platelets, or plasma                           2. Give antipyretics as
proteins                                                 ordered.
                                                      3. Notify the primary
                                                         care provider.
                                                      4. Keep the vein open
                                                         with a normal saline
                                                         infusion.
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS

                                                         NURSING
 REACTION:CAUSE              CLINICAL SIGNS
                                                     INTERVENTIONS
Allergic Reaction (Mild) Flushing, itching,       1. Stop or slow the
                         urticaria, bronchial        transfusion, depending
                         wheezing                    on agency protocol.
                                                  2. Notify the primary care
                                                     provider.
                                                  3. Administer
                                                     antihistamines as
                                                     ordered.
Allergic Reaction         Dyspnea, chest pain,    1. Stop the transfusion.
(Severe)                  circulatory collapse,   2. Keep the vein open with
                          cardiac arrest             a normal saline solution.
                                                  3. Notify the primary care
                                                     provider immediately.
                                                  4. Monitor vital signs.
                                                     Administer CPR if
                                                     needed.
                                                  5. Administer medications
                                                     or oxygen as ordered.
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS

                                                      NURSING
 REACTION:CAUSE           CLINICAL SIGNS
                                                  INTERVENTIONS
Circulatory Overload:   Cough, dyspnea,         1. Place the client
blood administered      crackles (rales),          upright, with feet
faster than the         distended neck veins,      dependent.
circulation can         tachycardia,            2. Stop or slow the
accommodate             hypertension               transfusion.
                                                3. Notify the primary
                                                   care provider.
                                                4. Administer diuretics
                                                   or oxygen as
                                                   ordered.
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS

                                                    NURSING
 REACTION:CAUSE          CLINICAL SIGNS
                                               INTERVENTIONS
Sepsis: contaminated   High fever, chills,   1. Stop the transfusion.
blood administered     vomiting, diarrhea,   2. Keep the vein open
                       hypotension              with a normal saline
                                                solution infusion.
                                             3. Notify the primary
                                                care provider.
                                             4. Administer IV fluids,
                                                Antibiotics.
                                             5. Obtain a blood
                                                specimen from the
                                                client for culture.
                                             6. Send the remaining
                                                blood and tubing to
                                                the laboratory
BLOOD PRODUCTS


• Components of the blood which
  are collected from a donor for use
  in blood transfusion.
BLOOD PRODUCTS

       PRODUCTS                   DESCRIPTION
                             Most common type of
                              blood product for
                              transfusion
                             Used to increase the
                              oxygen-carrying capacity
A. Packed Red Blood Cells
                              of blood
   (PRBCs)
                             Help the body get rid of
                              carbon dioxide and other
                              waste products
                             1 unit of PRBCs = raises
                              hematocrit by 2-3%
BLOOD PRODUCTS

       PRODUCTS                 DESCRIPTION
                          Plasma is the liquid
                           component of blood; it has
                           proteins called clotting
                           factors
                          Expands blood volume
B. Fresh Frozen Plasma
                           and provides clotting
   (FFP)
                           factors
                          Contains no RBCs
                          1 unit of FFP = increases
                           level of any clotting factor
                           by 2-3%
BLOOD PRODUCTS
        PRODUCTS             DESCRIPTION
                       Also known as
                        thrombocytes
                       Tiny cell structures
                        necessary in blood clotting
                        process
                       Replaces platelets in
C. Platelets            clients with bleeding
                        disorders, or platelet
                        deficiency
                       1 unit = increases the
                        average adult client’s
                        platelet count by about
                        5,000 platelets/microliter
BLOOD PRODUCTS

       PRODUCTS                 DESCRIPTION
                           Not commonly used
                            except for extreme cases
D. Whole Blood              of acute hemorrhage
                           Replaces blood volume
                            and all blood products
                           Used for blood
                            replacement following
E. Autologous Red Blood
                            planned elective surgery
   Cells
                           Must be donated 4-5
                            weeks prior to surgery
BLOOD PRODUCTS

        PRODUCTS                 DESCRIPTION
F. Albumin and Plasma      Blood volume expander
   Protein Fraction        Provides plasma protein
                           A portion of plasma
                            containing certain specific
G. Clotting Factors and     clotting factors
  Cryoprecipitate          Used for clients with
                            clotting factor deficiencies
                           Contains Fibrinogen
REFERENCE:

