Context
CluesVocabulary Building
Context clues
Context Clues are hints that the
author gives to help define a difficult
or unusual word.
The clue may appea...
FOUR TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES:
1. Definition
2. Synonyms
3. Antonyms
4. Example
DEFINITION
The verb "to be" is a signal indicating
that the definition of the word may
be in the sentence.
A form of the v...
Examples:
1.A carnivore is an animal that
feeds only on meat.
2.A biographer, or one who
writes about people's lives,
is a...
SYNONYMS
The word "like" is a signal word
indicating synonym which means
there is a word of similar meaning in
the sentenc...
Examples:
1. The harlequin, like the circus
clown, was a fool who loved to
perform.
2. My opponent's argument
is fallaciou...
ANTONYMS
The word "but" is a signal word
indicating antonym which means
there is a word of opposite meaning
in the sentenc...
Examples:
1. Jerry is very clumsy, but his
sister Jenny is adroit.
2. Although some men
are loquacious, others hardly
talk...
EXAMPLE
Using examples or illustrations, an author tries
to show what a word means.
A writer may give just one example or ...
Examples:
1. The river was full of noxious materials such
as cleaning agents from factories
and pesticides from the nearby...
Cubbyholes
I have always lived in cubbyholes. After
moving away from home, my first
apartment was just a cubbyhole in a la...
Scuzzy
The floors of the restaurant were
extremely scuzzy. They were covered
with spilled grease, crumbs of food,
and ciga...
Remunerated
The contractor was always
well remunerated for his work. For
example, he received $10,000 for a small
addition...
Breeches
The department store carries a
variety of breeches, for example
they carried Levis, Wranglers, and
even some plai...
Bauble
Josie received a bauble for Christmas
from her great aunt. This she put with
her others, a pair of imitation earrin...
Vociferous
The girl who used to be
very vociferous doesn't talk
much anymore.
Vociferous = TALKATIVE
Parcimonious
He was so parsimonious that he
refused to give his own sons the
few pennies they needed to buy
pencils for sc...
Pertinacity
His pertinacity, or
stubbornness, is the cause of
most of his trouble.
Pertinacity = STUBBORN
Ecclesiastics
Ecclesiastics, such as priests,
ministers, and pastors, should
set models of behavior for their
congregants....
churlish
The girl was churlish – rude,
sullen and absolutely ill-
mannered.
Churlish = RUDE
Conflagration
Because the conflagration was
aided by wind, it was so
destructive that every building
in the area was compl...
Context  clues
Context  clues
Context  clues
Context  clues
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Context clues

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Context clues

  1. 1. Context CluesVocabulary Building
  2. 2. Context clues Context Clues are hints that the author gives to help define a difficult or unusual word. The clue may appear within the same sentence as the word to which it refers, or it may be in a preceding or subsequent sentence.
  3. 3. FOUR TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES: 1. Definition 2. Synonyms 3. Antonyms 4. Example
  4. 4. DEFINITION The verb "to be" is a signal indicating that the definition of the word may be in the sentence. A form of the verb "to be" is located between the unfamiliar word and its meaning.
  5. 5. Examples: 1.A carnivore is an animal that feeds only on meat. 2.A biographer, or one who writes about people's lives, is an example of an author.
  6. 6. SYNONYMS The word "like" is a signal word indicating synonym which means there is a word of similar meaning in the sentence. A synonym, or word with the same meaning, is used in the sentence.
  7. 7. Examples: 1. The harlequin, like the circus clown, was a fool who loved to perform. 2. My opponent's argument is fallacious, misleading – plain wrong.
  8. 8. ANTONYMS The word "but" is a signal word indicating antonym which means there is a word of opposite meaning in the sentence. A word or group of words that has the opposite meaning reveals the meaning of an unknown term.
  9. 9. Examples: 1. Jerry is very clumsy, but his sister Jenny is adroit. 2. Although some men are loquacious, others hardly talk at all.
  10. 10. EXAMPLE Using examples or illustrations, an author tries to show what a word means. A writer may give just one example or several. Remember that these examples are not synonyms. Look for words or phrases like such as, including or consists of, Colons (:) and dashes (-) can also signal examples.
  11. 11. Examples: 1. The river was full of noxious materials such as cleaning agents from factories and pesticides from the nearby farms. 2. This third grade was full of precocious children. One child had learned to read at two and another could do algebra at age 6. 3. When going to an office party you should show your best decorum, for example, dress your best, drink and eat moderately, and be sure to thank the host before you leave.
  12. 12. Cubbyholes I have always lived in cubbyholes. After moving away from home, my first apartment was just a cubbyhole in a large building. It was no more that 8' by 12' and had a bed in one corner. My second was no more that a large walk-in closet. My current one is about 10 feet long by 12 feet wide, but it at least has two rooms. Cubbyhole = SMALL
  13. 13. Scuzzy The floors of the restaurant were extremely scuzzy. They were covered with spilled grease, crumbs of food, and cigarette butts. Scuzzy = DIRTY
  14. 14. Remunerated The contractor was always well remunerated for his work. For example, he received $10,000 for a small addition to a house and last year he was received $5,000 for reconstructing a stairway. Remunerated = PAID
  15. 15. Breeches The department store carries a variety of breeches, for example they carried Levis, Wranglers, and even some plain unlabeled brands made of cotton. Breeches = PANTS / JEANS
  16. 16. Bauble Josie received a bauble for Christmas from her great aunt. This she put with her others, a pair of imitation earrings, a fake emerald pendant, and a ring that looked like a ruby. Bauble = Jewelries
  17. 17. Vociferous The girl who used to be very vociferous doesn't talk much anymore. Vociferous = TALKATIVE
  18. 18. Parcimonious He was so parsimonious that he refused to give his own sons the few pennies they needed to buy pencils for school. It truly hurt him to part with his money. Parsimonious = STINGY
  19. 19. Pertinacity His pertinacity, or stubbornness, is the cause of most of his trouble. Pertinacity = STUBBORN
  20. 20. Ecclesiastics Ecclesiastics, such as priests, ministers, and pastors, should set models of behavior for their congregants. Ecclesiastics = CLERGY
  21. 21. churlish The girl was churlish – rude, sullen and absolutely ill- mannered. Churlish = RUDE
  22. 22. Conflagration Because the conflagration was aided by wind, it was so destructive that every building in the area was completely burned to the ground. Conflagration = FIRE

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