Blue Planet Forum Feb. 16, 2011

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Blue Planet Forum, Exploring the Bay and Beyond
Presented by Nauticus, Chesapeake Bay Foundation, NOAA, ODU
The Gulf Spill: Hitting Home

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • As mentioned previously, the Gulf has national ties and the country has an economic interdependency with this region. While direct environmental impacts of the oil spill in the Gulf never found its way to the East Coast, the economic impacts rippled across the nation, including to Virginia’s Tidewater region.  A study completed last summer by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science estimated the direct impacts to Virginia’s oyster industry at more than $11 million and total negative impact to the State of about $30 million.  While this pales in comparison to the economic impacts in the Gulf of Mexico, it is striking that just one industry in a state hundreds of miles away could suffer such a dramatic impact.
  • Blue Planet Forum Feb. 16, 2011

    1. 1. The Gulf Spill:Hitting Home<br />Blue Planet Forum<br />February 16, 2011<br />David WesterholmNational Ocean Service| National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration<br />
    2. 2. NN<br />NOAA’s Mission<br />2<br />To understand and predict changes in Earth’s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet our nation’s economic, social, and environmental needs<br />
    3. 3. NN<br />3<br />April 20, 2010<br />
    4. 4. NN<br />NOAA’s Role in <br />Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill<br />4<br />Conducting Science to Inform Decision-Makers<br />Keeping Seafood Safe<br />Protecting Wildlife and Habitats<br />Assessing Natural Resource Damage<br />Restoring Damaged Natural Resources<br />
    5. 5. Scientific Support<br /><ul><li>NOAA is the lead science agency for coastal and marine oil spill response
    6. 6. Predicts where the oil is moving
    7. 7. Identifies sensitive habitat to protect
    8. 8. Forecasts weather and marine conditions
    9. 9. Informs shoreline assessment and cleanup
    10. 10. Collects oceanographic observations & subsea samples
    11. 11. NOAA provided daily oil spill trajectory maps and twice-daily weather forecasts</li></ul>5<br />
    12. 12. Keep Seafood Safe<br />6<br /> NOAA, FDA, and EPA: Comprehensive, coordinated, multiagency program ensuring seafood safety<br /> Coast Guard and NOAA monitored and enforced closed Federal areas<br /> Collaborated with state and federal agencies on strict reopening protocols <br /> Extensive testing to ensure seafood safe from oil and dispersant contamination<br />
    13. 13. Protect Wildlife and Habitats<br /> NOAA is responsible for protection of sea turtles, dolphins, whales and other marine protected species <br /> NOAA research ships study impact of the oil on marine mammals and fisheries<br /> Implemented region-wide protocols caring for turtles in distress<br /> Partnered with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and others to address sea turtle nesting beaches issues<br />7<br />7<br />
    14. 14. Assessing Natural Resource Damage<br />8<br /><ul><li>Trustees for NRDA
    15. 15. Federal: DOC, DOI & DoD
    16. 16. States: Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Texas
    17. 17. NRDA determines
    18. 18. Injuries/lost use of public’s natural resources & services
    19. 19. Amounts & types of restoration needed to offset losses
    20. 20. NOAA Conducts the following 3 phases of NRDA
    21. 21. Pre-assessment
    22. 22. Injury Assessment and Restoration Planning
    23. 23. Restoration</li></li></ul><li>Restoring Injured Natural Resources<br />9<br />
    24. 24. Hitting Home: NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson<br />10<br />Homeport: Norfolk, VA<br />Thomas Jefferson used for research missions in the Gulf<br />Search for presence of, and map the distribution of, subsurface oil<br />Collect baseline water samples<br />Conduct water and air sampling near wellhead<br />Science team included researchers from NOAA, EPA, University of NH, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute<br />
    25. 25. Hitting Home: People Deployed<br />11<br />
    26. 26. Hitting Home: Economy<br />12<br />Interdependence of regional fishery and seafood products <br />Virginia Institute of Marine Science study from July estimates economic loss in VA<br />Direct annual loss in VA sales by oyster industry : $11.6 M<br />Total negative economic impact at each market level: $30.1 M<br />
    27. 27. Challenges and Public Concerns: Subsurface<br />13<br />Flow Rate<br />Use of Subsurface dispersants<br />Fate and Effect of oil rising up from the bottom<br />Potential biological impacts of subsurface oil<br />
    28. 28. Challenges and Public Concerns: Surface<br />14<br />Fate and Effect of oil on surface<br />Movement of oil by wind and current <br />LOOP Current<br />Hurricanes<br />Ecosystem impact of oil as well as removal<br />Mechanical <br />In Situ burns <br />Surface Dispersants<br />
    29. 29. Challenges and Public Concerns: Shoreline<br />15<br />Protection strategies<br />SCAT Teams<br />Different types of Shoreline Clean Up<br />
    30. 30. Issues Looking Forward<br />16<br />Planning and Preparedness for E&P<br />Containment and underwater Countermeasures<br />Fate – Effect better science and modeling <br />
    31. 31. Issues Looking Forward<br />17<br />Seafood safety<br />Fisheries closures/Wildlife impacts<br />Research and Development<br />New Technology<br />
    32. 32. 18<br />Questions?<br />17<br />
    33. 33. 19<br />Back up slides<br />17<br />
    34. 34. NN<br />Gulf of Mexico – A National Resource<br />20<br /><ul><li>Seafood
    35. 35. ~30% of seafood harvested in continental U.S. from the Gulf
    36. 36. Oil & Gas Production
    37. 37. ~30% oil production
    38. 38. ~ 13% natural gas production
    39. 39. Commerce
    40. 40. 7 out of 10 leading U.S. shipping ports along Gulf coast</li></li></ul><li>Moving Forward<br /><ul><li> Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force
    41. 41. Established through Executive Order on October 5, 2010
    42. 42. Purpose to coordinate and ensure seamless transition between the immediate response and long-term recovery
    43. 43. National  Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling
    44. 44. Established through Executive Order on May 22, 2010
    45. 45. Purpose to examine the facts and circumstances to determine the cause of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
    46. 46. Develop options for guarding against future oil spills
    47. 47. Final report released January 11, 2011
    48. 48. Natural Resource Damage Assessment Ongoing</li></ul>21<br />14<br />
    49. 49. 22<br />National Ocean Policy<br />Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning<br />DEFENSE & HOMELANDSECURITY<br />SCIENCE<br />AQUACULTURE <br />COMMERCIAL FISHING<br />ENERGY & INDUSTRY<br />CONSERVATION <br />NAVIGATION<br />

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