• Kozier, et al. Fundamentals of Nursing Concepts,
  Process, and Practice. Ed 8. Vol 2

• http://wiki.medpedia.com/Blood_Transfusion - August 2,
  2010



                     THANK YOU^^

More Related Content

What's hot

Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, Silvassa
Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, SilvassaBlood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, Silvassa
Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, SilvassaNursingOfficers1
 
Blood and blood transfusion
Blood and blood transfusionBlood and blood transfusion
Blood and blood transfusionBashir BnYunus
 
Blood transfusion checklist sania
Blood transfusion checklist saniaBlood transfusion checklist sania
Blood transfusion checklist saniaanjalatchi
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusiondrmcbansal
 
Blood Administration
Blood AdministrationBlood Administration
Blood Administrationjben501
 
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.com
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.comBlood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.com
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.comLouie Ray
 
Blood transfusionpresentation
Blood transfusionpresentationBlood transfusionpresentation
Blood transfusionpresentationelhadi ibrahim
 
Indications and complications of blood transfusion
Indications and complications of blood transfusion Indications and complications of blood transfusion
Indications and complications of blood transfusion abhimanyu_ganguly
 
Needle stick injury
Needle stick injuryNeedle stick injury
Needle stick injuryAnshu Yadav
 
Blood products and massive blood transfusion
Blood products and massive blood transfusionBlood products and massive blood transfusion
Blood products and massive blood transfusionNaveen Kumar Adepu
 
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and Complications
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and ComplicationsBlood Transfusion: Procedure and Complications
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and ComplicationsShraddha Madghe
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusionAmith W A
 

What's hot (20)

Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, Silvassa
Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, SilvassaBlood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, Silvassa
Blood transfusion by M.Sc.Second year, 2020-21 Btach, SVBCON, Silvassa
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Blood and blood transfusion
Blood and blood transfusionBlood and blood transfusion
Blood and blood transfusion
 
Blood transfusion checklist sania
Blood transfusion checklist saniaBlood transfusion checklist sania
Blood transfusion checklist sania
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Blood transfusion guidelines in clinical practice
Blood transfusion guidelines in clinical practiceBlood transfusion guidelines in clinical practice
Blood transfusion guidelines in clinical practice
 
Blood Administration
Blood AdministrationBlood Administration
Blood Administration
 
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.com
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.comBlood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.com
Blood Transfusion (a nursing procedure) by www.nursesinfosite.blogspot.com
 
Blood transfusionpresentation
Blood transfusionpresentationBlood transfusionpresentation
Blood transfusionpresentation
 
TRIAGE
TRIAGETRIAGE
TRIAGE
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Indications and complications of blood transfusion
Indications and complications of blood transfusion Indications and complications of blood transfusion
Indications and complications of blood transfusion
 
Needle stick injury
Needle stick injuryNeedle stick injury
Needle stick injury
 
Blood products and massive blood transfusion
Blood products and massive blood transfusionBlood products and massive blood transfusion
Blood products and massive blood transfusion
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Guidelines of blood transfusion
Guidelines of blood transfusionGuidelines of blood transfusion
Guidelines of blood transfusion
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and Complications
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and ComplicationsBlood Transfusion: Procedure and Complications
Blood Transfusion: Procedure and Complications
 
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusion
 

Similar to Wardclass powerpoint blood transfusion

bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdf
bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdfbloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdf
bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdfprasannroy1
 
Blood component therapy
Blood component therapyBlood component therapy
Blood component therapyMonika Devi NR
 
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010mohamed mohamed
 
Congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failureCongestive heart failure
Congestive heart failureRakhiYadav53
 
transfusion is medical terminology and explaination
transfusion is medical terminology and explainationtransfusion is medical terminology and explaination
transfusion is medical terminology and explainationdrsidraisrar
 
what is shock
what is shockwhat is shock
what is shockAkashFare
 
Acls mega code pdf
Acls mega code pdfAcls mega code pdf
Acls mega code pdfceipem
 
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and management
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and managementshock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and management
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and managementsurveshkumarGupta1
 

Similar to Wardclass powerpoint blood transfusion (20)

bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdf
bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdfbloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdf
bloodcomponenttherapy-190912083439.pdf
 
Blood component therapy
Blood component therapyBlood component therapy
Blood component therapy
 
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010
Transfusion reactions tutorial 2010
 
Congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failureCongestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure
 
Shock.pptx
Shock.pptxShock.pptx
Shock.pptx
 
Blood transfusion reaction
Blood transfusion reactionBlood transfusion reaction
Blood transfusion reaction
 
BT reviewer.docx
BT reviewer.docxBT reviewer.docx
BT reviewer.docx
 
Shock
ShockShock
Shock
 
Shock in children
Shock in childrenShock in children
Shock in children
 
Shock.pptx
Shock.pptxShock.pptx
Shock.pptx
 
Bt complications
Bt complicationsBt complications
Bt complications
 
transfusion is medical terminology and explaination
transfusion is medical terminology and explainationtransfusion is medical terminology and explaination
transfusion is medical terminology and explaination
 
Shock
Shock Shock
Shock
 
Blood transfusion reactions
Blood transfusion reactionsBlood transfusion reactions
Blood transfusion reactions
 
what is shock
what is shockwhat is shock
what is shock
 
Acls mega code pdf
Acls mega code pdfAcls mega code pdf
Acls mega code pdf
 
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and management
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and managementshock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and management
shock with its types in elaborative form and with its evaluation and management
 
Anesthesia Q&A 2020
Anesthesia Q&A 2020Anesthesia Q&A 2020
Anesthesia Q&A 2020
 
IVs
IVsIVs
IVs
 
Physical Assessment
Physical AssessmentPhysical Assessment
Physical Assessment
 

More from Katherine 'Chingboo' Laud (13)

Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint Presentation
Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint PresentationIntestinal Obstruction Powerpoint Presentation
Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint Presentation
 
Sample Gordon's Functional Health Pattern: Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint ...
Sample Gordon's Functional Health Pattern: Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint ...Sample Gordon's Functional Health Pattern: Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint ...
Sample Gordon's Functional Health Pattern: Intestinal Obstruction Powerpoint ...
 
Anatomy and Physiology: Gastrointestinal Tract
Anatomy and Physiology: Gastrointestinal TractAnatomy and Physiology: Gastrointestinal Tract
Anatomy and Physiology: Gastrointestinal Tract
 
Gastroenteritis ppt
Gastroenteritis pptGastroenteritis ppt
Gastroenteritis ppt
 
Fpt graphs balakayo
Fpt graphs balakayoFpt graphs balakayo
Fpt graphs balakayo
 
sample green template
sample green templatesample green template
sample green template
 
Nutrition ppt sample
Nutrition ppt sampleNutrition ppt sample
Nutrition ppt sample
 
Hygiene ppt sample
Hygiene ppt sampleHygiene ppt sample
Hygiene ppt sample
 
green template
green templategreen template
green template
 
Grand Family Case Study Documentation
Grand Family Case Study DocumentationGrand Family Case Study Documentation
Grand Family Case Study Documentation
 
Purok Balakayo Presentation
Purok Balakayo PresentationPurok Balakayo Presentation
Purok Balakayo Presentation
 
Gastric Cancer PPT
Gastric Cancer PPTGastric Cancer PPT
Gastric Cancer PPT
 
Nursing Research Final Defense
Nursing Research Final DefenseNursing Research Final Defense
Nursing Research Final Defense
 

Recently uploaded

Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents
Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory AgentsPresentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents
Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory AgentsPrerana Jadhav
 
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxPrince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxprincebieber28
 
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptx
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptxPlasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptx
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptxRajendra Dev Bhatt
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...MehranMouzam
 
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UK
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UKExploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UK
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UKPrivate GP London
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPrerana Jadhav
 
NEWER OHAs AND NEWER INSULIN.pptx
NEWER OHAs        AND NEWER INSULIN.pptxNEWER OHAs        AND NEWER INSULIN.pptx
NEWER OHAs AND NEWER INSULIN.pptxtarakeeshbai1802
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxAbhishek943418
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamAkebom Gebremichael
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Classmanuelazg2001
 
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfHistory and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfSasikiranMarri
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxpdamico1
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurNavdeep Kaur
 
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training Course
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training CourseOphthalmology Ultrasound Training Course
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training CourseKafrELShiekh University
 
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...Badalona Serveis Assistencials
 
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulation
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulationGlucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulation
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulationSai Sailesh Kumar Goothy
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxEx WHO/USAID
 
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfRole of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfCCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfMyThaoAiDoan
 
