Obesity & Sugar Sweetened Beverages

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The Chicago City Council Committee on Health & Environmental Protection held a hearing on the impact of sugar sweetened beverage tax on Obesity. Here are the slides used by the Chicago Department of Public Health. The full testimony is posted online at www.cityofchicago.org/health

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Obesity & Sugar Sweetened Beverages

  1. 1. Chicago Department of Public Health Obesity and Sugar Sweetened Beverages Presented to the Chicago City Council Health and Environmental Protection Committee Bechara Choucair, M.D. @ ChiPublicHealth on Rahm Emanuel Bechara Choucair, MD Mayor May 1, 2012 Commissioner
  2. 2. Healthy ChicagoGoal: Prevent and control overweight, obesity andrelated chronic disease Reduce adult and childhood obesity by 10%. Decrease the proportion of youth and adults consuming less than five servings of fruits and vegetables per day by 10%. Reduce the number of Chicagoans living in food deserts to 200,000 by 2015 and to zero by 2020.
  3. 3. Selected Actions to Address Obesity• Improved park space• Play streets• Walkability and biking efforts• Child care standards• Grocery store expansion• Healthy vending
  4. 4. Marketing• $948 million annually • Regular soda – 46% • Energy drinks - 17% • Sports drinks – 15% • Fruit drinks – 14% • Flavored water – 4% • Iced tea – 4%• $500 million aimed at children
  5. 5. Portion Sizes Da Da Da
  6. 6. Pricing
  7. 7. Sugar Content in Sodas• 12-oz soda: 9–12 tsps• 20-oz soda: 15-20 tsps• 64-oz soda: 54-63 tsps• Bottled Ice Tea: 14 tsps• Energy drink – 16 tsps
  8. 8. The average American consumes 45 gallonsof sugary drinks – or 42 pounds of sugar –each year 45 Gallon
  9. 9. How Sugary Drinks Impact HealthMalik, Popkin, Bray, Després, Hu. 2010. Circulation 2010
  10. 10. Chicago Obesity Facts• Children are obese at rates more than twice the national average• Obesity among high school students increased by 20% between 1999 and 2009• 67% of Chicago adults are either overweight or obese
  11. 11. Obesity Disparities60%50%40%30%20%10%0% Chicago Humboldt Park West Town South Lawndale North Lawndale Roseland Norwood Park (36% Black, (47% Black, (47% Hispanic, (83% Hispanic) (94% Black) (98% Black) (88% White) 26% Hispanic, 48% Hispanic) 39% White) 21% White) Blue = overweight Purple = obese Source: Improving Community Health Survey, Report I., Sinai Urban Health Institute: Chicago, IL. http://www.suhichicago.org/files/publications/P.pdf
  12. 12. Diabetes in Cook County375,000300,000225,000150,000 75,000 0 2004 2005 2007 2009CDC http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DDT_STRS2/CountyPrevalenceData.aspx?StateId=17&mode=DBT
  13. 13. Other Health Consequences of Obesity• Coronary heart disease• Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)• Hypertension (high blood pressure)• Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)• Stroke• Liver and Gallbladder disease• Sleep apnea and respiratory problems• Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)• Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility)
  14. 14. Annual Economic Impacts of Obesity• Nationally, $147 billion spent on related health costs• Private employers lose ~$45 billion to medical costs and work loss• $3.4 billion in added health care costs in Illinois
  15. 15. Prevention Strategies• Public awareness• Points of access• Pricing
  16. 16. HEALTHY CHICAGOChicago Department of Public Health IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR IT’S ABOUT HOW WE BEHAVE AS A CITY
  17. 17. www.Cityofchicago.org/HealthHealthyChicago@cityofchicago.orgFacebook.com/ChicagoPublicHealth@ChiPublicHealthhttp://gplus.to/ChiPublicHealth(312) 747-9884

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