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Primarily used for transatlantic crossings or
Mostly built before 1970
They’re sleek, streamlined and built to knife
their way through open oceans.
Most are rather small by today’s cruise
standards, but several vintage liners are as
big as some of the larger contemporary
Tapered, knife-like hulls gave way to
broader, boxier, still attractive vessels .
Built to accommodate uniformly sized
staterooms and the numerous activity
venues that the modern cruise vacation
It is generally called these giant-sized ships,
They can accommodated 2,000 passengers
or more and have 12 or more decks.
Most of which accommodate fewer than 200
The cruise lines that rely on small ships
cruising often stress education, soft
adventure, and/or luxury experiences.
These vessels are technologically
sophisticated, with computers controlling
The crew and even passengers volunteers
rig the sails.
The ships have motors, just in case the wind
People who sail on such ships want an
experience rooted in other times, when
billowing cloth and the romance of the sea
were what sailing was all about.
It is also called paddle wheeler.
Often modeled after the great steamboats of
the 19th century.
These vessels permit passengers to
experience America’s great rivers.
Modern-style riverboats, too, are popular
vehicles for experiencing such legendary
rivers as the Rhine, the Danube, and the
Passenger barges are usually luxurious,
affording a pampered and leisurely discovery
of the countryside.
Usually we don’t think of a ferry trip as a
In Europe (especially in Northern Europe),
many ferries provide an overnight or even
multiday, cruise like experience, with private
staterooms, glitzy entertainment, and
Some vessels, like those that sail the fjord-
lines west coast of Norway, serve many
They carry cargo, transport passengers
between close-by villages and they also
serve as cruise ships for leisure travelers
Many unusual form of water transportation
provide cruise like vacations.
It’s possible for a leisure traveler to book
passage on freighter,
The itineraries are unpredictable and the
entertainment are nonexistent.
OLDER OR CLASSIC SHIPS NEWER, MODERN SHIPS
Much use of wood, brass, and other
Synthetic materials more common
Modest-sized public areas Large public areas
Can travel up to 30 knots Travel at 20-25
Nostalgic appearance Modern appearance
Hulls have deep drafts; some ports
are therefore inaccessible and/or
Hulls have shallow drafts; ports
Small windows or portholes Larger windows
More obstructed stateroom views Fewer obstructed stateroom views
OLDER OR CLASSIC
NEWER, MODERN SHIPS
“Pedestrian” flow through
ship sometimes awkward
Easy “pedestrian” flow
Stateroom verandahs more
Stateroom verandahs more
Smaller swimming pools Larger swimming pools
“Promenade” decks less
are relatively large
stateroom size; some
staterooms mar be small.
By the number of staterooms
By how many passengers the ship
By gross registered tonnage or GRT
GRT is determined by a formula that gauges
the volume of the public spaces on ship.
It measure only measures only enclosed
space available to passengers.
SIZE OF SHIPS GRT PAX
Very small Under10,000 GRT Under 200 pax
Megaship 70,000 GRT or
2,000 pax or
Offer many more facilities, activities, choices and
Are often more dramatic-looking
Are able to serve a wider spectrum of guest types
Easily accommodate groups
Are generally quite stable in the water
Offer a more intimate atmosphere
Can sail into smaller places
Permit easier embarkation and debarkation
Make it simple for passengers to get to know the
ship and others onboard.
The space ratio number conveys the “space” or
“elbow room” each person will have.
The space ratio of a vessel is determined by
dividing the GRT by passengers capacity.
If a vessel has a 30,000 GRT and carry 1,000
passengers, its space ratio is 30.
Space Ratio= GRT
A stateroom, also called a cabin,
is to a ship what a guest room is
to a hotel.
Deck plans are important.
In brochures, color coding makes a deck plan
easy to read.
Usually, the higher the deck in on the ship, the
higher the category and price.
Deck plans often note certain special
Deck plans are also posted aboard ship.
A ship’s “registry” usually has nothing to do
with where the line is headquartered.
On some ships smoking is permitted almost
Where do ships go when they “retire”?
Each year the Center for Disease Control
(CDC) co conduct about two unannounced
inspections of any cruise vessel that carries
13 or more passengers and that call on US