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisVarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisGolden Helix
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents
Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory AgentsPresentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents
Presentation on Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents
 
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxPrince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
 
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptx
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptxPlasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptx
Plasma proteins and their functions for Nursing .pptx
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
 
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UK
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UKExploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UK
Exploring the Variety of Private Blood Tests in the UK
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
 
NEWER OHAs AND NEWER INSULIN.pptx
NEWER OHAs        AND NEWER INSULIN.pptxNEWER OHAs        AND NEWER INSULIN.pptx
NEWER OHAs AND NEWER INSULIN.pptx
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
 
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfHistory and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
 
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training Course
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training CourseOphthalmology Ultrasound Training Course
Ophthalmology Ultrasound Training Course
 
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...
Presentació "Real-Life VR Integration for Mild Cognitive Impairment Rehabilit...
 
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulation
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulationGlucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulation
Glucagon-9.pptx- Physiology, functions, regulation
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
 
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfRole of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
 
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfCCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
 
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisVarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
 

Wardclass powerpoint blood transfusion

  • 1. BLOOD TRANSFUSION Laud, Katherine L. BSN – 3A
  • 2. At the end of 30 minutes, the group should be able to: • Define Blood Transfusion • Identify purposes of the procedure • Cite situations in which blood transfusion is needed • Enumerate the different transfusion reactions with its clinical signs and appropriate nursing interventions • Classify and describe the different blood products and how it is being used
  • 3. BLOOD TRANSFUSION • It is a procedure in which a patient receives a blood product through an intravenous line. • It is the introduction of blood components into the venous circulation. • Process of transferring blood-based products from one person into the circulatory system of another.
  • 4. Purposes • To replace blood lost during surgery or a serious injury. • To restore oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. • To provide plasma factors to prevent or treat bleeding. • Done if patient’s body is not capable of making blood properly because of an illness.
  • 5. Typical Situations in which blood products are given • Major injuries after an accident or disaster • Surgery on an organ such as the liver and the heart • Severe Anemia • Bleeding such as Haemophilia and Thrombocytopenia
  • 6. BLOOD TYPES Blood Types and their Compatibility
  • 7. BLOOD TYPES •Each person has one of the following blood types: A, B, AB, or O. •O can be given to anyone but can only receive O. • AB can receive any type but can only be given to AB. • Also, every person's blood is either Rh-positive or Rh-negative.
  • 8. BLOOD TYPES • The blood used in a transfusion must be compatible with the patient's blood type. • Type O blood is called the universal donor • People with type AB blood are called universal recipients • People with Rh-positive blood can get Rh- positive or Rh-negative blood. But people with Rh-negative blood should get only Rh- negative blood.
  • 9. BLOOD BANKS • Blood banks collect, test, and store blood. • Autologous transfusion - If surgery is scheduled months in advance, patients may be able to donate their own blood and have it stored.
  • 10. PREPARATION • Before a blood transfusion, a technician tests the patient's blood to find out what blood type they have (that is, A, B, AB, or O and Rh positive or Rh negative). • Some patients may have allergic reactions even when the blood given does work with their own blood type.
  • 11. ADMINISTERING BLOOD • Blood transfusions take place in either a doctor's office or a hospital. They can be done at the patient's home, but this is less common.
