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LITERATURE
Literature are written works that are considered to be
very good and to have lasting importance.
Literature that is written in the ordinary language.
Prose
Poetry
Writings in which words are arranged in a rhythmic
pattern. Predominantly, sentences are metaphorical.
Fiction
Works that are imagined by the writer and is not true
Fantasy
Works that are produced by the imagination of the
writer.
Mystery
Deals with the solution of a crime
Science-Fiction
Set typically in the future or on other planets.
Myth
Stories which usually contains gods and goddesses
and was told in ancient times.
Short Stories
Usually deal with few characters and often just
concentrate on the mood rather than the plot.
Parable
Teaches moral or spiritual lessons, especially those
told by Jesus and recorded in the Bible.
Folktales
Traditional Stories.
Fable
Stories which main characters are animals and
intended to teach lessons.
Fairy Tale
Children’s stories that contains magic or magical
creatures.
Used to rationalize the origins of things.
Legend
Tall Tale
Sometimes called Anecdote. Stories that are told in a
humorous and exaggerated mean.
Non-Fiction
Opposite of Fiction. Events or characters that exists or
existed in real life.
Biography
Story of a person’s life written by another person.
Autobiography
Story of a person’s life written by the same person
Essay
Piece of writing that tells a person’s thoughts and
opinions about a subject.
Encyclopedia
A reference work that contains information about
many subjects.
Textbook
Book about a particular subject that is used for study.
Magazine
Thin book that contains stories, essays, pictures, etc.,
that is usually published every week or month.
Brochure
Thin magazine that has many pictures and
information about a product, place, etc.
Newspaper
Set of paper that have news stories, information
about local events, advertisement, etc.
Research Report
A story that is descriptive about a topic
Atlas
A book of maps
Memoir
A written work in which someone describe past
experiences
Editorial
Essay in a newspaper or magazine that gives opinons
of its editors or publishers
Advertisement
Shown to the public to help sell a product or to make
an announcement
Lyric
Poem that expresses deep personal feelings in a way
that is like a song
Simple Lyric
Other Lyric Poetry that does not properly fall into
other categories.
Song
Piece of music with words that are sung
Sonnet
Poem made of 14 lines that rhyme in a fixed pattern
Elegy
A sad poem or song for someone who is dead
Ode
A poem in which a person expresses a strong feeling
of love or respect for someone or something
Narrative
Something that is narrated
Ballad
Slow song about love
Metrical Romance
Arranged in a rhythmic pattern of beats
Epic
Poem that tells the story of a hero’s adventures
Dramatic
Something that is sudden and extreme
Soliloquy
A long speech that a character in a play makes to an
audience that reveals the character’s thoughts
Character Sketch
A short and terse description of characters in a story
Comedy
Something that is meant to make people laugh
Tragedy
A very bad event that causes great sadness
Branches of Literature
Branches of Literature
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Branches of Literature

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Brief descriptions of the branches of literature for class presentations.

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Branches of Literature

  1. 1. LITERATURE Literature are written works that are considered to be very good and to have lasting importance.
  2. 2. Literature that is written in the ordinary language. Prose
  3. 3. Poetry Writings in which words are arranged in a rhythmic pattern. Predominantly, sentences are metaphorical.
  4. 4. Fiction Works that are imagined by the writer and is not true
  5. 5. Fantasy Works that are produced by the imagination of the writer.
  6. 6. Mystery Deals with the solution of a crime
  7. 7. Science-Fiction Set typically in the future or on other planets.
  8. 8. Myth Stories which usually contains gods and goddesses and was told in ancient times.
  9. 9. Short Stories Usually deal with few characters and often just concentrate on the mood rather than the plot.
  10. 10. Parable Teaches moral or spiritual lessons, especially those told by Jesus and recorded in the Bible.
  11. 11. Folktales Traditional Stories.
  12. 12. Fable Stories which main characters are animals and intended to teach lessons.
  13. 13. Fairy Tale Children’s stories that contains magic or magical creatures.
  14. 14. Used to rationalize the origins of things. Legend
  15. 15. Tall Tale Sometimes called Anecdote. Stories that are told in a humorous and exaggerated mean.
  16. 16. Non-Fiction Opposite of Fiction. Events or characters that exists or existed in real life.
  17. 17. Biography Story of a person’s life written by another person.
  18. 18. Autobiography Story of a person’s life written by the same person
  19. 19. Essay Piece of writing that tells a person’s thoughts and opinions about a subject.
  20. 20. Encyclopedia A reference work that contains information about many subjects.
  21. 21. Textbook Book about a particular subject that is used for study.
  22. 22. Magazine Thin book that contains stories, essays, pictures, etc., that is usually published every week or month.
  23. 23. Brochure Thin magazine that has many pictures and information about a product, place, etc.
  24. 24. Newspaper Set of paper that have news stories, information about local events, advertisement, etc.
  25. 25. Research Report A story that is descriptive about a topic
  26. 26. Atlas A book of maps
  27. 27. Memoir A written work in which someone describe past experiences
  28. 28. Editorial Essay in a newspaper or magazine that gives opinons of its editors or publishers
  29. 29. Advertisement Shown to the public to help sell a product or to make an announcement
  30. 30. Lyric Poem that expresses deep personal feelings in a way that is like a song
  31. 31. Simple Lyric Other Lyric Poetry that does not properly fall into other categories.
  32. 32. Song Piece of music with words that are sung
  33. 33. Sonnet Poem made of 14 lines that rhyme in a fixed pattern
  34. 34. Elegy A sad poem or song for someone who is dead
  35. 35. Ode A poem in which a person expresses a strong feeling of love or respect for someone or something
  36. 36. Narrative Something that is narrated
  37. 37. Ballad Slow song about love
  38. 38. Metrical Romance Arranged in a rhythmic pattern of beats
  39. 39. Epic Poem that tells the story of a hero’s adventures
  40. 40. Dramatic Something that is sudden and extreme
  41. 41. Soliloquy A long speech that a character in a play makes to an audience that reveals the character’s thoughts
  42. 42. Character Sketch A short and terse description of characters in a story
  43. 43. Comedy Something that is meant to make people laugh
  44. 44. Tragedy A very bad event that causes great sadness

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