  • 12. ADMINISTERING BLOOD • A needle is used to insert an intravenous (IV) line into a blood vessel. Through this line, the blood is transfused. The procedure usually takes one to four hours. The time depends on how much blood is needed, which blood product is given, and whether the patient's body can safely receive blood quickly or not.
  • 13. ADMINISTERING BLOOD • During the blood transfusion, a nurse carefully watches the patient, especially for the first 15 minutes. This is when bad reactions are most likely to occur.
  • 14. ADMINISTERING BLOOD • After a blood transfusion, vital signs are checked (such as temperature, blood pressure, respiration rate, and heart rate).
  • 15. ADMINISTERING BLOOD • Follow-up blood tests may be necessary to show how the body is reacting to the transfusion.
  • 16. TRANSFUSION REACTIONS NURSING REACTION:CAUSE CLINICAL SIGNS INTERVENTIONS Hemolytic Reaction: Chills, fever, headache, 1. Discontinue the incompatibility between backache, dyspnea, transfusion immediately. client’s blood and donor’s cyanosis, chest pain, NOTE: when the transfusion is blood tachycardia, hypotension discontinued, use new tubing for the normal saline infusion. 2. Notify primary care provider immediately. 3. Monitor vital signs. 4. Monitor fluid intake and output. 5. Send the remaining blood, bag, filter, tubing, a sample of the client’s blood, and a urine sample to the laboratory.
  • 17. TRANSFUSION REACTIONS NURSING REACTION:CAUSE CLINICAL SIGNS INTERVENTIONS Febrile Reaction: Fever, chills, warm and 1. Discontinue the sensitivity of the client’s flushed skin, headache, transfusion blood to white blood anxiety, muscle pain immediately. cells, platelets, or plasma 2. Give antipyretics as proteins ordered. 3. Notify the primary care provider. 4. Keep the vein open with a normal saline infusion.
  • 18. TRANSFUSION REACTIONS NURSING REACTION:CAUSE CLINICAL SIGNS INTERVENTIONS Allergic Reaction (Mild) Flushing, itching, 1. Stop or slow the urticaria, bronchial transfusion, depending wheezing on agency protocol. 2. Notify the primary care provider. 3. Administer antihistamines as ordered. Allergic Reaction Dyspnea, chest pain, 1. Stop the transfusion. (Severe) circulatory collapse, 2. Keep the vein open with cardiac arrest a normal saline solution. 3. Notify the primary care provider immediately. 4. Monitor vital signs. Administer CPR if needed. 5. Administer medications or oxygen as ordered.
  • 19. TRANSFUSION REACTIONS NURSING REACTION:CAUSE CLINICAL SIGNS INTERVENTIONS Circulatory Overload: Cough, dyspnea, 1. Place the client blood administered crackles (rales), upright, with feet faster than the distended neck veins, dependent. circulation can tachycardia, 2. Stop or slow the accommodate hypertension transfusion. 3. Notify the primary care provider. 4. Administer diuretics or oxygen as ordered.
  • 20. TRANSFUSION REACTIONS NURSING REACTION:CAUSE CLINICAL SIGNS INTERVENTIONS Sepsis: contaminated High fever, chills, 1. Stop the transfusion. blood administered vomiting, diarrhea, 2. Keep the vein open hypotension with a normal saline solution infusion. 3. Notify the primary care provider. 4. Administer IV fluids, Antibiotics. 5. Obtain a blood specimen from the client for culture. 6. Send the remaining blood and tubing to the laboratory
  • 21. BLOOD PRODUCTS • Components of the blood which are collected from a donor for use in blood transfusion.
  • 22. BLOOD PRODUCTS PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION  Most common type of blood product for transfusion  Used to increase the oxygen-carrying capacity A. Packed Red Blood Cells of blood (PRBCs)  Help the body get rid of carbon dioxide and other waste products  1 unit of PRBCs = raises hematocrit by 2-3%
  • 23. BLOOD PRODUCTS PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION  Plasma is the liquid component of blood; it has proteins called clotting factors  Expands blood volume B. Fresh Frozen Plasma and provides clotting (FFP) factors  Contains no RBCs  1 unit of FFP = increases level of any clotting factor by 2-3%
  • 24. BLOOD PRODUCTS PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION  Also known as thrombocytes  Tiny cell structures necessary in blood clotting process  Replaces platelets in C. Platelets clients with bleeding disorders, or platelet deficiency  1 unit = increases the average adult client’s platelet count by about 5,000 platelets/microliter
  • 25. BLOOD PRODUCTS PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION  Not commonly used except for extreme cases D. Whole Blood of acute hemorrhage  Replaces blood volume and all blood products  Used for blood replacement following E. Autologous Red Blood planned elective surgery Cells  Must be donated 4-5 weeks prior to surgery
  • 26. BLOOD PRODUCTS PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION F. Albumin and Plasma  Blood volume expander Protein Fraction  Provides plasma protein  A portion of plasma containing certain specific G. Clotting Factors and clotting factors Cryoprecipitate  Used for clients with clotting factor deficiencies  Contains Fibrinogen
  • 27. REFERENCE: • Kozier, et al. Fundamentals of Nursing Concepts, Process, and Practice. Ed 8. Vol 2 • http://wiki.medpedia.com/Blood_Transfusion - August 2, 2010 THANK YOU^^